Famous Physicists Of The 20th Century
The 20th century saw the world making tremendous developments in science and technology. Scientists from countries across the world were making newer discoveries and inventing technologies that would ultimately change the course of world history. Albert Einstein—one of the greatest physicists of all time—played a pivotal role in the evolution of quantum theory during the 20th century. Nobel laureate Niels Henrik David Bohr who developed the Bohr model of the atom was another physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory. Nuclear physics as a distinct discipline made an emergence in the late 19th century and 20th century physicist Pierre Curie made pioneering contributions to the fields of crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize. The 20th century also saw major collaborative works conducted by teams such as the Curie family of illustrious scientists. Another major collaboration was between Dutch physicist Hendrik Anthony "Hans" Kramers and Niels Bohr which led to important work on how electromagnetic waves interact with matter. Another major figure was Werner Karl Heisenberg who was one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous Physicists of the 20th Century.
Stephen HawkingStephen Hawking

08 January 1942

British

Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

Polish

Lev Landau Lev Landau

22 January 1908

Russian

Carl SaganCarl Sagan

09 November 1934

American

J. Robert OppenheimerJ. Robert Oppenheimer

22 April 1904

American

Richard FeynmanRichard Feynman

11 May 1918

American

Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg

05 December 1901

German

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi

29 September 1901

Italian,American

Sally RideSally Ride

26 May 1951

American

Paul DiracPaul Dirac

08 August 1902

British

Vikram SarabhaiVikram Sarabhai

12 August 1919

Indian

William ShockleyWilliam Shockley

13 February 1910

American

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Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

19 October 1910

Indian

Kip ThorneKip Thorne

01 June 1940

American

Edward TellerEdward Teller

15 January 1908

American

Abdus SalamAbdus Salam

29 January 1926

Pakistani

Thomas KuhnThomas Kuhn

18 July 1922

American

Klaus FuchsKlaus Fuchs

29 December 1911

German

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Andrei SakharovAndrei Sakharov

21 May 1921

Russian

Wolfgang PauliWolfgang Pauli

25 April 1900

Austrian

John BardeenJohn Bardeen

23 May 1908

American

Steven ChuSteven Chu

28 February 1948

American

John Archibald WheelerJohn Archibald Wheeler

09 July 1911

American

David BohmDavid Bohm

20 December 1917

American

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Murray Gell-MannMurray Gell-Mann

15 September 1929

American

Hans BetheHans Bethe

02 July 1906

American

Steven WeinbergSteven Weinberg

03 May 1933

American

Luis Walter AlvarezLuis Walter Alvarez

13 June 1911

American

Eugene Paul Eugene Wigner

17 November 1902

American

John Stewart BellJohn Stewart Bell

28 June 1928

Northern Irish

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Ivar GiaeverIvar Giaever

05 April 1929

Norwegian,American

George GamowGeorge Gamow

04 March 1904

Russian

Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie

19 March 1900

French

Julian SchwingerJulian Schwinger

12 February 1918

American

Ernest LawrenceErnest Lawrence

08 August 1901

American

Tsung-Dao LeeTsung-Dao Lee

24 November 1926

Chinese,American

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Leon M. LedermanLeon M. Lederman

15 July 1922

American

Mark OliphantMark Oliphant

08 October 1901

Australian

Franklin DiazFranklin Chang Díaz

05 April 1950

Chinese,Costa Rican,American

Dennis GaborDennis Gabor

05 June 1900

Hungarian

Aage Niels BohrAage Bohr

19 June 1922

Danish

Hideki Yukawa Hideki Yukawa

23 January 1907

Japanese

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Sheldon Lee GlashowSheldon Lee Glashow

05 December 1932

American

Philip Warren AndersonPhilip Warren Anderson

13 December 1923

American

Felix BlochFelix Bloch

23 October 1905

Swiss

Arno Allan PenziasArno Allan Penzias

26 April 1933

American

Charles Hard TownesCharles H. Townes

28 July 1915

American

Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè

30 January 1905

Italian,American

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Robert HofstadterRobert Hofstadter

05 February 1915

American

Brian JosephsonBrian Josephson

04 January 1940

British

Robert Woodrow WilsonRobert Woodrow Wilson

10 January 1936

American

Walter GilbertWalter Gilbert

21 March 1932

American

Ernest WaltonErnest Walton

06 October 1903

Irish

Samuel Chao Chung TingSamuel C. C. Ting

07 January 1936

American

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Ernst RuskaErnst Ruska

25 December 1906

German

Kenneth Geddes WilsonKenneth G. Wilson

08 June 1936

American

Antony HewishAntony Hewish

11 May 1924

British

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer

28 June 1906

American

Chen Ning YangChen Ning Yang

01 October 1922

American

Edward Mills Purcell Edward Mills Purcell

30 August 1912

American

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Homi BhabhaHomi Bhabha

30 October 1909

Indian

Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia

31 March 1934

Italian

Walter Houser BrattainWalter Houser Brattain

10 February 1902

American

Walter KohnWalter Kohn

09 March 1923

Austrian

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji

01 April 1933

French

Jack SteinbergerJack Steinberger

25 May 1921

American

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Leon N CooperLeon Cooper

28 February 1930

American

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak

01 August 1924

French,Polish,Ukrainian

Carl David AndersonCarl David Anderson

03 September 1905

American

Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes

24 October 1932

French

Allan McLeod Cormack Allan McLeod Cormack

23 February 1924

British,American,South African

Robert B. LaughlinRobert B. Laughlin

01 November 1950

American

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Gerd Binnig Gerd Binnig

20 July 1947

German

Frederick ReinesFrederick Reines

16 March 1918

American

William Daniel PhillipsWilliam Daniel Phillips

05 November 1948

American

Heinrich RohrerHeinrich Rohrer

06 June 1933

Swiss

Pavel Alekseyevich CherenkovPavel Cherenkov

28 July 1904

Russian

Arthur Leonard Schawlow Arthur Leonard Schawlow

05 May 1921

American

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Burton RichterBurton Richter

22 March 1931

American

Donald A. GlaserDonald A. Glaser

21 September 1926

American

William Alfred FowlerWilliam Alfred Fowler

09 August 1911

American