Famous People Of The 16th Century

The 16th century is regarded by several historians as the century in which the rise of the West occurred. European nations were widely exploring the hitherto unexplored corners of the Earth and opened newer trade routes. Sir Francis Drake, Francisco de Orellana, Fernão Mendes Pinto, and Luis Váez de Torres were among the prominent navigators and explorers who were born in the century. The era also saw the birth of several famous rulers and emperors including Akbar the Great-third Mughal emperor, Charles V-Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VI of England, and Henry IV of France and Navarre. Fine arts also thrived during this period which saw the emergence of artists like Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Giorgio Vasari, and Juan de Herrera. Musicians and composers including Felice Anerio, Adriano Banchieri, Sebastian Aguilera de Heredia, and Claudio Merulo lived during this period. Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler made important mathematical discoveries while the likes of Michael Servetus and Francisco Suarez enriched the field of philosophy. The people of the 16th century played very significant role in shaping the world as it is today. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 16th century.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare
65
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Bard of Avon
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon
Died: April 23, 1616

 2 Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots
31
Famous As: Queen of Scotland
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587

 3 Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci
20
Famous As: Polymath, Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)

 4 Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I of England
14
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603

 5 Guy Fawkes

Guy Fawkes
8
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

 6 Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn
18
Famous As: Marquess of Pembroke
Birthdate: June 30, 1501
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hever Castle, Kent, England
Died: May 19, 1536
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 7 Akbar

Akbar
31
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: October 14, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
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 8 Henry VII of England

Henry VII of England
14
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: January 28, 1457
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Died: April 21, 1509
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 9 Martin Luther

Martin Luther
16
Famous As: Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eisleben, Germany
Died: February 18, 1546

 10 King James I

King James I
5
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Died: March 27, 1625

 11 Michelangelo

Michelangelo
4
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

 12 Suleiman The Magnificent

Suleiman The Magnificent
20
Famous As: 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Died: September 6, 1566
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 13 Mary I of England

Mary I of England
18
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia, England
Died: November 17, 1558

 14 Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon
8
Famous As: Queen of England (1509-1533)
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Archbishop's Palace of Alcalá de Henares, Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: January 7, 1536

 15 Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell
14
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: English Statesman
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658

 16 Ivan the Terrible

Ivan the Terrible
5
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow (1533-1547)
Birthdate: August 25, 1530
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 28, 1584
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)

 17 Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan
25
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: January 5, 1592
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: February 1, 1666

 18 Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli
2
Famous As: Political Philosopher
Birthdate: May 3, 1469
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: June 21, 1527

 19 Pocahontas

Pocahontas
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Native American
Birthdate: 1596 AD
Birthplace: Gloucester County, Virginia
Died: February 29, 1617

 20 Nostradamus

Nostradamus
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Astrologer
Birthdate: December 14, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France
Died: July 1, 1566

 21 Lady Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey
1
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Birthplace: Leicestershire
Died: February 12, 1554

 22 Elizabeth Báthory

Elizabeth Báthory
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Countess, Serial Killer
Birthdate: August 7, 1560
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nyírbátor, Hungary
Died: August 21, 1614

 23 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Former Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 24, 1500
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghent
Died: September 21, 1558

 24 Jahangir

Jahangir
12
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 1569
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatehpur Sikri
Died: November 8, 1627

 25 Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon
5
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: January 22, 1561
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strand, London, England
Died: April 9, 1626

 26 Philip II of Spain

Philip II of Spain
8
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King of Spain (1556-1598)
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598

 27 Francis II of France

Francis II of France
6
Famous As: King of France (1559-1560)
Birthdate: January 19, 1544
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fontainebleau, France
Died: December 5, 1560

 28 Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus
2
Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Torun, Poland
Died: May 24, 1543

 29 Humayun

Humayun
6
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: March 17, 1508
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: January 27, 1556

 30 Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici
1
Famous As: Queen of France (1547-1559)
Birthdate: April 13, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1589

 31 Catherine Howard

Catherine Howard
1
Famous As: Queen of England from (1540-1541)
Birthdate: 1523 AD
Birthplace: Lambeth, London
Died: February 13, 1542

 32 Elizabeth of York

Elizabeth of York
5
Famous As: Queen of England (1486-1503)
Birthdate: February 11, 1466
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 11, 1503

 33 Miyamoto Musashi

Miyamoto Musashi
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Swordsman & Warrior
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Japan
Died: June 13, 1645

 34 Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap
57
Famous As: Ruler of Mewar
Birthdate: May 9, 1540
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kumbhalgarh
Died: January 19, 1597

 35 Anne of Cleves

Anne of Cleves
1
Famous As: Queen of England (1540)
Birthdate: September 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: July 16, 1557

 36 Caravaggio

Caravaggio
6
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610

 37 Hurrem Sultan

Hurrem Sultan
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Rohatyn, Ukraine
Died: April 15, 1558

 38 Oda Nobunaga

Oda Nobunaga
8
Famous As: 16th Century Japanese Feudal Lord
Birthdate: June 23, 1534
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagoya Castle, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 21, 1582

 39 Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus Bosch
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Burgundian Netherlands
Died: August 9, 1516

 40 Catherine Parr

Catherine Parr
5
Famous As: Queen of England & Ireland
Birthdate: July 31, 1512
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 7, 1548

 41 Mariam-uz-Zamani

Mariam-uz-Zamani
3
Famous As: Akbar's Third Wife
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Died: May 19, 1623

 42 Francis Drake

Francis Drake
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Navigator
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Tavistock, Devon, England
Died: January 27, 1596

 43 Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
4
Famous As: King of France (1589-1610)
Birthdate: December 13, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: May 14, 1610

 44 Mary Boleyn

Mary Boleyn
1
Famous As: Mistress of Henry VIII
Birthdate: 1499 AD
Birthplace: Blickling, Norfolk, England
Died: July 19, 1543

 45 Pope Alexander VI

Pope Alexander VI
9
Famous As: Pope
Birthdate: January 1, 1431
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Játiva, Spain
Died: August 18, 1503

 46 Henry II of France

Henry II of France
1
Famous As: King of France (1547-1559)
Birthdate: March 31, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: July 10, 1559

 47 Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I of Castile
1
Famous As: Queen of Castile (1474-1504)
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain
Died: November 26, 1504

 48 Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Discoverer of South America
Birthdate: March 9, 1454
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Florence
Died: February 22, 1512

 49 Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor
3
Famous As: Queen Consort of Scotland
Birthdate: November 28, 1489
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England
Died: October 18, 1541

 50 Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes
5
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 5, 1588
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Westport, Wiltshire, England
Died: December 4, 1679