Famous People Of The 16th Century

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The 16th century is regarded by several historians as the century in which the rise of the West occurred. European nations were widely exploring the hitherto unexplored corners of the Earth and opened newer trade routes. Sir Francis Drake, Francisco de Orellana, Fernão Mendes Pinto, and Luis Váez de Torres were among the prominent navigators and explorers who were born in the century. The era also saw the birth of several famous rulers and emperors including Akbar the Great-third Mughal emperor, Charles V-Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VI of England, and Henry IV of France and Navarre. Fine arts also thrived during this period which saw the emergence of artists like Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Giorgio Vasari, and Juan de Herrera. Musicians and composers including Felice Anerio, Adriano Banchieri, Sebastian Aguilera de Heredia, and Claudio Merulo lived during this period. Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler made important mathematical discoveries while the likes of Michael Servetus and Francisco Suarez enriched the field of philosophy. The people of the 16th century played very significant role in shaping the world as it is today. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 16th century.
Vote for Your Favourite People Of The 16th Century
 1 
William Shakespeare
148
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Died: April 23, 1616
 2 
Leonardo da Vinci
(Italian Polymath & Artist Known for His Paintings: ‘Mona Lisa’, ‘The Last Supper’ and ‘Virgin of the Rocks’)
Leonardo da Vinci
60
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 3 
Galileo Galilei
(Known as “Father” of Observational Astronomy who Invented the ‘Thermoscope’ and Various Military Compasses)
Galileo Galilei
61
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: January 8, 1642
 4 
Martin Luther
(German Theologian, Religious Reformer and Key Figure in Protestant Reformation)
Martin Luther
32
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eisleben, Germany
Died: February 18, 1546
 5 
Michelangelo
(Regarded as the Most Accomplished Artist of His Era (High Renaissance))
Michelangelo
14
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564
 6 
Henry VIII of England
(King of England (1509 - 1547))
Henry VIII of England
35
Birthdate: June 28, 1491
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: January 28, 1547
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 7 
King James I
(King of Scotland)
King James I
31
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Died: March 27, 1625
 8 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))
Mary, Queen of Scots
58
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587
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 9 
Elizabeth I of England
(Queen of England)
Elizabeth I of England
30
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603
 10 
Pocahontas
(Native American)
Pocahontas
18
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1596 AD
Birthplace: Gloucester County, Virginia
Died: February 29, 1617
 11 
Niccolò Machiavelli
(Diplomat & Philosopher Best Known for His Political Treatise 'The Prince')
Niccolò Machiavelli
18
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 3, 1469
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: June 22, 1527
 12 
Henry VII of England
(Monarch of England (1485-1509))
Henry VII of England
31
Birthdate: January 28, 1457
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Died: April 21, 1509
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 13 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)
Guy Fawkes
27
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606
 14 
Suleiman The Magnificent
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520-1566))
Suleiman The Magnificent
50
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Turkey
Died: September 6, 1566
 15 
Nicolaus Copernicus
(Mathematician)
Nicolaus Copernicus
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toruń, Poland
Died: May 24, 1543
 16 
Philip II of Spain
(King of Spain (1556 - 1598), King of Portugal (1580 - 1598))
Philip II of Spain
17
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598
 17 
Anne Boleyn
(Queen of England (1533 – 1536))
Anne Boleyn
26
Birthdate: 1507 AD
Birthplace: Hever Castle, Kent, England
Died: May 19, 1536
 18 
Catherine of Aragon
(Queen Consort of England (1509 - 1533))
Catherine of Aragon
18
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: January 7, 1536
 19 
Edward VI of England
(King of England (1547-1553))
Edward VI of England
13
Birthdate: October 12, 1537
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 6, 1553
 20 
Nostradamus
(French Astrologer and Physician Best Known for His Book 'Les Prophéties')
Nostradamus
10
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 21, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France
Died: July 2, 1566
 21 
Catherine de' Medici
(Queen Consort of France (1547 - 1559))
Catherine de' Medici
9
Birthdate: April 13, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1589
 22 
Francis II of France
(Former King of France (1559 - 1560))
Francis II of France
14
Birthdate: January 19, 1544
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fontainebleau, France
Died: December 5, 1560
 23 
Raphael
(Painter and Architect of the High Renaissance)
Raphael
11
Birthdate: April 6, 1483
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Urbino, Italy
Died: April 6, 1520
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
 24 
Elizabeth Báthory
(Hungarian Noblewoman and Serial Killer)
Elizabeth Báthory
28
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 7, 1560
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nyírbátor, Hungary
Died: August 21, 1614
 25 
Hernán Cortés
(1st and 3rd Governor of New Spain)
Hernán Cortés
13
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Medellín, Spain
Died: December 2, 1547
 26 
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
(Former Holy Roman Emperor)
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
6
Birthdate: February 24, 1500
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ghent
Died: September 21, 1558
 27 
Francis Bacon
(Philosopher, Politician)
Francis Bacon
17
Birthdate: January 22, 1561
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York House, London, England
Died: April 9, 1626
 28 
Amerigo Vespucci
(Discoverer of South America)
Amerigo Vespucci
12
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 9, 1454
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Florence
Died: February 22, 1512
 29 
Oda Nobunaga
(16th Century Japanese Feudal Lord)
Oda Nobunaga
16
Birthdate: June 23, 1534
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagoya Castle, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 21, 1582
 30 
Akbar
(3rd Emperor of the Mughal Empire (1556 - 1605))
Akbar
64
Birthdate: October 25, 1542
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
 31 
Anne of Cleves
(Former Queen Consort of England (January 1540 - July 1540))
Anne of Cleves
11
Birthdate: September 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: July 16, 1557
 32 
John Calvin
(Theologian)
John Calvin
5
Birthdate: July 10, 1509
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Noyon, France
Died: May 27, 1564
 33 
Shah Jahan
(Mughal Emperor)
Shah Jahan
44
Birthdate: January 5, 1592
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: February 1, 1666
 34 
Johannes Kepler
(Astronomer Best Known for his Laws of Plantery Motion)
Johannes Kepler
11
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Germany
Died: November 15, 1630
 35 
Maharana Pratap
(13th Rana of Mewar (1572-1597))
Maharana Pratap
94
Birthdate: May 9, 1540
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rajsamand District, Rajasthan, India
Died: January 19, 1597
 36 
Francis Drake
(Best Known for His Circumnavigation of the World in a Single Expedition)
Francis Drake
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Tavistock, Devon, England
Died: January 28, 1596
 37 
Henry IV of France
(King of France (1589-1610))
Henry IV of France
15
Birthdate: December 13, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: May 14, 1610
 38 
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
(Founder of Sikhism)
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
26
Birthdate: April 15, 1469
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nankana Sahib, Pakistan
Died: September 22, 1539
 39 
Caravaggio
(One of the Most Prominent Italian Painters of His Generation)
Caravaggio
8
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
 40 
Thomas Hobbes
(Philosopher)
Thomas Hobbes
13
Birthdate: April 5, 1588
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Westport, Wiltshire, England
Died: December 4, 1679
 41 
Catherine Parr
(Queen of England & Ireland)
Catherine Parr
6
Birthdate: 1512
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London
Died: September 7, 1548
 42 
Mary I of England
(Former Queen of England & Ireland (1553 - 1558))
Mary I of England
23
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia, England
Died: November 17, 1558
 43 
Elizabeth of York
(Forme Queen Consort of England (1486 - 1503))
Elizabeth of York
8
Birthdate: February 11, 1466
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 11, 1503
 44 
Juan Ponce de León
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1474 AD
Birthplace: Santervás de Campos
Died: June 30, 1521
 45 
Miyamoto Musashi
(Swordsman & Philosopher)
Miyamoto Musashi
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 1, 1584
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Harima Province, Japan
Died: May 19, 1645
 46 
Catherine Howard
(Queen of England (1540-1541))
Catherine Howard
2
Birthdate: 1521 AD
Birthplace: Lambeth, London, England
Died: February 13, 1542
 47 
Jahangir
(Mughal Emperor)
Jahangir
19
Birthdate: August 31, 1569
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatehpur Sikri
Died: November 8, 1627
 48 
Albrecht Durer
(German High Renaissance Painter Best Known for His Work ‘Meisterstiche’)
Albrecht Durer
6
Birthdate: May 21, 1471
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: April 6, 1528
 49 
Sandro Botticelli
(One of the Greatest Painters of the Florentine Renaissance)
Sandro Botticelli
3
Birthdate: 1445 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: May 17, 1510
 50 
Walter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer)
Walter Raleigh
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton, England
Died: October 29, 1618