List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)

Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)
David ScottDavid Scott
(American)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)
Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)

Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)

William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)

James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)

Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)
William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)

Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)

Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)