16th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Galileo Galilei, René Déscartes, Nicolaus Copernicus, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469, Italian
Political Philosopher

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus
19 February 1473, Polish
 

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD, Italian
Philosopher
ParacelsusParacelsus
17 December 1493, Swiss
Physician, Botanist, Astrologer

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Bartolomé de las CasasBartolomé de las Casas
11 November 1484, Spanish
Historian

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian
Michael ServetusMichael Servetus
29 September 1509, Spanish
Theologian

Gerardus Mercator Gerardus Mercator
05 March 1512, Belgian
Cartographer

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint
René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501, Italian
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Hugo GrotiusHugo Grotius
10 April 1583, Dutch
Jurist

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist
Virginia DareVirginia Dare
18 August 1587, American
Colonist

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486, German
Physician
Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD, French
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,

Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542, Italian
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
Mulla SadraMulla Sadra
1571 AD, Iranian
philosopher, writer

Francisco de VitoriaFrancisco de Vitoria
1483 AD, Spanish
philosopher, writer, religious, university

John FoxeJohn Foxe
1516 AD, British
Historian
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
26 March 1516, Swiss
Linguist, Zoologist, Mountaineer, Physician,

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Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian
Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Wang YangmingWang Yangming
26 October 1472, Chinese
Calligrapher

Jacobus ArminiusJacobus Arminius
10 October 1560, Dutch
Theologian, University teacher

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,
Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Li ShizhenLi Shizhen
03 July 1518, Chinese
Chinese scholar

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591, French
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary
John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian

Luis de MolinaLuis de Molina
29 September 1535, Spanish
Theologian

Sebastian MünsterSebastian Münster
20 January 1488, German
Cartographer
José de AcostaJosé de Acosta
30 September 1540, Spanish
Missionary

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469, Italian
philosopher, Catholic priest
Guillaume BudéGuillaume Budé
26 January 1467, French
Scholar

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian

Martin BehaimMartin Behaim
06 October 1459, German
Geographer and navigator
Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian
Moses IsserlesMoses Isserles
22 February 1530, Polish
Rabbi

Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Petrus RamusPetrus Ramus
1515 AD, French
Philosopher

Ulrich von HuttenUlrich von Hutten
21 April 1488, German
Scholar
Lawrence of BrindisiLawrence of Brindisi
22 July 1559, Italian
Saint

Ulisse AldrovandiUlisse Aldrovandi
11 September 1522, Italian
Naturalist

Peter Martyr VermigliPeter Martyr Vermigli
08 September 1499, Italian
Theologian

Polydore VergilPolydore Vergil
1470 AD, Italian, British
Historian
Gemma FrisiusGemma Frisius
09 December 1508, Dutch
Physician

Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet
John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist

John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519, Italian
Physician
Étienne DoletÉtienne Dolet
03 August 1509, French
Scholar

James HowellJames Howell
1594 AD, British
Historian
Pietro PomponazziPietro Pomponazzi
16 September 1462, Italian
Philosopher

Karel van ManderKarel van Mander
30 April 1548, Belgian, Dutch
Painter

Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian
João de BarrosJoão de Barros
1496 AD, Portuguese
Historian

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant
Thomas ErastusThomas Erastus
07 September 1524, Swiss
Physician

Andreas OsianderAndreas Osiander
19 December 1498, German
Theologian

Cyril LucarisCyril Lucaris
13 November 1572, Greek
Theologian

John ChekeJohn Cheke
16 June 1514, British
Statesman
Pierre de BérullePierre de Bérulle
04 February 1575, French
Statesman
Bernardino TelesioBernardino Telesio
07 November 1509, Italian
Philosopher

John BaleJohn Bale
21 November 1495, British
Bishop and author

Pierre BelonPierre Belon
1517 AD, French
Naturalist

Matthias FlaciusMatthias Flacius
03 March 1520, Croatian
Theologian
Martin ChemnitzMartin Chemnitz
09 November 1522, German
Theologian, University teacher, Astrologer

Philippe de ComminesPhilippe de Commines
1447 AD, French
Writer

Johann ArndtJohann Arndt
27 December 1555, German
Theologian

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
01 August 1545, Scottish
Linguist, Theologian, University teacher

Sir Robert FilmerSir Robert Filmer
1588 AD, British
Political scientist
Uriel AcostaUriel Acosta
1585 AD, Portuguese
Philosopher

William BrewsterWilliam Brewster
1568 AD, British
Preacher
Saint John FisherSaint John Fisher
30 November 1469, British
English Priest

Johann OecolampadiusJohann Oecolampadius
1482 AD, German
Protestant Reformer
Sen RikyūSen Rikyū
1522 AD, Japanese
Historical Figure
Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier