Find out more about the greatest 20th Century French Scientists, including Alexander Grothendieck, Cédric Villani, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Serge Haroche and Jean-Pierre Serre.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie
19 March 1900
Physicist

René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923
Philosopher

Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendieck
28 March 1928
Mathematician

Jacques MonodJacques Monod
09 February 1910
Biologist

François JacobFrançois Jacob
17 June 1920
Biologist
Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes
24 October 1932
Physicist

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji
01 April 1933
Physicist

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak
01 August 1924
Physicist
Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn
30 September 1939
Chemist

Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel
22 November 1904
Physicist
Roger GuilleminRoger Guillemin
11 January 1924
Physiologist

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler
03 May 1902
Physicist

Jean DaussetJean Dausset
19 October 1916
Immunologist

André Michel LwoffAndré Lwoff
08 May 1902
Microbiologist

Andre WeilAndre Weil
06 May 1906
Mathematician
Pierre JoliotPierre Joliot
12 March 1932
Biologist, Biochemist, Professor

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,

Luc MontagnierLuc Montagnier
18 August 1932
Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher,

Jacques HadamardJacques Hadamard
08 December 1865
Mathematician
Maurice René FréchetMaurice René Fréchet
02 September 1878
Mathematician

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani
05 October 1973
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher
Matthieu RicardMatthieu Ricard
15 February 1946
Molecular biologist, Photographer, Bhikkhu,

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974
Free-diver, Marine biologist

Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre
15 September 1926
Mathematician, Topologist, Professor
Alain AspectAlain Aspect
15 June 1947
Physicist

Fred VargasFred Vargas
07 June 1957
Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian
Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau
21 February 1903
Poet, Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter,

Jacques TitsJacques Tits
12 August 1930
Mathematician, University teacher, Professor

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue
28 June 1875
Mathematician
Élie CartanÉlie Cartan
09 April 1869
Mathematician

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Philippe KahnPhilippe Kahn
16 March 1952
Entrepreneur, Computer scientist
David Servan-SchreiberDavid Servan-Schreiber
21 April 1961
Neuroscientist and psychiatrist

Serge HarocheSerge Haroche
11 September 1944
Physicist, University teacher

Serge LangSerge Lang
19 May 1927
Mathematician

Mikhail Leonidovich GromovMikhail Leonidovich Gromov
23 December 1943
Mathematician, University teacher
Jean-Henri FabreJean-Henri Fabre
21 December 1823
Entomologist
Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich
25 August 1964
Mathematician, Topologist

Laurent SchwartzLaurent Schwartz
05 March 1915
Mathematician, University teacher, Entomologist

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
09 June 1861
Historian

Alain ConnesAlain Connes
01 April 1947
Mathematician, Professor
Albert CalmetteAlbert Calmette
12 July 1863
Physician

René ThomRené Thom
02 September 1923
Mathematician

Henri CartanHenri Cartan
08 July 1904
Mathematician

Sergei WinogradskySergei Winogradsky
01 September 1856
Microbiologist

Peter GrünbergPeter Grünberg
18 May 1939
Physicist, University teacher
Albert FertAlbert Fert
07 March 1938
Physicist, University teacher

Jacques BenvenisteJacques Benveniste
12 March 1935
Physician, Immunologist
Pierre-Louis LionsPierre-Louis Lions
11 August 1956
Mathematician

Paul PainlevéPaul Painlevé
05 December 1863
Mathematician

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette
25 June 1957
Physicist, Economist
Pierre BézierPierre Bézier
01 September 1910
Engineer, Mathematician, Computer scientist

Jules A. HoffmannJules A. Hoffmann
02 August 1941
Biologist
Wendelin WernerWendelin Werner
23 September 1968
Mathematician

Jean DieudonnéJean Dieudonné
01 July 1906
Mathematician

Jean-Pierre SauvageJean-Pierre Sauvage
21 October 1944
Chemist

Jérôme LejeuneJérôme Lejeune
13 June 1926
Pediatrician

Laurent LafforgueLaurent Lafforgue
06 November 1966
Mathematician
Henri BreuilHenri Breuil
28 February 1877
Archaeologist

René DubosRené Dubos
20 February 1901
Microbiologist

Henri LaboritHenri Laborit
21 November 1914
Surgeon

Joseph SifakisJoseph Sifakis
26 December 1946
Computer scientist
Jean-Christophe YoccozJean-Christophe Yoccoz
29 May 1957
Mathematician

Émile PicardÉmile Picard
24 July 1856
Mathematician
Camille GuérinCamille Guérin
22 December 1872
Veterinarian

Joseph BertrandJoseph Bertrand
11 March 1822
Mathematician

Gérard de VaucouleursGérard de Vaucouleurs
25 April 1918
Astronomer
Charles FabryCharles Fabry
11 June 1867
Physicist

Jacques-Louis LionsJacques-Louis Lions
03 May 1928
Mathematician
Émile MeyersonÉmile Meyerson
12 February 1859
Epistemologist

François-Marie RaoultFrançois-Marie Raoult
10 May 1830
Chemist

Louis CouturatLouis Couturat
17 January 1868
Logician
Édouard GoursatÉdouard Goursat
21 May 1858
Mathematician

Maurice de BroglieMaurice de Broglie
27 April 1875
Physicist
Léon Teisserenc de BortLéon Teisserenc de Bort
05 November 1855
Meteorologist

Paul-Émile Lecoq de BoisbaudranPaul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
18 April 1838
Chemist

Maurice TaiebMaurice Taieb
22 July 1935
Geologist

Pierre WeissPierre Weiss
25 March 1865
Physicist
René-Louis BaireRené-Louis Baire
21 January 1874
Mathematician
Marcellin BouleMarcellin Boule
01 January 1861
Palaeontologist

Louis-Antoine RanvierLouis-Antoine Ranvier
02 October 1835
Physician

Joseph Achille Le BelJoseph Achille Le Bel
21 January 1847
Chemist

Hubert CurienHubert Curien
30 October 1924
Physicist
André BlondelAndré Blondel
28 August 1863
Engineer

Jules ViolleJules Violle
16 November 1841
Physicist

Paul Marie Eugène VieillePaul Marie Eugène Vieille
02 September 1854
Chemist

Yves DelageYves Delage
13 May 1854
Zoologist

Louis Paul CailletetLouis Paul Cailletet
21 September 1832
Physicist
Paul LévyPaul Lévy
15 September 1886
Mathematician

Bernard LyotBernard Lyot
27 February 1897
Astronomer
Yves RocardYves Rocard
22 May 1903
Physicist

Audouin DollfusAudouin Dollfus
12 November 1924
Astronomer
Auguste Michel-LévyAuguste Michel-Lévy
07 August 1844
Geologist
Georges FriedelGeorges Friedel
19 July 1865
Crystallographer