List of famous astronauts with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Astronauts
An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Jim LovellJim Lovell
(American)
Rakesh SharmaRakesh Sharma
(Indian)

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Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
(American)
Chris HadfieldChris Hadfield
(Canadian)
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
(Canadian)

Frank BormanFrank Borman
(American)
Deke SlaytonDeke Slayton
(American)
Fred HaiseFred Haise
(American)

David ScottDavid Scott
(American)
William AndersWilliam Anders
(American)
Elliot SeeElliot See
(American)

Gordon CooperGordon Cooper
(American)
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
(American)
Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
(American)

Ken MattinglyKen Mattingly
(American)
Roger B. ChaffeeRoger B. Chaffee
(American)
Wally SchirraWally Schirra
(American)

Pete ConradPete Conrad
(American)
Eugene CernanEugene Cernan
(American)
Alan BeanAlan Bean
(American)

Ilan RamonIlan Ramon
(Israeli)
Charles DukeCharles Duke
(American)
Mark KellyMark Kelly
(American)

Mark ShuttleworthMark Shuttleworth
(British,South African)
Ronald McNairRonald McNair
(American)
Scott CarpenterScott Carpenter
(American)

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Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
(American)
Edgar MitchellEdgar Mitchell
(American)
Richard GarriottRichard Garriott
(American)

Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov
(Russian)
Ellison OnizukaEllison Onizuka
(American)
James IrwinJames Irwin
(American)

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
(American)
Dick ScobeeDick Scobee
(American)
Rick HusbandRick Husband
(American)

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
(American)
Charles SimonyiCharles Simonyi
(Hungarian,American)
Marc GarneauMarc Garneau
(Canadian)

Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
(American)
Valeri PolyakovValeri Polyakov
(Russian)
Gregory JarvisGregory Jarvis
(American)

Walter CunninghamWalter Cunningham
(American)
James McDivittJames McDivitt
(American)
Michael P. AndersonMichael P. Anderson
(American)

Dennis TitoDennis Tito
(American)
Story MusgraveStory Musgrave
(American)
Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
(American)

William C. McCoolWilliam C. McCool
(American)
Joseph A. WalkerJoseph A. Walker
(American)
Samantha CristoforettiSamantha Cristoforetti

Donn F. EiseleDonn F. Eisele
(American)
Guion BlufordGuion Bluford
(American)
David M. BrownDavid M. Brown
(American)

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
(American)
Alfred WordenAlfred Worden
(American)
Rusty SchweickartRusty Schweickart
(American)

Bruce McCandless IIBruce McCandless II
(American)
Gherman TitovGherman Titov
(Russian)
Joe EngleJoe Engle
(American)

William J. KnightWilliam J. Knight
(American)
Stuart RoosaStuart Roosa
(American)
Peter SieboldPeter Siebold
(American)

Svetlana SavitskayaSvetlana Savitskaya
(Russian)
Leland D. MelvinLeland D. Melvin
(American)
Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
(American)

Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Yang LiweiYang Liwei
(Chinese)
Sergei KrikalevSergei Krikalev
(Russian)

Robert L. GibsonRobert L. Gibson
(American)
Gennady PadalkaGennady Padalka
(Russian)
Robert CrippenRobert Crippen
(American)

Michael FoaleMichael Foale
(American)
Ravish MalhotraRavish Malhotra
(Indian)
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(American)

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(American)
Christopher CassidyChristopher Cassidy
(American)
Piers SellersPiers Sellers
(British,American)

Joseph M. AcabaJoseph M. Acaba
(Puerto Rican)
Arnaldo Tamayo MéndezArnaldo Tamayo Méndez
(Cuban)
John HerringtonJohn Herrington
(American)