Famous Austrian Historical Personalities

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 1 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette
27
Famous As: Queen of France (1774-1792)
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 2 Franz Joseph I of Austria

Franz Joseph I of Austria
8
Famous As: Emperor of Austria
Birthdate: August 18, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna
Died: November 21, 1916

Franz Joseph I of Austria reigned as the Emperor of Austria from 1848 until his death in 1916. He also served as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia and monarch of other states of Austria-Hungary. During his reign, Austria-Hungary decided to wage war against the Kingdom of Serbia, which eventually resulted in the First World War.

 3 Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Empress Elisabeth of Austria
4
Famous As: Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

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 4 Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I of Mexico
7
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 19, 1867
Austrian archduke Maximilian I ruled as the only emperor of the Second Mexican Empire, from 1864 to 1867. He had also been the commander-in-chief of the Imperial Austrian Navy. However, after the French withdrew their support, he was executed by Mexico’s Republican forces, led by Benito Juárez.

 5 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: March 22, 1459
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt
Died: January 12, 1519

Maximilian I  was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death in 1519. The son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal, he ruled jointly with his father for the last years of the latter’s reign. During his reign, he expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg and established the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. 

 6 Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria

Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria
4
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: August 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Laxenburg
Died: January 30, 1889

Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria was heir apparent to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The only son of Elisabeth in Bavaria and Emperor Franz Joseph I, Rudolf died at the age of 30 at the Mayerling hunting lodge in an assumed suicide pact with his lover Mary Vetsera. The incident has inspired several works of art, such as cinema.

 7 Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: May 5, 1747
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 1, 1792

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as king of Archduke of Austria, emperor of the Romans, and king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 until his death in 1792. From 1765 to 1790, he served as Grand Duke of Tuscany, during which he abolished capital punishment in Tuscany, making it the first nation to abolish capital punishment in modern history.

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 8 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: October 1, 1685
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 20, 1740

Much before his daughter Maria Theresa’s birth, Emperor Charles VI’s Pragmatic Sanction enabled his future daughter to succeed him, due to the lack of male heirs. Though he was always busy fighting, he apparently did it all to bring about peace. He had also unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Spain.

 9 Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
4
Famous As: Empress Consort of the French
Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

 10 Ferdinand I of Austria

Ferdinand I of Austria
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 19, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 29, 1875

Ferdinand I of Austria reigned as the Austrian emperor from 1835 until his retirement in 1848. As the emperor of Austria, Ferdinand also ruled as the king of Croatia, Hungary, and Bohemia. He also served as the king of Lombardy–Venetia and held several other lesser titles, which any emperor of Austria is entitled to hold.

 11 Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1552
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: January 20, 1612

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the King of the Romans and as the King in Germany between 1576 and 1612. Best remembered as an intellectual aficionado of occult arts, Rudolf is often seen as the founding father of the Scientific Revolution. He devoted his time to astrology and alchemy in an attempt to find the Philosopher's Stone.

 12 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: July 9, 1578
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: February 15, 1637

Ferdinand II was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1619 to1637. He was a member of the House of Habsburg and the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria. A zealous Catholic, he wanted to restore the Catholic Church as the only religion in the empire, a move that earned him the ire of Protestant groups. 

 13 Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: February 24, 1557
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 20, 1619

Apart from serving as the Holy Roman Emperor, Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor also served as the Archduke of Austria, King of Croatia and Hungary, and King of Bohemia between 1612 and 1619. His reign resulted in the Bohemian Revolt, which was the initial theatre of the famous Thirty Years War.

 14 Maria Carolina of Austria

Maria Carolina of Austria
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 8, 1814

Maria Carolina of Austria, the wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, was also the de facto queen of Naples and Sicily. It is believed, she came under the influence of French-born English Sir John Acton and imposed many pro-British and anti-French reforms. She revoked the ban on Freemasonry and enlarged the navy, too.

 15 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 17, 1711

Emperor Leopold I’s eldest son, Joseph I became the king of Hungary at the tender age of 9 and the king of Romans at 11. Though he strengthened Austria’s financial situation, bringing the Viennese city bank under the state, he failed to retain the Spanish crown for the Habsburg Monarchy.

 16 María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moravia, Austria
Died: February 6, 1929

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena is better known as the Spanish king Alfonso XII’s queen consort, who acted as the queen regent after her husband’s death and before her son came of age to rule on his own. Her regency was the longest in the history of Spanish royalty.

 17 Princess Stéphanie of Belgium

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
3
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: May 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: August 23, 1945

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium became the Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia after her marriage to Crown Prince Rudolf, the son of Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. Following the death of her husband and his mistress in a suicide-murder pact, she married a Hungarian nobleman.

 18 Brunhilda of Austrasia

Brunhilda of Austrasia
5
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 0543 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: 0613 AD

Brunhilda was queen of Austrasia, which was part of Francia. The daughter of Visigothic king Athanagild, she was also one of the most powerful fighters of Merovingian age. Her conflict with Fredegund, the queen consort of Chilperic I, ended in her death by being torn apart by four horses.

 19 Maria Leopoldina of Austria

Maria Leopoldina of Austria
2
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: January 22, 1797
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 11, 1826

Born the Archduchess of Austria, Maria Leopoldina was a great painter and also grew up studying subjects such as botany and mineralogy. By virtue of her marriage to Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal, she became the queen of Portugal and the empress of Brazil.

 20 Ladislaus the Posthumous

Ladislaus the Posthumous
2
Birthdate: February 22, 1440
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Komárno
Died: November 23, 1457

 21 Ferdinand II of Portugal

Ferdinand II of Portugal
2
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: October 29, 1816
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: December 15, 1885

 22 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
2
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: June 6, 1772
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Naples, Naples, Italy
Died: April 13, 1807

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily lost 8 of her 16 siblings to smallpox in infancy. The eldest child of King Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily, Maria was also the niece of the infamous French queen Marie Antoinette. A patron of Viennese music, she loved masquerades and balls.

 23 Charles II, Archduke of Austria

Charles II, Archduke of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: June 3, 1540
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: July 10, 1590

 24 Archduke Otto of Austria

Archduke Otto of Austria
2
Famous As: Archduke of Austria
Birthdate: April 21, 1865
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Graz
Died: November 1, 1906

 25 Margarita of Austria

Margarita of Austria
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 25, 1584
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Graz
Died: October 3, 1611

The daughter of Austria’s Archduke Charles II and Mary Anna of Bavaria, Margaret of Austria Queen of Spain, later became the queen of Spain and Portugal by virtue of her marriage to King Philip III of Spain, who was also Philip II of Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia.

 26 Alexander, Prince of Bulgaria

Alexander, Prince of Bulgaria
2
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: April 5, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Verona
Died: October 23, 1893

 27 Maria Josepha of Austria

Maria Josepha of Austria
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 8, 1699
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 17, 1757

The daughter of Emperor Joseph I of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy, Maria Josepha of Austria got married to the son of Augustus the Strong, Frederick Augustus II, in a Turkish-style wedding. Augustus II even converted to Catholicism for the marriage, as Maria wasn’t supposed to marry a Catholic.

 28 Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress

Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 22, 1701
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 11, 1756

Holy Roman Empress Maria Amalia was the queen of the Germans and Bohemia. The wife of Emperor Charles VII, Maria established the first modern hospital of Munich, run by the nuns of Elisabetinerinnen. She also advised her son, Maximilian III Joseph, to make peace with Maria Theresa, her cousin.

 29 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France

Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 5, 1554
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 22, 1592

Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France, is considered by many as the most attractive member of the Habsburg dynasty. The second daughter of Maria of Spain and Maximilian II of the Holy Roman Empire, she became the queen consort of France by virtue of her marriage to King Charles IX.

 30 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria

Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
1
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: February 8, 1792
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: February 9, 1873

The daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph, Caroline Augusta became the Empress of Austria by virtue of her marriage to Emperor Francis I of Austria. She had lifelong scars on her face due to a bout of smallpox at age 2. Due to lack of consummation, her first marriage was eventually dissolved.

 31 Leopold V, Duke of Austria

Leopold V, Duke of Austria
0
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: 1157 AD
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 31, 1194

 32 Maria Anna of Austria

Maria Anna of Austria
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: September 7, 1683
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Linz, Austria
Died: August 14, 1754

The daughter of Leopold I of the Holy Roman Empire, Maria Anna of Austria had also been the queen consort of Portugal by virtue of her marriage to King John V. Following her husband’s stroke and partial paralysis, she also served as a regent. Following her death, her heart was buried in Vienna.

 33 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria

Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
1
Famous As: Archduchess of Austria
Birthdate: January 17, 1831
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: February 14, 1903

Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria was the eldest daughter of Franz Salvator and Marie Valerie of Austria. She married Georg von Waldburg, a person with no royal lineage and one who had been a tutor to her brothers. She was also a talented painter but died of pneumonia at age 38.

 34 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria

Albert VII, Archduke of Austria
1
Famous As: Archduke
Birthdate: November 13, 1559
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: July 13, 1621

 35 Maria Theresa of Austria

Maria Theresa of Austria
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 31, 1816
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 8, 1867

Maria Theresa of Austria was the Queen of the Two Sicilies by virtue of her marriage to King Ferdinand II. The daughter of Archduke Charles and Princess Henrietta, she wasn’t liked by the Sicilian court and spent most of her time inside her room with her children, absorbed in needlework.

 36 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este

Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 14, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Monza, Italy
Died: April 7, 1816

The third of the four wives of Austrian emperor Franz I, Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este was also the youngest child of Archduke Ferdinand. She received an elite education under strict supervision of her grandmother, Maria Theresa. Though Goethe admired her a lot, he had sworn to never make his admiration public.

 37 Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este

Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 1, 1754
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: December 24, 1806

 38 Childebert II

Childebert II
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 6, 0570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Austrasia
Died: February 29, 0595

 39 Frederick the Fair

Frederick the Fair
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 1, 1289
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 13, 1330

 40 Anna of Tyrol

Anna of Tyrol
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 4, 1585
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Innsbruck, Austria
Died: December 14, 1618

Known as the Working Empress, Anna of Tyrol was a Holy Roman Princess and the queen consort of Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia, by virtue of her marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Matthias. Her contributions include the formation of the Imperial Crypt and the transfer of the Imperial court from Prague to Vienna.

 41 Elizabeth of Austria

Elizabeth of Austria
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1436 AD
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 30, 1505

Elizabeth of Austria was the Queen consort of Poland through her marriage to King Casimir IV of Poland. Elizabeth's marriage to Casimir proved to be one of Poland's most successful royal marriages. Four of Elizabeth's sons went on to be crowned as kings. As Queen Mother, Elizabeth played an important role in securing the Polish throne to John I Albert.

 42 Cymburgis of Masovia

Cymburgis of Masovia
1
Famous As: Duchess
Birthdate: 1394 AD
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: September 28, 1429

Part of the Piast dynasty, Cymburgis of Masovia was a Polish princess who became the duchess of Austria by virtue of her marriage to Ernest the Iron of the Habsburg dynasty. Though the marriage was initially not approved by the Habsburg House, it was a happy one.

 43 Ferdinand IV of Hungary

Ferdinand IV of Hungary
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 8, 1633
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: July 9, 1654

 44 Maria Leopoldine of Austria

Maria Leopoldine of Austria
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: April 6, 1632
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Innsbruck, Austria
Died: August 7, 1649

Maria Leopoldine of Austria was born Archduchess of Austria and belonged to the House of Habsburg. Through her marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, Maria Leopoldine became the Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Queen consort of Bohemia as well as Hungary, and German Queen. Maria Leopoldine died in childbirth when she was just 17 years old.

 45 Elizabeth of Austria

Elizabeth of Austria
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 9, 1526
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Linz, Austria
Died: June 15, 1545

Elizabeth of Austria was the Queen consort of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania through her marriage to the King of Poland, Sigismund II Augustus. Plagued by ill health and Sigismund Augustus' extramarital affairs, Elizabeth's marriage was unhappy and brief. Elizabeth suffered from epileptic seizures throughout her life and died at the age of 18.

 46 Henry II, Duke of Austria

Henry II, Duke of Austria
1
Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: 1112 AD
Birthplace: -
Died: January 13, 1177

 47 Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg

Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
0
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: October 30, 1797
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bayreuth, Germany
Died: December 29, 1829

Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg was the Duchess of Teschen from 1822 to 1829 through her marriage to Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen. The marriage, which was considered a happy one, produced seven children. Henrietta is credited with popularizing the Christmas tree in Vienna. She died at the age of 32 after contracting scarlet fever. 

 48 Wacho

Wacho
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0539 AD

 49 Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia

Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia
0
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1204 AD
Birthplace: Austria
Died: October 29, 1266

Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia was one of the most important members of the House of Babenberg. She served as the Queen consort of Germany through her marriage to King Henry VII from 1225 to 1235. From 1253 to 1260, she served as the Queen of Bohemia through her second marriage to King Ottokar II.

 50 Archduchess Adelheid of Austria

Archduchess Adelheid of Austria
0
Famous As: Member of the Austrian imperial family, the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Birthdate: January 3, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Meidling, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died: October 2, 1971