List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
(Indian,American)
Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)
Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)

David ScottDavid Scott
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)
Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)

Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)
Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)

Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Yi So-yeonYi So-yeon
(South Korean)
Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)

Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)

Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)
Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)