Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn

1501 AD

British

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell

25 April 1599

British

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes

13 April 1570

British

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh

22 January 1554

British

John CalvinJohn Calvin

10 July 1509

French

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus

0115 BC

Ancient Roman

Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon

10 March 1452

Spanish

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier

07 April 1506

Spanish

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu

09 September 1585

French

Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa

1478 AD

Turkish

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan

15 April 1563

Indian

John of the CrossJohn of the Cross

24 June 1542

Spanish

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Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind

05 July 1595

Indian

Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das

09 October 1534

Indian

Guru AngadGuru Angad

31 March 1504

Indian

Piri ReisPiri Reis

1465 AD

Turkish

King James IKing James I

19 June 1566

British

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila

28 March 1515

Spanish

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Charles IXCharles IX

27 June 1550

French

Elizabeth IElizabeth I

07 September 1533

British

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France

12 September 1494

French

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu

31 January 1543

Japanese

Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi

17 March 1537

Japanese

Joanna of CastileJoanna of Castile

06 November 1479

Spanish

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William the SilentWilliam the Silent

24 April 1533

German,Dutch

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu

1491 AD

Filipino

John WinthropJohn Winthrop

12 January 1588

British

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide

10 March 1528

Japanese

Date MasamuneDate Masamune

05 September 1567

Japanese

Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul

24 April 1581

French

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Boris GodunovBoris Godunov

1551 AD

Russian

Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga

09 March 1568

Italian

Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

18 July 1552

Austrian

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

09 July 1578

Austrian

Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin

18 February 1530

Japanese

Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales

16 August 1567

French,Italian

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Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci

06 October 1552

Italian

Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark

Danish

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany

25 January 1477

French

Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi

1502 AD

Spanish

Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor

24 February 1557

Austrian

Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia

31 May 1557

Russian

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Vasili IV of RussiaVasili IV of Russia

22 September 1552

Russian

Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga

1571 AD

Japanese

John of AustriaJohn of Austria

24 February 1547

German,Spanish

Honda TadakatsuHonda Tadakatsu

17 March 1548

Japanese

Abbas I of PersiaAbbas I of Persia

27 January 1571

Afghan

Pope Urban VIIIPope Urban VIII

05 April 1568

Italian

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Tokugawa HidetadaTokugawa Hidetada

02 May 1579

Japanese

Michael I of RussiaMichael I of Russia

12 July 1596

Russian

Louis II of HungaryLouis II of Hungary

01 July 1506

Hungarian

Gaspard II de ColignyGaspard II de Coligny

16 February 1517

French

Pope Innocent XPope Innocent X

06 May 1574

Italian

Pedro de ValdiviaPedro de Valdivia

17 April 1497

Spanish

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Francisco de AlmeidaFrancisco de Almeida

Portuguese

Ruy López de VillalobosRuy López de Villalobos

1500 AD

Spanish

John ZápolyaJohn Zápolya

02 February 1487

Hungarian,Slovak

Axel OxenstiernaAxel Oxenstierna

16 June 1583

Swedish

Ii NaomasaIi Naomasa

04 March 1560

Japanese

Pope Alexander VIIPope Alexander VII

13 February 1599

Italian

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Philipp MelanchthonPhilipp Melanchthon

16 February 1497

German

Charles Howard, 1st Earl of NottinghamCharles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham

1536 AD

British

Imagawa YoshimotoImagawa Yoshimoto

1519 AD

Japanese

Lancelot AndrewesLancelot Andrewes

16 July 1555

British

Maeda ToshiieMaeda Toshiie

15 January 1539

Japanese

Pope Marcellus IIPope Marcellus II

06 May 1501

Italian

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Sanada NobuyukiSanada Nobuyuki

1566 AD

Japanese

Raghavendra SwamiRaghavendra Swami

1595 AD

Indian

Naoe KanetsuguNaoe Kanetsugu

1560 AD

Japanese

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville

01 August 1545

Scottish

William BradfordWilliam Bradford

19 March 1590

British

Carlo BorromeoCarlo Borromeo

02 October 1538

Italian

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Fyodor II of RussiaFyodor II of Russia

1589 AD

Russian

Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of AlbaFernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba

29 October 1507

Spanish

Henri de BourbonHenri de Bourbon

13 December 1553

French

Katō KiyomasaKatō Kiyomasa

25 July 1561

Japanese

Kōriki KiyonagaKōriki Kiyonaga

1530 AD

Japanese