List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

John Glenn John Glenn
American
Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American

Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian
Jim LovellJim Lovell
American

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Charles DukeCharles Duke
American
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Fred HaiseFred Haise
American

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American
Frank BormanFrank Borman
American

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American
James IrwinJames Irwin
American

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Pete ConradPete Conrad
American
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Alan BeanAlan Bean
American

Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American

Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American
Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American

Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
Israeli

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American

Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American

William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Elliot SeeElliot See
American

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
Indian

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American
James McDivittJames McDivitt
American

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian

Joe EngleJoe Engle
American

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American

Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American
Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
American

Marsha IvinsMarsha Ivins
American

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
American

Richard F. Gordon, Jr.Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
American

John HerringtonJohn Herrington
American
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
American
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
British, American