Biology is one of the most fascinating and diverse fields of study in science. People concerning the study, primarily known as biologists, have made many ground-breaking discoveries in this branch of science. While some of these discoveries have helped in curing diseases, others have assisted in performing medical procedures and classifying animals. Since ancient times, the field of biology has had many greatest biologists who have contributed phenomenally in the field. Greek biologists Hippocrates became known as the Father of Western Medicine, as he presented with his work a guide outlining ways of treating patients. Since thence, each century was blessed with some of prolific scientists in the field who gave new definition and new meaning to various biological process and made several pioneering discoveries. The 20th century saw of the greatest biologists, such as, James Watson, Francis Crick, Norman Borlaug and Walter Gilbert. These, however, are just a handful of the long list of biologists in the century. Read this section to find famous biologists of the 20th century.
Richard Dawkins Richard Dawkins

26 March 1941

British

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson

27 May 1907

American

Norman BorlaugNorman Borlaug

25 March 1914

American

Francis CrickFrancis Crick

08 June 1916

British

Venkatraman RamakrishnanVenkatraman Ramakrishnan

1952 AD

Indian,British,American

E. O. WilsonE. O. Wilson

10 June 1929

American

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis

05 March 1938

American

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn

26 November 1948

Australian,American

David BaltimoreDavid Baltimore

07 March 1938

American

Ernst MayrErnst Mayr

05 July 1904

American

Nikolaas TinbergenNikolaas Tinbergen

15 April 1907

Dutch

Peter Brian Medwar Peter Medawar

28 February 1915

British

Continue Reading Below

Jacques MonodJacques Monod

09 February 1910

French

Salvatore Edoardo LuriaSalvador Luria

13 August 1912

Italian

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard

20 October 1942

German

François JacobFrançois Jacob

17 June 1920

French

Christian de DuveChristian de Duve

02 October 1917

Belgian

Sidney AltmanSidney Altman

07 May 1939

Canadian,American

Continue Reading Below

George WaldGeorge Wald

18 November 1906

American

Gustav NossalGustav Nossal

04 June 1931

Australian

Donald A. GlaserDonald A. Glaser

21 September 1926

American

Hamilton Othanel SmithHamilton O. Smith

23 August 1931

American

Daniel NathansDaniel Nathans

30 October 1928

American

Roger GuilleminRoger Guillemin

11 January 1924

French

Continue Reading Below

Eric Francis WieschausEric F. Wieschaus

08 June 1947

American

Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt

13 February 1913

American

George E. PaladeGeorge E. Palade

19 November 1912

Romanian

Philip Allen SharpPhilip Allen Sharp

06 June 1944

American

André Michel LwoffAndré Lwoff

08 May 1902

French

Georges J. F. KohlerGeorges J. F. Kohler

17 April 1946

German

Continue Reading Below

Jeremy WadeJeremy Wade

23 March 1956

British

Eugene SledgeEugene Sledge

04 November 1923

American

J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane

05 November 1892

Indian,British

Paul R. EhrlichPaul R. Ehrlich

29 May 1932

American

Aubrey de GreyAubrey de Grey

20 April 1963

British

Bruce Edwards IvinsBruce Edwards Ivins

22 April 1946

American

Continue Reading Below

Shinya YamanakaShinya Yamanaka

04 September 1962

Japanese

James LovelockJames Lovelock

26 July 1919

British

Luc MontagnierLuc Montagnier

18 August 1932

French

Pierre JoliotPierre Joliot

12 March 1932

French

Ludwig von BertalanffyLudwig von Bertalanffy

19 September 1901

Austrian,Canadian

Andrew BaldwinAndrew Baldwin

05 February 1977

American

Continue Reading Below

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov

13 November 1887

Russian

Keith L. MooreKeith L. Moore

05 October 1925

Canadian

Tim FlanneryTim Flannery

28 January 1956

Australian

PZ MyersPZ Myers

09 March 1957

American

Massimo PigliucciMassimo Pigliucci

16 January 1964

American

Bill MollisonBill Mollison

04 May 1928

Australian

Continue Reading Below

Stanley MillerStanley Miller

07 March 1930

American

Jack W. SzostakJack W. Szostak

09 November 1952

Canadian,Polish,British,American

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider

15 April 1961

American

Yuan LongpingYuan Longping

07 September 1930

Mario CapecchiMario Capecchi

06 October 1937

Italian,American

Michael LevittMichael Levitt

09 May 1947

American,South African

Continue Reading Below
Susan Greenfield, Baroness GreenfieldSusan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield

01 October 1950

British

Linda B. BuckLinda B. Buck

29 January 1947

American

Francisco J. AyalaFrancisco J. Ayala

12 March 1934

Spanish,American

Aaron CiechanoverAaron Ciechanover

01 October 1947

Israeli

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins

14 October 1978

American

Yoshiki SasaiYoshiki Sasai

05 March 1962

Japanese