Famous People Of The 16th Century

The 16th century is regarded by several historians as the century in which the rise of the West occurred. European nations were widely exploring the hitherto unexplored corners of the Earth and opened newer trade routes. Sir Francis Drake, Francisco de Orellana, Fernão Mendes Pinto, and Luis Váez de Torres were among the prominent navigators and explorers who were born in the century. The era also saw the birth of several famous rulers and emperors including Akbar the Great-third Mughal emperor, Charles V-Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VI of England, and Henry IV of France and Navarre. Fine arts also thrived during this period which saw the emergence of artists like Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Giorgio Vasari, and Juan de Herrera. Musicians and composers including Felice Anerio, Adriano Banchieri, Sebastian Aguilera de Heredia, and Claudio Merulo lived during this period. Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler made important mathematical discoveries while the likes of Michael Servetus and Francisco Suarez enriched the field of philosophy. The people of the 16th century played very significant role in shaping the world as it is today. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 16th century.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare.
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Bard of Avon
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon
Died: April 23, 1616

 2 Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots.
Famous As: Queen of Scotland
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587

 3 Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII of England.
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: June 28, 1491
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: January 28, 1547

 4 Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci.
Listed In: Architects
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)

 5 Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I of England.
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603

 6 Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn.
Famous As: Marquess of Pembroke
Birthdate: June 30, 1501
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hever Castle, Kent, England
Died: May 19, 1536
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 7 Humayun

Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: March 17, 1508
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: January 27, 1556
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 8 Henry VII of England

Henry VII of England.
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: January 28, 1457
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Died: April 21, 1509
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 9 Suleiman The Magnificent

Suleiman The Magnificent.
Famous As: 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Died: September 6, 1566

 10 King James I

King James I.
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Died: March 27, 1625

 11 Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon.
Famous As: Ambassador
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Archbishop's Palace of Alcalá de Henares, Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: January 7, 1536

 12 Jahangir

Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 1569
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatehpur Sikri
Died: November 8, 1627
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 13 Mary I of England

Mary I of England.
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia, England
Died: November 17, 1558

 14 Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan.
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: January 5, 1592
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: February 1, 1666

 15 Michelangelo

Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

 16 Pocahontas

Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Native American
Birthdate: 1596 AD
Birthplace: Gloucester County, Virginia
Died: February 29, 1617

 17 Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli.
Famous As: Political Philosopher
Birthdate: May 3, 1469
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: June 21, 1527

 18 Lady Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey.
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Birthplace: Leicestershire
Died: February 12, 1554

 19 Nostradamus

Listed In: Physicians
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 14, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France
Died: July 2, 1566
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)

 20 Ivan the Terrible

Ivan the Terrible.
Famous As: First Russian Tsar
Birthdate: August 25, 1530
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 28, 1584
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)

 21 Elizabeth Báthory

Elizabeth Báthory.
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Countess, Serial Killer
Birthdate: August 7, 1560
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nyírbátor
Died: August 21, 1614

 22 Hurrem Sultan

Hurrem Sultan
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Rohatyn, Ukraine
Died: April 15, 1558

 23 Francis II of France

Francis II of France.
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: January 19, 1544
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fontainebleau
Died: December 5, 1560

 24 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Famous As: Former Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 24, 1500
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghent
Died: September 21, 1558

 25 Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap.
Famous As: Ruler of Mewar
Birthdate: May 9, 1540
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kumbhalgarh
Died: January 19, 1597

 26 Catherine Howard

Catherine Howard.
Famous As: Queen of England from (1540-1541)
Birthdate: 1523 AD
Birthplace: Lambeth, London
Died: February 13, 1542

 27 Miyamoto Musashi

Miyamoto Musashi.
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Swordsman & Warrior
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Japan
Died: June 13, 1645

 28 Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici.
Famous As: Queen of France
Birthdate: April 13, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence
Died: January 5, 1589

 29 Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon.
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: January 22, 1561
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strand, London, England
Died: April 9, 1626

 30 Philip II of Spain

Philip II of Spain.
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pimentel Palace, Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598

 31 René Déscartes

René Déscartes.
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Birthdate: March 31, 1596
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: La Haye en Touraine, Touraine, France
Died: February 11, 1650

 32 Oda Nobunaga

Oda Nobunaga.
Famous As: 16th Century Japanese Feudal Lord
Birthdate: June 23, 1534
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagoya Castle, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 21, 1582

 33 Mariam-uz-Zamani

Famous As: Akbar's Third Wife
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Died: May 19, 1623

 34 Guy Fawkes

Guy Fawkes.
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

 35 Anne of Cleves

Anne of Cleves.
Famous As: Former Queen of England
Birthdate: September 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Duchy of Berg, Holy Roman Empire
Died: July 16, 1557

 36 Catherine Parr

Catherine Parr.
Famous As: Queen of England & Ireland
Birthdate: July 31, 1512
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 7, 1548

 37 Mary Boleyn

Mary Boleyn.
Famous As: Mistress of Henry VIII
Birthdate: 1499 AD
Birthplace: Blickling Hall, Blickling, United Kingdom
Died: July 19, 1543

 38 Francis Drake

Francis Drake.
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Navigator
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Tavistock, Devon, England
Died: January 27, 1596

 39 Henry II of France

Henry II of France.
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: March 31, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: July 10, 1559

 40 Pope Alexander VI

Pope Alexander VI.
Famous As: Pope
Birthdate: January 1, 1431
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Játiva, Spain
Died: August 18, 1503

 41 Selim II

Selim II.
Famous As: Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: May 28, 1524
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: December 15, 1574

 42 Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor.
Famous As: Queen Consort of Scotland
Birthdate: November 28, 1489
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England
Died: October 18, 1541

 43 Caravaggio

Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan
Died: July 18, 1610

 44 Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal
Birthdate: April 6, 1593
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Agra
Died: June 17, 1631

 45 Walter Raleigh

Walter Raleigh.
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 22, 1554
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: East Budleigh
Died: October 29, 1618

 46 Kabir

Famous As: Saint and Mystic Poet
Birthdate: 1440 AD
Birthplace: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: 1518 AD

 47 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.
Famous As: King Consort of Scotland (1565-1567)
Birthdate: December 7, 1545
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England
Died: February 10, 1567

 48 Selim I

Selim I.
Famous As: ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: October 10, 1470
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Amasya, Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Died: September 22, 1520

 49 Christopher Marlowe

Christopher Marlowe.
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Playwright, Poet
Birthdate: February 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Canterbury, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Died: May 30, 1593

 50 Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Japanese Samurai
Birthdate: March 17, 1537
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Nakamura-ku, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Died: September 18, 1598