List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
(Indian,American)
Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)

Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
David ScottDavid Scott
(American)

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)

Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)
Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)
Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)

Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)

Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)

Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)

Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)

Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)

William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)