Famous Austrian Physicians

If you thought that Austria has only given the world musical marvels like Haydn, Schubert, Mozart, Liszt, and J. Strauss, know that this European country has been home to some equally extraordinary, phenomenal, and world-class physicians too, whose perseverance, healing touch, innovation and compassion radicalized the world of medicine like nothing else. They are pioneers, teachers, researchers, healers, and inventors whose contributions to health and medicine are not only gargantuan, but hugely inspiring too. Where would the world be today without their path-breaking contribution to health science? Medicine and the world in general, would be forever be indebted to the sheer medical ingeniousness and accomplishments of top-notch Austrian physicians like Sigmund Freud, Wilhelm Beiglböck, Karl Stoerk, Hugo Jury, and Friedrich Kraus, who rewrote the course of medical history. Had it not been for their sheer passion and conviction, medical science would not be what it is today? Let us explore the timelines, life stories and interesting trivia & facts related to the lives of these famous Austrian physicians in the biographies below who worked their way to the top and are fondly remembered as medical wonders of their time.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Viktor Frankl

Viktor Frankl
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

 2 Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler
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Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus
Died: May 28, 1937

Alfred Adler was an Austrian psychotherapist and medical doctor. He is credited with founding the school of individual psychology. He was also one of the founders of the psychoanalytic movement along with Sigmund Freud and Freud's colleagues. In 2002, a survey conducted by Review of General Psychology named Adler among the 20th century's most eminent psychologists.

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 3 Hans Selye

Hans Selye
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Famous As: Endocrinologist
Birthdate: January 26, 1907
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1982

 4 Ignaz Semmelweis

Ignaz Semmelweis
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 1, 1818
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buda
Died: August 13, 1865

Almost 2 decades before germ theory was laid down, Ignaz Semmelweis became the first physician to suggest that hand-washing could prevent the spread of puerperal fever and related deaths. Ironically, after being ridiculed for his theory, he died in a mental asylum, due to an infection from a wound.

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 5 Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich
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Famous As: Psychoanalyst
Birthdate: March 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Austria-Hungary
Died: November 3, 1957

Wilhelm Reich was an Austrian psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine. He is credited with shaping innovations like body psychotherapy, primal therapy, and Gestalt therapy. Also a writer, Reich's books like The Sexual Revolution and The Mass Psychology of Fascism influenced generations of intellectuals. Also a controversial figure, some of Wilhelm Reich's practices caused a disturbance in the psychoanalytic community.

 6 Hans Asperger

Hans Asperger
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Famous As: Paediatrician
Birthdate: February 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 21, 1980
Hans Asperger, who lent his name to Asperger’s syndrome, is remembered as a pioneer in autism research and was earlier believed to have saved children with disabilities from being killed by the Nazis. However, later evidence suggested he had sent two mentally disabled children for experiments under the Third Reich.

 7 Eduard Bloch

Eduard Bloch
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 30, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hluboká nad Vltavou
Died: June 1, 1945
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 8 Richard von Krafft-Ebing

Richard von Krafft-Ebing
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 14, 1840
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: December 22, 1902

 9 Josef Breuer

Josef Breuer
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Famous As: Physician, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: January 15, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 20, 1925

 10 Pamela Rendi-Wagner

Pamela Rendi-Wagner
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 7, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

 11 Otto Gross

Otto Gross
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Famous As: Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, Physician
Birthdate: March 17, 1877
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gniebing-Weißenbach
Died: February 13, 1920

 12 Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Julius Wagner-Jauregg
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Famous As: Physician, Politician, Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Professor
Birthdate: March 7, 1857
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wels
Died: September 27, 1940

 13 Theodor Billroth

Theodor Billroth
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: April 26, 1829
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
Died: February 6, 1894

Born to a pastor father in Prussia, Theodor Billroth was pushed to study medicine by his mother. Initially undecided over his career, he devoted most of his first university year to music. Later, he gained fame as a pioneer of abdominal surgery and also examined how bacteria causes wound fever.

 14 Rudolf Dreikurs

Rudolf Dreikurs
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: February 8, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 25, 1972

 15 Peter Safar

Peter Safar
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Famous As: Anesthesiologist
Birthdate: April 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 2, 2003

 16 Georg Joachim Rheticus

Georg Joachim Rheticus
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 16, 1514
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Feldkirch, Austria
Died: December 4, 1574

 17 Clemens von Pirquet

Clemens von Pirquet
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: May 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 28, 1929

 18 Róbert Bárány

Róbert Bárány
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Famous As: Otologist
Birthdate: April 22, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 8, 1936

 19 Karl Koller

Karl Koller
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Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: December 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died: March 21, 1944

 20 Bénédict Morel

Bénédict Morel
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: November 22, 1809
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 30, 1873

 21 Leopold Auenbrugger

Leopold Auenbrugger
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: May 17, 1809

 22 Fred Nadel

Fred Nadel
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: April 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 14, 1956

 23 Gunther Philipp

Gunther Philipp
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: June 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Maroshévíz , Austria-Hungary
Died: October 2, 2003

 24 Anton Eiselsberg

Anton Eiselsberg
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 31, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Steinhaus, Austria
Died: October 25, 1939

 25 Karl Schönherr

Karl Schönherr
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 24, 1867
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Axams, Austria
Died: March 15, 1943