List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Buzz Aldrin Buzz Aldrin
American

Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin
Russian, Russian

Mae Jemison Mae Jemison
American
John Glenn John Glenn
American

Sally Ride Sally Ride
American

Gus Grissom Gus Grissom
American

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz
Chinese, Costa Rican, American
Michael Collins Michael Collins
Italian, American

Bjarni Tryggvason Bjarni Tryggvason
Canadian, Icelander

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
American

Jim LovellJim Lovell
American
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
Indian

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
American

Frank BormanFrank Borman
American
Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
American

Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
American
Mark KellyMark Kelly
American

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian

Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
Canadian
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
American
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Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
American
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
American

Fred HaiseFred Haise
American

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Charles DukeCharles Duke
American

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
British, South African

Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
American

Pete ConradPete Conrad
American

Wally SchirraWally Schirra
American
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
American

Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
American
Alan BeanAlan Bean
American

Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
Hungarian, American

Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
American
William AndersWilliam Anders
American

Elliot SeeElliot See
American
Charles BoldenCharles Bolden
American

Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
Russian

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
American

Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
American

Rick HusbandRick Husband
American
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
American

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
American

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
American

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
American
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
Canadian
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
American

Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
American

Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
American

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
American
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
Russian

James IrwinJames Irwin
American
William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
American

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
American

Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
British
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
American

Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
American
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti
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Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
American

David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
American
James McDivittJames McDivitt
American

Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Cuban
Mirosław HermaszewskiMirosław Hermaszewski
Polish

Sheikh Muszaphar ShukorSheikh Muszaphar Shukor
Malaysian

Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American
Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
Russian

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
American

Gherman TitovGherman Titov
Russian

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
American

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
American
Joe EngleJoe Engle
American

Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
American
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
American

Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
American

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
American
Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
American

Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
Indian
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
American

Phạm TuânPhạm Tuân
Vietnamese
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
Russian

Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
American

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
Chinese

John HerringtonJohn Herrington
American
Michael FoaleMichael Foale
American