List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)

Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
(Indian,American)

Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Timothy PeakeTimothy Peake
(British)

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Alan ShepardAlan Shepard
(American)

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)

Gus GrissomGus Grissom
(American)
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)

Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)

Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)
David ScottDavid Scott
(American)

Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)

Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)

Kjell N. LindgrenKjell N. Lindgren
(American)

Edward Higgins WhiteEdward Higgins White
(American)
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Timothy KopraTimothy Kopra
(American)

Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)

James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

John HerringtonJohn Herrington
(American)

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
Marsha IvinsMarsha Ivins
(American)

Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)
Mikhail KorniyenkoMikhail Korniyenko
(Russian)

Michael J. MassiminoMichael J. Massimino
(American)
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
(American)

Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)

Kimiya YuiKimiya Yui
(Japanese)

Richard F. Gordon, Jr.Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)

Nicholas PatrickNicholas Patrick
(American)

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)

Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)
Sergey Alexandrovich VolkovSergey Alexandrovich Volkov
(Russian)

Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)

Christer FuglesangChrister Fuglesang
(Swedish)

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)

Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
(American)

Quote Of The Day