List of famous Austrians with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Cultured, refined and sophisticated, Austrians are among the world’s most modern people. In fact the nation boasts of having the highest percentage of working women in its population as compared to any other country. Hard working and disciplined, the Austrians place a great deal of value on punctuality. Austrians are famous for their creativity and love of art. Gustav Klimt, the symbolist painter co-founded the Vienna Secession movement which revolutionized art not just in Europe, but also impacted artists from all over the world. A naturally beautiful country, Austria has been further beautified by the lovely buildings and structures designed by its eminent architects like Hans Hollein, Carl Holzmann and Clemens Holzmeister.

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

16 October 1793

Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria

Scorpio

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Composer)

27 January 1756

05 December 1791

Salzburg

Aquarius

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist)

06 May 1856

23 September 1939

Príbor

Taurus

Niki LaudaNiki Lauda
(Former Formula One driver)

22 February 1949

Vienna, Austria

Pisces

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
(Novelist)

03 July 1883

03 June 1924

Prague, Austria-Hungary

Cancer

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

06 January 1884

Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire

Cancer

Gustav KlimtGustav Klimt
(Painter)

14 July 1862

06 February 1918

Baumgarten, Austrian Empire

Cancer

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
(Queen regnant)

13 May 1717

29 November 1780

Hofburg Palace

Taurus

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
(Composer)

31 March 1732

31 May 1809

Rohrau, Austria

Aries

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
(Philosopher)

26 April 1889

29 April 1951

Vienna

Taurus

Boris KodjoeBoris Kodjoe
(Actor, Former Model)

08 March 1973

Vienna, Austria

Pisces

Alois HitlerAlois Hitler
(Adolf Hitler's Father)

07 June 1837

03 January 1903

Döllersheim, Austria

Gemini

Gustav MahlerGustav Mahler
(Composer)

07 July 1860

18 May 1911

Kaliste, Bohemia (now Czech Republic)

Cancer

Wolfgang PuckWolfgang Puck
(Chef, Restaurateur)

08 July 1949

Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria

Cancer

Rudolf NureyevRudolf Nureyev
(Ballet Dancer & Choreographer)

17 March 1938

06 January 1993

Irkutsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Pisces

Egon Schiele Egon Schiele
(Painter)

12 June 1890

31 October 1918

Tulln an der Donau

Gemini

Klara HitlerKlara Hitler
(Adolf Hitler’s Mother)

12 August 1860

21 December 1907

Spital, Austria

Leo

Ernst KaltenbrunnerErnst Kaltenbrunner
(Nazi Leader)

04 October 1903

16 October 1946

Ried im Innkreis

Libra

Arnold SchoenbergArnold Schoenberg
(Composer)

13 September 1874

13 July 1951

Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria

Virgo

Simon WiesenthalSimon Wiesenthal
(Nazi Hunter)

31 December 1908

20 September 2005

Buczacz

Capricorn

Emilie SchenklEmilie Schenkl
(Wife of Subhash Chandra Bose)

26 December 1910

29 February 1996

Vienna, Austria

Capricorn

Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
(Poet & Novelist)

04 December 1875

29 December 1926

Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

Sagittarius

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler

07 February 1870

28 May 1937

Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus

Aquarius

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
(Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist)

29 September 1881

10 October 1973

Lviv, Ukraine

Libra

Friedensreich HundertwasserFriedensreich Hundertwasser
(Architect)

15 December 1928

19 February 2000

Vienna

Sagittarius

Marie Louise, Duchess of ParmaMarie Louise, Duchess of Parma

12 December 1791

17 December 1847

Hofburg Palace

Sagittarius

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
(Physicist)

07 November 1878

27 October 1968

Vienna

Scorpio

Maria AltmannMaria Altmann
(Art Collector)

18 February 1916

07 February 2011

Vienna, Austria

Aquarius

Heinrich HarrerHeinrich Harrer
(Mountaineer)

06 July 1912

07 January 2006

Hüttenberg, Austria

Cancer

Kurt WaldheimKurt Waldheim
(Former President of Austria & UN Secretary General)

21 December 1918

14 June 2007

Sankt Andrä-Wördern near Vienna, German Austria

Sagittarius

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
(Physicist)

20 February 1844

05 September 1906

Vienna

Pisces

Wolfgang PauliWolfgang Pauli
(Nobel Laureate in Physics)

25 April 1900

15 December 1958

Vienna, Austria

Taurus

Anton BrucknerAnton Bruckner
(Composer)

04 September 1824

11 October 1896

Ansfelden

Virgo

Martin BuberMartin Buber
(Philosopher)

08 February 1878

13 June 1965

Vienna

Aquarius

Konrad LorenzKonrad Lorenz
(Zoologist)

07 November 1903

27 February 1989

Vienna

Scorpio

Anna FreudAnna Freud
(Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology)

03 December 1895

09 October 1982

Vienna

Sagittarius

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
(Mathematician & Physicist)

29 November 1803

17 March 1853

Salzburg, Austria

Sagittarius

Alban BergAlban Berg
(Composer)

09 February 1885

24 December 1935

Vienna

Aquarius

Anton WebernAnton Webern
(Music Composer)

03 December 1883

15 September 1945

Vienna, Austria

Sagittarius

Oskar Werner Oskar Werner
(Actor)

13 November 1922

23 October 1984

Vienna, Austria

Scorpio

Ernst MachErnst Mach
(Physicist)

18 February 1838

19 February 1916

Brno, Czech Republic

Aquarius

Hans AspergerHans Asperger
(Paediatrician)

18 February 1906

21 October 1980

Vienna

Aquarius

Elfriede JelinekElfriede Jelinek
(Novelist & Nobel Prize Winner in Literature)

20 October 1946

Mürzzuschlag

Libra

Fred ZinnemannFred Zinnemann
(Film Director)

29 April 1907

14 March 1997

Rzeszów, Austria-Hungary

Taurus

Bertha von SuttnerBertha von Suttner
(Pacifist, First Woman to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize)

09 June 1843

21 June 1914

Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire

Gemini

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)

18 December 1863

28 June 1914

Graz

Sagittarius

Karl von FrischKarl von Frisch
(Ethologist)

20 November 1886

12 June 1982

Vienna, Austria

Scorpio

Walter KohnWalter Kohn
(Physicist and Chemist)

09 March 1923

19 April 2016

Vienna, Austria

Pisces

Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
(Economist)

08 May 1899

23 March 1992

Vienna, Austria

Taurus

Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
(Composer)

31 January 1797

19 November 1828

Alsergrund, Vienna, Austria

Aquarius

Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
(Surgeon)

26 April 1829

06 February 1894

Bergen auf Rügen

Taurus

Friedrich von AmerlingFriedrich von Amerling
(Portrait Painter)

14 April 1803

14 January 1887

Vienna

Aries

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
(Physicist)

12 August 1887

04 January 1961

Vienna

Leo

Karl HerzfeldKarl Herzfeld
(Physicist)

24 February 1892

03 June 1978

Vienna

Pisces

Anton HausAnton Haus
(Naval officer)

13 June 1851

08 February 1917

Tolmin

Gemini

Gyorgy LigetiGyorgy Ligeti
(Composer)

28 May 1923

12 June 2006

Târna(veni

Gemini

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi
(Physiologist)

16 September 1893

22 October 1986

Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Virgo

Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
(Otologist)

22 April 1876

08 April 1936

Vienna, Austria

Taurus

Christoph WaltzChristoph Waltz
(Actor, Director)

04 October 1956

Vienna

Libra

Franz SchubertFranz Schubert
(Composer, Pianist)

31 January 1797

19 November 1828

Vienna

Aquarius

Mick BlueMick Blue
(Pornographic actor)

09 September 1976

Graz

Virgo

Natascha KampuschNatascha Kampusch
(Television presenter, Autobiographer, Screenwriter, Non-fiction writer)

17 February 1988

Vienna

Aquarius

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
(Surgeon, Psychotherapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, Educationist, University teacher, Neurologist)

26 March 1905

02 September 1997

Vienna

Aries

Dominic ThiemDominic Thiem
(Tennis player)

03 September 1993

Wiener Neustadt

Virgo

Maximilian I of MexicoMaximilian I of Mexico
(Monarch)

06 July 1832

19 June 1867

Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria

Cancer

Conchita WurstConchita Wurst
(Singer, Model)

06 November 1988

Gmunden

Scorpio

Geli RaubalGeli Raubal

04 June 1908

18 September 1931

Linz

Gemini

Felix BaumgartnerFelix Baumgartner
(Skydiver, Military personnel, Racecar driver)

20 April 1969

Salzburg

Aries

Otto SkorzenyOtto Skorzeny
(Officer)

12 June 1908

06 July 1975

Vienna

Gemini

Otto von HabsburgOtto von Habsburg
(Politician)

20 November 1912

04 July 2011

Reichenau an der Rax

Scorpio

Ferdinand PorscheFerdinand Porsche
(Engineer, Entrepreneur, Inventor)

03 September 1875

30 January 1951

Liberec

Virgo

David AlabaDavid Alaba
(Association football player)

24 June 1992

Vienna

Cancer

Michael HanekeMichael Haneke
(Film director, Screenwriter, Writer, University teacher)

23 March 1942

Munich

Aries

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
(Economist, Professor, Book collector)

08 February 1883

08 January 1950

Třešť

Aquarius

Emilie SchindlerEmilie Schindler
(Writer, Autobiographer)

22 October 1907

05 October 2001

Maletín

Libra

Marcel HirscherMarcel Hirscher
(Alpine skier)

02 March 1989

Annaberg-Lungötz

Pisces

Herbert von KarajanHerbert von Karajan
(Conductor, Music director)

05 April 1908

16 July 1989

Salzburg

Aries

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
(Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher)

08 April 1859

27 April 1938

Prostějov

Aries

Toto WolffToto Wolff
(Racecar driver)

12 January 1972

Vienna

Capricorn

Ferdinand I of AustriaFerdinand I of Austria
(Politician)

19 April 1793

29 June 1875

Vienna

Aries

Parov StelarParov Stelar
(Disc jockey, Jazz musician, Record producer, Composer)

27 November 1974

Linz

Sagittarius

Herbert NitschHerbert Nitsch
(Aviator, Free-diver)

20 April 1970

Austria

Aries

Hanna ReitschHanna Reitsch
(Aviator, Test pilot, Helicopter pilot, Military personnel)

29 March 1912

24 August 1979

Jelenia Góra

Aries

Ferdinand Zvonimir von HabsburgFerdinand Zvonimir von Habsburg
(Racecar driver)

21 June 1997

Salzburg

Gemini

Waris DirieWaris Dirie
(model, novelist, writer, autobiographer, feminist)

1965 AD

Galkayo

Jack UnterwegerJack Unterweger
(writer, serial killer)

16 August 1950

29 June 1994

Judenburg

Leo

Gustav SchwarzeneggerGustav Schwarzenegger

17 August 1907

01 December 1972

Austria-Hungary

Leo

Reina TriendlReina Triendl
(Japanese fashion model)

23 January 1992

Vienna

Aquarius

Arthur Seyss-InquartArthur Seyss-Inquart
(Politician, Lawyer, Jurist)

22 July 1892

16 October 1946

Stonařov

Cancer

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

09 July 1578

15 February 1637

Graz

Cancer

Rudolf II, Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Politician)

18 July 1552

20 January 1612

Vienna

Cancer

Franz StanglFranz Stangl
(Police officer, Officer)

26 March 1908

28 June 1971

Altmünster

Aries

Lotte LenyaLotte Lenya
(Singer, Stage actor, Film actor)

18 October 1898

27 November 1981

Vienna

Libra

Heinz-Christian StracheHeinz-Christian Strache
(Politician, Dental technician)

12 June 1969

Vienna

Gemini

Dietrich MateschitzDietrich Mateschitz
(Entrepreneur)

20 May 1944

Sankt Marein im Mürztal

Taurus

Roland RatzenbergerRoland Ratzenberger
(Formula One driver)

04 July 1960

30 April 1994

Salzburg

Cancer

Sybil DanningSybil Danning
(film producer, actor, model)

24 May 1952

Wels

Gemini

Senta BergerSenta Berger
(Actor, Film producer)

13 May 1941

Vienna

Taurus

Alois BrunnerAlois Brunner
(Military personnel, Torturer)

08 April 1912

22 April 2017

Deutsch Kaltenbrunn

Aries

A love for beauty and melody is something Austrians are known for. Imagine what the world of classical music would be like had it not been for the musician and composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Automobile aficionados have a very special reason to thank Austria for it was Ferdinand Porsche who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and founded the Porsche car company. The nation’s love for the mountains is phenomenal and it is not at all surprising that famous mountaineers like Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Ludwig Purtscheller, and Marcus Schmuck were born there. Browse this section to learn more about how the Austrians have influenced the world.

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