Famous Austrian Writers

Austria has been the hub of European culture and art. And much of that has been possible due some of its marvellously gifted nationals who have in their respective fields contributed outstandingly to this European country. From being the sanctum of legendary musicians to the nucleus of avant-garde philosophers, the hub of mighty intellectuals to the heart of prominent physicians, Austria has given the world some of the most noteworthy and strikingly remarkable people. Adding to its list of worthy nationals are Austrian writers. Historians, essayists, novelists, playwrights, poets and author – Austrian writers have excelled as them all and given the world some of the best known literary pieces that people have ever read. Interestingly, both Austrian men and women have equally contributed in the field of literature. Few of the renowned Austrian writers names include Alfred Hermann Fried, Ludwig Anzengruber, Bertha von Suttner and Ilse Aichinger. Peek-a-boo into this section to know about some of the most renowned Austrian writers, and their penned glories.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: July 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: June 3, 1924

Considered one of the major authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka was a Bohemian short-story writer and novelist. Franz Kafka is credited for being one of the earliest German-speaking authors to explore themes like absurdity, existential anxiety, and alienation. The term Kafkaesque is now widely used in the English language to explain those situations experienced by his characters.

 2 Rainer Maria Rilke

Rainer Maria Rilke
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Famous As: Poet & Novelist
Birthdate: December 4, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 29, 1926

Bohemian-Austrian poet and author Rainer Maria Rilke is best remembered for his numerous poetry collections and his only novel, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. His works contain metaphors, contradictions, and elements drawn from Greek mythology. Though most of his works were in German, he had also written in French.

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 3 Peter Handke

Peter Handke
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 6, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian

Peter Handke is an Austrian novelist, poet, translator, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. One of the most respected personalities in Austria, Handke has won several prestigious awards over the course of his career. In 1973, he was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize. In 1987, he won the Vilenica International Literary Prize. In 2019, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature.

 4 Thomas Bernhard

Thomas Bernhard
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Playwright, Screenwriter, Poet
Birthdate: February 9, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian, Dutch
Died: February 12, 1989
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 5 Pietro Metastasio

Pietro Metastasio
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Famous As: Italian poet
Birthdate: January 3, 1698
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, Italian
Died: April 12, 1782

 6 Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, British
Died: April 29, 1951

Austrian-British philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein is remembered for his works related to logic, the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of mathematics, and the philosophy of language. He taught at the University of Cambridge for many years. He published only one book during his lifetime. Most of his manuscripts were collected later and published posthumously.

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 7 Simon Wiesenthal

Simon Wiesenthal
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Famous As: Nazi Hunter
Birthdate: December 31, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 20, 2005
Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor Simon Wiesenthal survived four Nazi concentration camps, including the notorious Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp. He later devoted his life to finding out information about Nazi war criminals to bring them to trial. He wrote several books on his experiences, such as The Sunflower and I Chased Eichmann.
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 8 Stefan Zweig

Stefan Zweig
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: November 28, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: February 22, 1942

Stefan Zweig was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist, and biographer. He was one of the most widely translated and most popular writers in the world at the height of his career. His best-known work is Sternstunden der Menschheit, in which he wrote about decisive historical events. His later years were very difficult and he died by suicide in 1942.

 9 Jack Unterweger

Jack Unterweger
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Famous As: writer, serial killer
Birthdate: August 16, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: June 29, 1994

 10 Michael Haneke

Michael Haneke
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Famous As: Film director, Screenwriter, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: March 23, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian, German

 11 Christine Kaufmann

Christine Kaufmann
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: January 11, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, German
Died: March 28, 2017

 12 Waris Dirie

Waris Dirie
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Famous As: Model
Birthdate: 1965 AD
Nationality: Austrian, Somalian

 13 Senta Berger

Senta Berger
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, German

 14 Joy Adamson

Joy Adamson
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: January 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, Czech, British
Died: January 3, 1980

 15 Alma Mahler

Alma Mahler
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 31, 1879
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: December 11, 1964

 16 Ivan Illich

Ivan Illich
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Famous As: Writer, Historian, Educationist, Philosopher, Literary critic, Anthropologist
Birthdate: September 4, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 2, 2002

 17 Oskar Kokoschka

Oskar Kokoschka
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Famous As: Painter, Playwright, Writer, Poet, University teacher
Birthdate: March 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Austrian, British
Died: February 22, 1980

 18 Bertha von Suttner

Bertha von Suttner
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Famous As: Pacifist, First Woman to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize
Birthdate: June 9, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian
Died: June 21, 1914

Once a governess of the four daughters of the affluent Suttner family, Bertha von Suttner later married the sisters’ elder brother, Baron Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner. The Austrian novelist was known for her peace activism, which made her the first female to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

 19 Elfriede Jelinek

Elfriede Jelinek
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Famous As: Novelist & Nobel Prize Winner in Literature
Birthdate: October 20, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Austrian

Elfriede Jelinek is an Austrian novelist and playwright who was honored with the 2004 Nobel Prize in Literature. Widely regarded as the most prominent playwright of the German language, Elfriede Jelinek has several prestigious awards and honors under her belt.

 20 August Kubizek

August Kubizek
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Famous As: Conductor, Painter, Writer
Birthdate: August 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 23, 1956

 21 Arthur Schnitzler

Arthur Schnitzler
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Famous As: Writer, Playwright, Physician, Screenwriter, Psychiatrist, Novelist
Birthdate: May 15, 1862
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 21, 1931

 22 Robert Musil

Robert Musil
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Famous As: Writer, Librarian, Novelist, Playwright, Screenwriter, Essayist
Birthdate: November 6, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: April 15, 1942

 23 Hermann Oberth

Hermann Oberth
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Famous As: Physicist, Engineer, Essayist, Screenwriter
Birthdate: June 25, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, Romanian
Died: December 28, 1989

 24 Otto Weininger

Otto Weininger
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Famous As: Philosopher, Writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: April 3, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 4, 1903

 25 Joseph Roth

Joseph Roth
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Famous As: Writer, Journalist
Birthdate: September 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: May 27, 1939

 26 Ernst Gombrich

Ernst Gombrich
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Famous As: Art Historian
Birthdate: March 30, 1909
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian, British
Died: November 3, 2001

 27 Paul Watzlawick

Paul Watzlawick
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Famous As: Philosopher, Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Sociologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Communication scholar
Birthdate: July 25, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: March 31, 2007

 28 Viktor Schauberger

Viktor Schauberger
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Famous As: Forester, Inventor, Writer
Birthdate: June 30, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 25, 1958

 29 Nikolaus Harnoncourt

Nikolaus Harnoncourt
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Famous As: Conductor, Musician, Choir director, Viol player, Cellist, Writer, Composer
Birthdate: December 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: March 5, 2016

 30 Hugo von Hofmannsthal

Hugo von Hofmannsthal
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Famous As: Novelist, Librettist, Poet, Playwright, Writer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: February 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: July 15, 1929

 31 Hans Holzer

Hans Holzer
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 26, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: April 26, 2009

 32 Karl Kraus

Karl Kraus
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Famous As: writer, poet, journalist, essayist
Birthdate: April 28, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, Czech
Died: June 12, 1936

 33 Christoph Schönborn

Christoph Schönborn
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Famous As: Catholic priest, Theologian, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: January 22, 1945
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian

 34 Victor Gruen

Victor Gruen
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Famous As: Architect, Writer
Birthdate: July 18, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: February 14, 1980

 35 Jaroslav Hašek

Jaroslav Hašek
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Famous As: Writer, Comedian
Birthdate: April 30, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 3, 1923

 36 Ingeborg Bachmann

Ingeborg Bachmann
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Famous As: Poet, Writer, Journalist, Screenwriter, Philosopher, Essayist, Playwright
Birthdate: June 25, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 17, 1973

 37 Walther von der Vogelweide

Walther von der Vogelweide
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Famous As: composer, poet, writer, minnesänger
Birthdate: 1170 AD
Nationality: Austrian, Kosovar
Died: 1230 AD

 38 Carl Djerassi

Carl Djerassi
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Famous As: Chemist, Writer, University teacher, Science fiction writer, Scientist
Birthdate: October 29, 1923
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: January 31, 2015

 39 Karl Maria Wiligut

Karl Maria Wiligut
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Famous As: Writer, Occultist
Birthdate: December 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 3, 1946

 40 Felix Salten

Felix Salten
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Famous As: Screenwriter, Writer, Journalist, Novelist, Playwright, Theatre critic, Literary critic, Children's writer
Birthdate: September 6, 1869
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 8, 1945

 41 Georg Trakl

Georg Trakl
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Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: February 3, 1887
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 3, 1914

 42 Jean Améry

Jean Améry
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Famous As: Writer, Philosopher
Birthdate: October 31, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 17, 1978

 43 Joseph Mohr

Joseph Mohr
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Famous As: Composer, Writer
Birthdate: December 11, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 4, 1848

 44 István Széchenyi

István Széchenyi
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Famous As: Political reformer
Birthdate: September 21, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: April 8, 1860

 45 Anton Zeilinger

Anton Zeilinger
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Famous As: Physicist, Quantum physicist, Academic, University teacher, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: May 20, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian

 46 Alfred Kubin

Alfred Kubin
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Famous As: Writer, Painter, Etcher
Birthdate: April 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: August 20, 1959

 47 Eric Wolf

Eric Wolf
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: February 1, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: March 6, 1999

 48 Hermann Broch

Hermann Broch
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Famous As: Writer, Playwright
Birthdate: November 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: May 30, 1951

 49 Ernst Fuchs

Ernst Fuchs
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 9, 2015

 50 Ulrich Seidl

Ulrich Seidl
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Famous As: Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer
Birthdate: November 24, 1952
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian