Cultured, refined and sophisticated, Austrians are among the world’s most modern people. In fact the nation boasts of having the highest percentage of working women in its population as compared to any other country. Hard working and disciplined, the Austrians place a great deal of value on punctuality. Austrians are famous for their creativity and love of art. Gustav Klimt, the symbolist painter co-founded the Vienna Secession movement which revolutionized art not just in Europe, but also impacted artists from all over the world. A naturally beautiful country, Austria has been further beautified by the lovely buildings and structures designed by its eminent architects like Hans Hollein, Carl Holzmann and Clemens Holzmeister.

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
(Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of Germany)

20 April 1889

Arnold SchwarzeneggerArnold Schwarzenegger
(Former Governor of California)

30 July 1947

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Composer)

27 January 1756

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist)

06 May 1856

Hedy LamarrHedy Lamarr
(Actress, Co-inventor of technology for spread spectrum)

09 November 1914

Christoph WaltzChristoph Waltz
(Actor)

04 October 1956

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
(Novelist)

03 July 1883

Niki LaudaNiki Lauda
(Former Formula One driver)

22 February 1949

Rudolf NureyevRudolf Nureyev
(Ballet Dancer & Choreographer)

17 March 1938

Boris KodjoeBoris Kodjoe
(Actor, Former Model)

08 March 1973

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

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Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
(Physicist)

12 August 1887

Dominic ThiemDominic Thiem
(Tennis Player)

03 September 1993

Natascha KampuschNatascha Kampusch
(Miscellaneous)

17 February 1988

Gustav KlimtGustav Klimt
(Painter)

14 July 1862

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
(Philosopher)

26 April 1889

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
(Composer)

31 March 1732

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Franz Joseph I of AustriaFranz Joseph I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria)

18 August 1830

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
(Queen regnant)

13 May 1717

Otto SkorzenyOtto Skorzeny
(Military Officer)

12 June 1908

Alois HitlerAlois Hitler
(Adolf Hitler's Father)

07 June 1837

Gustav MahlerGustav Mahler
(Composer)

07 July 1860

Wolfgang PuckWolfgang Puck
(Chef, Restaurateur)

08 July 1949

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Maximilian I of MexicoMaximilian I of Mexico
(Monarch)

06 July 1832

Felix BaumgartnerFelix Baumgartner
(Daredevil)

20 April 1969

Klara HitlerKlara Hitler
(Adolf Hitler’s Mother)

12 August 1860

Simon WiesenthalSimon Wiesenthal
(Nazi Hunter)

31 December 1908

Egon Schiele Egon Schiele
(Painter)

12 June 1890

Wilhelm ReichWilhelm Reich
(Psychoanalyst)

24 March 1897

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Emilie SchenklEmilie Schenkl
(Wife of Subhash Chandra Bose)

26 December 1910

Geli RaubalGeli Raubal
(Hitler’s Niece)

04 June 1908

Arnold SchoenbergArnold Schoenberg
(Composer)

13 September 1874

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler

07 February 1870

Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
(Poet & Novelist)

04 December 1875

Ernst KaltenbrunnerErnst Kaltenbrunner
(Nazi Leader)

04 October 1903

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Toto WolffToto Wolff
(Investor)

12 January 1972

Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
(Physician)

01 July 1818

Reina TriendlReina Triendl
(Model)

23 January 1992

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
(Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist)

29 September 1881

Friedensreich HundertwasserFriedensreich Hundertwasser
(Architect)

15 December 1928

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Heinrich HarrerHeinrich Harrer
(Mountaineer)

06 July 1912

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
(Physicist)

20 February 1844

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
(Physicist)

07 November 1878

Kurt WaldheimKurt Waldheim
(Former President of Austria & UN Secretary General)

21 December 1918

Anna FreudAnna Freud
(Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology)

03 December 1895

Anton BrucknerAnton Bruckner
(Composer)

04 September 1824

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Wolfgang PauliWolfgang Pauli
(Nobel Laureate in Physics)

25 April 1900

Maria AltmannMaria Altmann
(Art Collector)

18 February 1916

Bibi BeschBibi Besch
(Actress)

01 February 1942

Martin BuberMartin Buber
(Philosopher)

08 February 1878

Konrad LorenzKonrad Lorenz
(Zoologist)

07 November 1903

Hans AspergerHans Asperger
(Paediatrician)

18 February 1906

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Ernst MachErnst Mach
(Physicist)

18 February 1838

Alban BergAlban Berg
(Composer)

09 February 1885

Oskar Werner Oskar Werner
(Actor)

13 November 1922

Fred ZinnemannFred Zinnemann
(Film Director)

29 April 1907

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)

18 December 1863

Anton WebernAnton Webern
(Music Composer)

03 December 1883

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Elfriede JelinekElfriede Jelinek
(Novelist & Nobel Prize Winner in Literature)

20 October 1946

Bertha von SuttnerBertha von Suttner
(Pacifist, First Woman to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize)

09 June 1843

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi
(Physiologist)

16 September 1893

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
(Mathematician & Physicist)

29 November 1803

Karl von FrischKarl von Frisch
(Ethologist)

20 November 1886

Walter KohnWalter Kohn
(Physicist and Chemist)

09 March 1923

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Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
(Economist)

08 May 1899

Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
(Surgeon)

26 April 1829

Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
(Composer)

31 January 1797

Friedrich von AmerlingFriedrich von Amerling
(Portrait Painter)

14 April 1803

FaZe BlazikenFaZe Blaziken
(YouTube Star)

19 August 1996

Bedrich SmetanaBedrich Smetana
(Composer)

02 March 1824

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Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
(Otologist)

22 April 1876

Karl HerzfeldKarl Herzfeld
(Physicist)

24 February 1892

Anton HausAnton Haus
(Naval officer)

13 June 1851

A love for beauty and melody is something Austrians are known for. Imagine what the world of classical music would be like had it not been for the musician and composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? Automobile aficionados have a very special reason to thank Austria for it was Ferdinand Porsche who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and founded the Porsche car company. The nation’s love for the mountains is phenomenal and it is not at all surprising that famous mountaineers like Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Ludwig Purtscheller, and Marcus Schmuck were born there. Browse this section to learn more about how the Austrians have influenced the world.