16th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469, Italian
Political Philosopher
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher
Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

ParacelsusParacelsus
17 December 1493, Swiss
Physician, Botanist, Astrologer

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533, French
Philosopher

Bartolomé de las CasasBartolomé de las Casas
11 November 1484, Spanish
Historian
John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

Gerardus Mercator Gerardus Mercator
05 March 1512, Belgian
Cartographer

Michael ServetusMichael Servetus
29 September 1509, Spanish
Theologian

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath
Teresa of ÁvilaTeresa of Ávila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

Virginia DareVirginia Dare
18 August 1587, American
Colonist

Hugo GrotiusHugo Grotius
10 April 1583, Dutch
Jurist

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist
Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486, German
Physician

Shaykh Aḥmad SirhindīShaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī
26 June 1564, Indian
Islamic scholar
Saint John FisherSaint John Fisher
30 November 1469, British
English Priest

William BrewsterWilliam Brewster
1568 AD, British
Preacher

Leo AfricanusLeo Africanus
1494 AD, Spanish
Diplomat
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,

Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD, French
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,
Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542, Italian
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

Al-SuyūṭīAl-Suyūṭī
03 October 1445, Egyptian
Scholar
VallabhaVallabha
27 April 1479, Indian
Philosopher

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Isaac LuriaIsaac Luria
1534 AD, Israeli
Rabbi
Pope Adrian VIPope Adrian VI
02 March 1459, German, Dutch
Pope

Sen RikyūSen Rikyū
1522 AD, Japanese
Historical Figure

Robert BurtonRobert Burton
08 February 1577, British
Scholar

John FoxeJohn Foxe
1516 AD, British
Historian
Mulla SadraMulla Sadra
1571 AD, Iranian
philosopher, writer
Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Jacobus ArminiusJacobus Arminius
10 October 1560, Dutch
Theologian, University teacher

Nicholas RidleyNicholas Ridley
1500 AD, British
Martyr

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian
Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

Étienne de La BoétieÉtienne de La Boétie
 

Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD, Indian
Hindu saint

Francisco de VitoriaFrancisco de Vitoria
1483 AD, Spanish
philosopher, writer, religious, university

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,
Wang YangmingWang Yangming
26 October 1472, Chinese
Calligrapher

Inca Garcilaso de la VegaInca Garcilaso de la Vega
12 April 1539, Peruvian
Chronicler
Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Sir Robert FilmerSir Robert Filmer
1588 AD, British
Political scientist

Rupa GoswamiRupa Goswami
1493 AD, Bangladeshi
Scholar and author
FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler

Gurdās, BhāīGurdās, Bhāī
1551 AD, Indian
Sikh writer

Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Physician
William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591, French
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary

ʽAbd al-Qadir BadayuniʽAbd al-Qadir Badayuni
21 August 1540, Indian
Historian

Li ShizhenLi Shizhen
03 July 1518, Chinese
Chinese scholar
Petrus RamusPetrus Ramus
1515 AD, French
Philosopher

Moses IsserlesMoses Isserles
22 February 1530, Polish
Rabbi
Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469, Italian
Philosopher

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist
Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet

Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar
Martin BehaimMartin Behaim
06 October 1459, German
Geographer and navigator

Sebastian MünsterSebastian Münster
20 January 1488, German
Cartographer

Peter CanisiusPeter Canisius
08 May 1521, Dutch
Priest
John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist

John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist
Raphael HolinshedRaphael Holinshed
1529 AD, British
Chronicler

Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier

Andreas KarlstadtAndreas Karlstadt
1486 AD, German
Theologian

Luis de MolinaLuis de Molina
29 September 1535, Spanish
Theologian
Robert I EstienneRobert I Estienne
1503 AD, French
Publisher
Ulrich von HuttenUlrich von Hutten
21 April 1488, German
Scholar

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant

Polydore VergilPolydore Vergil
1470 AD, Italian, British
Historian

Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian
Peter Martyr d'AnghieraPeter Martyr d'Anghiera
02 February 1457, Italian
Historian

Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508, Dutch
Physician

Ulisse AldrovandiUlisse Aldrovandi
11 September 1522, Italian
Naturalist

Peter Martyr VermigliPeter Martyr Vermigli
08 September 1499, Italian
Theologian
Uriel AcostaUriel Acosta
1585 AD, Portuguese
Philosopher

Baha' al-din al-'AmiliBaha' al-din al-'Amili
18 February 1547, Iranian, Lebanese
islamic Scholar
John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian

Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian
José de AcostaJosé de Acosta
30 September 1540, Spanish
Missionary
Thomas ErastusThomas Erastus
07 September 1524, Swiss
Physician