Chemists are scientists who specialize in the field of chemistry. Having said that, the job of a chemist does not limit to a chemistry laboratory alone! Today, with rapid industrialization, almost every industry employs chemists in their industrial set-ups be it pharmaceuticals or plastics, medicine or paints, chemical industry or detergent industry and so on. Chemists generally investigate the chemical nature of substances and observe how they behave under different conditions to search for new knowledge. They examine both organic and inorganic compounds to determine their chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, and reactivity. Chemists try to decode the details of the chemical molecules and their component atoms. It is this knowledge that comes in assistance to comprehend the composition and properties of unknown substances. Over the years, there have been innumerable chemists from every century who have greatly contributed to the society’s chemical future. However, the largest influx in the subject was seen in the 20th century as more and more individuals dedicated themselves to this field of study. 20th century was home to some of most famous and renowned chemists of the era including Dan Shechtman, Derek Barton, Charles J Pederson and Albert Hofmann. Given below is an extensive list of famous chemists of the 20th century.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British

Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
28 February 1901, American
Chemist, Biochemist

Albert HofmannAlbert Hofmann
11 January 1906, Swiss
The First Person to Synthesize LSD

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger
13 August 1918, British

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg
19 April 1912, American

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American

Paul J. CrutzenPaul J. Crutzen
03 December 1933, Dutch
Atmospheric Chemist
Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli
Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann
18 July 1937, American
Theoretical Chemist

Elias James CoreyElias James Corey
12 July 1928, American
Organic Chemist

Robert Burn WoodworthRobert Burns Woodward
10 April 1917, American
Organic Chemist

Aaron KlugAaron Klug
11 August 1926, British
Chemist & Biophysicist

Dan ShechtmanDan Shechtman
24 January 1941, Israeli
Willard Frank LibbyWillard Libby
17 December 1908, American
Physical Chemist

Yuan T. LeeYuan T. Lee
19 November 1936, American

Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell
22 September 1920, British

Mario J. MolinaMario J. Molina
19 March 1943, Mexican
John PolanyiJohn Polanyi
23 January 1929, Canadian

Walter KohnWalter Kohn
09 March 1923, Austrian
Physicist and Chemist
Thomas Robert CechThomas Cech
08 December 1947, American

Richard R. ErnstRichard R. Ernst
14 August 1933, Swiss

Rudolph A. MarcusRudolph A. Marcus
21 July 1923, Canadian
Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn
03 December 1900, German

John CornforthJohn Cornforth
07 September 1917, Australian, British
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist
Jens C SkouJens C Skou
08 October 1918, Danish
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto
07 October 1939, British

Arnold Orville BeckmanArnold Orville Beckman
10 April 1900, American
Vladimir PrelogVladimir Prelog
23 July 1906, Swiss

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Richard E. SmalleyRichard E. Smalley
06 June 1943, American
Father of Nanotechnology
Kenichi Fukui Kenichi Fukui
04 October 1918, Japanese

Kurt AlderKurt Alder
10 July 1902, German

Giulio NattaGiulio Natta
25 February 1903, Italian

George A. OlahGeorge A. Olah
22 May 1927, Hungarian, American
Charles J PedersenCharles J Pedersen
03 October 1904, American
Organic Chemist
John KendrewJohn Kendrew
24 March 1917, British
Biochemist and Crystallographer

Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg
25 December 1904, Canadian, German
Physical Chemist, Physicist

Manfred EigenManfred Eigen
09 May 1927, German
Biophysical Chemist

Herbert C. BrownHerbert C. Brown
22 May 1912, American
John A PopleJohn A Pople
31 October 1925, British

Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn
30 September 1939, French

Henry TaubeHenry Taube
30 November 1915, Canadian, American

William LipscombWilliam Lipscomb
09 December 1919, American

Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton
08 September 1918, British
Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs
06 June 1918, American

Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer
10 November 1918, German
Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson
14 July 1921, British

Paul Flory Paul Flory
19 June 1910, American

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912, German, Polish, American
John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker
07 January 1941, British

Donald J. CramDonald J. Cram
22 April 1919, American
Dudley Robert HerschbachDudley R. Herschbach
18 June 1932, American

Robert Floyd Curl Jr.Robert Floyd Curl Jr.
23 August 1933, American

Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin
01 March 1910, British

Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield
15 July 1921, American

Jerome KarleJerome Karle
18 June 1918, American
Physical Chemist
Hartmut MichelHartmut Michel
18 July 1948, German

Frank Sherwood RowlandFrank Sherwood Rowland
28 June 1927, American
Atmospheric Chemist

Kary MullisKary Mullis
28 December 1944, American
Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist

Marina OswaldMarina Oswald
17 July 1941, American, Russian
12 April 1970, American
Stand-up Comedian

Joachim SauerJoachim Sauer
19 April 1949, German
Chemist, University teacher
Jerry BussJerry Buss
27 January 1933, American

Owsley StanleyOwsley Stanley
19 January 1935, American
Chemist, Engineer, Audio engineer

Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin
17 June 1925, American
Sidney GottliebSidney Gottlieb
03 August 1918, American
Chemist, Psychiatrist

Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university
Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff
16 December 1947, British
Chemist, University teacher

Ahmed ZewailAhmed Zewail
26 February 1946, Egyptian

James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919, British
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,
Michael LevittMichael Levitt
09 May 1947, American, South African
Physicist, Biologist, Bioinformatician, Chemist,

Elio Di RupoElio Di Rupo
18 July 1951, Belgian
Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa
19 November 1935, American
Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer

Elias CanettiElias Canetti
25 July 1905, British
Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist

George de HevesyGeorge de Hevesy
01 August 1885, German, Hungarian

Max Factor Sr.Max Factor Sr.
15 September 1877, Polish
American makeup designer
Jacobus Henricus van 't HoffJacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
30 August 1852, Dutch
Tim HuntTim Hunt
19 February 1943, British
Biochemist, Chemist

James B. ConantJames B. Conant
26 March 1893, American

James DewarJames Dewar
20 September 1842, British, Scottish

Carl DjerassiCarl Djerassi
29 October 1923, Austrian, American
Chemist, Writer, University teacher, Science
Stanley MillerStanley Miller
07 March 1930, American
Chemist, Biologist, University teacher

Albert C. BarnesAlbert C. Barnes
02 January 1872, American

William Henry PerkinWilliam Henry Perkin
12 March 1838, British

Ira RemsenIra Remsen
10 February 1846, American

Tomas LindahlTomas Lindahl
28 January 1938, Swedish, British
Victor Moritz GoldschmidtVictor Moritz Goldschmidt
27 January 1888, Norwegian

Henri Louis Le ChatelierHenri Louis Le Chatelier
08 October 1850, French
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Jerzy BuzekJerzy Buzek
03 July 1940, Czech, Polish
Politician, Engineer, Chemist, University teacher,
Russell W. PetersonRussell W. Peterson
03 October 1916, American
Ernest SolvayErnest Solvay
16 April 1838, Belgian