Famous Austrian Physicians

Vote for Your Favourite Austrian Physicians

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

 1 
Sigmund Freud
(Neurologist & the Founder of Psychoanalysis)
Sigmund Freud
10
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Příbor, Czechia
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

 2 
Viktor Frankl
(Psychiatrist)
Viktor Frankl
7
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

 3 
Hans Asperger
(Paediatrician)
Hans Asperger
7
Birthdate: February 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 21, 1980
Hans Asperger, who lent his name to Asperger’s syndrome, is remembered as a pioneer in autism research and was earlier believed to have saved children with disabilities from being killed by the Nazis. However, later evidence suggested he had sent two mentally disabled children for experiments under the Third Reich.
Recommended Lists:
 4 
Eduard Bloch
(Physician)
Eduard Bloch
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hluboká nad Vltavou
Died: June 1, 1945

Jewish doctor Eduard Bloch began his career as a physician for the Austrian Army. He had later treated a young Adolf Hitler and his cancer-stricken mother, charging very little fees owing to their poor financial condition. This act that made Hitler grant Bloch special protection during the Nazi attack on Austria.

Recommended Lists:
 5 
Josef Breuer
(Austrian Physician)
Josef Breuer
3
Birthdate: January 15, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 20, 1925

Psychoanalyst and physician Josef Breuer inspired what later came to be known as Sigmund Freud’s cathartic method to treat mental ailments. His experiments with his patient Anna O. proved the therapeutic effect of the talking cure. He had also conducted research on the respiratory cycle and discovered the Hering-Breuer reflex.

 6 
Otto F. Kernberg
(Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist)
Otto F. Kernberg
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna

After fleeing to Chile with his family during the Nazi regime, Otto F. Kernberg studied medicine and then psychiatry. He eventually moved to the U.S. on a Rockefeller fellowship and grew up to be one of the finest psychoanalysts of the country. He now teaches at the Weill Cornell Medicine.

 7 
Otto Gross
(Austrian Psychoanalyst)
Otto Gross
3
Birthdate: March 17, 1877
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gniebing-Weißenbach, Austria
Died: February 13, 1920

Born to renowned criminologist Hans Gross, Otto Gross initially worked with his father but later deviated to depth psychology. It is believed, he was a liberal drug user and an advocate of polyamory. He apparently allowed his wife to have sexual relationships with other men, often participating as an observer.

 8 
Julius Wagner-Jauregg
(Physician, Politician, Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Professor)
Julius Wagner-Jauregg
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1857
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wels
Died: September 27, 1940

Nobel Prize-winning Austrian psychiatrist Julius Wagner-Jauregg is best known for revolutionizing medical science by partially treating general paresis through artificial induction of malaria. He paved the path for shock therapy and fever therapy to treat mental ailments. He also studied thyroid and ovarian issues. He later became a Nazi sympathizer.

 9 
Jacob L. Moreno
(Psychiatrist)
Jacob L. Moreno
2
Birthdate: May 18, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bucharest
Died: May 14, 1974

Romanian-American psychiatrist Jacob L. Moreno is best remembered for introducing the concept of psychodrama, consisting of role-play exercises and dramatizations by patients, as a therapeutic method to cure mental ailments. He also pioneered group psychotherapy, introduced the study of social networks, and coined the terms sociometry and sociatry.

 10 
Pamela Rendi-Wagner
(Politician)
Pamela Rendi-Wagner
3
Birthdate: May 7, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

The daughter of prominent social psychologist Wolfgang Wagner, Pamela Rendi-Wagner is a renowned physician who specializes in tropical medicine and infectious diseases. She created history as the first women to chair the Social Democratic Party. She has also led the public health department of the Austrian government.

 11 
Theodor Billroth
2
Birthdate: April 26, 1829
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
Died: February 6, 1894

Born to a pastor father in Prussia, Theodor Billroth was pushed to study medicine by his mother. Initially undecided over his career, he devoted most of his first university year to music. Later, he gained fame as a pioneer of abdominal surgery and also examined how bacteria causes wound fever.

 12 
Peter Safar
(Anesthesiologist)
Peter Safar
2
Birthdate: April 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 2, 2003
 13 
Constantin von Economo
(Former psychiatrist, neurologist known for his discovery of encephalitis lethargica and his atlas of cytoarchitectonics of the cerebral cortex)
Constantin von Economo
0
Birthdate: August 21, 1876
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brăila, Romania
Died: October 21, 1931
 14 
Clemens von Pirquet
(Scientist)
Clemens von Pirquet
1
Birthdate: May 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 28, 1929
 15 
Karl Koller
(Ophthalmologist)
Karl Koller
3
Birthdate: December 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died: March 21, 1944
 16 
Leopold Auenbrugger
(Physician)
Leopold Auenbrugger
1
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: May 17, 1809
 17 
Róbert Bárány
(Otologist)
Róbert Bárány
1
Birthdate: April 22, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 8, 1936
 18 
Max Schur
(Physician and friend of Sigmund Freud)
Max Schur
0
Birthdate: September 26, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
Died: October 12, 1969
 19 
Gunther Philipp
(Austrian Actor Who was Known for His Portrayal Of Comic Roles)
Gunther Philipp
1
Birthdate: June 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Maroshévíz , Austria-Hungary
Died: October 2, 2003

Gunther Philipp was an Austrian actor, scriptwriter, swimmer, and physician.  Best remembered for his portrayal of comic roles, Philipp appeared in 147 films between 1949 and 2002. He also wrote scripts for 21 films over the course of his career. Also a competitive swimmer, Gunther Philipp held the Austrian record for 14 years in the 100-meter breaststroke.

 20 
Fred Nadel
(Anthropologist)
Fred Nadel
1
Birthdate: April 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 14, 1956
Austrian-born British anthropologist Fred Nadel specialising in African ethnology. Before turning to anthropology, Nadel toured with his own opera company and wrote a biography of the Italian composer Ferruccio Benvenuto Busoni. He served as a lecturer at the London School of Economics and then in 1948 became the head of the anthropology department at the University of Durham.
 21 
Anton Eiselsberg
(Surgeon)
Anton Eiselsberg
0
Birthdate: July 31, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Steinhaus, Austria
Died: October 25, 1939