List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
(Indian,American)
Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)

Alan ShepardAlan Shepard
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)

William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)
Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)

David ScottDavid Scott
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)

Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)
Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)

James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)

Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)

Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)
Clayton AndersonClayton Anderson
(American)