Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
1501 AD, British
Marquess of Pembroke
Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
13 April 1570, British
Soldier

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat

James IV of ScotlandJames IV of Scotland
17 March 1473, Scottish
King

Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon
10 March 1452, Spanish
King of Aragon
Charles IXCharles IX
27 June 1550, French
King of France

John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General
KabirKabir
1440 AD, Indian
Saint and Mystic Poet

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506, Spanish
Missionary
Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu
1491 AD, Filipino
Chieftain of Mactan, Philippines

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585, French
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi
17 March 1537, Japanese
Japanese Samurai

Pope Leo XPope Leo X
11 December 1475, Italian
Pope
Pope Clement VIIPope Clement VII
26 May 1478, Italian
Pope

Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa
1478 AD, Turkish
16th Century Naval Commander

William the SilentWilliam the Silent
24 April 1533, German, Dutch
Military Leader

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595, Indian
Sixth Sikh Guru
Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534, Indian
Fourth Sikh Guru

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru
John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542, Spanish
Roman Catholic Saint

Pope Julius IIPope Julius II
05 December 1443, Italian
Pope

Yi Sun-sinYi Sun-sin
28 April 1545, South Korean
Naval Commander
John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504, Indian
Second Sikh Guru
PowhatanPowhatan
17 June 1545, American
Native American Leader

Pier Gerlofs DoniaPier Gerlofs Donia
1480 AD, Dutch
Pirate

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
King James IKing James I
19 June 1566, British
King of Scotland

Continue Reading Below
Elizabeth IElizabeth I
07 September 1533, British
 
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of SuffolkCharles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
1484 AD, British
Courtier

Henri de BourbonHenri de Bourbon
13 December 1553, French
 

Kösem SultanKösem Sultan
1589 AD, Turkish
Ottoman sultana

Mira BaiMira Bai
1502 AD, Indian
Hindu mystic
Robert Dudley, earl of LeicesterRobert Dudley, earl of Leicester
24 June 1532, British
Politician
Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Samurai

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1473, British
Politician

Reginald PoleReginald Pole
03 March 1500, British
Archbishop of Canterbury

Piero the UnfortunatePiero the Unfortunate
15 February 1472, Italian
Politician
William BradfordWilliam Bradford
19 March 1590, British
Plymouth Colony governor

BirbalBirbal
1528 AD, Indian
Advisor

Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of AngusArchibald Douglas, 6th earl of Angus
1489 AD, Scottish
Nobleman

Francis WalsinghamFrancis Walsingham
1532 AD, British
Spymaster

Thomas Seymour, Baron SeymourThomas Seymour, Baron Seymour
1508 AD, British
Politician
Juan DiegoJuan Diego
1474 AD, Mexican
Saint

Grace O'MalleyGrace O'Malley
1530 AD, Irish
Pirate
Edward Seymour, 1st duke of SomersetEdward Seymour, 1st duke of Somerset
1500 AD, British
Government Official

Myles StandishMyles Standish
1584 AD, British
Colonist

George VilliersGeorge Villiers
28 August 1592, British
Politician
Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi
1502 AD, Spanish
explorer, military personnel

Robert CatesbyRobert Catesby
03 March 1572, British
Conspirator
Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul
24 April 1581, French
Catholic priest

Michael I of RussiaMichael I of Russia
12 July 1596, Russian
 

Henry Howard, Earl of SurreyHenry Howard, Earl of Surrey
1517 AD, British
Politician

Ismāʿīl IIsmāʿīl I
17 July 1487, Iranian
Shah of Iran

Louis I de Bourbon, prince de CondéLouis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé
07 May 1530, French
General
Boris GodunovBoris Godunov
1551 AD, Russian
Tsar of Russia

Charles BorromeoCharles Borromeo
02 October 1538, Ancient Roman
Cardinal

HiawathaHiawatha
1525 AD, American
Orator

Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
1510 AD, Spanish
Conquistador
Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
18 July 1552, Austrian
Politician

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
1443 AD, British
Politician
Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

Bairam KhanBairam Khan
18 January 1501, Tajikistani
Military personnel

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide
10 March 1528, Japanese
Samurai
Hong TaijiHong Taiji
28 November 1592, Chinese
Emperor

Francis, Duke of AnjouFrancis, Duke of Anjou
18 March 1555, French
Duke
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1536, British
Politician

RavidasRavidas
1377 AD, Indian
Poet

Raghavendra SwamiRaghavendra Swami
1595 AD, Indian
 
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of SalisburyRobert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
01 June 1563, British
Politician

Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin
18 February 1530, Japanese
Samurai
Date MasamuneDate Masamune
05 September 1567, Japanese
Samurai

MassasoitMassasoit
1581 AD, American
Native Leader

Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia
31 May 1557, Russian
 

John HawkinsJohn Hawkins
30 November 1532, British
Privateer
Charles James FoxCharles James Fox
24 January 1749, British
Politician
John Dudley, duke of NorthumberlandJohn Dudley, duke of Northumberland
1504 AD, British
General

Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
21 August 1567, French
Bishop

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477, French
queen

Daniel MorganDaniel Morgan
06 July 1736, American
Politician
Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark
12 April 1577, Danish, Norwegian
King

Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor
24 February 1557, Austrian
 

Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga
1571 AD, Japanese
diplomat

Abbas I of PersiaAbbas I of Persia
27 January 1571, Afghan
Politician

Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga
09 March 1568, Italian
Saint
Vasili IV of RussiaVasili IV of Russia
22 September 1552, Russian
Monarch

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,
Edward WinslowEdward Winslow
18 October 1595, British
Author

Thomas West, 12th Baron De La WarrThomas West, 12th Baron De La Warr
09 July 1577, British
Politician
Jean de BrébeufJean de Brébeuf
25 March 1593, French
Missionary
Margaret of Austria, Duchess of SavoyMargaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy
10 January 1480, Belgian, Spanish
Political figure