Famous 18th Century Revolutionaries

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 1 
Simon Bolivar
(Revolutionary & Military Leader)
Simon Bolivar
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Birthdate: July 24, 1783
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: December 17, 1830
After losing his parents as a child, Simon Bolivar also lost his Spanish wife to yellow fever later and thus decided to devote himself to politics. He was the first president of Gran Colombia and Bolivia, and also led Peru and Venezuela in their fight for freedom, against Spain.
 2 
Paul Revere
(Silversmith, Revolutionary)
Paul Revere
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Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1818
Paul Revere was a silversmith from Boston and a Patriot in the American Revolution who is remembered for alerting his fellow Patriots, during a midnight ride, about the approaching British forces prior to the battles of Lexington and Concord. He remains immortalized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem Paul Revere's Ride.
 3 
Toussaint Louverture
(Leader of the Haitian Revolution)
Toussaint Louverture
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Birthdate: May 20, 1743
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Dominigue (present day Haiti)
Died: April 7, 1803

Haitian general,  Toussaint Louverture, was the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. A revolutionary leader, he was devoted to the cause of Haitian independence and fought hard until he was killed by the French in a treacherous manner. The revolution continued after his death, leading to Haiti’s independence. He is now known as the Father of Haiti.

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 4 
Tecumseh
(Native American Leader, Shawnee chief)
Tecumseh
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Birthdate: 1768
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ohio, United States
Died: October 5, 1813

Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief, diplomat, orator, and warrior. He is best known for promoting resistance to the United States' expansion onto Native American lands. He also promoted tribal unity and is credited with forming a Native American confederacy. He died trying to unite Native Americans and is considered an iconic folk hero in Canadian, Indigenous, and American history.

 5 
Patrick Henry
(Founding Father of the United States)
Patrick Henry
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Birthdate: May 29, 1736
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Studley, Virginia, United States
Died: June 6, 1799

A significant figure of the American Revolution, Patrick Henry was the first governor of post-colonial Virginia. A skilled orator, he is remembered for his iconic words “Give me liberty or give me death!” He excelled as a lawyer and gained fame with his win in the Parson's Cause.

 6 
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
(Haitian General)
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
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Birthdate: September 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Guinea
Died: August 17, 1806

Jean-Jacques Dessalines was an important figure and leader of the Haitian Revolution. He went on to rule an independent Haiti, which became the first country to abolish slavery permanently. Considered one of Haiti's founding fathers, Dessalines reigned as the emperor of Haiti from 1804 until his murder in 1806. Today, he is regarded as an icon of Haitian nationalism.

 7 
Charlotte Corday
(French Revolutionary Who Was Executed for the Assassination of Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat)
Charlotte Corday
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Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Écorches, Normandy, France
Died: July 17, 1793

Charlotte Corday was an important figure of the French Revolution. She is remembered for murdering Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, for which she was executed by guillotine. Her action changed the political position and role of women at the time. She was also considered a hero by those who opposed the teachings of Jean-Paul Marat.

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 8 
Ethan Allen
(Revolutionary War Hero)
Ethan Allen
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Birthdate: January 21, 1738
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Litchfield, Connecticut, United States
Died: February 12, 1789

As a child, Ethan Allen was fond of deciphering passages from the Bible. He grew up to co-establish Vermont and led the Green Mountain Boys during the American Revolutionary War. After failing to achieve Vermont’s separation from New York, he tried to unite Vermont with Canada.

 9 
Túpac Amaru II
(Revolutionary)
Túpac Amaru II
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Birthdate: March 19, 1738
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Surimana-Canas, Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru
Died: May 18, 1781

Túpac Amaru II  was the leader of a large Andean uprising against the Spanish in Peru. His wife was also a revolutionary and played a key role in the uprising. They were both captured, tortured, and put to death by the Spaniards. Following his death, he became known as a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence. 

 10 
Denmark Vesey
(Carpenters)
Denmark Vesey
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Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Died: July 2, 1822

Sold as a slave in childhood, Denmark Vesey adopted the surname of his master. He later purchased his freedom with the money he had won in a lottery. Earning a living as a carpenter, he simultaneously launched a slave rebellion and planned a coup but was eventually hanged to death.

 11 
Thomas Paine
(Founding Father of the United States)
Thomas Paine
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Birthdate: January 29, 1737
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Thetford, England
Died: June 8, 1809

English-born American political activist, philosopher, and revolutionary, Thomas Paine, is credited to have penned some of the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution. His works inspired the common people of America and motivated them to fight for independence from British rule. He was ostracized for criticizing Christianity and died a lonely man.

 12 
Wolfe Tone
(Revolutionary)
Wolfe Tone
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Birthdate: June 20, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 19, 1798

Initially a lawyer, Wolfe Tone later ditched his practice to co-establish the Society of United Irishmen, aimed at ending the British reign in Ireland. A prominent face of the Irish Rebellion, he led French forces into Ireland during the 1798 rebellion. Sentenced to be hanged, he later slit his own throat and died.

 13 
Sybil Ludington
(American Revolutionary)
Sybil Ludington
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Birthdate: April 5, 1761
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kent, New York
Died: February 26, 1839

Born to a militia officer, Sybil Ludington later made history with her fearless resistance to the British during the American Revolutionary War. Most of her statues today find her perched on a horse, in a tribute to her night-long horseback ride to inform American soldiers of an impending British attack.

 14 
Francisco de Miranda
(Former military leader and revolutionary)
Francisco de Miranda
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Birthdate: March 28, 1750
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: July 14, 1816
 15 
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
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Birthdate: August 25, 1767
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Decize, France
Died: July 28, 1794
 16 
Robert Emmet
(Revolutionary Leader)
Robert Emmet
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Birthdate: March 4, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 20, 1803
 17 
Benjamin Lincoln
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Birthdate: January 24, 1733
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: May 9, 1810

Part of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, Benjamin Lincoln had worked on his family farm before joining the army. After he and his 7,000 men surrendered in Charleston, he was freed in a prisoner exchange program and later became the lieutenant governor of Massachusetts.

 18 
James Wilkinson
(American Soldier and 1st Governor of Louisiana Territory (1805 - 1807))
James Wilkinson
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Birthdate: March 24, 1757
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: December 28, 1825

James Wilkinson served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and also revealed Aaron Burr’s conspiracy to the U.S. government. While he worked against the Spanish people as part of the U.S. army, he was later revealed to be a Spanish spy, also known as Number Thirteen.

 19 
Gabriela Silang
(Revolutionary)
Gabriela Silang
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Birthdate: March 19, 1731
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santa, Philippines
Died: September 20, 1763
 20 
Gabriel Prosser
(Blacksmith)
Gabriel Prosser
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Birthdate: 1776 AD
Birthplace: Henrico County, Virginia, United States
Died: October 10, 1800

One of the rare literate slaves of the colonial era, Gabriel Prosser was born into slavery at a tobacco plantation in Virginia. He led one of the first great slave revolutions of the U.S., aspiring to create an all-Black state, with himself as the king. He was eventually hanged.

 21 
Karađorđe
(Revolutionary)
Karađorđe
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Birthdate: November 16, 1768
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Viševac, Serbia
Died: July 26, 1817
 22 
Yemelyan Pugachev
(Leader of Pugachev Rebellion)
Yemelyan Pugachev
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Birthdate: 1742 AD
Birthplace: Volgograd Oblast, Russia
Died: January 21, 1775

Yemelyan Pugachev, a Cossack leader, was a significant figure of the peasant rebellion in Russia. Impersonating Emperor Peter III, who had been deposed by Queen Catherine and killed, Pugachev gathered a group of peasants and besieged several major Russian cities, but was eventually sent to Moscow, where he was executed.

 23 
Joaquim José da Silva Xavier
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Birthdate: November 12, 1746
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pombal, Brazil
Died: April 21, 1792

Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was a revolutionary who played a major role in a colonial Brazilian revolutionary movement called Inconfidência Mineira, which called for a creation of a Brazilian republic and full independence from the Portuguese Empire. Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was arrested and publicly hanged. Today, he is regarded as a national hero in Brazil.

 24 
Madame Roland
(French Revolutionary, Salonnière and Writer)
Madame Roland
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Birthdate: March 17, 1754
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 8, 1793

The wife of Jean-Marie Roland, Madame Roland was a leading French revolutionary and often hosted significant political meets at her salon. She often directed her husband’s political actions and was responsible for creating a rift between the Jacobin and Girondin factions. She was later arrested and guillotined.

 25 
Abu Muslim
(Muslim leader)
Abu Muslim
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Birthdate: 0718 AD
Birthplace: Merv, Turkmenistan
Died: 0755 AD

Abu Muslim was a Persian military general best remembered for his service as the commander-in-chief of the third caliphate to succeed Prophet Muhammad, Abbasid Caliphate. He helped Abbasid Caliphate overthrow the Umayyad Caliphate by playing an important role in the Abbasid Revolution. Abu Muslim then became the governor of Khurasan in 747 after defeatng the Umayyad governor Nasr ibn Sayyar.

 26 
Mary Hays
(Woman Who Fought in the American War of Independence at the Battle of Monmouth)
Mary Hays
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Birthdate: October 13, 1754
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: January 22, 1832

Mary Ludwig Hays, an American brave heart who is considered to have fought at the Battle of Monmouth in June 1778 during the American War of Independence, is mostly identified as the woman behind the legend of Molly Pitcher. She reportedly took her husband's place working a gun after he was wounded and brought water to troops at the battle  

 27 
Dutty Boukman
(Early leader of the Haitian Revolution)
Dutty Boukman
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Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Senegambia
Died: November 7, 1791
 28 
Jacques Pierre Brissot
(Former Member of the French National Convention for Eure-et-Loir (1792 - 1793))
Jacques Pierre Brissot
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Birthdate: January 15, 1754
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chartres, France
Died: October 31, 1793

Jacques Pierre Brissot was a French journalist and publisher. He was one of the most important members of the Girondins, who played a prominent role during the French Revolution. Brissot is also credited with founding the Society of the Friends of the Blacks, an abolitionist society, which aimed at abolishing the institution of slavery.

Lord Edward Fitzgerald
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Birthdate: October 15, 1763
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: County Kildare, Ireland
Died: June 4, 1798
 30 
Veerapandiya Kattabomman
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Birthdate: 1760
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Panchalankurichi, Tamil nadu, India
Died: October 16, 1799
 31 
Jean-Pierre Boyer
(Politician)
Jean-Pierre Boyer
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Birthdate: February 15, 1776
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Died: July 9, 1850
 32 
Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe
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Birthdate: April 8, 1726
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 5, 1799
 33 
Usman dan Fodio
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Birthdate: December 15, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gobir, Nigeria
Died: April 20, 1817
 34 
Rigas Feraios
(Greek Writer, Revolutionary and a Pioneer of the Greek War of Independence)
Rigas Feraios
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Birthdate: 1757 AD
Birthplace: Velestino, Greece
Died: June 24, 1798

Rigas Feraios was a Greek writer, revolutionary, and political thinker. A front runner of the Greek War of Independence, Feraios is revered as one of the most important national heroes in Greece. Rigas Feraios is also credited with kindling the Greeks' love of freedom.

 35 
Jean-Baptiste Carrier
(Revolutionary)
Jean-Baptiste Carrier
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Birthdate: March 16, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Yolet, France
Died: December 16, 1794

French revolutionary Jean-Baptiste Carrier is remembered for his radicalism, his actions during the the War in the Vendée, and his notorious atrocities against counter-revolutionaries, such as the murder of thousands of people at Nantes. He was eventually found guilty of mass murder by the Revolutionary Tribunal and guillotined.

 36 
Ugo Foscolo
(Writer)
Ugo Foscolo
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Birthdate: February 6, 1778
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zakynthos, Greece
Died: September 10, 1827
 37 
Tudor Vladimirescu
(Romanian Hero and Revolutionary Leader Who Led the 1821 Wallachian Uprising)
Tudor Vladimirescu
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Birthdate: 1780 AD
Birthplace: Vladimiri, Romania
Died: June 7, 1821
 38 
Athanasios Diakos
(Military commander)
Athanasios Diakos
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Birthdate: January 4, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Central Greece
Died: April 24, 1821
 39 
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois
(French Actor, Dramatist, Essayist, and Revolutionary.)
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois
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Birthdate: June 19, 1749
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 8, 1796

Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois was a French actor, essayist, dramatist, and revolutionary. He played an important role during the Reign of Terror, serving as one of the most important members of the Committee of Public Safety. Although he is credited with saving Madame Tussaud from the Guillotine, Collot d'Herbois oversaw the execution of over 2,000 people in Lyon.

 40 
Juan Álvarez
(Military General)
Juan Álvarez
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Birthdate: January 27, 1790
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Atoyac de Álvarez, Mexico
Died: August 21, 1867

Mexican revolutionary leader and liberal reformer Juan Álvarez was a mestizo landowner who later fought in the Mexican War of Independence and led the revolution supporting the Plan de Ayutla. He also became the provisional president of Mexico after the fall of Mexican general Santa Anna.

 41 
Jean-Lambert Tallien
(Political Figure)
Jean-Lambert Tallien
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Birthdate: January 23, 1767
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 16, 1820

Jean-Lambert Tallien was a French politician who played an important role during the French Revolution. Although he initially supported the Reign of Terror, Tallien became known as an influential leader of the Thermidorian Reaction that led to the downfall of the Reign of Terror's leader Maximilien Robespierre, which eventually resulted in the end of the Terror

 42 
Abraham Clark
(Politician, Lawyer)
Abraham Clark
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Birthdate: February 15, 1726
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Elizabeth
Died: September 15, 1794

American politician and slaveholder Abraham Clark, a Revolutionary War figure who earned the reputation as "the poor man's councilor," signed the United States Declaration of Independence as a delegate for New Jersey to the Continental Congress. He later served as Member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey's At-large district in both the Second and Third United States Congress.

 43 
Betty Zane
(Heroine)
Betty Zane
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Birthdate: July 19, 1765
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States
Died: August 23, 1823

Betty Zane is remembered as the heroine of the second siege of Fort Henry that took place in September 1782, during the American Revolutionary War. She volunteered and thrived in carrying gunpowder from her brother’s home to the fort when the garrison was running low on ammunition, thus allowing them to continue to fight and hold the fort.

 44 
Jane McCrea
(North American colonist)
Jane McCrea
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Birthdate: 1752 AD
Birthplace: New Jersey, United States
Died: July 27, 1777
 45 
Dheeran Chinnamalai
(Revolutionary)
Dheeran Chinnamalai
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Birthdate: April 17, 1756
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kangeyam, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: July 31, 1805
 46 
La Mulâtresse Solitude
(Historical figure and heroine in the fight against slavery on French Guadeloupe)
La Mulâtresse Solitude
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Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Guadeloupe
Died: November 29, 1802
 47 
François Hanriot
(Revolutionary)
François Hanriot
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Birthdate: September 3, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nanterre, France
Died: July 28, 1794

François Hanriot was a Sans-culotte leader and street orator. He played an important role during the French Revolution, commanding the National Guard. He played a crucial role in the insurrection of May 31 to 2 June 1793 which resulted in the fall of the Girondins. François Hanriot’s arrest and execution went a long way in ending the Reign of Terror.

 48 
José Miguel Carrera
(Chilean General & One of the Founding Fathers of the Nation)
José Miguel Carrera
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Birthdate: October 15, 1785
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chile
Died: September 4, 1821

José Miguel Carrera was a Chilean general and an important member of the famous Carrera family. The most prominent leader of the War of Independence in Chile, Carrera is widely regarded as a co-founder of independent Chile. Today, he is counted among the Fathers of the Nation in Chile. José Miguel Carrera is also credited with ending slavery in Chile.

 49 
François de Charette
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Birthdate: May 2, 1763
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Couffe, France
Died: March 26, 1796

François de Charette was a Breton soldier and politician who played an important role during the American Revolutionary War, serving in the French Royal Navy. He was one of the leaders of the War in the Vendée and fought against the revolutionary regime. His life inspired the creation of Le Dernier Panache at a theme park named Puy du Fou.

 50 
James Napper Tandy
(Revolutionary)
James Napper Tandy
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Birthdate: February 16, 1739
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St. Audoen's Church, Dublin, Ireland
Died: August 24, 1803

Irish revolutionary hero James Napper Tandy, who finds mention in the Irish ballad The Wearing of the Green, was associated with the Society of United Irishmen. Together with the French, he attempted to drive the British out of Ireland. He was eventually captured and sentenced to death but later released and exiled.