French writer and poet André Breton founded Surrealism which became best known for its visual artworks and writings aimed at revolutionizing human experience, in its personal, cultural, social, and political aspects. Surrealist artists painted unnerving and illogical scenes with photographic precision and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself. Spanish painter Salvador Dalí is one of the best known figures of the Surrealist movement and is credited with creating the painting ‘The Persistence of Memory’, the most recognizable work of the movement which employs "the exactitude of realist painting techniques". Another influential surrealist artist was Rene Magritte who painted ‘The Son of Man’ as a self-portrait with the hope of conveying important messages about the individual. His paintings striped the signs and symbols of their original meaning and were counted amongst the most iconic surrealist paintings. German painter and sculptor Max Ernst was also a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism. He collaborated with other artists like Marcel Duchamp and Marc Chagall during the World War II and helped inspire the development of Abstract expressionism. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Surrealist artists.
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