16th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469, Italian
Political Philosopher

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher

ParacelsusParacelsus
17 December 1493, Swiss
Physician, Botanist, Astrologer
Bartolomé de las CasasBartolomé de las Casas
11 November 1484, Spanish
Historian

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533, French
Philosopher
John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

Gerardus Mercator Gerardus Mercator
05 March 1512, Belgian
Cartographer
Michael ServetusMichael Servetus
29 September 1509, Spanish
Theologian

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Teresa of ÁvilaTeresa of Ávila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

Virginia DareVirginia Dare
18 August 1587, American
Colonist

Hugo GrotiusHugo Grotius
10 April 1583, Dutch
Jurist

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486, German
Physician
Leo AfricanusLeo Africanus
1494 AD, Spanish
Diplomat

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501, Italian
Polymath
Isaac LuriaIsaac Luria
1534 AD, Israeli
Rabbi

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542, Italian
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

Pope Adrian VIPope Adrian VI
02 March 1459, German, Dutch
Pope
Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

VallabhaVallabha
27 April 1479, Indian
Philosopher

Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD, French
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,
Li ShizhenLi Shizhen
03 July 1518, Chinese
Chinese scholar

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Mulla SadraMulla Sadra
1571 AD, Iranian
philosopher, writer
Lawrence of BrindisiLawrence of Brindisi
22 July 1559, Italian
Saint

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

John FoxeJohn Foxe
1516 AD, British
Historian
James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian
Étienne de La BoétieÉtienne de La Boétie
 

Jacobus ArminiusJacobus Arminius
10 October 1560, Dutch
Theologian, University teacher

Francisco de VitoriaFrancisco de Vitoria
1483 AD, Spanish
philosopher, writer, religious, university

Wang YangmingWang Yangming
26 October 1472, Chinese
Calligrapher
Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Rupa GoswamiRupa Goswami
1493 AD, Bangladeshi
Scholar and author
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Physician

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian
Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD, Indian
Hindu saint

FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

Peter CanisiusPeter Canisius
08 May 1521, Dutch
Priest
Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591, French
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary
Martin BehaimMartin Behaim
06 October 1459, German
Geographer and navigator

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian

Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469, Italian
Philosopher
Justus JonasJustus Jonas
05 June 1493, German
Jurist

Moses IsserlesMoses Isserles
22 February 1530, Polish
Rabbi

Raphael HolinshedRaphael Holinshed
1529 AD, British
Chronicler

Luis de MolinaLuis de Molina
29 September 1535, Spanish
Theologian
John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist

Petrus RamusPetrus Ramus
1515 AD, French
Philosopher
Andreas KarlstadtAndreas Karlstadt
1486 AD, German
Theologian

Sebastian MünsterSebastian Münster
20 January 1488, German
Cartographer

John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist
Peter Martyr VermigliPeter Martyr Vermigli
08 September 1499, Italian
Theologian

Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler
Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Polydore VergilPolydore Vergil
1470 AD, Italian, British
Historian

Ulrich von HuttenUlrich von Hutten
21 April 1488, German
Scholar
ʽAbd al-Qadir BadayuniʽAbd al-Qadir Badayuni
21 August 1540, Indian
Historian

Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508, Dutch
Physician
Ulisse AldrovandiUlisse Aldrovandi
11 September 1522, Italian
Naturalist

John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant

Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian
Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet
Juan de MarianaJuan de Mariana
25 September 1536, Spanish
Priest

Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian

José de AcostaJosé de Acosta
30 September 1540, Spanish
Missionary

Karel van ManderKarel van Mander
30 April 1548, Belgian, Dutch
Painter
João de BarrosJoão de Barros
1496 AD, Portuguese
Historian

Philippe de ComminesPhilippe de Commines
1447 AD, French
Writer

Cyril LucarisCyril Lucaris
13 November 1572, Greek
Theologian

John BaleJohn Bale
21 November 1495, British
Bishop and author

Martin ChemnitzMartin Chemnitz
09 November 1522, German
Theologian, University teacher, Astrologer
John ChekeJohn Cheke
16 June 1514, British
Statesman

Hayashi RazanHayashi Razan
1583 AD, Japanese
Philosopher
Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519, Italian
Physician

Balthasar HubmaierBalthasar Hubmaier
1480 AD, German
Theologian
James HowellJames Howell
1594 AD, British
Historian
Andreas OsianderAndreas Osiander
19 December 1498, German
Theologian