List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American
Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

John Glenn John Glenn
American
Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American
Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander
Jim LovellJim Lovell
American
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Fred HaiseFred Haise
American
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American

Mark KellyMark Kelly
American
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American

Frank BormanFrank Borman
American
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Charles DukeCharles Duke
American
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American
Pete ConradPete Conrad
American
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American
Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American
Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
Israeli

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American
Alan BeanAlan Bean
American
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American
William AndersWilliam Anders
American
Elliot SeeElliot See
American

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American
James IrwinJames Irwin
American
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American
Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American
Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American
Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American

James McDivittJames McDivitt
American
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian
Joe EngleJoe Engle
American
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American
Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
American
Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
American
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
American
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
American
Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
American

William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
American
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
American
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
British, American

Sigmund JähnSigmund Jähn
German
John HerringtonJohn Herrington
American
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Cuban
Clayton AndersonClayton Anderson
American