16th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469, Italian
Political Philosopher

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher
Bartolomé de las CasasBartolomé de las Casas
11 November 1484, Spanish
Historian

ParacelsusParacelsus
17 December 1493, Swiss
Physician, Botanist, Astrologer

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Gerardus Mercator Gerardus Mercator
05 March 1512, Belgian
Cartographer

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Teresa of ÁvilaTeresa of Ávila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British
Politician, Theologian
Virginia DareVirginia Dare
18 August 1587, American
Colonist

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

Hugo GrotiusHugo Grotius
10 April 1583, Dutch
Jurist
Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
16 August 1567, French, Italian
Theologian, Priest, Writer

Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542, Italian
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,
Michael ServetusMichael Servetus
Spanish
 

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501, Italian
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486, German
Physician

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD, French
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,
Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Linguist, Zoologist, Mountaineer, Physician,

Jacobus ArminiusJacobus Arminius
10 October 1560, Dutch
Theologian, University teacher
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

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Mulla SadraMulla Sadra
1571 AD, Iranian
philosopher, writer

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
Spanish
 

Francisco de VitoriaFrancisco de Vitoria
1483 AD, Spanish
philosopher, writer, religious, university

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591, French
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary

Philipp MelanchthonPhilipp Melanchthon
16 February 1497, German
 
Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469, Italian
philosopher, Catholic priest

Martin ChemnitzMartin Chemnitz
09 November 1522, German
Theologian, University teacher, Astrologer

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
01 August 1545, Scottish
Linguist, Theologian, University teacher
Saint John FisherSaint John Fisher
30 November 1469, British
English Priest

Sen RikyūSen Rikyū
1522 AD, Japanese
Historical Figure
Étienne de La BoétieÉtienne de La Boétie