John A. Macdonald Biography
(Prime Minister of Canada (1878-1891))
Birthday: January 11, 1815 (Capricorn)
Born In: Glasgow, Scotland
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the first Canadian prime minister who served in that position for 18 years, with two separate terms. Before joining politics, he was a successful businessman and lawyer. The British North America Act and the amalgamation of Canadian provinces were his ideas. As the prime minister, he played a significant role in laying the foundation of the Canadian economy that we see today. He built a stable federal government and formed a robust political party, which protected Canadian needs and interests. He supervised the construction and expansion of the Canadian Dominion and laid a clear roadmap of policies for the upcoming leaders. Macdonald introduced a protective tariff and oversaw the building and completion of the railways. He refused to accept provincial legislation because he believed in a unified central government. In 1885, he approved the execution of Métis leader Louis Riel, which sparked heated debates and caused outrage among French Canadians. It also caused a divide between the English and French-speaking nationals within his party. One of the founders of Canada, Macdonald, passed away while still in office. Even though he was criticized for his policies like the Chinese Head Tax and the Pacific Railway scandal, he remains a key figure in Canadian history.