Tadeusz Kościuszko Biography
(Polish Military Engineer and Statesman)
Birthday: February 4, 1746 (Aquarius)
Born In: Belarus
Tadeusz Kościuszko was a Polish-Lithuanian politician who gained fame for participating in the American Revolutionary War. As a leader of the Polish National Armed Forces, he battled for the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Prussia and Russia and became a national hero. Born in a noble family in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Kościuszko attended the Corps of Cadets in Poland. His outstanding abilities attracted King Stanisław II Augustus Poniatowski’s attention and he was eventually sent to Paris to study. After returning to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth after its First Partition, he took a job as a tutor. However, Kościuszko ended up relocating to France again after he was beaten for eloping with his employer's daughter. In 1776, he moved to the United States where he became engaged in the American Revolutionary War. After the Polish–Russian War resulted in Poland’s Second Partition, the commander of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Army campaigned against Russia in 1794. His army’s defeat led to his capture. He was eventually pardoned, following which he immigrated to USA. He spent his later years in Switzerland and died in 1817, at the age of 71.