List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American
John Glenn John Glenn
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Jim LovellJim Lovell
American
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American

Frank BormanFrank Borman
American
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Fred HaiseFred Haise
American
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American
Charles DukeCharles Duke
American

Pete ConradPete Conrad
American

Alan BeanAlan Bean
American

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American

Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American

James IrwinJames Irwin
American

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American

Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
Israeli

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American
Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American
Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American

William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Elliot SeeElliot See
American

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American

Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American

Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American

James McDivittJames McDivitt
American
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American

Joe EngleJoe Engle
American

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American

Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American
Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
American

Edward Higgins WhiteEdward Higgins White
American

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
American

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
American
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
American

Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
American
William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
American
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
American