List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)

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Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)

Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)

Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

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Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)

Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)

William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)

Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
John HerringtonJohn Herrington
(American)
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)

Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Clayton AndersonClayton Anderson
(American)