Famous People Of The 16th Century

The 16th century is regarded by several historians as the century in which the rise of the West occurred. European nations were widely exploring the hitherto unexplored corners of the Earth and opened newer trade routes. Sir Francis Drake, Francisco de Orellana, Fernão Mendes Pinto, and Luis Váez de Torres were among the prominent navigators and explorers who were born in the century. The era also saw the birth of several famous rulers and emperors including Akbar the Great-third Mughal emperor, Charles V-Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VI of England, and Henry IV of France and Navarre. Fine arts also thrived during this period which saw the emergence of artists like Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Giorgio Vasari, and Juan de Herrera. Musicians and composers including Felice Anerio, Adriano Banchieri, Sebastian Aguilera de Heredia, and Claudio Merulo lived during this period. Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler made important mathematical discoveries while the likes of Michael Servetus and Francisco Suarez enriched the field of philosophy. The people of the 16th century played very significant role in shaping the world as it is today. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 16th century.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite People Of The 16th Century

 1 

William Shakespeare
136
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Died: April 23, 1616

 2 
Leonardo da Vinci
(Polymath, Painter)

Leonardo da Vinci
53
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)

 3 
Galileo Galilei
(Known as “Father” of Observational Astronomy who Invented the ‘Thermoscope’ and Various Military Compasses)

Galileo Galilei
54
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: January 8, 1642

 4 
Martin Luther
(Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer)

Martin Luther
29
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eisleben, Germany
Died: February 18, 1546

 5 
Henry VIII of England
(King of England)

Henry VIII of England
31
Birthdate: June 28, 1491
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: January 28, 1547

 6 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))

Mary, Queen of Scots
46
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587
Recommended Lists:

 7 
Michelangelo
(Regarded as the Most Accomplished Artist of His Era (High Renaissance))

Michelangelo
11
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564
You May Like

 8 
King James I
(King of Scotland)

King James I
29
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Died: March 27, 1625
Recommended Lists:

 9 
Pocahontas
(Native American)

Pocahontas
16
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1596 AD
Birthplace: Gloucester County, Virginia
Died: February 29, 1617

 10 
Elizabeth I of England
(Queen of England)

Elizabeth I of England
29
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603

 11 
Henry VII of England
(Monarch of England (1485-1509))

Henry VII of England
30
Birthdate: January 28, 1457
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Died: April 21, 1509

 12 
Niccolò Machiavelli
(Diplomat & Philosopher Best Known for His Political Treatise 'The Prince')

Niccolò Machiavelli
18
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 3, 1469
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: June 22, 1527
Recommended Lists:

 13 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)

Guy Fawkes
27
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

 14 
Anne Boleyn
(Queen of England (1533 – 1536))

Anne Boleyn
24
Birthdate: 1507 AD
Birthplace: Hever Castle, Kent, England
Died: May 19, 1536

 15 
Nicolaus Copernicus
(Mathematician)

Nicolaus Copernicus
6
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toruń, Poland
Died: May 24, 1543

 16 
Philip II of Spain
(King of Spain (1556-1598))

Philip II of Spain
13
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598

 17 
Edward VI of England
(King of England (1547-1553))

Edward VI of England
8
Birthdate: October 12, 1537
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 6, 1553

 18 
Suleiman The Magnificent
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520-1566))

Suleiman The Magnificent
46
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Turkey
Died: September 6, 1566

 19 
Catherine of Aragon
( First Wife of King Henry VIII)

Catherine of Aragon
15
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Archbishop's Palace of Alcalá de Henares, Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: January 7, 1536

 20 
Catherine de' Medici
(Queen of France (1547-1559))

Catherine de' Medici
7
Birthdate: April 13, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1589

 21 
Francis II of France
(King of France (1559-1560))

Francis II of France
12
Birthdate: January 19, 1544
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fontainebleau, France
Died: December 5, 1560

 22 
Nostradamus
(Astrologer)

Nostradamus
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 14, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France
Died: July 1, 1566

 23 
Raphael
(Painter and Architect of the High Renaissance)

Raphael
11
Birthdate: April 6, 1483
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Urbino, Italy
Died: April 6, 1520
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)

 24 
Elizabeth Báthory
(Countess, Serial Killer)

Elizabeth Báthory
17
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 7, 1560
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nyírbátor, Hungary
Died: August 21, 1614

 25 
Hernán Cortés
(1st and 3rd Governor of New Spain)

Hernán Cortés
12
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Medellín, Spain
Died: December 2, 1547

 26 
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
(Former Holy Roman Emperor)

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Birthdate: February 24, 1500
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghent
Died: September 21, 1558

 27 
Francis Bacon
(Philosopher, Politician)

Francis Bacon
15
Birthdate: January 22, 1561
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York House, London, England
Died: April 9, 1626

 28 
Oda Nobunaga
(16th Century Japanese Feudal Lord)

Oda Nobunaga
13
Birthdate: June 23, 1534
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagoya Castle, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 21, 1582

 29 
Amerigo Vespucci
(Discoverer of South America)

Amerigo Vespucci
11
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 9, 1454
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Florence
Died: February 22, 1512

 30 
Akbar
(Mughal Emperor (1556-1605))

Akbar
43
Birthdate: October 15, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)

 31 
Anne of Cleves
(Queen of England (1540))

Anne of Cleves
6
Birthdate: September 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: July 16, 1557

 32 
Henry IV of France
(King of France (1589-1610))

Henry IV of France
7
Birthdate: December 13, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: May 14, 1610

 33 
John Calvin
(Theologian)

John Calvin
5
Birthdate: July 10, 1509
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Noyon, France
Died: May 27, 1564

 34 
Shah Jahan
(Mughal Emperor)

Shah Jahan
38
Birthdate: January 5, 1592
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: February 1, 1666

 35 
Johannes Kepler
(Astronomer Best Known for his Laws of Plantery Motion)

Johannes Kepler
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Germany
Died: November 15, 1630

 36 
Francis Drake
(Best Known for His Circumnavigation of the World in a Single Expedition)

Francis Drake
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Tavistock, Devon, England
Died: January 28, 1596

 37 
Maharana Pratap
(13th Rana of Mewar (1572-1597))

Maharana Pratap
85
Birthdate: May 9, 1540
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rajsamand District, Rajasthan, India
Died: January 19, 1597

 38 
Guru Nanak
(Founder of Sikhism)

Guru Nanak
19
Birthdate: April 15, 1469
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nankana Sahib, Pakistan
Died: September 22, 1539

 39 
Catherine Parr
(Queen of England & Ireland)

Catherine Parr
5
Birthdate: April 15, 1469, 1512
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 7, 1548

 40 
Thomas Hobbes
(Philosopher)

Thomas Hobbes
12
Birthdate: April 5, 1588
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Westport, Wiltshire, England
Died: December 4, 1679

 41 
Miyamoto Musashi
(Swordsman & Philosopher)

Miyamoto Musashi
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 1, 1584
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Harima Province, Japan
Died: May 19, 1645

 42 
Caravaggio
(Painter)

Caravaggio
7
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610

 43 
Elizabeth of York
(Queen of England (1486-1503))

Elizabeth of York
8
Birthdate: February 11, 1466
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 11, 1503

 44 

Juan Ponce de León
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1474 AD
Birthplace: Santervás de Campos
Died: June 30, 1521

 45 
Jahangir
(Mughal Emperor)

Jahangir
16
Birthdate: August 31, 1569
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatehpur Sikri
Died: November 8, 1627

 46 
Walter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer)

Walter Raleigh
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton, England
Died: October 29, 1618

 47 
Ivan the Terrible
(Grand Prince of Moscow (1533-1547))

Ivan the Terrible
13
Birthdate: August 25, 1530
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 28, 1584
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)

 48 
Mary I of England
(Queen of England & Ireland)

Mary I of England
23
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia, England
Died: November 17, 1558

 49 

Albrecht Durer
6
Birthdate: May 21, 1471
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: April 6, 1528

 50 
Sandro Botticelli
(Early Renaissance Painter)

Sandro Botticelli
3
Birthdate: 1445 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: May 17, 1510