Find out more about the greatest 20th Century French Scientists, including Alexander Grothendieck, Cédric Villani, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Serge Haroche and Jean-Pierre Serre.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie
19 March 1900
Physicist

René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923
Philosopher

Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendieck
28 March 1928
Mathematician

Andre WeilAndre Weil
06 May 1906
Mathematician

Jacques MonodJacques Monod
09 February 1910
Biologist
François JacobFrançois Jacob
17 June 1920
Biologist

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji
01 April 1933
Physicist

Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes
24 October 1932
Physicist
Georges Charpak Georges Charpak
01 August 1924
Physicist

Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn
30 September 1939
Chemist
Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel
22 November 1904
Physicist

Roger GuilleminRoger Guillemin
11 January 1924
Physiologist

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler
03 May 1902
Physicist

Jean DaussetJean Dausset
19 October 1916
Immunologist

André Michel LwoffAndré Lwoff
08 May 1902
Microbiologist
Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,

Pierre JoliotPierre Joliot
12 March 1932
Biologist, Biochemist, Professor

Luc MontagnierLuc Montagnier
18 August 1932
Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher,

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani
05 October 1973
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher
Matthieu RicardMatthieu Ricard
15 February 1946
Molecular biologist, Photographer, Bhikkhu,

Paul LévyPaul Lévy
15 September 1886
Mathematician
Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre
15 September 1926
Mathematician, Topologist, Professor

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974
Free-diver, Marine biologist

Jérôme LejeuneJérôme Lejeune
13 June 1926
Pediatrician
Gaston JuliaGaston Julia
03 February 1893
Mathematician

Fred VargasFred Vargas
07 June 1957
Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian
Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau
21 February 1903
Poet, Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter,

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue
28 June 1875
Mathematician

Philippe KahnPhilippe Kahn
16 March 1952
Entrepreneur, Computer scientist
Conrad SchlumbergerConrad Schlumberger
02 October 1878
Geophysicist

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Serge LangSerge Lang
19 May 1927
Mathematician
Élie CartanÉlie Cartan
09 April 1869
Mathematician

Alain AspectAlain Aspect
15 June 1947
Physicist

David Servan-SchreiberDavid Servan-Schreiber
21 April 1961
Neuroscientist and psychiatrist

Jacques HadamardJacques Hadamard
08 December 1865
Mathematician
Laurent SchwartzLaurent Schwartz
05 March 1915
Mathematician, University teacher, Entomologist
Henri Louis Le ChatelierHenri Louis Le Chatelier
08 October 1850
Chemist

Serge HarocheSerge Haroche
11 September 1944
Physicist, University teacher

Jean-Henri FabreJean-Henri Fabre
21 December 1823
Entomologist

Mikhail Leonidovich GromovMikhail Leonidovich Gromov
23 December 1943
Mathematician, University teacher
Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich
25 August 1964
Mathematician, Topologist

Jacques TitsJacques Tits
12 August 1930
Mathematician, University teacher, Professor

Alain ConnesAlain Connes
01 April 1947
Mathematician, Professor

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
09 June 1861
Historian

Henri CartanHenri Cartan
08 July 1904
Mathematician
Pierre-Louis LionsPierre-Louis Lions
11 August 1956
Mathematician

Sergei WinogradskySergei Winogradsky
01 September 1856
Microbiologist
Pierre Paul Emile RouxPierre Paul Emile Roux
17 December 1853
Physician

René ThomRené Thom
02 September 1923
Mathematician

Albert CalmetteAlbert Calmette
12 July 1863
Physician
Pierre BézierPierre Bézier
01 September 1910
Engineer, Mathematician, Computer scientist

Paul PainlevéPaul Painlevé
05 December 1863
Mathematician
Jacques BenvenisteJacques Benveniste
12 March 1935
Physician, Immunologist

Jean DieudonnéJean Dieudonné
01 July 1906
Mathematician

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette
25 June 1957
Physicist, Economist

Albert FertAlbert Fert
07 March 1938
Physicist, University teacher

Camille GuérinCamille Guérin
22 December 1872
Veterinarian
Henri BreuilHenri Breuil
28 February 1877
Archaeologist

Peter GrünbergPeter Grünberg
18 May 1939
Physicist, University teacher

Wendelin WernerWendelin Werner
23 September 1968
Mathematician

Jules A. HoffmannJules A. Hoffmann
02 August 1941
Biologist
Laurent LafforgueLaurent Lafforgue
06 November 1966
Mathematician

François-Marie RaoultFrançois-Marie Raoult
10 May 1830
Chemist
Henri LaboritHenri Laborit
21 November 1914
Surgeon

René DubosRené Dubos
20 February 1901
Microbiologist

Jean-Christophe YoccozJean-Christophe Yoccoz
29 May 1957
Mathematician
Joseph SifakisJoseph Sifakis
26 December 1946
Computer scientist

Jean-Pierre SauvageJean-Pierre Sauvage
21 October 1944
Chemist
Émile PicardÉmile Picard
24 July 1856
Mathematician

Maurice René FréchetMaurice René Fréchet
02 September 1878
Mathematician

Charles MérieuxCharles Mérieux
09 January 1907
French virologist
Félix d'HérelleFélix d'Hérelle
25 April 1873
Microbiologist

Bernard d'EspagnatBernard d'Espagnat
22 August 1921
Physicist
Maurice TaiebMaurice Taieb
22 July 1935
Geologist

Joseph BertrandJoseph Bertrand
11 March 1822
Mathematician

Édouard GoursatÉdouard Goursat
21 May 1858
Mathematician

Jacques-Louis LionsJacques-Louis Lions
03 May 1928
Mathematician
Paul-Émile Lecoq de BoisbaudranPaul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
18 April 1838
Chemist
Maurice de BroglieMaurice de Broglie
27 April 1875
Physicist

Charles FabryCharles Fabry
11 June 1867
Physicist

René-Louis BaireRené-Louis Baire
21 January 1874
Mathematician

Léon Teisserenc de BortLéon Teisserenc de Bort
05 November 1855
Meteorologist
Paul HeroultPaul Heroult
10 April 1863
Scientist

Marcellin BouleMarcellin Boule
01 January 1861
Palaeontologist

Louis CouturatLouis Couturat
17 January 1868
Logician

Pierre WeissPierre Weiss
25 March 1865
Physicist

Émile MeyersonÉmile Meyerson
12 February 1859
Epistemologist
Louis-Antoine RanvierLouis-Antoine Ranvier
02 October 1835
Physician

Gérard de VaucouleursGérard de Vaucouleurs
25 April 1918
Astronomer
André BlondelAndré Blondel
28 August 1863
Engineer

Paul Marie Eugène VieillePaul Marie Eugène Vieille
02 September 1854
Chemist
Joseph Achille Le BelJoseph Achille Le Bel
21 January 1847
Chemist
Jules ViolleJules Violle
16 November 1841
Physicist