An iconic politician and a revolutionary, Jawaharlal Nehru is widely admired for his astute idealism and statesmanship. Endowed with a wonderful political outlook and futuristic thinking, Nehru in his lifetime went on to become a paramount leader of the Indian independence movement. He was undoubtedly the central figure of the 20th century Indian politics and contributed much to the nation both before and after Independence. With Gandhi as his mentor, Nehru worked his way to become an important leader of the Indian National Congress. He was the first to call for complete independence from the British. Upon achieving independence, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the nation. He played a major role in making India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. For the same, Nehru is often referred to as the ‘architect of modern India’. He shaped modern India's government and political culture along with a sound foreign policy. Till date, the longest serving Prime Minister, Nehru also held the office of the Minister of External Affairs. He envisioned political, social and economic reforms for the country’s advancement and growth.