List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

John Glenn John Glenn
American
Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American

Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American
Jim LovellJim Lovell
American

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian
Frank BormanFrank Borman
American

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian
Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American

Fred HaiseFred Haise
American

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American
Sheikh Muszaphar ShukorSheikh Muszaphar Shukor
Malaysian
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Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American

Pete ConradPete Conrad
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American
Alan BeanAlan Bean
American

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American
Charles DukeCharles Duke
American

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American

William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
Israeli

Elliot SeeElliot See
American
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American

Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American

Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

James IrwinJames Irwin
American
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American

Charles BoldenCharles Bolden
American
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
British

Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American

James McDivittJames McDivitt
American
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian

Joe EngleJoe Engle
American

Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American
Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
American

John HerringtonJohn Herrington
American

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American

Mirosław HermaszewskiMirosław Hermaszewski
Polish

Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
American

Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
Indian
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese