Find out more about the greatest Austrians, including Marie Antoinette, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Sigmund Freud, Niki Lauda and Franz Kafka.

Cultured, refined and sophisticated, Austrians are among the world’s most modern people. In fact the nation boasts of having the highest percentage of working women in its population as compared to any other country. Hard working and disciplined, the Austrians place a great deal of value on punctuality. Austrians are famous for their creativity and love of art. Gustav Klimt, the symbolist painter co-founded the Vienna Secession movement which revolutionized art not just in Europe, but also impacted artists from all over the world. A naturally beautiful country, Austria has been further beautified by the lovely buildings and structures designed by its eminent architects like Hans Hollein, Carl Holzmann and Clemens Holzmeister.

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Composer)

27 January 1756

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist)

06 May 1856

Niki LaudaNiki Lauda
(Former Formula One driver)

22 February 1949

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
(Novelist)

03 July 1883

Gustav KlimtGustav Klimt
(Painter)

14 July 1862

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
(Philosopher)

26 April 1889

Boris KodjoeBoris Kodjoe
(Actor, Former Model)

08 March 1973

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
(Composer)

31 March 1732

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
(Queen regnant)

13 May 1717

Alois HitlerAlois Hitler
(Adolf Hitler's Father)

07 June 1837

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
(Physicist)

12 August 1887

Gustav MahlerGustav Mahler
(Composer)

07 July 1860

Egon Schiele Egon Schiele
(Painter)

12 June 1890

Arnold SchoenbergArnold Schoenberg
(Composer)

13 September 1874

Wolfgang PuckWolfgang Puck
(Chef, Restaurateur)

08 July 1949

Simon WiesenthalSimon Wiesenthal
(Nazi Hunter)

31 December 1908

Klara HitlerKlara Hitler
(Adolf Hitler’s Mother)

12 August 1860

Rudolf NureyevRudolf Nureyev
(Ballet Dancer & Choreographer)

17 March 1938

Reina TriendlReina Triendl
(Model)

23 January 1992

Hans AspergerHans Asperger
(Paediatrician)

18 February 1906

Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
(Poet & Novelist)

04 December 1875

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler

07 February 1870

Ernst KaltenbrunnerErnst Kaltenbrunner
(Nazi Leader)

04 October 1903

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
(Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist)

29 September 1881

Friedensreich HundertwasserFriedensreich Hundertwasser
(Architect)

15 December 1928

Kurt WaldheimKurt Waldheim
(Former President of Austria & UN Secretary General)

21 December 1918

Maria AltmannMaria Altmann
(Art Collector)

18 February 1916

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
(Physicist)

07 November 1878

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
(Physicist)

20 February 1844

Heinrich HarrerHeinrich Harrer
(Mountaineer)

06 July 1912

Emilie SchenklEmilie Schenkl
(Wife of Subhash Chandra Bose)

26 December 1910

Wolfgang PauliWolfgang Pauli
(Nobel Laureate in Physics)

25 April 1900

Anton BrucknerAnton Bruckner
(Composer)

04 September 1824

Anna FreudAnna Freud
(Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology)

03 December 1895

Konrad LorenzKonrad Lorenz
(Zoologist)

07 November 1903

Martin BuberMartin Buber
(Philosopher)

08 February 1878

Anton WebernAnton Webern
(Music Composer)

03 December 1883

Alban BergAlban Berg
(Composer)

09 February 1885

Oskar Werner Oskar Werner
(Actor)

13 November 1922

Ernst MachErnst Mach
(Physicist)

18 February 1838

Elfriede JelinekElfriede Jelinek
(Novelist & Nobel Prize Winner in Literature)

20 October 1946

Fred ZinnemannFred Zinnemann
(Film Director)

29 April 1907

Bertha von SuttnerBertha von Suttner
(Pacifist, First Woman to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize)

09 June 1843

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi
(Physiologist)

16 September 1893

Karl von FrischKarl von Frisch
(Ethologist)

20 November 1886

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
(Mathematician & Physicist)

29 November 1803

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)

18 December 1863

Walter KohnWalter Kohn
(Physicist and Chemist)

09 March 1923

Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
(Surgeon)

26 April 1829

Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
(Economist)

08 May 1899

Friedrich von AmerlingFriedrich von Amerling
(Portrait Painter)

14 April 1803

Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
(Otologist)

22 April 1876

Karl HerzfeldKarl Herzfeld
(Physicist)

24 February 1892

Anton HausAnton Haus
(Naval officer)

13 June 1851

Gyorgy LigetiGyorgy Ligeti
(Composer)

28 May 1923

Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
(Composer)

31 January 1797

Dominic ThiemDominic Thiem
(Tennis player)

03 September 1993

Christoph WaltzChristoph Waltz
(Actor, Director)

04 October 1956

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of AustriaArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
(Archduke of Austria)

18 December 1863

Conchita WurstConchita Wurst
(Singer, Model)

06 November 1988

Franz Joseph I of AustriaFranz Joseph I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria)

18 August 1830

Empress Elisabeth of AustriaEmpress Elisabeth of Austria
(Empress, Queen)

24 December 1837

David AlabaDavid Alaba
(Association football player)

24 June 1992

Franz SchubertFranz Schubert
(Composer, Pianist)

31 January 1797

Maximilian I of MexicoMaximilian I of Mexico
(Monarch)

06 July 1832

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
(Surgeon, Psychotherapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, Educationist, University teacher, Neurologist)

26 March 1905

Mick BlueMick Blue
(Pornographic actor)

09 September 1976

Romy SchneiderRomy Schneider
(Film actor, Stage actor)

23 September 1938

Natascha KampuschNatascha Kampusch
(Television presenter, Autobiographer, Screenwriter, Non-fiction writer)

17 February 1988

Gustav SchwarzeneggerGustav Schwarzenegger

17 August 1907

Toto WolffToto Wolff
(Racecar driver)

12 January 1972

Otto von HabsburgOtto von Habsburg
(Politician)

20 November 1912

A love for beauty and melody is something Austrians are known for. Imagine what the world of classical music would be like had it not been for the musician and composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Automobile aficionados have a very special reason to thank Austria for it was Ferdinand Porsche who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and founded the Porsche car company. The nation’s love for the mountains is phenomenal and it is not at all surprising that famous mountaineers like Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Ludwig Purtscheller, and Marcus Schmuck were born there. Browse this section to learn more about how the Austrians have influenced the world.