Austrian

Cultured, refined and sophisticated, Austrians are among the world’s most modern people. In fact the nation boasts of having the highest percentage of working women in its population as compared to any other country. Hard working and disciplined, the Austrians place a great deal of value on punctuality. Austrians are famous for their creativity and love of art. Gustav Klimt, the symbolist painter co-founded the Vienna Secession movement which revolutionized art not just in Europe, but also impacted artists from all over the world. A naturally beautiful country, Austria has been further beautified by the lovely buildings and structures designed by its eminent architects like Hans Hollein, Carl Holzmann and Clemens Holzmeister.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(One of the Greatest Composers in the History of Western Music)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
49
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 27, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: December 5, 1791

A child prodigy, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is regarded as one of the greatest classical composers ever. A prolific composer, he had a profound influence on Western music. Many of his works are considered pinnacles of choral, symphonic, operatic, chamber, and concertante music. Before his death, at the age of 35, he had composed over 600 works.

 2 
Sigmund Freud
(Neurologist & the Founder of Psychoanalysis)

Sigmund Freud
22
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Příbor, Czechia
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

 3 

Christoph Waltz
25
Birthdate: October 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Christoph Waltz is best known for his Academy Award-winning performances as Colonel Hans Landa in Inglourious Basterds and Dr. King Schultz in Django Unchained, both by Quentin Tarantino. Waltz had begun as a stage and TV actor in Germany. Some of his other notable projects are Spectre and Big Eyes.
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 4 
Niki Lauda
(Former Formula One driver)

Niki Lauda
15
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 22, 1949
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 20, 2019

Austrian Formula One driver and aviation entrepreneur Niki Lauda was a three-time F1 World Drivers' Champion. Considered to be one of the greatest F1 drivers of all time, he was once involved in a near-fatal accident. He founded and ran three airlines as an aviation entrepreneur and also served as the team manager of the Jaguar Formula One racing team.

 5 
Dominic Thiem
(Tennis player)

Dominic Thiem
7
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: September 3, 1993
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria

The second-highest ranked Austrian tennis player of all time, Dominic Thiem became the first Austrian to win the singles title at a US Open when he came back from two sets down to beat Alexander Zverev in the 2020 US Open final. At the 2019 BNP Paribas Open, he defeated Roger Federer to win his first Masters 1000 title.

 6 
Franz Kafka
(Novelist)

Franz Kafka
10
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: July 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: June 3, 1924

Considered one of the major authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka was a Bohemian short-story writer and novelist. Franz Kafka is credited for being one of the earliest German-speaking authors to explore themes like absurdity, existential anxiety, and alienation. The term Kafkaesque is now widely used in the English language to explain those situations experienced by his characters.

 7 
Gustav Klimt
(Painter)

Gustav Klimt
7
Birthdate: July 14, 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baumgarten, Vienna, Austria
Died: February 6, 1918

Austrian symbolist painter, Gustav Klimt, was one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. His primary subject was the female body, and he produced numerous paintings, murals, sketches, and other art objects. He was known for his deliberate painting style. He successfully avoided personal scandal despite having an active sex life.

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 8 

Erwin Schrödinger
6
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: August 12, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Erdberg, Vienna, Austria
Died: January 4, 1961
Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger, is best known for the "Schrödinger's cat" experiment, or the Schrodinger equation. His book What Is Life? explored genetics through physics. The Nobel Prize winner also wrote on a variety of topics, such as color theory and thermodynamics, and tried to create a unified field theory.

 9 
Franz Peter Schubert
(Austrian Composer and One of the Greatest Piano Virtuosos of the Late Classical and Early Romantic Era)

Franz Peter Schubert
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 31, 1797
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Himmelpfortgrund, Vienna, Austria
Died: November 19, 1828

Austrian composer Franz Peter Schubert was one of the most prominent figures of the Viennese Classical and Romantic periods. He initially performed at the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde. His compositions include over 600 vocal works and several symphonies, operas, and piano sonatas. One of his most-talked-about works is the Unfinished Symphony.

 10 
Joseph Haydn
(Composer of the Classical Period Known As 'Father of the Symphony' & 'Father of the String Quartet')

Joseph Haydn
9
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 31, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rohrau, Austria
Died: May 31, 1809

Joseph Haydn was an Austrian composer who played a key role in the progression of chamber music during the Classical period. He is often referred to as the Father of the String Quartet and Father of the Symphony for his contributions to musical form. Joseph Haydn is also credited with mentoring and tutoring Mozart and Beethoven, respectively.

 11 
Ludwig Wittgenstein
(Philosopher)

Ludwig Wittgenstein
14
Birthdate: April 26, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 29, 1951

Austrian-British philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein is remembered for his works related to logic, the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of mathematics, and the philosophy of language. He taught at the University of Cambridge for many years. He published only one book during his lifetime. Most of his manuscripts were collected later and published posthumously.

 12 
Marie Antoinette
(Queen of France (1774-1792))

Marie Antoinette
29
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 13 
Adolf Hitler
(Dictator of Germany (1933-1945))

Adolf Hitler
746
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 20, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunau am Inn, Austria
Died: April 30, 1945

One of the most powerful leaders of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler was a German dicator whose policies started the WWII that resulted in the death of millions of people. He had a visceral hatred for Jews and during his regime nearly six million Jews were killed in Holocaust.

 14 
Wolfgang Puck
(Chef, Restaurateur)

Wolfgang Puck
5
Listed In: Food Experts
Birthdate: July 8, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria

Wolfgang Puck is an Austrian-American restaurateur. In 1973, Puck moved to the US and opened a restaurant named Spago in 1982. He then established himself as a respected restaurateur by opening several other restaurants. In 2013, he was inducted into the Culinary Hall of Fame. Also an actor, Puck has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

 15 
Gustav Mahler
(Composer, Conductor)

Gustav Mahler
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kaliště, Czechia
Died: May 18, 1911

Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer and conductor Gustav Mahler symbolized the transition of 19th-century Austro-German music to early-20th-century modernism. His music was banned during the Nazi era but was rediscovered later. Famous for his Eighth Symphony, he had also been the director of the Hofoper (Vienna Court Opera).

 16 
Kurt Gödel
(Logician, Mathematician, Philosopher)

Kurt Gödel
5
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brno, Czech Republic
Died: January 14, 1978

Hailed as one of the greatest logicians since Aristotle, Kurt Gödel was Austrian-born American mathematician, logician, and philosopher, who earned international stardom for his incompleteness theorem. Also credited with developing a technique called Gödel numbering, he later started working on Mathematical Platonism, a philosophical theory that failed to attract wide acceptance.

 17 
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 18, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: June 28, 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig, was the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. He was also the inspector general of the Austro-Hungarian army. His assassination by Young Bosnia member Gavrilo Princip triggered Austria’s conflict with Serbia, leading to World War I.

 18 
Franz Joseph I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria King of Hungary (1848-1916))

Franz Joseph I of Austria
3
Birthdate: August 18, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 21, 1916

Franz Joseph I of Austria reigned as the Emperor of Austria from 1848 until his death in 1916. He also served as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia and monarch of other states of Austria-Hungary. During his reign, Austria-Hungary decided to wage war against the Kingdom of Serbia, which eventually resulted in the First World War.

 19 

Arnold Schoenberg
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: September 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: July 13, 1951
Austrian-born composer Arnold Schoenberg was part of the German Expressionist Movement and led the Second Viennese School. Being Jewish, he was banned by the Nazis and later became an American citizen. Known for his twelve-tone technique, he coined the term developing variation and formed motifs without a centralized melodic idea.

 20 
Gregor Mendel
(Know for Creating the science of Genetics)

Gregor Mendel
7
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 20, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Died: January 6, 1884

A scientist, meteorologist, mathematician, and biologist, Gregor Mendel is considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. He conducted a series of experiments on pea plants between 1856 and 1863, establishing many rules of heredity. Besides his work on pea plants, he also described novel plant species and conducted experiments with hawkweed and honeybees.

 21 
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
(Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary (1854-1898))

Empress Elisabeth of Austria
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

 22 
Toto Wolff
(Motorsport Executive, Race car driver)

Toto Wolff
17
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 12, 1972
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Former racing driver Toto Wolff is the CEO and 30% stakeholder of the Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Formula One Team. He has been part of the Austrian and German Formula Ford championships. He later established the investment firms Marchfifteen and Marchsixteen. He supports underprivileged children through the Mary Bendet Foundation.

 23 
David Alaba
(Football player as defensive midfielder)

David Alaba
14
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: June 24, 1992
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

 24 

Friedrich von Hayek
11
Birthdate: May 8, 1899
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 23, 1992

A winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Friedrich von Hayek, was an advocate of classical liberalism. The Austrian-British economist, who was also a political philosopher, co-founded the Mont Pelerin Society. He worked at the London School of Economics, the University of Chicago and the University of Freiburg and authored the popular book, The Road to Serfdom.

 25 
Maria Theresa
(Holy Roman Empress (1745-1765))

Maria Theresa
9
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 29, 1780

The mother of 16 children, Maria Theresa was the only female monarch of the Habsburg empire which she ruled with absolute power. She was known for industrial and educational reforms which led to the development of Austria during her 40-year reign. The devout Roman Catholic, who overtly disliked Jews and the Protestants, was sometimes criticized for her religious intolerance.

 

 26 
Boris Kodjoe
(Best Known for His Role in the Film 'Brown Sugar' and TV Series 'Soul Food')

Boris Kodjoe
9
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: March 8, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Boris Kodjoe is an Austrian-American former model, actor, and producer. Over the years, he has been part of several popular films and TV series, such as Brown Sugar, Resident Evil: Afterlife, and Station 19. Also known for his good looks, Boris Kodjoe was named in People magazine's list of 50 Most Beautiful People in the World in 2002.

 27 

Maria von Trapp
3
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: January 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria-Hungary [now Austria]
Died: March 28, 1987

Maria von Trapp was the matriarch of the Austrian singing family, Trapp Family Singers. As a young woman, she married widowed naval commander Georg von Trapp. He already had seven children from his first wife, and the couple had three more. The family began singing together at events and became a popular touring act called the Trapp Family Singers. 

 28 
Rainer Maria Rilke
(Poet & Novelist widely recognized as one of the most lyrically intense German-language poets.)

Rainer Maria Rilke
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 4, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: December 29, 1926

Bohemian-Austrian poet and author Rainer Maria Rilke is best remembered for his numerous poetry collections and his only novel, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. His works contain metaphors, contradictions, and elements drawn from Greek mythology. Though most of his works were in German, he had also written in French.

 29 
Egon Schiele
(Painter)

Egon Schiele
4
Birthdate: June 12, 1890
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tulln, Austria
Died: October 31, 1918

Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter whose work is well-known for its raw sexuality and intensity. An early exponent of Expressionism, Schiele was one of the early-20th century's most prominent figurative painters. His life and career inspired the 1980 biographical film Excess and Punishment, in which Schiele was played by German actor Mathieu Carrière. 

 30 
Sebastian Kurz
(Chancellor of Austria)

Sebastian Kurz
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 27, 1986
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Sebastian Kurz has been the Austrian chancellor since January 2020. He held the same position from 2017 to 2019, thus also becoming the youngest chancellor of Austria, at 31. He has also chaired the Austrian People's Party since 2017 and been the foreign affairs minister from 2013 to 2017.

 31 
Simon Wiesenthal
(Nazi Hunter)

Simon Wiesenthal
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 31, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buczacz
Died: September 20, 2005
Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor Simon Wiesenthal survived four Nazi concentration camps, including the notorious Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp. He later devoted his life to finding out information about Nazi war criminals to bring them to trial. He wrote several books on his experiences, such as The Sunflower and I Chased Eichmann.

 32 
Viktor Frankl
(Psychiatrist)

Viktor Frankl
1
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

 33 
Felix Baumgartner
(Skydiver, Daredevil)

Felix Baumgartner
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 20, 1969
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria

Felix Baumgartner is an Austrian skydiver, BASE jumper, and daredevil. He is best known for jumping from the stratosphere to the Earth as part of the Red Bull Stratos project. Baumgartner set the world record for gaining an estimated top speed of Mach 1.25, becoming the first person without vehicular power to break the sonic barrier relative to the surface.

 34 
Maximilian I of Mexico
(Emperor of Mexico (1864-67))

Maximilian I of Mexico
2
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 19, 1867
Austrian archduke Maximilian I ruled as the only emperor of the Second Mexican Empire, from 1864 to 1867. He had also been the commander-in-chief of the Imperial Austrian Navy. However, after the French withdrew their support, he was executed by Mexico’s Republican forces, led by Benito Juárez.

 35 
Charles I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria (1916-18))

Charles I of Austria
4
Birthdate: August 17, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Persenbeug-Gottsdorf, Austria
Died: April 1, 1922

Charles I of Austria reigned from 1916 to 1918 as the last emperor of Austria. He was the last king of Croatia, Bohemia, Hungary, and the last monarch from the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Charles is remembered for making unsuccessful attempts to end Austria-Hungary's World War I campaign. He also tried to save the Austro-Hungarian Empire from disintegration but was unsuccessful.

 36 

John Banner
5
Birthdate: January 28, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
Died: January 28, 1973

Austrian-born actor John Banner is best remembered as Sergeant Schultz from the World War II-themed sitcom Hogan's Heroes. He was known for his popular catchphrase “I see nothing! I hear nothing! I know nothing!" He has also appeared on Broadway and in films such as Once Upon a Honeymoon

 37 
Falco
(Singer)

Falco
4
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: February 19, 1957
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 6, 1998

The man behind iconic tracks such as Der Kommisar and Rock Me Amadeus, legendary Austrian singer Johann "Hans" Hölzel, better known as Falco, was one of the best-selling singers from his country. Unfortunately, his career was short-lived, as he died in a car accident shortly before his 41st birthday.

 38 
Peter Drucker
(Management Consultant)

Peter Drucker
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 11, 2005

 39 
Alfred Adler
(Psychotherapist)

Alfred Adler
5
Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus, Vienna, Austria
Died: May 28, 1937

Alfred Adler was an Austrian psychotherapist and medical doctor. He is credited with founding the school of individual psychology. He was also one of the founders of the psychoanalytic movement along with Sigmund Freud and Freud's colleagues. In 2002, a survey conducted by Review of General Psychology named Adler among the 20th century's most eminent psychologists.

 40 
Geli Raubal
(Half-Niece of Adolf Hitler)

Geli Raubal
10
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 4, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Linz, Austria
Died: September 18, 1931
Geli Raubal was the half-niece of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and the daughter of Hitler’s half-sister, Angela Raubal. She spent her childhood in Hitler’s home, where her mother worked as a housekeeper. She is said to have committed suicide after Hitler forbade her to pursue singing lessons in Vienna.

 41 
Ferdinand Porsche
(Founder of Porsche Automobile Company)

Ferdinand Porsche
5
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: September 3, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: ratislavice nad Nisou, Liberec, Czechia
Died: January 30, 1951

Ferdinand Porsche was an Austrian-German automotive engineer. He is credited with founding one of the most popular car companies in the world, Porsche AG. He is also credited with creating the Lohner-Porsche mixed hybrid, the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle. During World War II, Porsche was a prominent contributor to the German war effort.

 42 
Rudolf Steiner
(Philosopher)

Rudolf Steiner
6
Birthdate: February 27, 1861
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donji Kraljevec, Croatia
Died: March 30, 1925

Austrian philosopher and architect and Rudolf Steiner gained fame as a literary critic and published works such as The Philosophy of Freedom. His interests included esotericism and clairvoyance. He termed his work spiritual science. He designed the Goetheanum and also laid down concepts such as Waldorf education and biodynamic agriculture.

 43 
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1765-90))

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
10
Birthdate: March 13, 1741
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 20, 1790

Joseph II reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1765, and as the sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780, until 1790. Son of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, and brother of Marie Antoinette, he laid down policies now known as Josephinism. He died without heirs.

 44 
Otto von Habsburg
(Last crown prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in November 1918)

Otto von Habsburg
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 20, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Reichenau an der Rax, Austria
Died: July 4, 2011

Otto von Habsburg was the son of Charles I, the last emperor of Austria. A staunch opponent of Nazism, he called for the unification and integration of Europe. He had been a European Parliament member and spearheaded the Pan-European Picnic at the Austrian-Hungarian border during the 1989 revolution.

 45 
Maria Altmann
(Art Collector)

Maria Altmann
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 18, 1916
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 7, 2011

Maria Altmann was an Austrian-American Jewish refugee who fled her home country fearing the Nazis. She is remembered for her successful legal campaign to reclaim Gustav Klimt's family-owned paintings from the Government of Austria, which were stolen during the Second World War by the Nazis. Her life and career inspired documentary films, novels, and feature films, including Woman in Gold.

 46 
Kurt Waldheim
(Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81))

Kurt Waldheim
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 21, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria
Died: June 14, 2007

While he claimed he studied at the University of Vienna during World War II, documents recovered later suggested that Kurt Waldheim was in fact part of the German army in the Balkans. Waldheim later became the president of Austria and the secretary-general of the United Nations.

 47 
Gustav Schwarzenegger
(Father of Arnold Schwarzenegger.)

Gustav Schwarzenegger
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 17, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Austria-Hungary
Died: December 13, 1972

Gustav Schwarzenegger was better known as actor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s father than as the police chief of Austria. He was a master sergeant in Wehrmacht after his country was annexed by Nazi Germany. He was made a postal inspector after injuries he suffered in Russia ruled him out of the armed forces. He returned to the Austrian police force in 1947.

 48 
Stefan Zweig
(One of the Most Popular and Widely Translated Writers in the World During 1920s & 1930s)

Stefan Zweig
1
Birthdate: November 28, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 22, 1942

Stefan Zweig was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist, and biographer. He was one of the most widely translated and most popular writers in the world at the height of his career. His best-known work is Sternstunden der Menschheit, in which he wrote about decisive historical events. His later years were very difficult and he died by suicide in 1942.

 49 
Miep Gies
(Writer)

Miep Gies
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 15, 1909
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 11, 2010

Miep Gies was one of the Dutch nationals who hid many Dutch Jews, including Anne Frank and her family, from the Nazis during the Second World War. In 1994, she was honored with the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany for her bravery. In 1995, she received the Righteous Among the Nations medal.

 50 
Adolf Eichmann
(Nazi SS Officer)

Adolf Eichmann
59
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: March 19, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: June 1, 1962
Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi lieutenant colonel and one of the chief organizers of the Holocaust, that involved mass deportation and murder of Jews. In 1962, Eichmann was captured by the Mossad in Argentina and was then taken to Israel. He was eventually tried and hanged for crimes against humanity.

A love for beauty and melody is something Austrians are known for. Imagine what the world of classical music would be like had it not been for the musician and composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Automobile aficionados have a very special reason to thank Austria for it was Ferdinand Porsche who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and founded the Porsche car company. The nation’s love for the mountains is phenomenal and it is not at all surprising that famous mountaineers like Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Ludwig Purtscheller, and Marcus Schmuck were born there. Browse this section to learn more about how the Austrians have influenced the world.