Sailors

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Sailors have been instrumental in discovering new places and in development of trade and commerce in the world. Know more about famous sailors who played a key role in shaping human history.
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 1 
Francis Drake
(Best Known for His Circumnavigation of the World in a Single Expedition)
Francis Drake
6
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Tavistock, Devon, England
Died: January 28, 1596

Francis Drake was an English explorer and naval officer. He is remembered for his Raiding Expedition, a prominent historical maritime event which unfolded between 1577 and 1580. Although Drake is considered a hero in the United Kingdom, his privateering led the Spanish to refer to him as a pirate. His expedition has also had a major cultural impact in Britain.

 2 
Marcus Luttrell
(Retired Navy SEAL Who Received the Navy Cross and Purple Heart for His Actions Against Taliban in 2005)
Marcus Luttrell
4
Birthdate: November 7, 1975
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Houston, Texas, United States
Recipient of Purple Heart and Navy Cross for his actions against Taliban fighters in 2005, Marcus Luttrell became a SO1 in the United States Navy by the end of his eight-year career. He was the lone survivour during the Operation Red Wings. He is the co-host of television show After Action.
 3 
Carroll O’Connor
6
Birthdate: August 2, 1924
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: The Bronx, New York, United States
Died: June 21, 2001

Carroll O'Connor was an American actor, director, and producer. In a TV career that spanned 40 years, O'Connor popularized several fictional characters, including Archie Bunker from the sitcom All in the Family, for which he received four Emmy Awards. In 1996, he was ranked 38th on the 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time list published by TV Guide.

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 4 
Francesco Schettino
(Ship Captain)
Francesco Schettino
4
Birthdate: November 14, 1960
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Meta, Campania, Italy
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 5 
Carl Brashear
(Sailor)
Carl Brashear
4
Birthdate: January 19, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tonieville, Kentucky, United States
Died: July 25, 2006
 6 
John Newton
(British Sailor and Anglican Clergyman)
John Newton
4
Birthdate: July 24, 1725
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wapping, London
Died: December 21, 1807

John Newton was an English Anglican cleric. As a young man, he was forcefully recruited into the navy and worked on slave ships in the slave trade for several years. He later converted to Christianity, following which he denounced slavery and became an abolitionist. He was then ordained as a Church of England cleric. 

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 7 
David Hedison
(Actor)
David Hedison
4
Birthdate: May 20, 1927
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, USA
 8 
Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset
(Politician)
Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset
6
Birthdate: June 15, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Blackmore, England
Died: July 22, 1536

Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, was the son of Henry VIII and his mistress Elizabeth Blount. Henry FitzRoy was the only illegitimate child acknowledged by King Henry VIII of England. In spite of being an illegitimate child, Henry FitzRoy was made Duke of Richmond and Somerset. He was later made Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. 

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 9 
Fletcher Christian
(Seaman)
Fletcher Christian
4
Birthdate: September 25, 1764
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: near Cockermouth, England
Died: September 20, 1793
 10 
Harry Carey Jr.
(Actor)
Harry Carey Jr.
4
Birthdate: May 16, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saugus, Santa Clarita, California Saugus, Santa Clarita, California Santa Clarita, California, United States
Died: December 27, 2012
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 11 
Carl Emil Pettersson
(Sailor)
Carl Emil Pettersson
4
Birthdate: October 23, 1875
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: May 12, 1937

Swedish sailor Carl Emil Pettersson, who worked for Neuguinea-Compagnie, was shipwrecked while on a work trip in the Pacific. He was washed ashore and eventually became the ruler of Tabar Island in Papua New Guinea, after marrying the princess of the island. He also owned plantations and unearthed a gold deposit.

 12 
William McMaster Murdoch
(British Sailor Who Was the First Officer on the ‘RMS Titanic’)
William McMaster Murdoch
4
Birthdate: February 28, 1873
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dalbeattie, Scotland
Died: April 15, 1912

Scottish sailor William McMaster Murdoch was the First Officer on the RMS Titanic. The officer in charge on the bridge when the ship collided with an iceberg, he was one of the more than 1,500 casualties when the ship sank. He died under mysterious circumstances, and it is rumored that he died by suicide shortly after the collision. 

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 13 
Grace O'Malley
(Pirate)
Grace O'Malley
4
Birthdate: 1530 AD
Birthplace: Umhaill, Ireland
Died: June 18, 1603

Part of Irish folklore, Grace O'Malley was known as The Pirate Queen. Born into a seafaring family and was known for her unrelenting attitude toward the English. Known for her exploits in the Nine Years' War, she refused to bow down to Queen Elizabeth, as she herself was a queen.

 14 
Paul Le Mat
(Actor)
Paul Le Mat
5
Birthdate: September 22, 1945
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rahway, New Jersey, USA
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 15 
William Kidd
(Pirate)
William Kidd
4
Birthdate: 1655 AD
Birthplace: Greenock, Scotland
Died: May 23, 1701
 16 
Ellen MacArthur
(Sailor)
Ellen MacArthur
3
Birthdate: July 8, 1976
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Whatstandwell, England
 17 
Frederick Fleet
(Sailor)
Frederick Fleet
3
Birthdate: October 15, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: January 10, 1965
 18 
Hrafna-Flóki Vilgerðarson
(Explorer)
Hrafna-Flóki Vilgerðarson
4
Birthplace: Norway
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 19 
Laura Dekker
(New Zealand-Born Dutch Sailor Who Completed the First Solo Circumnavigation of the World)
Laura Dekker
3
Birthdate: September 20, 1995
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Whangarei, New Zealand

New Zealand-born Dutch sailor Laura Dekker was 14 when she began her path-breaking solo journey around the world aboard a ketch named Guppy. At 16, she reached the Caribbean and thus became the youngest person to complete a solo circumnavigation of the world. She later published a book on her experiences.

 20 
Katharina von Bora
(Wife of German Reformer Martin Luther)
Katharina von Bora
3
Birthdate: January 29, 1499
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lippendorf, Neukieritzsch, Germany
Died: December 20, 1552

Katharina von Bora was a former nun, whose marriage with German professor of theology, priest, Augustinian monk, author and composer Martin Luther, a seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation, set a model for clerical marriage, permitting Protestant clergy to marry. She is often regarded to have played a key role in Reformation as she helped in defining Protestant family life.

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 21 
Poon Lim
(Sailor)
Poon Lim
3
Birthdate: March 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hainan
Died: January 4, 1991
 22 
Jack Phillips
(Wireless telegraphist)
Jack Phillips
3
Birthdate: April 11, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Farncombe, Surrey, England
Died: April 15, 1912
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 23 
Pete Hamill
(Journalist)
Pete Hamill
7
Birthdate: June 24, 1935
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: August 5, 2020
 24 
Jessica Watson
(Australian Sailor Who Attempted a Solo Global Circumnavigation at the Age of 16)
Jessica Watson
3
Birthdate: May 18, 1993
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gold Coast, Australia

Order of Australia Medal-winning Jessica Watson made headlines with her solo attempt of circumnavigating the world, though it fell short of the official criteria. The Australian sailor and explorer had grown up in a cabin cruiser and double-decker bus. She has recounted her experience in a documentary and a book.

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 25 
Walter Tevis
(Novelist)
Walter Tevis
0
Birthdate: February 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: August 9, 1984
 26 
Paul Watson
(Environmental activist, who founded the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society)
Paul Watson
6
Birthdate: December 2, 1950
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
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 27 
Joshua Slocum
(First Person in Recorded History to Sail Around the World Single-handedly)
Joshua Slocum
3
Birthdate: February 20, 1844
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mount Hanley, Canada
Died: November 14, 1909

Joshua Slocum was a seaman who became the first person to sail single-handedly around the world. He was also a noted writer and wrote a book about his journey, Sailing Alone Around the World; the book became an international bestseller. He disappeared in November 1909, during one of his sailing adventures. He was declared legally dead after a few years. 

 28 
Pierre Casiraghi
(Racing driver, Sailor)
Pierre Casiraghi
4
Birthdate: September 5, 1987
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: La Colle, Monaco
 29 
Vitus Bering
(Danish Explorer and Cartographer Who Explored the Bering Strait and Alaska)
Vitus Bering
3
Birthdate: August 5, 1681
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Horsens, Denmark
Died: December 19, 1741

Danish explorer and cartographer Vitus Bering is remembered for his exploration of the Bering Strait and Alaska. Starting as a ship’s boy at 15, he got a breakthrough with Tsar Peter I’s voyage to the East Indies. He later led the First and Second Kamchatka Expeditions. The Bering Sea and Strait bear his name.

 30 
Harry Guardino
(Actor)
Harry Guardino
0
Birthdate: December 23, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: July 17, 1995
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 31 
Jack Ward
(Privateer)
Jack Ward
3
Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Faversham
Died: 1622 AD
 32 
Christopher Gadsden
(Politician)
Christopher Gadsden
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1724
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: August 28, 1805
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 33 
Donald Crowhurst
(British Businessman and Amateur Sailor)
Donald Crowhurst
0
Birthdate: 1932 AD
Birthplace: Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: June 30, 1969
 34 
David Hackworth
(Journalist)
David Hackworth
3
Birthdate: November 11, 1930
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ocean Park, California, U.S. (now Santa Monica, California Santa Monica, California, U.S.)
Died: May 4, 2005
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 35 
Tracy Edwards
(Sailor)
Tracy Edwards
3
Birthdate: September 5, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pangbourne, United Kingdom
 36 
Robert Surcouf
(Privateer, Writer, Shipowner, Slave trader)
Robert Surcouf
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1773
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Malo
Died: July 8, 1827
 37 
William Dampier
(Explorer)
William Dampier
3
Birthdate: September 5, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: East Coker, Somerset, England
Died: February 29, 2017
 38 
Martin Frobisher
(Sailor)
Martin Frobisher
3
Birthdate: 1535 AD
Birthplace: Altofts, England
Died: November 21, 1594
 39 
Juan Sebastián Elcano
(Spanish Navigator and Ship-Owner Who Completed the First Circumnavigation of the Earth in the Ship)
Juan Sebastián Elcano
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1476
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Getaria, Spain
Died: August 4, 1526
Though Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan had started the first circumnavigation of the world, it was Basque explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano who completed it after Magellan’s death, manning the two ships left, despite issues such as scurvy and starvation. Elcano eventually died on a failed expedition to the Molucca Islands.
 40 
Arthur Rostron
(Sailor)
Arthur Rostron
3
Birthdate: May 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bolton
Died: November 4, 1940
 41 
Harold Lowe
(Sailor)
Harold Lowe
3
Birthdate: November 21, 1882
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Llanrhos
Died: May 12, 1944
 42 
Philippe Cousteau
(French Diver, Sailor, Pilot, Director and Cinematographer Specializing in Environmental Issues)
Philippe Cousteau
0
Birthdate: December 30, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Toulon, France
Died: June 28, 1979
 43 
Jan Janszoon
(Pirate)
Jan Janszoon
3
Birthdate: 1570 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem
Died: 1641 AD
 44 
Stephen Girard
(Sailor, Entrepreneur, Banker)
Stephen Girard
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1750
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bordeaux
Died: December 26, 1831
 45 
Brendan Hughes
(Republican)
Brendan Hughes
3
Birthdate: October 16, 1948
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Belfast, Northern Ireland
Died: February 16, 2008
 46 
Harold Bride
(Sailor)
Harold Bride
0
Birthdate: January 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nunhead, London, United Kingdom
Died: April 29, 1956
 47 
Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland
(Admirals)
Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland
3
Birthdate: November 10, 1341
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Northumberland, England
Died: February 20, 1408
 48 
Dirk Hartog
(explorer)
Dirk Hartog
3
Birthdate: October 30, 1580
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Amsterdam
Died: October 11, 1621
 49 
Christopher Newport
(explorer)
Christopher Newport
3
Birthdate: 1561
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Limehouse
Died: 1617 AD
 50 
Robin Knox-Johnston
(Sailor)
Robin Knox-Johnston
3
Birthdate: March 17, 1939
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Putney, London, England