Famous 18th Century American Leaders

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Find out more about the greatest 18th Century American Leaders, including George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson and James Madison
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 1 
Alexander Hamilton
(American Revolutionary and Founding Father of the United States)
Alexander Hamilton
110
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

 2 
George Washington
(1st President of the United States (1789 - 1797))
George Washington
80
Birthdate: February 2, 1732
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westmoreland County, Virginia, United States
Died: December 14, 1799

America’s first president, George Washington led the country with integrity, firmness and prudence that made him one of the greatest presidents in American history. He became a national hero before assuming presidency, when he led the Continental Army to victory against the British during the American Revolution.

 3 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)
Thomas Jefferson
81
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

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 4 
Benjamin Franklin
(One of the Founding Fathers of the United States)
Benjamin Franklin
32
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 5 
John Adams
(2nd President of United States (1797-1801))
John Adams
49
Birthdate: October 30, 1735
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

One of the Founding Fathers of America, John Adams was a statesman, attorney, and diplomat who served as the second president of the United States. He was a principal leader of the American Revolution. As a lawyer, he was devoted to the right to counsel and presumption of innocence. His administration has been favorably ranked by historians and scholars.

 6 
Andrew Jackson
(President of the United States (1829 – 1837))
Andrew Jackson
67
Birthdate: March 15, 1767
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Waxhaws
Died: June 8, 1845

Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of USA. His presidential reign has been termed as Jacksonian democracy and witnessed the shift of political power from established elites to ordinary voters. Coming from humble beginnings, Jackson knew the struggle of the masses and thus, worked towards creating a more inclusive country.  His picture has been featured on the front side of $20 bill since 1928.

 7 
James Madison
(4th President of The United States)
James Madison
22
Birthdate: March 16, 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Conway, Virginia, United States
Died: June 28, 1836

James Madison played an important role in drafting the US Constitution and the US Bill of Rights and is hailed as the Father of the Constitution. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, considered to be a seminal work of political science. As president, he led the country into the 1812 war and historians place him as an above-average president.

 8 
Davy Crockett
(U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee (1827-31, 1833-35))
Davy Crockett
8
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Limestone, Tennessee, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
American folk hero Davy Crockett, or the "King of the Wild Frontier,” was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee and part of the Texas Revolution. He opposed the Indian Removal Act. He was killed by the Mexican army the Battle of the Alamo.
 9 
William Henry Harrison
(The First U.S President to Die in the Office and Had the Shortest Presidency in the U.S. History)
William Henry Harrison
25
Birthdate: February 9, 1773
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Virginia, United States
Died: April 4, 1841

The ninth president of the US, William Henry Harrison died 31 days into his presidential term, becoming the shortest-serving US president ever. His demise caused a brief constitutional crisis pertaining to the succession to the presidency. Subsequently, Vice President John Tyler became the new president, setting an important precedent in terms of transfer of the presidency in such situations.

 10 
Zachary Taylor
(12th President of the United States (1849-50))
Zachary Taylor
23
Birthdate: November 24, 1784
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barboursville, Virginia, United States
Died: July 9, 1850
Zachary Taylor was the 12th U.S. president, from March 1849 till his death in July 1850, thus spending just 16 months in office. His heroism in the Mexican–American War had earned him the title of major general. A novice in political affairs, he was the last president who owned slaves.
 11 
James Monroe
(One of the Founding Fathers Who Served as the 5th President of the United States)
James Monroe
10
Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831

James Monroe, a Founding Father of the U.S., served as the American president from 1817 to 1825. He opposed European colonialism and issued the Monroe Doctrine. He had also been a U.S. secretary of state, the Virginia governor, a U.S. Senate member, and the American ambassador to Britain and France.

 12 
Paul Revere
(American Military Officer & Silversmith Who Warned Boston-Area Residents that the British Were Coming During His Midnight Ride)
Paul Revere
11
Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1818
Paul Revere was a silversmith from Boston and a Patriot in the American Revolution who is remembered for alerting his fellow Patriots, during a midnight ride, about the approaching British forces prior to the battles of Lexington and Concord. He remains immortalized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem Paul Revere's Ride.
 13 
John Hancock
(Governor of Massachusetts (1780-85, 1787-93))
John Hancock
7
Birthdate: January 23, 1737
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 8, 1793

Merchant and statesman, John Hancock, served as the president of the Second Continental Congress and was the first to sign the Declaration of Independence in 1776, owing to this position. A rich man, he used his wealth to support the colonial cause during the American Revolution. He also used his influence to ratify the United States Constitution in 1788.

 14 
John Paul Jones
7
Birthdate: July 6, 1747
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Arbigland, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland
Died: July 18, 1792
John Paul Jones was an American Revolutionary War naval commander. Named the Father of the American Navy, he was part of the Continental Navy against the Kingdom of Great Britain. He later joined the Imperial Russian Navy and became a rear admiral. His life later inspired an Alexandre Dumas novel.
 15 
Tecumseh
(Native American Leader, Shawnee chief)
Tecumseh
7
Birthdate: 1768
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ohio, United States
Died: October 5, 1813

Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief, diplomat, orator, and warrior. He is best known for promoting resistance to the United States' expansion onto Native American lands. He also promoted tribal unity and is credited with forming a Native American confederacy. He died trying to unite Native Americans and is considered an iconic folk hero in Canadian, Indigenous, and American history.

 16 
John C. Calhoun
(7th Vice President of the U.S.A)
John C. Calhoun
9
Birthdate: March 18, 1782
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Abbeville
Died: March 31, 1850

John C. Calhoun was an American political theorist and statesman. From 1825 to 1832, he served as the seventh vice president of the US. Before becoming the vice president, Calhoun served as secretary of war, a position which he used to modernize and reorganize the United States Department of War. He was played by Arliss Howard in the film Amistad.

 17 
Henry Clay
(Political Leader)
Henry Clay
6
Birthdate: April 12, 1777
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hanover County, Virginia, United States
Died: June 29, 1852

Henry Clay was an American statesman who represented Kentucky in the US House of Representatives as well as US Senate. Considered one of the most important political figures of his era, Clay helped found the Whig Party and the National Republican Party. He is also considered one of the greatest speakers in the history of the US House of Representatives.

 18 
Patrick Henry
(Founding Father of the United States)
Patrick Henry
8
Birthdate: May 29, 1736
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Studley, Virginia, United States
Died: June 6, 1799

A significant figure of the American Revolution, Patrick Henry was the first governor of post-colonial Virginia. A skilled orator, he is remembered for his iconic words “Give me liberty or give me death!” He excelled as a lawyer and gained fame with his win in the Parson's Cause.

 19 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))
John Jay
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 20 
Samuel Adams
(American Political Philosopher and 4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794–1797))
Samuel Adams
13
Birthdate: September 27, 1722
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 2, 1803
Samuel Adams, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, also served as the governor of Massachusetts. Samuel formed the Boston Tea Party and also played a major role in drafting the Articles of Confederation and the Massachusetts Constitution. He was a second cousin of President John Adams.
 21 
Daniel Webster
(Former United States Senator)
Daniel Webster
4
Birthdate: January 18, 1782
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Salisbury, New Hampshire, United States
Died: October 24, 1852
 22 
Meriwether Lewis
(Explorer, Politician)
Meriwether Lewis
4
Birthdate: August 18, 1774
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ivy, Colony of Virginia
Died: October 11, 1809

Best known for his exploration of the Pacific Northwest and Oregon, Meriwether Lewis led the legendary Lewis and Clark Expedition. He had also been the governor of Louisiana. His mysterious death at age 35, due to gunshot wounds, sparked a huge debate on whether it was a murder or a suicide.

 23 
Thaddeus Stevens
(Former United States Representative)
Thaddeus Stevens
4
Birthdate: April 4, 1792
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Danville
Died: August 11, 1868
Thaddeus Stevens was member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and a Radical Republican leader. He played a major role in ending slavery and chaired the House Ways and Means Committee during the American Civil War. He was also known for ill-treating the ex-Confederates during Reconstruction.
 24 
George Clinton
(Vice President of the United States (1805-1812))
George Clinton
4
Birthdate: July 26, 1739
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Little Britain, New York, United States
Died: April 20, 1812

George Clinton is one of the pioneers of funk music. He initially released multiple hits with the collective Parliament-Funkadelic and then launched a solo career with the album Computer Games and the singles Loopzilla and Atomic Dog. He has also lent his voice to the TV movie Freaknik: The Musical.

 25 
Chief Seattle
(Tribal chief)
Chief Seattle
4
Birthdate: 1786 AD
Birthplace: Suquamish, Washington, United States
Died: June 7, 1866
Chief Seattle was a Suquamish and Duwamish chief who was a close friend of David Swinson "Doc" Maynard and is remembered for his amicable relationship with the white settlers. The city of Seattle was named after him. He is widely known for his speech on Native American land rights.
 26 
Francis Marion
(Military officer)
Francis Marion
4
Birthdate: February 26, 1732
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States
Died: February 27, 1795
 27 
Kazimierz Pułaski
5
Birthdate: March 6, 1745
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: October 11, 1779

Kazimierz Pułaski was a Polish nobleman, military commander, and soldier. Dubbed the father of the American cavalry, Pulaski is credited with creating the Pulaski Cavalry Legion and reorganizing the American cavalry. He played an important role in the American Revolutionary War and is remembered for fighting for the independence of Poland and the United States.

 28 
Benedict Arnold
(American Military Officer Who Served During the Revolutionary War)
Benedict Arnold
22
Birthdate: January 14, 1741
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Norwich, Connecticut, United States
Died: June 14, 1801

Benedict Arnold was an American military officer who betrayed his country when he joined the British forces in 1780. Because of his betrayal, his name became synonymous with traitory in the United States. His story of betrayal has been depicted in popular culture and he has been portrayed by actors like Owain Yeoman and Ciarán Owens.

 29 
George Mason
(Patriot, U.S. Statesman)
George Mason
4
Birthdate: December 11, 1725
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fairfax County, Virginia
Died: October 7, 1792
 30 
Benjamin Tallmadge
(Military Leader)
Benjamin Tallmadge
4
Birthdate: February 25, 1754
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: East Setauket, Brookhaven, New York, United States
Died: March 7, 1835
 31 
Nathanael Greene
(Major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War)
Nathanael Greene
3
Birthdate: August 7, 1742
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Potowomut, Rhode Island, United States
Died: June 19, 1786
 32 
Philip John Schuyler
5
Birthdate: November 20, 1733
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: November 18, 1804
 33 
Ethan Allen
(Revolutionary War Hero)
Ethan Allen
5
Birthdate: January 21, 1738
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Litchfield, Connecticut, United States
Died: February 12, 1789

As a child, Ethan Allen was fond of deciphering passages from the Bible. He grew up to co-establish Vermont and led the Green Mountain Boys during the American Revolutionary War. After failing to achieve Vermont’s separation from New York, he tried to unite Vermont with Canada.

 34 
Charles Evans Hughes
3
Birthdate: April 11, 1862
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Glens Falls, New York, U.S.
Died: August 27, 1948
 35 
Aaron Burr
(3rd Vice President of United States)
Aaron Burr
49
Birthdate: February 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: September 14, 1836

A soldier, lawyer and one of the founding Fathers of America, Aaron Burr rose to become the third Vice president of the United States. His turbulent political career, which included bitter rivalry with Alexander Hamilton, concluded when he mortally wounded Hamilton in a duel and was later charged with treason.

 36 
Henry Knox
(Former United States Secretary of War)
Henry Knox
3
Birthdate: July 25, 1750
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 25, 1806
 37 
John Quincy Adams
(6th President of United States (1825 - 1829))
John Quincy Adams
29
Birthdate: July 11, 1767
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 23, 1848

The sixth president of the United States of America John Quincy Adams played a key role in shaping America during its formative years. He helped develop the Monroe Doctrine, which eventually became a vital tenet of the U.S. foreign policy. He is also widely regarded as one of the greatest secretaries of state and diplomats in the American history.

 38 
Benjamin Rush
(Founding Father of the United States)
Benjamin Rush
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1746
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Byberry, Philadelphia, United States
Died: April 19, 1813
 39 
Thomas Paine
(Founding Father of the United States)
Thomas Paine
3
Birthdate: January 29, 1737
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Thetford, England
Died: June 8, 1809

English-born American political activist, philosopher, and revolutionary, Thomas Paine, is credited to have penned some of the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution. His works inspired the common people of America and motivated them to fight for independence from British rule. He was ostracized for criticizing Christianity and died a lonely man.

 40 
Anthony Wayne
(Senior Officer of the United States Army (1792-96))
Anthony Wayne
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1745
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Easttown Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 15, 1796
 41 
Elizabeth Ann Seton
(First native-born American to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church)
Elizabeth Ann Seton
3
Birthdate: August 28, 1774
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: January 4, 1821
Born to a physician, Elizabeth Ann Seton, the first American to be canonized by the Catholic Church, helped establish the first charity in New York. Part of the Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph, she pioneered the Catholic schooling system, establishing the first Catholic girls’ school in the U.S. 
 42 
Elbridge Gerry
(Vice President of the United States (1813-14))
Elbridge Gerry
3
Birthdate: July 17, 1744
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States
Died: November 23, 1814
 43 
Horatio Gates
(Army General)
Horatio Gates
4
Birthdate: July 26, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maldon, England
Died: April 10, 1806
 44 
Roger Sherman
(Politician)
Roger Sherman
3
Birthdate: April 19, 1721
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 23, 1793
 45 
Joseph Warren
(Physician, Military Leader)
Joseph Warren
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1741
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 17, 1775
 46 
Samuel Chase
(Founding Father of the United States and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1796 - 1811))
Samuel Chase
3
Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County, Maryland, United States
Died: June 19, 1811

Samuel Chase was one of the founding fathers of the USA. From 1796 to 1811, he served as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence.

 47 
Richard Mentor Johnson
(Vice President of the United States (1837-41))
Richard Mentor Johnson
3
Birthdate: October 17, 1780
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: November 19, 1850
 48 
John Dickinson
(Founding Father of the United States)
John Dickinson
3
Birthdate: November 13, 1732
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Talbot County, Maryland, United States
Died: February 14, 1808
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
3
Birthdate: September 19, 1737
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Annapolis, Maryland, United States
Died: November 14, 1832
 50 
Black Hawk
(Military Leader during the Black Hawk War of 1832)
Black Hawk
3
Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Rock Island, Illinois, United States
Died: October 3, 1838