Famous Austrian Writers

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Austria has been the hub of European culture and art. And much of that has been possible due some of its marvellously gifted nationals who have in their respective fields contributed outstandingly to this European country. From being the sanctum of legendary musicians to the nucleus of avant-garde philosophers, the hub of mighty intellectuals to the heart of prominent physicians, Austria has given the world some of the most noteworthy and strikingly remarkable people. Adding to its list of worthy nationals are Austrian writers. Historians, essayists, novelists, playwrights, poets and author – Austrian writers have excelled as them all and given the world some of the best known literary pieces that people have ever read. Interestingly, both Austrian men and women have equally contributed in the field of literature. Few of the renowned Austrian writers names include Alfred Hermann Fried, Ludwig Anzengruber, Bertha von Suttner and Ilse Aichinger. Peek-a-boo into this section to know about some of the most renowned Austrian writers, and their penned glories.
Vote for Your Favourite Austrian Writers
 1 
Franz Kafka
(Novelist and Short-Story Writer, Widely Regarded as One of the Major Figures of 20th-Century Literature)
Franz Kafka
10
Birthdate: July 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: June 3, 1924

Considered one of the major authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka was a Bohemian short-story writer and novelist. Franz Kafka is credited for being one of the earliest German-speaking authors to explore themes like absurdity, existential anxiety, and alienation. The term Kafkaesque is now widely used in the English language to explain those situations experienced by his characters.

 2 
Rainer Maria Rilke
(Austrian Poet and Novelist Known for His Poetry Collections ‘Duino Elegies’ and ‘Sonnets to Orpheus’)
Rainer Maria Rilke
5
Birthdate: December 4, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: December 29, 1926

Bohemian-Austrian poet and author Rainer Maria Rilke is best remembered for his numerous poetry collections and his only novel, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. His works contain metaphors, contradictions, and elements drawn from Greek mythology. Though most of his works were in German, he had also written in French.

 3 
Simon Wiesenthal
(Austrian Holocaust Survivor, Nazi Hunter and Writer)
Simon Wiesenthal
4
Birthdate: December 31, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buchach, Ukraine
Died: September 20, 2005
Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor Simon Wiesenthal survived four Nazi concentration camps, including the notorious Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp. He later devoted his life to finding out information about Nazi war criminals to bring them to trial. He wrote several books on his experiences, such as The Sunflower and I Chased Eichmann.
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 4 
Peter Drucker
(Management Consultant)
Peter Drucker
4
Birthdate: November 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 11, 2005
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 5 
Stefan Zweig
(One of the Most Popular and Widely Translated Writers in the World During 1920s & 1930s)
Stefan Zweig
4
Birthdate: November 28, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 22, 1942

Stefan Zweig was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist, and biographer. He was one of the most widely translated and most popular writers in the world at the height of his career. His best-known work is Sternstunden der Menschheit, in which he wrote about decisive historical events. His later years were very difficult and he died by suicide in 1942.

 6 
Wilhelm Reich
(One of the Most Radical Figures in the History of Psychiatry)
Wilhelm Reich
4
Birthdate: March 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dobryanychi, Ukraine
Died: November 3, 1957

Wilhelm Reich was an Austrian psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine. He is credited with shaping innovations like body psychotherapy, primal therapy, and Gestalt therapy. Also a writer, Reich's books like The Sexual Revolution and The Mass Psychology of Fascism influenced generations of intellectuals. Also a controversial figure, some of Wilhelm Reich's practices caused a disturbance in the psychoanalytic community.

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 7 
Christine Kaufmann
(First German Actress to Win the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year)
Christine Kaufmann
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lengdorf, Styria, Austria
Died: March 28, 2017

German-Austrian actress, author, and businesswoman Christine Kaufmann gained attention of post-war German movie audiences with her performances in films like Rosen-Resli, Der schweigende Engel and Ein Herz schlägt für Erika. She became the first German to be honoured with Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress for her performance in the drama film Town Without Pity.

 8 
Michael Haneke
(Film director, Screenwriter, Writer, University teacher)
Michael Haneke
4
Birthdate: March 23, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Munich

Award-winning Austrian film director and screenwriter Michael Haneke, who teaches film direction at the Film Academy Vienna, is best-known for films like The Piano Teacher, Caché, The White Ribbon and Amour. Haneke has made films in English, French and German, and mostly deals with subjects that examine social issues and portrays feelings of individuals facing social alienation in modern society.

 9 
Peter Handke
(One of the Most Influential and Original German-Language Writers Known for His Work 'Offending the Audience')
Peter Handke
3
Birthdate: December 6, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Griffen, Austria

Peter Handke is an Austrian novelist, poet, translator, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. One of the most respected personalities in Austria, Handke has won several prestigious awards over the course of his career. In 1973, he was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize. In 1987, he won the Vilenica International Literary Prize. In 2019, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature.

 10 
Natascha Kampusch
4
Birthdate: February 7, 1988
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Natascha Kampusch is an Austrian woman who was kidnapped at age 10 and held captive in a cellar by Wolfgang Přiklopil, who raped and abused her repeatedly. She escaped after 8 years, following which she hosted a show and became a PETA activist. Her book 3096 Tage inspired a movie.

 11 
Joy Adamson
(Naturalist and Author of the Book 'Born Free', Which Documents Her Experience In Raising a Lion Club)
Joy Adamson
3
Birthdate: January 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Opava, Czechia
Died: January 3, 1980

Best known for her iconic book Born Free, which describes her experiences of raising a lion cub named Elsa, Joy Adamson was a noted Austro-Hungarian wildlife conservationist. She excelled in music and medicine in her younger days and later settled in Kenya with her third husband, conservationist George Adamson.

 12 
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
(Austrian Nobleman, Writer and Journalist Known for His Romantic Stories of Galician Life)
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: March 9, 1895

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch lent his name to the term masochism, a form of sexual deviation. Best known for his novel Venus in Furs, one of his rare books that have been translated in English, he depicted Galician romance and fantasies. He spent his final years in a mental asylum.

 13 
Muhammad Asad
(For English Translation of Quran, 'The Message of The Qur'an")
Muhammad Asad
3
Birthdate: July 2, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: February 20, 1992

Austro-Hungarian journalist Leopold Weiss was a descendant of rabbis and ran away from home in his teens, taking up odd jobs, before finally becoming a journalist in Germany. His work took him to the Middle East, where he converted to Islam and adopted the name Muhammad Asad.

 14 
Bertha von Suttner
(Austrian-Bohemian Pacifist, Novelist and the First Woman to be Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize)
Bertha von Suttner
3
Birthdate: June 9, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The Golz-Kinsky Palace, Prague, Czechia
Died: June 21, 1914

Once a governess of the four daughters of the affluent Suttner family, Bertha von Suttner later married the sisters’ elder brother, Baron Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner. The Austrian novelist was known for her peace activism, which made her the first female to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

 15 
Elfriede Jelinek
(Austrian Playwright, Novelist and 2004 Nobel Prize Winner in Literature)
Elfriede Jelinek
3
Birthdate: October 20, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mürzzuschlag, Austria

Elfriede Jelinek is an Austrian novelist and playwright who was honored with the 2004 Nobel Prize in Literature. Widely regarded as the most prominent playwright of the German language, Elfriede Jelinek has several prestigious awards and honors under her belt.

 16 
Bruno Bettelheim
(Writer, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Bruno Bettelheim
3
Birthdate: August 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 13, 1990
Austrian-American psychologist Bruno Bettelheim is remembered for his work on child psychiatry and autism. While he initially looked after his family’s lumber business, he was later imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, before escaping to the U.S. Following his suicide, it was revealed that he had faked his academic credentials.
 17 
Arthur Schnitzler
(Austrian Playwright and Novelist )
Arthur Schnitzler
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1862
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 21, 1931

Born to a doctor, Arthur Schnitzler had initially followed in his father’s footsteps and practiced medicine, gaining expertise in psychiatry. He later made a mark as an author and playwright with works such as Anatol and None but the Brave, which became hallmarks of modernism and the decadent movement.

 18 
Oskar Kokoschka
(Artist, Poet and Playwright)
Oskar Kokoschka
8
Birthdate: March 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pöchlarn, Austria
Died: February 22, 1980

Austrian artist, playwright, poet and teacher Oskar Kokoschka CBE is counted among the prominent exponents of Expressionism whose works influenced the Viennese Expressionist movement. Notable works of Kokoschka include paintings like The Bride of the Wind and Portrait of Lotte Franzos and writings like the short play Murderer, the Hope of Women and the play Orpheus und Eurydike.   

 19 
Otto Weininger
(Philosopher, Writer, Psychologist)
Otto Weininger
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 4, 1903

Austrian thinker Otto Weininger, whose main areas of interests included philosophy of religion, logic, gender and psychology, lived in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His book Geschlecht und Charakter (Sex and Character), which gained popularity following his suicide by gunshot, became a sourcebook for anti-Semitic propagandists. Some of his writings were used by Nazi propaganda.  

 20 
Robert Musil
(Austrian Novelist Known for His Monumental Unfinished Novel 'Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften')
Robert Musil
3
Birthdate: November 6, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Klagenfurt, Austria
Died: April 15, 1942

Best remembered for his incomplete novel The Man Without Qualities, Austrian-German novelist Robert Musil had worked as a librarian, editor, and journalist and was also a qualified mechanical engineer. He had also served in the army during World War I but mostly gained fame as a modernist writer.

 21 
Joseph Roth
(Austrian Journalist and Novelist, Best Known for His Family Saga Novel 'Radetzky March')
Joseph Roth
3
Birthdate: September 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brody, Ukraine
Died: May 27, 1939

Austrian journalist and novelist Joseph Roth is noted for his novels Radetzky March and Job. He chronicled the decline and fall of Austria-Hungary in his family saga Radetzky March and wrote about plight of the Jews who migrated from eastern to western Europe following the First World War and the Russian Revolution in his short non-fiction book The Wandering Jews.

 22 
Gitta Sereny
(Biographer and Investigative Journalist Known for Her Interviews and Profiles of Infamous Figures, Including 'Mary Bell')
Gitta Sereny
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1921
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 14, 2012

Known for her persistent researches on some of history’s most reviled characters, Gitta Sereny was an investigative journalist and author of five biographical works that attempted to make sense of their crimes. Notable among her works are Albert Speer: His Battle with Truth and The Case of Mary Bell: A Portrait of a Child Who Murdered.  

 23 
Thomas Bernhard
(Austrian Novelist, Playwright and Poet)
Thomas Bernhard
3
Birthdate: February 9, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Heerlen, Netherlands
Died: February 12, 1989

Thomas Bernhard was born to an unwed mother in Holland and spent a lot of his adolescence in hospitals due to his chronic lung disease, which eventually claimed his life at age 58. He excelled in music and drama and gained fame for his controversial and pessimistic novels and plays.

 24 
Hans Holzer
(Author)
Hans Holzer
3
Birthdate: January 26, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 26, 2009

Austrian-American author and parapsychologist Hans Holzer, often credited for coining the term ghost hunter, penned over 120 books like Murder in Amityville on supernatural and occult subjects. He believed in life after death, reincarnation and the existence of spirits, ghosts, and stay behinds, and remained involved in researching the supernatural in some prominent haunted locations across the globe.

 25 
Viktor Schauberger
(Forester, Inventor, Writer)
Viktor Schauberger
3
Birthdate: June 30, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Schwarzenberg am Böhmerwald
Died: September 25, 1958

Austrian forest caretaker, naturalist, pseudoscientist, biomimicry experimenter, inventor and philosopher, Viktor Schauberger came up with his own concepts based on his observations of nature. He mentioned in the Implosion magazine that the propeller was incorrectly designed by the aeronautical and marine engineers.

 26 
Natascha Kampusch
(Austrian Writer and Former Talk Show Host)
Natascha Kampusch
0
Birthdate: February 17, 1988
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
 27 
Max Brod
(Former prolific writer best remembered as the friend and biographer of writer Franz Kafka)
Max Brod
3
Birthdate: May 27, 1884
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: December 20, 1968

Max Brod was a Czech German-speaking Jewish author, composer, and journalist. He studied law at the German Charles-Ferdinand University and proceeded to pursue a career as a journalist and composer. He worked as an editor and literary adviser for the Israeli national theatre for three decades. He was a close friend and biographer of writer Franz Kafka. 

 28 
Leo Frank
(Austrian Writer)
Leo Frank
3
Birthdate: June 29, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 19, 2004

Freelance author, journalist, and broadcaster Clementine Ford is known for her columns in the Sunday Mail and Drum. She generally writes about feminist issues and pop culture. Interestingly, she was once banned from Facebook for using abusive language and also courted controversy for a tweet that stated "All men must die."

 29 
Guido von List
(Poet, Journalist, Novelist)
Guido von List
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1848
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 17, 1919
 30 
Hugo von Hofmannsthal
(Novelist, Poet, Essayist)
Hugo von Hofmannsthal
3
Birthdate: February 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Landstraße, Vienna, Austria
Died: July 15, 1929

Known for his lyrical poetry and plays, Austrian author Hugo von Hofmannsthal had initially studied law and philology but later devoted his life to writing. His collaborative works with composer Richard Strauss included libretti for many of his operas, such as The Cavalier of the Rose and Arabella.

 31 
Franz Werfel
(Austrian Novelist, Playwright, and Poet Best Known for His Works of Historical Fiction)
Franz Werfel
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: August 26, 1945

Franz Werfel worked in a shipping house and fought in World War I before making his mark as an Expressionist poet. His fame rests on the iconic novels The Song of Bernadette and The Forty Days of Musa Dagh, with the former being turned into a four-time Academy Award-winning film.

 32 
Anton Zeilinger
(Physicist, Quantum physicist, Academic, University teacher, Non-fiction writer)
Anton Zeilinger
2
Birthdate: May 20, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ried im Innkreis

Anton Zeilinger, a noted Austrian quantum physicist who mostly researches in the area of fundamental aspects and applications of quantum entanglement, was conferred with the Inaugural Isaac Newton Medal by the Institute of Physics for his significant contributions in the field. He presently serves as Senior Scientist at the IQOQI and as professor of physics at the University of Vienna.

 33 
Felix Salten
(Austro-Hungarian Writer and Literary Critic)
Felix Salten
3
Birthdate: September 6, 1869
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Died: October 8, 1945

Best known for penning the children’s classic Bambi, Felix Salten was forced to flee Vienna during the Nazi regime and eventually settled in Switzerland. His books were banned in Austria after Germany annexed the country, but that didn’t dent his popularity as an author. He was a skilled hunter, too.

 34 
Victor Gruen
(Architect, Writer)
Victor Gruen
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 14, 1980

Born in Austria, architect Victor Gruen had his own firm in Vienna but moved to the U.S. after Germany invaded his country. He then launched Victor Gruen Associates and revolutionized the shopping experience of Americans by pioneering the shopping center and mall designs of the country.

 35 
Otto F. Kernberg
(Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist)
Otto F. Kernberg
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna

After fleeing to Chile with his family during the Nazi regime, Otto F. Kernberg studied medicine and then psychiatry. He eventually moved to the U.S. on a Rockefeller fellowship and grew up to be one of the finest psychoanalysts of the country. He now teaches at the Weill Cornell Medicine.

 36 
Alfred Schütz
(Austrian Philosopher and Social Phenomenologist Whose Work Bridged Sociological and Phenomenological Traditions)
Alfred Schütz
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1899
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 20, 1959

Alfred Schutz was an Austrian philosopher and social phenomenologist. He is recognized as one of the leading philosophers of social science in the 20th century. A lawyer by qualification, he had a prominent career in international banking and did academic work in his spare time. Philosopher Edmund Husserl described him as “a banker by day and a philosopher by night.” 

 37 
Karl Kraus
(Austrian Writer and Journalist)
Karl Kraus
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Jicin, Czechia
Died: June 12, 1936

Initially aspiring to be a lawyer, Austrian writer Karl Kraus later deviated to philosophy and German literature before quitting studies altogether. He had also been a stage performer but later made his mark as one of the finest aphorists and playwrights in German history, with works such as Nights.

 38 
Ingeborg Bachmann
(Austrian Poet and Author Best Known for Her Novel 'Malina')
Ingeborg Bachmann
3
Birthdate: June 25, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Klagenfurt, Austria
Died: October 17, 1973

Ingeborg Bachmann completed her PhD and worked as an editor and scriptwriter before plunging into full-time writing. The Gruppe 47 member was known for depicting the trauma of women characters who had failed in relationships. She is best remembered for her poems and her lyrical novel Malina.

 39 
Jean Améry
(Former writer whose notable works included On Aging (1968) and On Suicide: A Discourse on Voluntary Death (1976))
Jean Améry
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 17, 1978

Jean Améry went from being a prisoner at the Auschwitz labor camp to being one of the finest essayists of the post-war era. His best-known work, At the Mind's Limits, depicts his experiences during World War II. He eventually committed suicide by consuming sleeping pills in a Salzburg hotel.

 40 
Daniel Kehlmann
(Novelist)
Daniel Kehlmann
2
Birthdate: January 13, 1975
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany

Best known for his bestselling novel Tyll, which was shortlisted for the Booker Prize and is also being made into a Netflix series, German author Daniel Kehlmann is the son of TV director Michael Kehlmann and actor Dagmar Mettler. His other notable works include Measuring the World and Fame.

 41 
Hermann Broch
(Former writer, best known for two major works of modernist fiction: The Sleepwalkers (Die Schlafwandler, 1930–32) and The Death of Virgil (Der Tod des Vergil, 1945))
Hermann Broch
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 30, 1951

Born into an affluent family, Hermann Broch sold his family’s textile factory to focus on studying physics, math, and philosophy. Mostly known for his literary works such as The Sleepwalkers, he had ventured into writing only after 40. He was imprisoned by the Nazis and later fled to the U.S.

 42 
Paul Watzlawick
(Philosopher, Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Sociologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Communication scholar)
Paul Watzlawick
3
Birthdate: July 25, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Villach
Died: March 31, 2007

Paul Watzlawick was an Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher, specializing in family therapy and communication theory. The most influential figure in the Palo Alto Mental Research Institute, he worked extensively on how communication is effected within families and proposed Interactional View Theory. Paul Watzlawick authored 22 books and more than 150 articles and book chapters. His books have been translated into 80 languages

 43 
Ulrich Seidl
(Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Writer)
Ulrich Seidl
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1952
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna

Austrian director-producer Ulrich Seidl is best known for his iconic films Dog Days and Paradise: Love. He uses a distinctive documentary style to make his movies more authentic. Born into a Catholic family, he had initially aspired to be a priest and had also studied journalism, before stepping into films.

 44 
Ernst Fuchs
(Former artist who was one of the founders of the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism)
Ernst Fuchs
2
Birthdate: February 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 9, 2015

Paintings, sculpture, and prints of Austrian painter, sculptor, poet, composer, singer, architect, draftsman, printmaker, and stage designer Ernst Fuchs addressed themes of religion and mysticism. Student of the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, Fuchs co-founded the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism. He acquired the Otto Wagner Villa in Hütteldorf, which was later transformed and inaugurated as the Ernst Fuchs Museum.

 45 
Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche
(Entrepreneur, Engineer)
Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche
2
Birthdate: September 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt
Died: March 27, 1998

Born to an automobile designer at Austro-Daimler, Porsche AG CEO Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche, better known as Ferry Porsche, grew up working in auto workshops and racing the cars he and his father designed. Ferry and his father were commissioned by Hitler to build a low-cost "people’s car," the Volkswagen.

 46 
Karl Maria Wiligut
(Writer, Occultist)
Karl Maria Wiligut
3
Birthdate: December 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: January 3, 1946

Following a 40-year stint with the German military, Karl Maria Wiligut retired to practice occult studies. He believed he belonged to a royal lineage and was later sent to an asylum for his schizophrenic beliefs. He later became a Nazi lieutenant-brigadier and joined Heinrich Himmler’s inner circle.

 47 
Gustav Meyrink
(Austrian Novelist Famous for His Novel 'The Golem')
Gustav Meyrink
2
Birthdate: January 19, 1868
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 4, 1932

Austrian author, novelist, dramatist, translator, and banker, Gustav Meyer, who used the pseudonym Gustav Meyrink, is best-known for his novel The Golem. Gustav established his own bank but was eventually charged with fraud and jailed for two months. He depicted his jailhouse experiences in The Golem. A prolific translator, Gustav’s translation works include translating fifteen-volumes of Charles Dickens into German.

 48 
Ferdinand Blumentritt
(Former author, secondary school teacher)
Ferdinand Blumentritt
0
Birthdate: September 10, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: September 20, 1913
Archduke Wilhelm of Austria
2
Birthdate: February 10, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lošinj, Croatia
Died: August 18, 1948

Archduke Wilhelm of Austria, or Vasyl Vyshyvani, the son of Archduke Karl Stephan, had been a Ukrainian army colonel. He had also served as a spy for the French and the British, against the Nazis and the Soviets. It is believed he was homosexual and a fine poet, too.

 50 
István Széchenyi
(Political reformer)
István Széchenyi
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 8, 1860

Remembered as "the Greatest Hungarian,” István Széchenyi was a reformer and author who had initially fought against Napoleon I. He had served as the minister of public works and transport and improved his country’s waterways and roadways. Charged with sedition against Austria’s reign over Hungary, he later committed suicide.