Cultured, refined and sophisticated, Austrians are among the world’s most modern people. In fact the nation boasts of having the highest percentage of working women in its population as compared to any other country. Hard working and disciplined, the Austrians place a great deal of value on punctuality. Austrians are famous for their creativity and love of art. Gustav Klimt, the symbolist painter co-founded the Vienna Secession movement which revolutionized art not just in Europe, but also impacted artists from all over the world. A naturally beautiful country, Austria has been further beautified by the lovely buildings and structures designed by its eminent architects like Hans Hollein, Carl Holzmann and Clemens Holzmeister.

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
20 April 1889
Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of
Arnold SchwarzeneggerArnold Schwarzenegger
30 July 1947
Former Governor of California

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856
Inventor, Father of Radio

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770
Composer

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755
Queen of France

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
27 January 1756
Composer
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856
Neurologist

Niki LaudaNiki Lauda
22 February 1949
Former Formula One driver

Hedy LamarrHedy Lamarr
09 November 1914
Actress, Co-inventor of technology for spread
Christoph WaltzChristoph Waltz
04 October 1956
Actor

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883
Novelist
Toto WolffToto Wolff
12 January 1972
Investor

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
12 August 1887
Physicist

Franz Joseph I of AustriaFranz Joseph I of Austria
18 August 1830
Emperor of Austria

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889
Philosopher

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
26 March 1905
Psychiatrist
Empress Elisabeth of AustriaEmpress Elisabeth of Austria
24 December 1837
Empress of Austria

Natascha KampuschNatascha Kampusch
17 February 1988
Miscellaneous

Gustav KlimtGustav Klimt
14 July 1862
Painter

Otto SkorzenyOtto Skorzeny
12 June 1908
Military Officer
Alois HitlerAlois Hitler
07 June 1837
Adolf Hitler's Father

Maximilian I of MexicoMaximilian I of Mexico
06 July 1832
Monarch
Dietrich MateschitzDietrich Mateschitz
20 May 1944
Businessman

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
13 May 1717
Queen regnant

Boris KodjoeBoris Kodjoe
08 March 1973
Actor, Former Model
Rudolf NureyevRudolf Nureyev
17 March 1938
Ballet Dancer & Choreographer

Romy SchneiderRomy Schneider
23 September 1938
Actress
Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
22 July 1822
 

Simon WiesenthalSimon Wiesenthal
31 December 1908
Nazi Hunter

Gustav MahlerGustav Mahler
07 July 1860
Composer
Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
04 December 1875
Poet & Novelist

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Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
01 July 1818
Physician
Sebastian KurzSebastian Kurz
27 August 1986
Chancellor of Austria

Geli RaubalGeli Raubal
04 June 1908
Hitler’s Niece

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
31 March 1732
Composer

Ferdinand PorscheFerdinand Porsche
03 September 1875
Founder of Porsche Automobile Company
Miep GiesMiep Gies
15 February 1909
Writer
Felix BaumgartnerFelix Baumgartner
20 April 1969
Daredevil

Egon Schiele Egon Schiele
12 June 1890
Painter

Wolfgang PuckWolfgang Puck
08 July 1949
Chef, Restaurateur

Wilhelm ReichWilhelm Reich
24 March 1897
Psychoanalyst
Maximilian I, Holy Roman EmperorMaximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
22 March 1459
Holy Roman Emperor

Gustav SchwarzeneggerGustav Schwarzenegger
17 August 1907
Father of Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Virginia HillVirginia Hill
26 August 1916
Criminal

Heinrich HarrerHeinrich Harrer
06 July 1912
Mountaineer

Dominic ThiemDominic Thiem
03 September 1993
Tennis Player
Theodor HerzlTheodor Herzl
02 May 1860
Journalist

Arnold SchoenbergArnold Schoenberg
13 September 1874
Composer
Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist

Ernst KaltenbrunnerErnst Kaltenbrunner
04 October 1903
Nazi Leader

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870
 
Stefan ZweigStefan Zweig
28 November 1881
Novelist

Emilie SchenklEmilie Schenkl
26 December 1910
Wife of Subhash Chandra Bose
Nauheed CyrusiNauheed Cyrusi
19 October 1982
Actress

Kurt WaldheimKurt Waldheim
21 December 1918
Former President of Austria & UN Secretary General

Klara HitlerKlara Hitler
12 August 1860
Adolf Hitler’s Mother

Hans AspergerHans Asperger
18 February 1906
Paediatrician

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883
Economist
Lída BaarováLída Baarová
07 September 1914
Actress

Angela HitlerAngela Hitler
28 July 1883
Adolf Hitler's Sister

Charles VI, Holy Roman EmperorCharles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
01 October 1685
Emperor

Ferdinand I of AustriaFerdinand I of Austria
19 April 1793
Emperor
Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859
Philosopher

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878
Physicist

Bibi BeschBibi Besch
01 February 1942
Actress

Klemens von MetternichKlemens von Metternich
15 May 1773
Former Chancellor of Germany
Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
20 February 1844
Physicist

Arthur Seyss-InquartArthur Seyss-Inquart
22 July 1892
War Criminal
Otto of GreeceOtto of Greece
01 June 1815
King

Anna FreudAnna Freud
03 December 1895
Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
09 July 1578
Holy Roman Emperor
Reina TriendlReina Triendl
23 January 1992
Model

Wolfgang PauliWolfgang Pauli
25 April 1900
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Anton BrucknerAnton Bruckner
04 September 1824
Composer

Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878
Philosopher

Maria AltmannMaria Altmann
18 February 1916
Art Collector

Friedensreich HundertwasserFriedensreich Hundertwasser
15 December 1928
Architect
Konrad LorenzKonrad Lorenz
07 November 1903
Zoologist
Barbara ValentinBarbara Valentin
15 December 1940
Actor

Marlene KnausMarlene Knaus
 
Niki Lauda's Ex-wife

Fred ZinnemannFred Zinnemann
29 April 1907
Film Director

Oskar Werner Oskar Werner
13 November 1922
Actor
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand
18 December 1863
The person whose assassination sparked the First

Ernst MachErnst Mach
18 February 1838
Physicist

Alban BergAlban Berg
09 February 1885
Composer

Anton WebernAnton Webern
03 December 1883
Music Composer

Elfriede JelinekElfriede Jelinek
20 October 1946
Novelist & Nobel Prize Winner in Literature
Bertha von SuttnerBertha von Suttner
09 June 1843
Pacifist, First Woman to Receive the Nobel Peace

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi
16 September 1893
Physiologist
Karl von FrischKarl von Frisch
20 November 1886
Ethologist

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
29 November 1803
Mathematician & Physicist
Amon GoethAmon Goeth
11 December 1908
World War II Nazi Officer
Walter KohnWalter Kohn
09 March 1923
Physicist and Chemist

A love for beauty and melody is something Austrians are known for. Imagine what the world of classical music would be like had it not been for the musician and composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Automobile aficionados have a very special reason to thank Austria for it was Ferdinand Porsche who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and founded the Porsche car company. The nation’s love for the mountains is phenomenal and it is not at all surprising that famous mountaineers like Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Ludwig Purtscheller, and Marcus Schmuck were born there. Browse this section to learn more about how the Austrians have influenced the world.