List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
(Indian,American)
Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Alan ShepardAlan Shepard
(American)

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Gus GrissomGus Grissom
(American)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)
Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)

David ScottDavid Scott
(American)
Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)
Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)
Edward Higgins WhiteEdward Higgins White
(American)

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(American)
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
John YoungJohn Young
(American)

Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
(American)
John HerringtonJohn Herrington
(American)
Richard F. Gordon, Jr.Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
(American)

Christer FuglesangChrister Fuglesang
(Swedish)
Clayton AndersonClayton Anderson
(American)
Yuri MalenchenkoYuri Malenchenko
(Russian)

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