Chemists are scientists who specialize in the field of chemistry. Having said that, the job of a chemist does not limit to a chemistry laboratory alone! Today, with rapid industrialization, almost every industry employs chemists in their industrial set-ups be it pharmaceuticals or plastics, medicine or paints, chemical industry or detergent industry and so on. Chemists generally investigate the chemical nature of substances and observe how they behave under different conditions to search for new knowledge. They examine both organic and inorganic compounds to determine their chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, and reactivity. Chemists try to decode the details of the chemical molecules and their component atoms. It is this knowledge that comes in assistance to comprehend the composition and properties of unknown substances. Over the years, there have been innumerable chemists from every century who have greatly contributed to the society’s chemical future. However, the largest influx in the subject was seen in the 20th century as more and more individuals dedicated themselves to this field of study. 20th century was home to some of most famous and renowned chemists of the era including Dan Shechtman, Derek Barton, Charles J Pederson and Albert Hofmann. Given below is an extensive list of famous chemists of the 20th century.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British
Chemist

Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
28 February 1901, American
Chemist, Biochemist

Albert HofmannAlbert Hofmann
11 January 1906, Swiss
The First Person to Synthesize LSD

Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg
19 April 1912, American
Chemist

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger
13 August 1918, British
Biochemist
Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Biochemist

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American
Chemist

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli
Scientist
Mario J. MolinaMario J. Molina
19 March 1943, Mexican
Chemist

Willard Frank LibbyWillard Libby
17 December 1908, American
Physical Chemist
Robert Burn WoodworthRobert Burns Woodward
10 April 1917, American
Organic Chemist

Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann
18 July 1937, American
Theoretical Chemist

Elias James CoreyElias James Corey
12 July 1928, American
Organic Chemist
Aaron KlugAaron Klug
11 August 1926, British
Chemist & Biophysicist

Dan ShechtmanDan Shechtman
24 January 1941, Israeli
 
Yuan T. LeeYuan T. Lee
19 November 1936, American
Chemist

Walter KohnWalter Kohn
09 March 1923, Austrian
Physicist and Chemist

Rudolph A. MarcusRudolph A. Marcus
21 July 1923, Canadian
Chemist
Thomas Robert CechThomas Cech
08 December 1947, American
Chemist

Manfred EigenManfred Eigen
09 May 1927, German
Biophysical Chemist
Giulio NattaGiulio Natta
25 February 1903, Italian
Chemist

Paul J. CrutzenPaul J. Crutzen
03 December 1933, Dutch
Atmospheric Chemist

Richard R. ErnstRichard R. Ernst
14 August 1933, Swiss
Chemist

Arnold Orville BeckmanArnold Orville Beckman
10 April 1900, American
Chemist
John KendrewJohn Kendrew
24 March 1917, British
Biochemist and Crystallographer
Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn
03 December 1900, German
Biochemist

John PolanyiJohn Polanyi
23 January 1929, Canadian
Chemist

Vladimir PrelogVladimir Prelog
23 July 1906, Swiss
Chemist

Herbert C. BrownHerbert C. Brown
22 May 1912, American
Chemist
Kenichi Fukui Kenichi Fukui
04 October 1918, Japanese
Chemist

Henry TaubeHenry Taube
30 November 1915, Canadian, American
Chemist

Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg
25 December 1904, Canadian, German
Physical Chemist, Physicist

John CornforthJohn Cornforth
07 September 1917, Australian, British
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist

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Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn
30 September 1939, French
Chemist
Dudley Robert HerschbachDudley R. Herschbach
18 June 1932, American
Chemist

William LipscombWilliam Lipscomb
09 December 1919, American
Chemist
Paul Flory Paul Flory
19 June 1910, American
Chemist

Donald J. CramDonald J. Cram
22 April 1919, American
Chemist

Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson
14 July 1921, British
Chemist
Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton
08 September 1918, British
Chemist

John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker
07 January 1941, British
Chemist
Hartmut MichelHartmut Michel
18 July 1948, German
Biochemist

Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs
06 June 1918, American
Biochemist

Kurt AlderKurt Alder
10 July 1902, German
Chemist

Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer
10 November 1918, German
Chemist

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912, German, Polish, American
Biochemist
Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin
01 March 1910, British
Chemist

Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield
15 July 1921, American
Biochemist

Jerome KarleJerome Karle
18 June 1918, American
Physical Chemist

Frank Sherwood RowlandFrank Sherwood Rowland
28 June 1927, American
Atmospheric Chemist
Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell
22 September 1920, British
Biochemist

George A. OlahGeorge A. Olah
22 May 1927, Hungarian, American
Chemist
Richard E. SmalleyRichard E. Smalley
06 June 1943, American
Father of Nanotechnology

Jens C SkouJens C Skou
08 October 1918, Danish
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Robert Floyd Curl Jr.Robert Floyd Curl Jr.
23 August 1933, American
Chemist
Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto
07 October 1939, British
Chemist

Charles J PedersenCharles J Pedersen
03 October 1904, American
Organic Chemist
John A PopleJohn A Pople
31 October 1925, British
Chemist

Louis SlotinLouis Slotin
01 December 1910, Canadian
Physicist, Chemist, Non-fiction writer

James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919, British
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,
Owsley StanleyOwsley Stanley
19 January 1935, American
Chemist, Engineer, Audio engineer

Joachim SauerJoachim Sauer
19 April 1949, German
Chemist, University teacher
Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin
17 June 1925, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist, Chemist

Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university

Kary MullisKary Mullis
28 December 1944, American
Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist

Elio Di RupoElio Di Rupo
18 July 1951, Belgian
Chemist, Politician
Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff
16 December 1947, British
Chemist, University teacher
Elias CanettiElias Canetti
25 July 1905, British
Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist

Sidney GottliebSidney Gottlieb
03 August 1918, American
Chemist, Psychiatrist

Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa
19 November 1935, American
Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer

Erwin ChargaffErwin Chargaff
11 August 1905, American
Biochemist, Chemist, Writer
George de HevesyGeorge de Hevesy
01 August 1885, Hungarian, Swedish
Chemist, University teacher

Tim HuntTim Hunt
19 February 1943, British
Biochemist, Chemist

Jerzy BuzekJerzy Buzek
03 July 1940, Czech, Polish
Politician, Engineer, Chemist, University teacher,

Lars OnsagerLars Onsager
27 November 1903, Norwegian
Physicist, Engineer, Professor, Chemist,

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Astronaut, Chemist
Stanley MillerStanley Miller
07 March 1930, American
Chemist, Biologist, University teacher

George M. WhitesidesGeorge M. Whitesides
03 August 1939, American
Chemist, University teacher
Carl DjerassiCarl Djerassi
29 October 1923, Austrian, American
Chemist, Writer, University teacher, Science

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Johanna BudwigJohanna Budwig
30 September 1908, German
Chemist, Biochemist, Inventor, Physician
Peter AgrePeter Agre
30 January 1949, American
Chemist, Molecular biologist, Professor

Karl Barry SharplessKarl Barry Sharpless
28 April 1941, American
Chemist, University teacher
Michael LevittMichael Levitt
09 May 1947, American, South African
Physicist, Biologist, Bioinformatician, Chemist,

Osamu ShimomuraOsamu Shimomura
27 August 1928, Japanese
Chemist, Biochemist, Professor

Koichi TanakaKoichi Tanaka
03 August 1959, Japanese
Chemist, University teacher

Fritz StrassmannFritz Strassmann
22 February 1902, German
Chemist, University teacher
Andrus AnsipAndrus Ansip
01 October 1956, Estonian
Politician, Chemist, Entrepreneur, Businessperson

Martin FleischmannMartin Fleischmann
29 March 1927, British
Chemist
Roger D. KornbergRoger D. Kornberg
24 April 1947, American
biochemist, chemist, university teacher

Richard SmalleyRichard Smalley
06 June 1943, American
Chemist, Professor, Scientist

Peter D. MitchellPeter D. Mitchell
29 September 1920, British
Biochemist, Chemist, University teacher

Harry KrotoHarry Kroto
07 October 1939, British
Chemist, University teacher
Ei-ichi NegishiEi-ichi Negishi
14 July 1935, Chinese, American
Chemist, Professor