Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
King James IKing James I
19 June 1566, British
King of Scotland
AkbarAkbar
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi
17 March 1537, Japanese
Japanese Samurai

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Military Leader

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat
Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General

John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor

KabirKabir
1440 AD, Indian
Saint and Mystic Poet
Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon
10 March 1452, Spanish
King of Aragon

James IV of ScotlandJames IV of Scotland
17 March 1473, Scottish
King
Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585, French
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506, Spanish
Missionary

Pope Leo XPope Leo X
11 December 1475, Italian
Pope

William the SilentWilliam the Silent
24 April 1533, German, Dutch
Military Leader
Pope Clement VIIPope Clement VII
26 May 1478, Italian
Pope

Yi Sun-sinYi Sun-sin
28 April 1545, South Korean
Naval Commander

Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa
1478 AD, Turkish
16th Century Naval Commander

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru
Pope Julius IIPope Julius II
05 December 1443, Italian
Pope

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595, Indian
Sixth Sikh Guru
John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542, Spanish
Roman Catholic Saint

Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504, Indian
Second Sikh Guru

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu
1491 AD, Filipino
Chieftain of Mactan, Philippines
Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534, Indian
Fourth Sikh Guru

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian
Pier Gerlofs DoniaPier Gerlofs Donia
1480 AD, Dutch
Pirate

Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

PowhatanPowhatan
17 June 1545, American
Native American Leader
Kösem SultanKösem Sultan
1589 AD, Turkish
Ottoman sultana

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Henri de BourbonHenri de Bourbon
13 December 1553, French
 
Date MasamuneDate Masamune
05 September 1567, Japanese
Samurai

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide
10 March 1528, Japanese
Samurai

Robert Dudley, earl of LeicesterRobert Dudley, earl of Leicester
24 June 1532, British
Politician

Louis II of HungaryLouis II of Hungary
01 July 1506, Hungarian
Politician
Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga
09 March 1568, Italian
Saint
Grace O'MalleyGrace O'Malley
1530 AD, Irish
Pirate

BirbalBirbal
1528 AD, Indian
Advisor

Piero the UnfortunatePiero the Unfortunate
15 February 1472, Italian
Politician

George VilliersGeorge Villiers
28 August 1592, British
Politician
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1473, British
Politician

Thomas Seymour, Baron SeymourThomas Seymour, Baron Seymour
1508 AD, British
Politician

Michael I of RussiaMichael I of Russia
12 July 1596, Russian
 

Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
18 July 1552, Austrian
Politician

Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi
1502 AD, Spanish
explorer, military personnel
Francis WalsinghamFrancis Walsingham
1532 AD, British
Spymaster

Edward Seymour, 1st duke of SomersetEdward Seymour, 1st duke of Somerset
1500 AD, British
Government Official
RavidasRavidas
1377 AD, Indian
Poet

Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin
18 February 1530, Japanese
Samurai

Louis I de Bourbon, prince de CondéLouis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé
07 May 1530, French
General
Louis, Prince of CondeLouis, Prince of Conde
07 May 1530, French
Prince

Francis, Duke of AnjouFrancis, Duke of Anjou
18 March 1555, French
Duke
Bairam KhanBairam Khan
18 January 1501, Tajikistani
Military personnel

Hong TaijiHong Taiji
28 November 1592, Chinese
Emperor

Ishida MitsunariIshida Mitsunari
1559 AD, Japanese
Military Commander

Tokugawa HidetadaTokugawa Hidetada
02 May 1579, Japanese
Politician

Henry Howard, Earl of SurreyHenry Howard, Earl of Surrey
1517 AD, British
Politician
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of SalisburyRobert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
01 June 1563, British
Politician

Boris GodunovBoris Godunov
1551 AD, Russian
Tsar of Russia

Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul
24 April 1581, French
Catholic priest

Reginald PoleReginald Pole
03 March 1500, British
Archbishop of Canterbury
Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia
31 May 1557, Russian
 

William BradfordWilliam Bradford
19 March 1590, British
Plymouth Colony governor
Thomas WyattThomas Wyatt
1503 AD, British
Poet & Politician

HiawathaHiawatha
1525 AD, American
Orator

Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark
12 April 1577, Danish, Norwegian
King
Robert CatesbyRobert Catesby
03 March 1572, British
Conspirator

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
1443 AD, British
Politician
Raghavendra SwamiRaghavendra Swami
1595 AD, Indian
 

Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1536, British
Politician

John Dudley, duke of NorthumberlandJohn Dudley, duke of Northumberland
1504 AD, British
General
Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor
24 February 1557, Austrian
 

John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-SonderburgJohn II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
25 March 1545, Danish
Duke
Ashikaga YoshiakiAshikaga Yoshiaki
05 December 1537, Japanese
Shōgun

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

Charles James FoxCharles James Fox
24 January 1749, British
Politician

John HawkinsJohn Hawkins
30 November 1532, British
Privateer
Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
21 August 1567, French
Bishop
Margaret of Austria, Duchess of SavoyMargaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy
10 January 1480, Belgian, Spanish
Political figure

Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of FlorenceAlessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence
22 July 1510, Italian
Duke

Imagawa YoshimotoImagawa Yoshimoto
1519 AD, Japanese
samurai, daimyo

Pope Pius VPope Pius V
17 January 1504, Italian
Pope
Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga
1571 AD, Japanese
diplomat

Isabella d'EsteIsabella d'Este
19 May 1474, Italian
Political Figure

Juan DiegoJuan Diego
1474 AD, Mexican
Saint

Myles StandishMyles Standish
1584 AD, British
Colonist

Daniel MorganDaniel Morgan
06 July 1736, American
Politician
Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
1510 AD, Spanish
Conquistador

Honda TadakatsuHonda Tadakatsu
17 March 1548, Japanese
warrior
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

Alessandro ValignanoAlessandro Valignano
15 February 1539, Italian
Missionary
Katharina von BoraKatharina von Bora
29 January 1499, German
Martin Luther's wife
Abbas I of PersiaAbbas I of Persia
27 January 1571, Afghan
Politician