Famous Austrian Leaders

Whether you have a fascination for the alpine mountains or are interested in imperial architecture or are allured by the fusion of historic sites and contemporary landscapes, Austria has it all. A parliamentary representative democracy comprising of nine federal states, Austria is ruled by the Federal President who is also the head of the state. Since the early times, Austria has had numerous nationals who took up leadership position and guided the country towards modernization and advancement. It is for these efficient working and talented bunch of leaders that Austria today is one of the richest countries in the world with a per capita GDP of $52,216. The country has a high standard of living and ranks at the 21st position in the human development index. Much of this has been due to its highly efficient leaders. Some of the popular Austrian leaders include Franz Jonas, Bruno Kreisky, Rudolf Kirchschläger, Kurt Waldheim, Barbara Prammer, and so on. Heinz Fischer is the incumbent President of Austria. He has constantly committed himself to the welfare state and Austrian neutrality. Know more about the life and works of famous Austrian leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette.
15
Famous As: Queen of France
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 2 Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
9
Famous As: The person whose assassination sparked the First World War
Birthdate: December 18, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: June 28, 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig, was the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. He was also the inspector general of the Austro-Hungarian army. His assassination by Young Bosnia member Gavrilo Princip triggered Austria’s conflict with Serbia, leading to World War I.
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 3 Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa.
6
Famous As: Queen regnant
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hofburg Palace
Died: November 29, 1780

The mother of 16 children, Maria Theresa was the only female monarch of the Habsburg empire which she ruled with absolute power. She was known for industrial and educational reforms which led to the development of Austria during her 40-year reign. The devout Roman Catholic, who overtly disliked Jews and the Protestants, was sometimes criticized for her religious intolerance.

 

 4 Georg von Trapp

Georg von Trapp.
4
Famous As: Naval officer
Birthdate: April 4, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zadar, Croatia
Died: May 30, 1947
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 5 Sebastian Kurz

Sebastian Kurz.
4
Famous As: Chancellor of Austria
Birthdate: August 27, 1986
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Sebastian Kurz has been the Austrian chancellor since January 2020. He held the same position from 2017 to 2019, thus also becoming the youngest chancellor of Austria, at 31. He has also chaired the Austrian People's Party since 2017 and been the foreign affairs minister from 2013 to 2017.

 6 Archduke Karl of Austria

Archduke Karl of Austria
4
Birthdate: January 11, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Starnberg

 7 Amon Goeth

Amon Goeth.
12
Famous As: World War II Nazi Officer
Birthdate: December 11, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 13, 1946

Amon Goeth was an Austrian war criminal and SS functionary. During World War II, Goeth served as the commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp operated by the SS. After the war, he was convicted of homicide and was executed by hanging. Amon Goeth was played by Ralph Fiennes in the 1993 epic historical drama film Schindler's List.

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 8 Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler.
232
Famous As: Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of Germany
Birthdate: April 20, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunau am Inn
Died: April 30, 1945

One of the most powerful leaders of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler was a German dicator whose policies started the WWII that resulted in the death of millions of people. He had a visceral hatred for Jews and during his regime nearly six million Jews were killed in Holocaust.

 9 Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi

Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 16, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: July 27, 1972

Son of an Austro-Hungarian diplomat father and a Japanese mother, Richard Nikolaus Graf Coudenhove-Kalergi, also known as Aoyama Eijiro in Japan, grew up to be a skilled politician and established the Pan-European Union. He was the first to receive the Charlemagne Prize and also had citizenships of Czechoslovakia and France.

 10 Klemens von Metternich

Klemens von Metternich.
4
Famous As: Former Chancellor of Germany
Birthdate: May 15, 1773
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: June 11, 1859
After being appointed the Austrian ambassador to France, Klemens von Metternich met Napoleon many times and apparently had a brief affair with Napoleon’s sister, Caroline, too. He duped Napoleon into thinking he supported France against Russia, and secretly made an alliance with Russia, Prussia, and Britain, to eventually overthrow Napoleon.

 11 Kurt Waldheim

Kurt Waldheim.
4
Famous As: Former President of Austria & UN Secretary General
Birthdate: December 21, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sankt Andrä-Wördern near Vienna, German Austria
Died: June 14, 2007

While he claimed he studied at the University of Vienna during World War II, documents recovered later suggested that Kurt Waldheim was in fact part of the German army in the Balkans. Waldheim later became the president of Austria and the secretary-general of the United Nations.

 12 Arthur Seyss-Inquart

Arthur Seyss-Inquart.
3
Famous As: War Criminal
Birthdate: July 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stonařov, Czechia
Died: October 16, 1946

Arthur Seyss-Inquart was an Austrian politician who was part of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. A Nazi propagandist, Seyss-Inquart was convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes at the Nuremberg trials and sentenced to death. He was executed on 16 October 1946 in Nuremberg Prison.

 13 Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1552
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: January 20, 1612

 14 Prince Eugene of Savoy

Prince Eugene of Savoy
3
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: October 18, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 21, 1736

 15 Engelbert Dollfuss

Engelbert Dollfuss
3
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: October 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Texingtal
Died: July 25, 1934

 16 Franz Jägerstätter

Franz Jägerstätter
3
Famous As: Fighter
Birthdate: May 20, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sankt Radegund, Austria
Died: August 9, 1943

 17 Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria

Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
3
Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: July 30, 1833
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 19, 1896

 18 Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: February 24, 1557
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 20, 1619

 19 Jörg Haider

Jörg Haider
3
Famous As: Politician, Businessperson
Birthdate: January 26, 1950
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bad Goisern
Died: October 11, 2008

 20 Eleonore von Habsburg

Eleonore von Habsburg
3
Famous As: Model
Birthdate: February 28, 1994
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria

 21 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 17, 1711

 22 Archduke Franz Karl of Austria

Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 7, 1802
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 8, 1878

 23 Kurt Schuschnigg

Kurt Schuschnigg
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1897
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Riva del Garda, Italy
Died: November 18, 1977

 24 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen

Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
3
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: September 5, 1771
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 30, 1847

Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, son of Emperor Leopold II, was a major force behind strengthening the Austrian army in early 19th century. He is remembered for his exploits in the French Revolutionary Wars. Though initially successful in the Napoleonic Wars, he was defeated in the Battle of Wagram.

 25 Karl Radek

Karl Radek
3
Famous As: Politician, University teacher, Journalist
Birthdate: October 31, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lviv
Died: May 19, 1939

 26 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf

Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf
3
Famous As: Austrian general
Birthdate: November 11, 1852
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Penzing (Vienna)
Died: August 25, 1925

 27 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz

Joseph Radetzky von Radetz
3
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: November 2, 1766
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: January 5, 1858

 28 Heinz-Christian Strache

Heinz-Christian Strache
3
Famous As: Politician, Dental technician
Birthdate: June 12, 1969
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna

 29 Karl Lueger

Karl Lueger
3
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: October 24, 1844
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wieden
Died: March 10, 1910

 30 Józef Antoni Poniatowski

Józef Antoni Poniatowski
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 1763 AD
Birthplace: Vienna

 31 Karl Renner

Karl Renner
2
Famous As: Politician, Librarian, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: December 14, 1870
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dolní Dunajovice
Died: December 31, 1950

 32 Odilo Globocnik

Odilo Globocnik
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trieste
Died: May 31, 1945

 33 Bruno Kreisky

Bruno Kreisky
2
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: January 22, 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: July 29, 1990

 34 Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este

Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: February 8, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: February 7, 1996

 35 Heinz Fischer

Heinz Fischer
3
Famous As: Politician, Jurist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 9, 1938
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Graz

 36 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg

Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg
2
Famous As: Field Marshal
Birthdate: April 18, 1771
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 15, 1820

 37 Werner Faymann

Werner Faymann
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 4, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna

 38 Franz Josef Popp

Franz Josef Popp
2
Famous As: Engineer, Manager, Entrepreneur
Birthdate: January 14, 1886
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: July 29, 1954

 39 Pamela Rendi-Wagner

Pamela Rendi-Wagner
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 7, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

 40 Archduke Joseph August of Austria

Archduke Joseph August of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: August 9, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Alcsútdoboz, Hungary
Died: July 6, 1962

 41 Wilhelm Miklas

Wilhelm Miklas
2
Famous As: President of Austria
Birthdate: October 15, 1872
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Krems, Austria
Died: March 20, 1956

 42 Archduke John of Austria

Archduke John of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: January 20, 1782
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: May 11, 1859

 43 Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen

Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: June 4, 1856
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Židlochovice, Czechia
Died: December 30, 1936

 44 Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria

Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: December 8, 1756
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: July 26, 1801

 45 Archduke Felix of Austria

Archduke Felix of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: May 31, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 6, 2011

 46 Georg, Ritter von Schönerer

Georg, Ritter von Schönerer
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 17, 1842
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 14, 1921

 47 Arnold Deutsch

Arnold Deutsch
2
Famous As: chemist
Birthdate: 1904 AD
Died: November 7, 1942

 48 Archduke Hubert Salvator of Austria

Archduke Hubert Salvator of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: April 30, 1894
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wels, Austria
Died: March 24, 1971

 49 István Széchenyi

István Széchenyi
2
Famous As: Political reformer
Birthdate: September 21, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 8, 1860

Remembered as "the Greatest Hungarian,” István Széchenyi was a reformer and author who had initially fought against Napoleon I. He had served as the minister of public works and transport and improved his country’s waterways and roadways. Charged with sedition against Austria’s reign over Hungary, he later committed suicide.

 50 Archduke Wilhelm of Austria

Archduke Wilhelm of Austria
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 10, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lošinj, Croatia
Died: August 18, 1948

Archduke Wilhelm of Austria, or Vasyl Vyshyvani, the son of Archduke Karl Stephan, had been a Ukrainian army colonel. He had also served as a spy for the French and the British, against the Nazis and the Soviets. It is believed he was homosexual and a fine poet, too.