List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

John Glenn John Glenn
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian
Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American

Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American
Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Jim LovellJim Lovell
American

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian

Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
American
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American
Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Fred HaiseFred Haise
American

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian
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Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American

Frank BormanFrank Borman
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American

Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American
Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American
Pete ConradPete Conrad
American

Charles DukeCharles Duke
American

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
British

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American
Alan BeanAlan Bean
American

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
American

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian
Charles BoldenCharles Bolden
American

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American

Elliot SeeElliot See
American
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American
James IrwinJames Irwin
American

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-
Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American
William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
American

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
James McDivittJames McDivitt
American

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian
Kjell N. LindgrenKjell N. Lindgren
American

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American

Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Cuban

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese

Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Wubbo OckelsWubbo Ockels
Dutch
Yuri MalenchenkoYuri Malenchenko
Russian

Joe EngleJoe Engle
American
Pedro DuquePedro Duque
Spanish