16th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469, Italian
Political Philosopher
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 

KabirKabir
1440 AD, Indian
Saint and Mystic Poet

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint
John KnoxJohn Knox
1514 AD, Scottish
Protestant Leader

ParacelsusParacelsus
17 December 1493, Swiss
Physician, Botanist, Astrologer
Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

Bartolomé de las CasasBartolomé de las Casas
11 November 1484, Spanish
Historian

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

Gerardus Mercator Gerardus Mercator
05 March 1512, Belgian
Cartographer
Michael ServetusMichael Servetus
29 September 1509, Spanish
Theologian

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath

Virginia DareVirginia Dare
18 August 1587, American
Colonist
Shaykh Aḥmad SirhindīShaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī
26 June 1564, Indian
Islamic scholar

Saint John FisherSaint John Fisher
30 November 1469, British
English Priest
Hugo GrotiusHugo Grotius
10 April 1583, Dutch
Jurist

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486, German
Physician

Leo AfricanusLeo Africanus
1494 AD, Spanish
Diplomat
William BrewsterWilliam Brewster
1568 AD, British
Preacher

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist
Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542, Italian
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

Isaac LuriaIsaac Luria
1534 AD, Israeli
Rabbi
Al-SuyūṭīAl-Suyūṭī
03 October 1445, Egyptian
Scholar

Continue Reading Below
Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD, French
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,
Pope Adrian VIPope Adrian VI
02 March 1459, German, Dutch
Pope

Philip MelanchthonPhilip Melanchthon
16 February 1497, German
Theologian

Sen RikyūSen Rikyū
1522 AD, Japanese
Historical Figure

Mulla SadraMulla Sadra
1571 AD, Iranian
philosopher, writer
Jacobus ArminiusJacobus Arminius
10 October 1560, Dutch
Theologian, University teacher
Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Étienne de La BoétieÉtienne de La Boétie
01 November 1530, French
Magistrate

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian

John FoxeJohn Foxe
1516 AD, British
Historian
Inca Garcilaso de la VegaInca Garcilaso de la Vega
12 April 1539, Peruvian
Chronicler

Nicholas RidleyNicholas Ridley
1500 AD, British
Martyr

Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

Wang YangmingWang Yangming
26 October 1472, Chinese
Calligrapher

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,
Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
05 September 1568, Italian
Philosopher

Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD, Indian
Hindu saint
FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

Gurdās, BhāīGurdās, Bhāī
1551 AD, Indian
Sikh writer

Johannes TrithemiusJohannes Trithemius
01 February 1462, German
Cryptographer
Robert BurtonRobert Burton
08 February 1577, British
Scholar

Francisco de VitoriaFrancisco de Vitoria
1483 AD, Spanish
philosopher, writer, religious, university
Rupa GoswamiRupa Goswami
1493 AD, Bangladeshi
Scholar and author

Sir Robert FilmerSir Robert Filmer
1588 AD, British
Political scientist

Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591, French
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary

Peter CanisiusPeter Canisius
08 May 1521, Dutch
Priest

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian

John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist
Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Physician
Li ShizhenLi Shizhen
03 July 1518, Chinese
Chinese scholar

ʽAbd al-Qadir BadayuniʽAbd al-Qadir Badayuni
21 August 1540, Indian
Historian

Moses IsserlesMoses Isserles
22 February 1530, Polish
Rabbi
Peter BinsfeldPeter Binsfeld
1545 AD, German
Theologian

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469, Italian
Philosopher
Martin BehaimMartin Behaim
06 October 1459, German
Geographer and navigator

Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian
John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist

Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar
Sebastian MünsterSebastian Münster
20 January 1488, German
Cartographer

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

Raphael HolinshedRaphael Holinshed
1529 AD, British
Chronicler

Andreas KarlstadtAndreas Karlstadt
1486 AD, German
Theologian
Petrus RamusPetrus Ramus
1515 AD, French
Philosopher
Luis de MolinaLuis de Molina
29 September 1535, Spanish
Theologian

Ulrich von HuttenUlrich von Hutten
21 April 1488, German
Scholar

Johann EckJohann Eck
13 November 1486, German
Theologian

Baha' al-din al-'AmiliBaha' al-din al-'Amili
18 February 1547, Iranian, Lebanese
islamic Scholar
Robert I EstienneRobert I Estienne
1503 AD, French
Publisher

Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Polydore VergilPolydore Vergil
1470 AD, Italian, British
Historian

Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant
Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508, Dutch
Physician

Ulisse AldrovandiUlisse Aldrovandi
11 September 1522, Italian
Naturalist
Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier

Uriel AcostaUriel Acosta
1585 AD, Portuguese
Philosopher
Diego DuranDiego Duran
15 June 1537, Spanish
Historian, Writer, Dominican friar, Missionary
John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian