List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

John Glenn John Glenn
American

Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American

Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American
Jim LovellJim Lovell
American

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
American

Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian
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Fred HaiseFred Haise
American
Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American

Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American

Judith ResnikJudith Resnik
American

Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American

Frank BormanFrank Borman
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African
Rick HusbandRick Husband
American

Pete ConradPete Conrad
American

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American

Charles DukeCharles Duke
American

Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
American

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American

Alan BeanAlan Bean
American
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
British

Elliot SeeElliot See
American

Charles BoldenCharles Bolden
American
James IrwinJames Irwin
American

Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
-

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American
Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Georgy DobrovolskyGeorgy Dobrovolsky
Ukrainian
William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Yi So-yeonYi So-yeon
South Korean

Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian

Jan DavisJan Davis
American
James McDivittJames McDivitt
American

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American

Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Cuban

Kjell N. LindgrenKjell N. Lindgren
American
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American