A very famous Chinese proverb goes, “A nation's treasure is in its scholars." And rightly so! No matter how absurd or farfetched it might sound, there is little denying the power that erudite exert on a country's fate and fortune. The more scholars a country has, the more advanced it is likely to be. A country's intellectuals and academics are not only responsible for its path-breaking advances, but also inspiring generations, becoming the voice of its vox populi, and steering the country towards growth and expansion. Over the years, history has chronicled a gamut of famous intellectuals and academics who have inspired the world for better and for worse. They are a bunch of visionaries and innovators who defined the contours of humanity’s future and shaped the world with their intellect and wisdom. Let us explore the timelines, life stories and interesting trivia & facts related in the biographies of some of the greatest intellectuals & academics that Austria has ever produced.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856
Neurologist, Psychiatrist
Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889
Philosopher

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
26 March 1905
Psychiatrist

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870
 

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883
Economist

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises
29 September 1881
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist
Anna FreudAnna Freud
03 December 1895
Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology

Martin BuberMartin Buber
08 February 1878
Philosopher

Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
08 May 1899
Economist

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Herbert von KarajanHerbert von Karajan
05 April 1908
Conductor, Music director

Ivan IllichIvan Illich
04 September 1926
Writer, Historian, Educationist, Philosopher,
Paul FeyerabendPaul Feyerabend
13 January 1924
Philosopher, University teacher

Melanie KleinMelanie Klein
30 March 1882
Psychanalyst

Bruno BettelheimBruno Bettelheim
28 August 1903
Writer, Psychologist, University teacher,
Otto RankOtto Rank
22 April 1884
Psychologist

Peter L. BergerPeter L. Berger
17 March 1929
Sociologist, Theologian, University teacher
Joy AdamsonJoy Adamson
20 January 1910
Naturalist

Ludwig von BertalanffyLudwig von Bertalanffy
19 September 1901
Biologist, University teacher

Hans KelsenHans Kelsen
11 October 1881
Lawyer, Judge, Philosopher, Educationist,
Carl MengerCarl Menger
23 February 1840
Economist, University teacher

Otto WeiningerOtto Weininger
03 April 1880
Philosopher, Writer, Psychologist
Richard von Krafft-EbingRichard von Krafft-Ebing
14 August 1840
Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, University

Paul WatzlawickPaul Watzlawick
25 July 1921
Philosopher, Psychologist, Psychotherapist,

Otto NeurathOtto Neurath
10 December 1882
Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist, Graphic

Josef BreuerJosef Breuer
15 January 1842
Physician, Psychologist, University teacher,
Georg LugerGeorg Luger
06 March 1849
Inventor, Entrepreneur
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
22 May 1949
Linguist, Diplomat

Otto F. KernbergOtto F. Kernberg
10 September 1928
Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher,

Ingeborg BachmannIngeborg Bachmann
25 June 1926
Poet, Writer, Journalist, Screenwriter,

Nikolaus HarnoncourtNikolaus Harnoncourt
06 December 1929
Conductor, Musician, Choir director, Viol player,
Christoph SchönbornChristoph Schönborn
22 January 1945
Catholic priest, Theologian, Writer, University

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Jacob L. MorenoJacob L. Moreno
18 May 1889
Psychiatrist

Richard von MisesRichard von Mises
19 April 1883
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, Engineer,

Karl BöhmKarl Böhm
28 August 1894
Conductor, Music director

Erik von Kuehnelt-LeddihnErik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn
31 July 1909
Philosopher, University teacher, Journalist,
Eric WolfEric Wolf
01 February 1923
Anthropologist, University teacher

Jean AméryJean Améry
31 October 1912
Writer, Philosopher
Rudolf HilferdingRudolf Hilferding
10 August 1877
Economist, Politician, Writer

Fritz HeiderFritz Heider
19 February 1896
Psychologist, Translator, University teacher,

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
16 April 1890
Russian linguist
Othmar SpannOthmar Spann
01 October 1878
Economist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Erich LeinsdorfErich Leinsdorf
04 February 1912
Conductor
Theodor ReikTheodor Reik
12 May 1888
Psychologist, Psychanalyst

Friedrich August von HayekFriedrich August von Hayek
08 May 1899
 

Joseph A. SchumpeterJoseph A. Schumpeter
08 February 1883
Economist