Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
1501 AD, British
Marquess of Pembroke
Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
Military & Political Leader

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
13 April 1570, British
Soldier

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat

KabirKabir
1440 AD, Indian
Saint and Mystic Poet

John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor
Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506, Spanish
Missionary

James IV of ScotlandJames IV of Scotland
17 March 1473, Scottish
King
Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon
10 March 1452, Spanish
King of Aragon

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585, French
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman
Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi
17 March 1537, Japanese
Japanese Samurai

Yi Sun-sinYi Sun-sin
28 April 1545, South Korean
Naval Commander

William the SilentWilliam the Silent
24 April 1533, German, Dutch
Military Leader

Pope Leo XPope Leo X
11 December 1475, Italian
Pope

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu
1491 AD, Filipino
Chieftain of Mactan, Philippines
John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542, Spanish
Roman Catholic Saint

Pope Julius IIPope Julius II
05 December 1443, Italian
Pope

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

Pope Clement VIIPope Clement VII
26 May 1478, Italian
Pope
Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa
1478 AD, Turkish
16th Century Naval Commander

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru
Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534, Indian
Fourth Sikh Guru

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595, Indian
Sixth Sikh Guru

PowhatanPowhatan
17 June 1545, American
Native American Leader
Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504, Indian
Second Sikh Guru

Pier Gerlofs DoniaPier Gerlofs Donia
1480 AD, Dutch
Pirate
Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

King James IKing James I
19 June 1566, British
King of Scotland

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint
Charles IXCharles IX
27 June 1550, French
King of France

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Elizabeth IElizabeth I
07 September 1533, British
 
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of SuffolkCharles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
1484 AD, British
Courtier

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France
12 September 1494, French
Painter, Politician

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Samurai

Kösem SultanKösem Sultan
1589 AD, Turkish
Ottoman sultana
Francis WalsinghamFrancis Walsingham
1532 AD, British
Spymaster
Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
21 August 1567, French
Bishop

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide
10 March 1528, Japanese
Samurai

Piero the UnfortunatePiero the Unfortunate
15 February 1472, Italian
Politician

Boris GodunovBoris Godunov
1551 AD, Russian
Tsar of Russia
Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
18 July 1552, Austrian
Politician

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

Henry Howard, Earl of SurreyHenry Howard, Earl of Surrey
1517 AD, British
Politician

Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga
09 March 1568, Italian
Saint

Reginald PoleReginald Pole
03 March 1500, British
Archbishop of Canterbury
Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul
24 April 1581, French
Catholic priest

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of SalisburyRobert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
01 June 1563, British
Politician
HiawathaHiawatha
1525 AD, American
Orator

Date MasamuneDate Masamune
05 September 1567, Japanese
Samurai

Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark
12 April 1577, Danish
King
Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia
31 May 1557, Russian
 

Charles James FoxCharles James Fox
24 January 1749, British
Politician
Daniel MorganDaniel Morgan
06 July 1736, American
Politician

Myles StandishMyles Standish
1584 AD, British
Colonist

Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi
1502 AD, Spanish
explorer, military personnel

Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin
18 February 1530, Japanese
Samurai

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477, French
queen
Robert CatesbyRobert Catesby
03 March 1572, British
Conspirator

Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor
24 February 1557, Austrian
 

Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga
1571 AD, Japanese
diplomat

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,
Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
1510 AD, Spanish
Conquistador

Pope Pius VPope Pius V
17 January 1504, Italian
Pope
John PymJohn Pym
20 May 1584, British
Member of Parliament

Vasili IV of RussiaVasili IV of Russia
22 September 1552, Russian
Monarch

Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher
Pope Urban VIIIPope Urban VIII
05 April 1568, Italian
Diplomat, Cleric, Catholic priest

Ishida MitsunariIshida Mitsunari
1559 AD, Japanese
Military Commander
Pedro Menéndez de AvilésPedro Menéndez de Avilés
15 February 1519, Spanish
Explorer

John of AustriaJohn of Austria
24 February 1547, German, Spanish
Condottiero, Diplomat, Officer, Military personnel

James UssherJames Ussher
01 January 1581, Northern Irish
Archbishop
Abbas I of PersiaAbbas I of Persia
27 January 1571, Afghan
Politician

Michael I of RussiaMichael I of Russia
12 July 1596, Russian
 
Louis II of HungaryLouis II of Hungary
01 July 1506, Hungarian
Politician

Francisco de AlmeidaFrancisco de Almeida
1450 AD, Portuguese
Soldier

Thomas HookerThomas Hooker
05 July 1586, British, American
Preacher

Pope Innocent XPope Innocent X
06 May 1574, Italian
Catholic priest, Diplomat
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of AlbaFernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
29 October 1507, Spanish
Officer, Military personnel
Johan van OldenbarneveltJohan van Oldenbarnevelt
14 September 1547, Dutch
Statesman

Honda TadakatsuHonda Tadakatsu
17 March 1548, Japanese
warrior

Tokugawa HidetadaTokugawa Hidetada
02 May 1579, Japanese
Politician

Pedro de ValdiviaPedro de Valdivia
17 April 1497, Spanish
Explorer, Military personnel
Diego de LandaDiego de Landa
12 November 1524, Spanish
Bishop

Wang YangmingWang Yangming
26 October 1472, Chinese
Calligrapher

Jan Pieterszoon CoenJan Pieterszoon Coen
08 January 1587, Dutch
Governor-General

Gaspard II de ColignyGaspard II de Coligny
16 February 1517, French
 

Edward WinslowEdward Winslow
18 October 1595, British
Author
Pope Alexander VIIPope Alexander VII
13 February 1599, Italian
Diplomat, Cleric, Catholic priest

Ruy López de VillalobosRuy López de Villalobos
1500 AD, Spanish
explorer
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of SavoyEmmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
08 July 1528, French, Italian
Duke Of Savoy

Axel OxenstiernaAxel Oxenstierna
16 June 1583, Swedish
diplomat, military personnel
John ZápolyaJohn Zápolya
02 February 1487, Hungarian, Slovak
 
Charles Howard, 1st Earl of NottinghamCharles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham
1536 AD, British
politician, military personnel