A very famous Chinese proverb goes, “A nation's treasure is in its scholars." And rightly so! No matter how absurd or farfetched it might sound, there is little denying the power that erudite exert on a country's fate and fortune. The more scholars a country has, the more advanced it is likely to be. A country's intellectuals and academics are not only responsible for its path-breaking advances, but also inspiring generations, becoming the voice of its vox populi, and steering the country towards growth and expansion. Over the years, history has chronicled a gamut of famous intellectuals and academics who have inspired the world for better and for worse. They are a bunch of visionaries and innovators who defined the contours of humanity’s future and shaped the world with their intellect and wisdom. Let us explore the timelines, life stories and interesting trivia & facts related in the biographies of some of the greatest intellectuals & academics that Austria has ever produced.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud

06 May 1856

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein

26 April 1889

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler

07 February 1870

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises

29 September 1881

Anna FreudAnna Freud

03 December 1895

Martin BuberMartin Buber

08 February 1878

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl

26 March 1905

Stefan ZweigStefan Zweig

28 November 1881

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter

08 February 1883

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl

08 April 1859

Herbert von KarajanHerbert von Karajan

05 April 1908

Continue Reading Below

Ivan IllichIvan Illich

04 September 1926

Melanie KleinMelanie Klein

30 March 1882

Paul FeyerabendPaul Feyerabend

13 January 1924

Bruno BettelheimBruno Bettelheim

28 August 1903

Otto RankOtto Rank

22 April 1884

Hans KelsenHans Kelsen

11 October 1881

Continue Reading Below

Peter L. BergerPeter L. Berger

17 March 1929

Ingeborg BachmannIngeborg Bachmann

25 June 1926

Otto WeiningerOtto Weininger

03 April 1880

Ludwig von BertalanffyLudwig von Bertalanffy

19 September 1901

Carl MengerCarl Menger

23 February 1840

Richard von Krafft-EbingRichard von Krafft-Ebing

14 August 1840

Continue Reading Below

Paul WatzlawickPaul Watzlawick

25 July 1921

Josef BreuerJosef Breuer

15 January 1842

Christoph SchönbornChristoph Schönborn

22 January 1945

Otto F. KernbergOtto F. Kernberg

10 September 1928

Georg LugerGeorg Luger

06 March 1849

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko

22 May 1949

Continue Reading Below

Nikolaus HarnoncourtNikolaus Harnoncourt

06 December 1929

Otto NeurathOtto Neurath

10 December 1882

Richard von MisesRichard von Mises

19 April 1883

Eric WolfEric Wolf

01 February 1923

Karl BöhmKarl Böhm

28 August 1894

Jacob L. MorenoJacob L. Moreno

18 May 1889

Continue Reading Below

Jean AméryJean Améry

31 October 1912

Erik von Kuehnelt-LeddihnErik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn

31 July 1909

Fritz HeiderFritz Heider

19 February 1896

Rudolf HilferdingRudolf Hilferding

10 August 1877

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy

16 April 1890

Othmar SpannOthmar Spann

01 October 1878

Continue Reading Below

Erich LeinsdorfErich Leinsdorf

04 February 1912

Theodor ReikTheodor Reik

12 May 1888

Friedrich August von HayekFriedrich August von Hayek

08 May 1899