Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Leaders, including Oliver Cromwell, Anne Boleyn, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Walter Raleigh and John Calvin.
Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn
1501 AD, British
Marquess of Pembroke
Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes
13 April 1570, British
Soldier

Walter RaleighWalter Raleigh
22 January 1554, British
Politician, Writer, Explorer, Aristocrat

Marcus Licinius CrassusMarcus Licinius Crassus
0115 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General

John CalvinJohn Calvin
10 July 1509, French
Protestant Reformer, Theologian, Pastor
PowhatanPowhatan
17 June 1545, American
Native American Leader

KabirKabir
1440 AD, Indian
Saint and Mystic Poet

Toyotomi HideyoshiToyotomi Hideyoshi
17 March 1537, Japanese
Japanese Samurai
Pope Leo XPope Leo X
11 December 1475, Italian
Pope

Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon
10 March 1452, Spanish
King of Aragon
Pope Clement VIIPope Clement VII
26 May 1478, Italian
Pope

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585, French
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506, Spanish
Missionary

Yi Sun-sinYi Sun-sin
28 April 1545, South Korean
Naval Commander

Hayreddin BarbarossaHayreddin Barbarossa
1478 AD, Turkish
16th Century Naval Commander
James IV of ScotlandJames IV of Scotland
17 March 1473, Scottish
King

William the SilentWilliam the Silent
24 April 1533, German, Dutch
Military Leader

Pier Gerlofs DoniaPier Gerlofs Donia
1480 AD, Dutch
Pirate

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu
1491 AD, Filipino
Chieftain of Mactan, Philippines
Pope Julius IIPope Julius II
05 December 1443, Italian
Pope

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595, Indian
Sixth Sikh Guru
Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563, Indian
Fifth Sikh Guru

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588, British, American
Politician, Theologian

John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542, Spanish
Roman Catholic Saint
Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534, Indian
Fourth Sikh Guru

Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504, Indian
Second Sikh Guru
Piri ReisPiri Reis
1465 AD, Turkish
Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.

King James IKing James I
19 June 1566, British
King of Scotland

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515, Spanish
Saint
Charles IXCharles IX
27 June 1550, French
King of France

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Elizabeth IElizabeth I
07 September 1533, British
 
Kösem SultanKösem Sultan
1589 AD, Turkish
Ottoman sultana

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of SuffolkCharles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
1484 AD, British
Courtier

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Samurai

Piero the UnfortunatePiero the Unfortunate
15 February 1472, Italian
Politician
BirbalBirbal
1528 AD, Indian
Advisor
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1473, British
Politician

Akechi MitsuhideAkechi Mitsuhide
10 March 1528, Japanese
Samurai

Uesugi KenshinUesugi Kenshin
18 February 1530, Japanese
Samurai

Reginald PoleReginald Pole
03 March 1500, British
Archbishop of Canterbury
Francis WalsinghamFrancis Walsingham
1532 AD, British
Spymaster

Charles James FoxCharles James Fox
24 January 1749, British
Politician

HiawathaHiawatha
1525 AD, American
Orator

Date MasamuneDate Masamune
05 September 1567, Japanese
Samurai

Henry Howard, Earl of SurreyHenry Howard, Earl of Surrey
1517 AD, British
Politician
Daniel MorganDaniel Morgan
06 July 1736, American
Politician

Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
18 July 1552, Austrian
Politician
Boris GodunovBoris Godunov
1551 AD, Russian
Tsar of Russia

Francis, Duke of AnjouFrancis, Duke of Anjou
18 March 1555, French
Duke

Hong TaijiHong Taiji
28 November 1592, Chinese
Emperor
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of SalisburyRobert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
01 June 1563, British
Politician

Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul
24 April 1581, French
Catholic priest
RavidasRavidas
1377 AD, Indian
Poet

Hasekura TsunenagaHasekura Tsunenaga
1571 AD, Japanese
diplomat

Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
10 March 1536, British
Politician

Myles StandishMyles Standish
1584 AD, British
Colonist

Jan Pieterszoon CoenJan Pieterszoon Coen
08 January 1587, Dutch
Governor-General
Feodor I of RussiaFeodor I of Russia
31 May 1557, Russian
 

Robert CatesbyRobert Catesby
03 March 1572, British
Conspirator

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477, French
queen

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of NorfolkThomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
1443 AD, British
Politician
Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
21 August 1567, French
Bishop

Aloysius GonzagaAloysius Gonzaga
09 March 1568, Italian
Saint
Matthias, Holy Roman EmperorMatthias, Holy Roman Emperor
24 February 1557, Austrian
 

Christian IV of DenmarkChristian IV of Denmark
12 April 1577, Danish, Norwegian
King

Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
1510 AD, Spanish
Conquistador
Miguel López de LegazpiMiguel López de Legazpi
1502 AD, Spanish
explorer, military personnel

Vasili IV of RussiaVasili IV of Russia
22 September 1552, Russian
Monarch
Ishida MitsunariIshida Mitsunari
1559 AD, Japanese
Military Commander

Isaac LuriaIsaac Luria
1534 AD, Israeli
Rabbi

Juan DiegoJuan Diego
1474 AD, Mexican
Saint
Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738, Italian
Jurist

Margaret of Austria, Duchess of SavoyMargaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy
10 January 1480, Belgian, Spanish
Political figure
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552, Italian
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

Honda TadakatsuHonda Tadakatsu
17 March 1548, Japanese
warrior

Louis II of HungaryLouis II of Hungary
01 July 1506, Hungarian
Politician

Sokollu Mehmed PashaSokollu Mehmed Pasha
1505 AD, Turkish
Statesman
George Calvert, Baron BaltimoreGeorge Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
1580 AD, British
Politician
Charles BorromeoCharles Borromeo
02 October 1538, Ancient Roman
Cardinal

Pope Pius VPope Pius V
17 January 1504, Italian
Pope

Edward CokeEdward Coke
01 February 1552, British
Barrister

Piet Pieterszoon HeinPiet Pieterszoon Hein
25 November 1577, Dutch
Admiral
Pope Adrian VIPope Adrian VI
02 March 1459, German, Dutch
Pope

Thomas MüntzerThomas Müntzer
1489 AD, German
Preacher

Charles III, Duke of LorraineCharles III, Duke of Lorraine
18 February 1543, French
Duke of Lorraine

John PymJohn Pym
20 May 1584, British
Member of Parliament

John of AustriaJohn of Austria
24 February 1547, German, Spanish
Military Officer
Pope Urban VIIIPope Urban VIII
05 April 1568, Italian
Pope

Johan van OldenbarneveltJohan van Oldenbarnevelt
14 September 1547, Dutch
Statesman
Tokugawa HidetadaTokugawa Hidetada
02 May 1579, Japanese
Politician

Askia Mohammad IAskia Mohammad I
1443 AD, Senegalese
Political figure
Francisco de AlmeidaFrancisco de Almeida
1450 AD, Portuguese
Soldier
MassasoitMassasoit
1581 AD, American
Native Leader