Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
1501 AD, British
Marquess of Pembroke
Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
Military & Political Leader

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
13 April 1570, British
Soldier

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat

John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor

Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon
10 March 1452, Spanish
King of Aragon
Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506, Spanish
Missionary

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585, French
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru
Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa
1478 AD, Turkish
16th Century Naval Commander

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595, Indian
Sixth Sikh Guru
John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542, Spanish
Roman Catholic Saint

Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504, Indian
Second Sikh Guru

Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534, Indian
Fourth Sikh Guru
Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

King James IKing James I
19 June 1566, British
King of Scotland
Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

Charles IXCharles IX
27 June 1550, French
King of France

Joanna of CastileJoanna of Castile
06 November 1479, Spanish
Queen
Elizabeth IElizabeth I
07 September 1533, British
 

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France
12 September 1494, French
Painter, Politician
Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Samurai

Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi
17 March 1537, Japanese
Daimyō

William the SilentWilliam the Silent
24 April 1533, German, Dutch
Politician

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu
1491 AD, Filipino
Tribal chief
Date MasamuneDate Masamune
05 September 1567, Japanese
Samurai
John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British
Politician, Theologian

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide
10 March 1528, Japanese
Samurai

Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul
24 April 1581, French
Catholic priest

Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
18 July 1552, Austrian
Politician
Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga
09 March 1568, Italian
Aristocrat

Boris GodunovBoris Godunov
1551 AD, Russian
Tsar of Russia

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
09 July 1578, Austrian
 

Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark
Danish
 

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Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin
18 February 1530, Japanese
Samurai
Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
16 August 1567, French, Italian
Theologian, Priest, Writer

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477, French
queen
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia
31 May 1557, Russian
 

Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor
24 February 1557, Austrian
 
Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga
1571 AD, Japanese
diplomat

Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi
1502 AD, Spanish
explorer, military personnel
Vasili IV of RussiaVasili IV of Russia
22 September 1552, Russian
Monarch

John of AustriaJohn of Austria
24 February 1547, German, Spanish
Condottiero, Diplomat, Officer, Military personnel

Honda TadakatsuHonda Tadakatsu
17 March 1548, Japanese
warrior

Tokugawa HidetadaTokugawa Hidetada
02 May 1579, Japanese
Politician

Abbas I of PersiaAbbas I of Persia
27 January 1571, Afghan
Politician
Pope Urban VIIIPope Urban VIII
05 April 1568, Italian
Diplomat, Cleric, Catholic priest

Pope Innocent XPope Innocent X
06 May 1574, Italian
Catholic priest, Diplomat

Louis II of HungaryLouis II of Hungary
01 July 1506, Hungarian
Politician

Michael I of RussiaMichael I of Russia
12 July 1596, Russian
 
Francisco de AlmeidaFrancisco de Almeida
Portuguese
 

Gaspard II de ColignyGaspard II de Coligny
16 February 1517, French
 
Pedro de ValdiviaPedro de Valdivia
17 April 1497, Spanish
Explorer, Military personnel

John ZápolyaJohn Zápolya
02 February 1487, Hungarian, Slovak
 

Ii NaomasaIi Naomasa
04 March 1560, Japanese
officer
Axel OxenstiernaAxel Oxenstierna
16 June 1583, Swedish
diplomat, military personnel

Pope Alexander VIIPope Alexander VII
13 February 1599, Italian
Diplomat, Cleric, Catholic priest
Charles Howard, 1st Earl of NottinghamCharles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham
1536 AD, British
politician, military personnel

Imagawa YoshimotoImagawa Yoshimoto
1519 AD, Japanese
samurai, daimyo

Ruy López de VillalobosRuy López de Villalobos
1500 AD, Spanish
explorer
Maeda ToshiieMaeda Toshiie
15 January 1539, Japanese
Samurai

Philipp MelanchthonPhilipp Melanchthon
16 February 1497, German
 
Lancelot AndrewesLancelot Andrewes
16 July 1555, British
priest, translator, theologian, Bible translator

Pope Marcellus IIPope Marcellus II
06 May 1501, Italian
Catholic priest, librarian

Sanada NobuyukiSanada Nobuyuki
1566 AD, Japanese
samurai

Raghavendra SwamiRaghavendra Swami
1595 AD, Indian
 
Naoe KanetsuguNaoe Kanetsugu
1560 AD, Japanese
samurai
William BradfordWilliam Bradford
19 March 1590, British
Plymouth Colony governor

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
01 August 1545, Scottish
Linguist, Theologian, University teacher

Carlo BorromeoCarlo Borromeo
02 October 1538, Italian
 

Fyodor II of RussiaFyodor II of Russia
1589 AD, Russian
 
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of AlbaFernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
29 October 1507, Spanish
Officer, Military personnel

Henri de BourbonHenri de Bourbon
13 December 1553, French
 

Katō KiyomasaKatō Kiyomasa
25 July 1561, Japanese
samurai

Kōriki KiyonagaKōriki Kiyonaga
1530 AD, Japanese
samurai