Famous 20th Century Immunologists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Tasuku Honjo

Tasuku Honjo
6
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan

 2 Barry Marshall

Barry Marshall
6
Famous As: Australian physician
Birthdate: September 30, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Nobel Prize-winning Australian physician Barry Marshall, along with his colleague Robin Warren, proved that gastric ulcers were caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and not by spicy food and other causes as previously believed. Their research made it possible to cure such ulcers by treating the bacteria with antibiotics.

 3 Deborah Birx

Deborah Birx
6
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States

Doctor and diplomat Deborah Birx was the Trump administration’s coronavirus response co-ordinator. The renowned HIV/AIDS researcher, however, quit the virus team after reports suggested she had attended a Thanksgiving family gathering, breaching COVID-19 protocol. She later joined the air-cleaning company ActivePure, amid reports of it using banned technology.

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 4 Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski
3
Famous As: Virologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013

Hilary Koprowski was a Polish virologist and immunologist. He spent the majority of his career in USA and created an effective live polio vaccine. He also contributed significantly to the development of an improved rabies vaccine. He was the author or co-author of over 875 scientific papers. He was the recipient of many awards, including the Albert Sabin Gold Medal.

 5 Robert Gallo

Robert Gallo
4
Famous As: Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury

 6 David Baltimore

David Baltimore
3
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 7 Richard M. Krause

Richard M. Krause
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio, United States
Died: January 6, 2015
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 8 Masoumeh Ebtekar

Masoumeh Ebtekar
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Journalist, Translator
Birthdate: September 21, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tehran

 9 Anthony Fauci

Anthony Fauci
46
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, U.S.

American physician-scientist and immunologist Anthony Fauci serves as director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Chief Medical Advisor to President Joe Biden. As research scientist and chief of NIAID, Fauci contributed in the areas of HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiency diseases and received Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work on the AIDS relief program PEPFAR.

 10 Gerald Edelman

Gerald Edelman
3
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: July 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ozone Park, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 2014

 11 Susumu Tonegawa

Susumu Tonegawa
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: September 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience. 

 12 Ian Frazer

Ian Frazer
3
Famous As: Australian scientist
Birthdate: January 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Ian Frazer is an immunologist who is credited with developing the technology behind the HPV vaccine. He is also credited with founding the Translational Research Institute, which aims at transforming scientific discoveries into useful applications for practice. Over the years, Frazer has received several prestigious awards, including the Australian Biotechnology Award.     

 13 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein
2
Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

 14 Bruce Beutler

Bruce Beutler
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Immunologist Bruce Beutler is best known for his Nobel Prize-winning research on the innate immune system of the human body. The son of a scientist and physician, he was a child prodigy and graduated at age 18. He grew up to be associated with institutes such as the Scripps Research Institute.

 15 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

 16 Gustav Nossal

Gustav Nossal
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: June 4, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bad Ischl, Austria

Renowned immunologist Gustav Nossal was born in Vienna but later moved with his family to Australia to escape the Nazi reign. A University of Melbourne professor, he was later knighted for his work. He has also passionately worked to ensure the public health of marginalized communities.

 17 Albert Calmette

Albert Calmette
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: October 29, 1933

 18 Jules A. Hoffmann

Jules A. Hoffmann
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg

 19 Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf M. Zinkernagel
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Rolf M. Zinkernagel is a Swiss professor who teaches Experimental Immunology. In 1996, he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work pertaining to the immune system. In 1999, his scientific work also earned him Australia's highest civilian honor, the Companion of the Order of Australia.  

 20 Niels Kaj Jerne

Niels Kaj Jerne
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 23, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 7, 1994

Niels Kaj Jerne was a Danish immunologist best remembered for winning the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine alongside César Milstein and Georges J. F. Köhler. Jerne, who made important contributions to the fields of Immunology and Microbiology, was also honored with the Marcel Benoist Prize and Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize in 1978 and 1982 respectively.

 21 Pierre Paul Emile Roux

Pierre Paul Emile Roux
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Confolens (Charente), France
Died: November 3, 1933

 22 Jacques Benveniste

Jacques Benveniste
2
Famous As: Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 3, 2004

 23 Rodney R. Porter

Rodney R. Porter
1
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 8, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newton-le-Willows, United Kingdom
Died: September 6, 1985

 24 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009

 25 Robin Coombs

Robin Coombs
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 25, 2006

 26 Miroslav Holub

Miroslav Holub
3
Famous As: Poet, pathologist and immunologist
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998

 27 Leonard Herzenberg

Leonard Herzenberg
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 27, 2013

 28 Lloyd J. Old

Lloyd J. Old
1
Famous As: Founder
Birthdate: September 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: November 28, 2011

 29 Robert A. Good

Robert A. Good
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Crosby, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 13, 2003

A pioneer of modern immunology, Robert A. Good was partially paralysed in his younger days and completed his medical studies in a wheelchair, though he mostly recovered later. He was the man behind the first bone marrow transplant in the world. He later won the Lasker Award, among other honors.

 30 Theron Randolph

Theron Randolph
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 7, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: United States
Died: September 29, 1995

 31 Avery August

Avery August
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belize City, Belize

 32 Julia Levy

Julia Levy
0
Famous As: Microbiologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: May 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Singapore

 33 Frank J. Dixon

Frank J. Dixon
1
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: February 8, 2008

 34 Rupert E. Billingham

Rupert E. Billingham
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Warminster, England,United States
Died: November 16, 2002

 35 Max Samter

Max Samter
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: March 8, 1909
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 9, 1999

 36 William Pollack

William Pollack
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 3, 2013

 37 Merrill Wallace Chase

Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004

 38 Eli Sercarz

Eli Sercarz
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: November 3, 2009

 39 Reuben Leon Kahn

Reuben Leon Kahn
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kovno, Lithuania
Died: July 22, 1979

 40 Tomio Tada

Tomio Tada
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 31, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Yuki, Ibaraki, Japan
Died: April 21, 2010