List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)

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Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)

Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)

Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)
William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)

Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)
Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)

Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

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Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)

Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)
Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)

James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)
Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)

Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)

William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)

Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)

John HerringtonJohn Herrington
(American)
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
(American)
Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
(German)