Famous Austrian Historical Personalities

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 1 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette
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Famous As: Queen of France
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian, French
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 2 Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Empress Elisabeth of Austria
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Famous As: Empress of Austria
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, German
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

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 3 Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa
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Famous As: Queen regnant
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 29, 1780

The mother of 16 children, Maria Theresa was the only female monarch of the Habsburg empire which she ruled with absolute power. She was known for industrial and educational reforms which led to the development of Austria during her 40-year reign. The devout Roman Catholic, who overtly disliked Jews and the Protestants, was sometimes criticized for her religious intolerance.

 

 4 Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I of Mexico
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Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: June 19, 1867
Austrian archduke Maximilian I ruled as the only emperor of the Second Mexican Empire, from 1864 to 1867. He had also been the commander-in-chief of the Imperial Austrian Navy. However, after the French withdrew their support, he was executed by Mexico’s Republican forces, led by Benito Juárez.

 5 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: March 22, 1459
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 12, 1519

Maximilian I  was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death in 1519. The son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal, he ruled jointly with his father for the last years of the latter’s reign. During his reign, he expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg and established the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. 

 6 Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria

Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria
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Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: August 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 30, 1889

 7 Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
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Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

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 8 Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: May 5, 1747
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, Hungarian
Died: March 1, 1792

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as king of Archduke of Austria, emperor of the Romans, and king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 until his death in 1792. From 1765 to 1790, he served as Grand Duke of Tuscany, during which he abolished capital punishment in Tuscany, making it the first nation to abolish capital punishment in modern history.

 9 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: October 1, 1685
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 20, 1740

Much before his daughter Maria Theresa’s birth, Emperor Charles VI’s Pragmatic Sanction enabled his future daughter to succeed him, due to the lack of male heirs. Though he was always busy fighting, he apparently did it all to bring about peace. He had also unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Spain.

 10 Ferdinand I of Austria

Ferdinand I of Austria
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 19, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian, Hungarian
Died: June 29, 1875

Ferdinand I of Austria reigned as the Austrian emperor from 1835 until his retirement in 1848. As the emperor of Austria, Ferdinand also ruled as the king of Croatia, Hungary, and Bohemia. He also served as the king of Lombardy–Venetia and held several other lesser titles, which any emperor of Austria is entitled to hold.

 11 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: July 9, 1578
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: February 15, 1637

Ferdinand II was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1619 to1637. He was a member of the House of Habsburg and the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria. A zealous Catholic, he wanted to restore the Catholic Church as the only religion in the empire, a move that earned him the ire of Protestant groups. 

 12 Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1552
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 20, 1612

 13 Otto of Greece

Otto of Greece
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: June 1, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian, Greek
Died: July 26, 1867

Otto of Greece was a Bavarian prince who reigned as the king of Greece from 1832 to 1862. He was largely unpopular throughout his reign as he failed to resolve Greece's poverty. He was deposed in 1862 and died in exile in 1867.

 14 Brunhilda of Austrasia

Brunhilda of Austrasia
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 0543 AD
Nationality: Austrian, Spanish
Died: 0613 AD

 15 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian, Hungarian, Italian
Died: April 17, 1711

 16 Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
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Birthdate: February 24, 1557
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Austrian
Died: March 20, 1619

 17 Maria Carolina of Austria

Maria Carolina of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 8, 1814

 18 Archduke Franz Karl of Austria

Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
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Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: December 17, 1802
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: March 8, 1878

 19 María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, Spanish
Died: February 6, 1929

 20 Ladislaus the Posthumous

Ladislaus the Posthumous
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Birthdate: February 22, 1440
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 23, 1457

 21 Charles II, Archduke of Austria

Charles II, Archduke of Austria
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Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: June 3, 1540
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian
Died: July 10, 1590

 22 Archduke Otto of Austria

Archduke Otto of Austria
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Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: April 21, 1865
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 1, 1906

 23 Margarita of Austria

Margarita of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 25, 1584
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, Spanish, Portuguese
Died: October 3, 1611

 24 Alexander, Prince of Bulgaria

Alexander, Prince of Bulgaria
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Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: April 5, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 23, 1893

 25 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria

Albert VII, Archduke of Austria
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Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: November 13, 1559
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: July 13, 1621

 26 Childebert II

Childebert II
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 6, 0570
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: February 29, 0595

 27 Frederick the Fair

Frederick the Fair
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 1, 1289
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, German
Died: January 13, 1330

 28 Ferdinand IV of Hungary

Ferdinand IV of Hungary
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 8, 1633
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: July 9, 1654

 29 Henry II, Duke of Austria

Henry II, Duke of Austria
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Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: 1112 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 13, 1177

 30 Wacho

Wacho
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Died: 0539 AD

 31 Franz Joseph I of Austria

Franz Joseph I of Austria
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Famous As: Emperor of Austria
Birthdate: August 18, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 21, 1916

Franz Joseph I of Austria reigned as the Emperor of Austria from 1848 until his death in 1916. He also served as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia and monarch of other states of Austria-Hungary. During his reign, Austria-Hungary decided to wage war against the Kingdom of Serbia, which eventually resulted in the First World War.

 32 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
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Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: June 6, 1772
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian
Died: April 13, 1807

 33 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France

Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 5, 1554
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 22, 1592

 34 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria

Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: February 8, 1792
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: February 9, 1873

 35 Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress

Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 22, 1701
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 11, 1756

 36 Maria Anna of Austria

Maria Anna of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: September 7, 1683
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: August 14, 1754

 37 Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este

Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 1, 1754
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 24, 1806

 38 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este

Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 14, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: April 7, 1816

 39 Cymburgis of Masovia

Cymburgis of Masovia
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Famous As: Duchess
Birthdate: 1394 AD
Nationality: Austrian, Polish
Died: September 28, 1429

 40 Maria Leopoldine of Austria

Maria Leopoldine of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: April 6, 1632
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: August 7, 1649

 41 Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia

Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1204 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 29, 1266

 42 Elizabeth of Austria

Elizabeth of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 9, 1526
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian
Died: June 15, 1545

 43 Anna of Tyrol

Anna of Tyrol
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 4, 1585
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Austrian
Died: December 14, 1618

 44 Elizabeth of Austria

Elizabeth of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1436 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Died: August 30, 1505