Famous 16th Century Scientists
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Scientists, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler and Tycho Brahe.
Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 
Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Tycho BraheTycho Brahe
14 December 1546, Danish
Astronomer

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

John NapierJohn Napier
01 February 1550, Scottish
Inventor of Logarithms

Willebrord SnellWillebrord Snell
13 June 1580, Dutch
Astronomer & Mathematician
William GilbertWilliam Gilbert
24 May 1544, British
Astronomer, Physicist and Physician

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501, Italian
Polymath
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Li ShizhenLi Shizhen
03 July 1518, Chinese
Chinese scholar

Thomas HarriotThomas Harriot
1560 AD, British
Mathematician, explorer, astronomer

Robert FluddRobert Fludd
17 January 1574, British
Physician

Jan Baptist van HelmontJan Baptist van Helmont
12 January 1579, Belgian
chemist, scientist

Simon StevinSimon Stevin
1548 AD, Belgian, Dutch
mathematician, engineer, military personnel
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Henry Percy, 9th Earl of NorthumberlandHenry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland
27 April 1564, British
Nobleman

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Physician
Robert RecordeRobert Recorde
1512 AD, Welsh
mathematician, physician, physicist, philosopher

John GerardJohn Gerard
1545 AD, British
Botanist
Xu GuangqiXu Guangqi
04 May 1562, Chinese
mathematician, astronomer, writer

Mikael AgricolaMikael Agricola
1509 AD, Finnish
linguist, priest, translator, theologian

Niccolò Fontana TartagliaNiccolò Fontana Tartaglia
1499 AD, Italian
Mathematician
William OughtredWilliam Oughtred
05 March 1575, British
mathematician, inventor, minister

Santorio SantorioSantorio Santorio
29 March 1561, Italian, Slovenian
Physiologist
Petrus RamusPetrus Ramus
1515 AD, French
Philosopher

Simon MariusSimon Marius
20 January 1573, German
Astronomer

Abraham ZacutoAbraham Zacuto
12 August 1452, Spanish
Astronomer
Bernard PalissyBernard Palissy
1510 AD, French
French potter and scientist

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Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508, Dutch
Physician
Edmund GunterEdmund Gunter
1581 AD, British
Mathematician

Leonhart FuchsLeonhart Fuchs
17 January 1501, German
Physician

Oronce FinéOronce Finé
French
 

Gaspard BauhinGaspard Bauhin
17 January 1560, Swiss
Botanist
Christopher ClaviusChristopher Clavius
25 March 1538, German
Mathematician
Pedro NunesPedro Nunes
1502 AD, Portuguese
Mathematician

Pierre VernierPierre Vernier
19 August 1580, French
Mathematician

José de AcostaJosé de Acosta
30 September 1540, Spanish
Missionary

Ogier Ghiselin de BusbecqOgier Ghiselin de Busbecq
1522 AD, Belgian, French
Writer
Thomas DiggesThomas Digges
1546 AD, British
Mathematician

Georg Joachim RheticusGeorg Joachim Rheticus
16 February 1514, Austrian
Mathematician

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519, Italian
Physician

Carolus ClusiusCarolus Clusius
01 February 1526, Belgian
Botanist

Petrus ApianusPetrus Apianus
German
 
Girard DesarguesGirard Desargues
21 February 1591, French
Mathematician

Johann BayerJohann Bayer
German
 
Sophia BraheSophia Brahe
 

Jost BürgiJost Bürgi
 

Andreas LibaviusAndreas Libavius
1555 AD, German
Physician
Juan de HerreraJuan de Herrera
1530 AD, Spanish
Architect

Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist
Michael StifelMichael Stifel
1487 AD, German
Monk

Rembert DodoensRembert Dodoens
29 June 1517, Belgian
Physician

Scipione del FerroScipione del Ferro
06 February 1465, Italian
Mathematician

Ludolph van CeulenLudolph van Ceulen
German
 

Aloysius LiliusAloysius Lilius
1510 AD, Italian
Astronomer
Michael MaestlinMichael Maestlin
30 September 1550, German
Astronomer

Hieronymus BockHieronymus Bock
1498 AD, German
Botanist

Francesco MaurolicoFrancesco Maurolico
 

Otto BrunfelsOtto Brunfels
1488 AD, German
Theologian
Vannoccio BiringuccioVannoccio Biringuccio
20 October 1480, Italian
Metallurgist

Nicolas-Claude Fabri de PeirescNicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc
01 December 1580, French
Astronomer
Al-BirjandiAl-Birjandi
 

Erasmus ReinholdErasmus Reinhold
 

Georg StiernhielmGeorg Stiernhielm
07 August 1598, Swedish
Civil servant
Johannes FabriciusJohannes Fabricius
08 January 1587, German
Astronomer

Prospero AlpiniProspero Alpini
23 November 1553, Italian
Scientist
Niccolò ZucchiNiccolò Zucchi
06 December 1586, Italian
Astronomer

Volcher CoiterVolcher Coiter
1534 AD, Dutch
Physician

Christen Sørensen LongomontanusChristen Sørensen Longomontanus
04 October 1562, Danish
Astronomer
Jacques BessonJacques Besson
1540 AD, French
Inventor

Adam Schall von BellAdam Schall von Bell
01 May 1591, German
Astronomer
Jan Baptista van HelmontJan Baptista van Helmont
12 January 1580, Belgian
Belgian scientist

Joost BürgiJoost Bürgi
28 February 1552, Swiss
Mathematician

Henry BriggsHenry Briggs
01 February 1561, British
Mathematician

John BainbridgeJohn Bainbridge
1582 AD, British
Astronomer
Jan Evangelista PurkinjeJan Evangelista Purkinje
17 December 1787, Czech
Physiologist
Jacques PeletierJacques Peletier
25 July 1517, French
Poet

Philipp Nikodemus FrischlinPhilipp Nikodemus Frischlin
22 September 1547, German
Poet

Baha' al-din al-'AmiliBaha' al-din al-'Amili
18 February 1547, Iranian, Lebanese
islamic Scholar

Matthias de L'ObelMatthias de L'Obel
1538 AD, French
Physician
Zhi zao LiZhi zao Li
1565 AD, Chinese
Mathematician