Chemists are scientists who specialize in the field of chemistry. Having said that, the job of a chemist does not limit to a chemistry laboratory alone! Today, with rapid industrialization, almost every industry employs chemists in their industrial set-ups be it pharmaceuticals or plastics, medicine or paints, chemical industry or detergent industry and so on. Chemists generally investigate the chemical nature of substances and observe how they behave under different conditions to search for new knowledge. They examine both organic and inorganic compounds to determine their chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, and reactivity. Chemists try to decode the details of the chemical molecules and their component atoms. It is this knowledge that comes in assistance to comprehend the composition and properties of unknown substances. Over the years, there have been innumerable chemists from every century who have greatly contributed to the society’s chemical future. However, the largest influx in the subject was seen in the 20th century as more and more individuals dedicated themselves to this field of study. 20th century was home to some of most famous and renowned chemists of the era including Dan Shechtman, Derek Barton, Charles J Pederson and Albert Hofmann. Given below is an extensive list of famous chemists of the 20th century.
Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

Polish

Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin

25 July 1920

British

Linus PaulingLinus Pauling

28 February 1901

American

Dan ShechtmanDan Shechtman

24 January 1941

Israeli

Albert HofmannAlbert Hofmann

11 January 1906

Swiss

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin

12 May 1910

British

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger

13 August 1918

British

Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg

19 April 1912

American

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek

31 July 1923

American

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion

23 January 1918

American

Manfred EigenManfred Eigen

09 May 1927

German

Ada YonathAda Yonath

22 June 1939

Israeli

Continue Reading Below

Mario J. MolinaMario J. Molina

19 March 1943

Mexican

Robert Burn WoodworthRobert Burns Woodward

10 April 1917

American

Aaron KlugAaron Klug

11 August 1926

British

Elias James CoreyElias James Corey

12 July 1928

American

Willard Frank LibbyWillard Libby

17 December 1908

American

Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann

18 July 1937

American

Continue Reading Below

Yuan T. LeeYuan T. Lee

19 November 1936

American

Walter KohnWalter Kohn

09 March 1923

Austrian

Thomas Robert CechThomas Cech

08 December 1947

American

Rudolph A. MarcusRudolph A. Marcus

21 July 1923

Canadian

John PolanyiJohn Polanyi

23 January 1929

Canadian

Richard R. ErnstRichard R. Ernst

14 August 1933

Swiss

Continue Reading Below

Paul J. CrutzenPaul J. Crutzen

03 December 1933

Dutch

Giulio NattaGiulio Natta

25 February 1903

Italian

Arnold Orville BeckmanArnold Orville Beckman

10 April 1900

American

Herbert C. BrownHerbert C. Brown

22 May 1912

American

John CornforthJohn Cornforth

07 September 1917

Australian,British

John KendrewJohn Kendrew

24 March 1917

British

Continue Reading Below

Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn

30 September 1939

French

Vladimir PrelogVladimir Prelog

23 July 1906

Swiss

Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn

03 December 1900

German

Kenichi Fukui Kenichi Fukui

04 October 1918

Japanese

Henry TaubeHenry Taube

30 November 1915

Canadian,American

William LipscombWilliam Lipscomb

09 December 1919

American

Continue Reading Below

Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg

25 December 1904

Canadian,German

Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson

14 July 1921

British

Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton

08 September 1918

British

Paul Flory Paul Flory

19 June 1910

American

John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker

07 January 1941

British

Dudley Robert HerschbachDudley R. Herschbach

18 June 1932

American

Continue Reading Below

Donald J. CramDonald J. Cram

22 April 1919

American

Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin

01 March 1910

British

Kurt AlderKurt Alder

10 July 1902

German

Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer

10 November 1918

German

Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs

06 June 1918

American

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch

21 January 1912

German,Polish,American

Continue Reading Below

Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield

15 July 1921

American

Hartmut MichelHartmut Michel

18 July 1948

German

Jerome KarleJerome Karle

18 June 1918

American

Frank Sherwood RowlandFrank Sherwood Rowland

28 June 1927

American

Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell

22 September 1920

British

George A. OlahGeorge A. Olah

22 May 1927

Hungarian,American

Continue Reading Below
Richard E. SmalleyRichard E. Smalley

06 June 1943

American

Jens C SkouJens C Skou

08 October 1918

Danish

Robert Floyd Curl Jr.Robert Floyd Curl Jr.

23 August 1933

American

Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto

07 October 1939

British

Charles J PedersenCharles J Pedersen

03 October 1904

American

John A PopleJohn A Pople

31 October 1925

British

Continue Reading Below
Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin

17 June 1925

American

Tu YouyouTu Youyou

30 December 1930

Chinese

Owsley StanleyOwsley Stanley

19 January 1935

American

Louis SlotinLouis Slotin

01 December 1910

Canadian

Kary MullisKary Mullis

28 December 1944

American

Erwin ChargaffErwin Chargaff

11 August 1905

American

Continue Reading Below

Joachim SauerJoachim Sauer

19 April 1949

German

Elio Di RupoElio Di Rupo

18 July 1951

Belgian

James LovelockJames Lovelock

26 July 1919

British

Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff

16 December 1947

British

Elias CanettiElias Canetti

25 July 1905

British

Sidney GottliebSidney Gottlieb

03 August 1918

American

Continue Reading Below

Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa

19 November 1935

American

Tim HuntTim Hunt

19 February 1943

British

Stanley MillerStanley Miller

07 March 1930

American

Johanna BudwigJohanna Budwig

30 September 1908

German

Koichi TanakaKoichi Tanaka

03 August 1959

Japanese

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid

14 January 1943

American

Continue Reading Below

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman

14 December 1960

American

George de HevesyGeorge de Hevesy

01 August 1885

Hungarian,Swedish

Peter AgrePeter Agre

30 January 1949

American