Mountaineers

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 1 
Rob Hall
(Mountaineer)
Rob Hall
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Birthdate: January 14, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Christchurch, New Zealand
Died: May 11, 1996

Rob Hall was a New Zealand mountaineer and the head guide of a Mount Everest expedition in 1996, during which he died along with two clients and a fellow guide. The ill-fated expedition was dramatized in the film Everest where Rob Hall was played by actor Jason Clarke.

 2 
Edmund Hillary
(One of the First Climbers to Have Reached the Summit of Mount Everest)
Edmund Hillary
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Birthdate: July 20, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Auckland, New Zealand
Died: January 11, 2008
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the top of Mount Everest, as part of the British expedition led by John Hunt. Hillary also reached both the poles. He later served as an ambassador to Nepal and founded the Himalayan Trust to help the people of Nepal.
 3 
George Mallory
(Mountaineer)
George Mallory
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Birthdate: June 18, 1886
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mobberley, Cheshire, England
Died: June 9, 1924
A leading member of early expeditions to Mount Everest, George Mallory disappeared on the mountain while trying to reach the summit, along with Sandy Irvine. Mallory succeeded or not, it still remains a subject of research and speculation, yet he left footprints on the sands of time. 
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 4 
Scott Fischer
(First American to Summit Mt. Lhotse)
Scott Fischer
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Birthdate: December 24, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Muskegon, Michigan, United States
Died: May 11, 1996

American mountaineer Scott Fischer was known for scaling the highest peaks of the world, including Mt. Everest and K2, without using oxygen cans. He later became a mountain guide and co-launched his own adventure travel company Mountain Madness. He died in a blizzard while guiding a group of clients to Mt. Everest.

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 5 
Jim Bridger
(Famous Mountain Man of the American Fur Trade Era)
Jim Bridger
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Birthdate: March 17, 1804
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, United States
Died: July 17, 1881

Known as the ultimate American mountain man, Jim Bridger is remembered for his exploration of the Western United States. It is believed, the illiterate fur trader was the first white man to explore the Great Salt Lake and one of the first to visit Yellowstone. He also worked as a forest guide.

 6 
Jon Krakauer
(Journalist, Explorer, Writer)
Jon Krakauer
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Birthdate: April 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, United States

Best known for his bestselling novels such as Into the Wild, Jon Krakauer is not just an author who writes about the outdoors but is also a mountaineer himself. He was part of the 1996 expedition to Mt. Everest which witnessed 4 of the team members dying in a storm.

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 7 
Reinhold Messner
(The First Person to Climb All Fourteen Mt. Peaks Over 8,000 Metres)
Reinhold Messner
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Birthdate: September 17, 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brixen, Italy

Italian mountaineer and explorer Reinhold Messner teamed up with Austrian mountaineer Peter Habeler to be the first to climb Mount Everest without using oxygen cylinders. He is also the first to complete a solo ascent of Everest and the first to climb all the 14 mountain peaks that stand above 8000m.

 8 
Yasuko Namba
(Mountaineer)
Yasuko Namba
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Birthdate: February 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tokyo
Died: May 11, 1996
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 9 
Heinrich Harrer
(Mountaineer)
Heinrich Harrer
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Birthdate: July 6, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hüttenberg, Austria
Died: January 7, 2006

Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author Heinrich Harrer was part of the climbing team that made the first ascent of the North Face of the Eiger. He took part in expeditions to Alaska, the Andes, and the Mountains of the Moon in central Africa in his later years. As a writer, he published Seven Years in Tibet. 

 10 
Dean Potter
(Former free climber, alpinist, BASE jumper, and highliner)
Dean Potter
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Birthdate: April 14, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, United States
Died: May 16, 2015
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 11 
Tenzing Norgay
(Nepali-Indian Sherpa Mountaineer One of the First People to Set Foot on the Summit of Mount Everest)
Tenzing Norgay
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Birthdate: May 29, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Khumbu, Nepal
Died: May 9, 1986

Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer, Tenzing Norgay, was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, the other being Edmund Hillary. He was named one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century by Time magazine. In his later years, he became the first Director of Field Training of the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute.

 12 
Conrad Anker
(Rock climber, Mountaineer)
Conrad Anker
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Birthdate: November 27, 1962
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: California, United States

A passionate mountaineer and rock climber, Conrad Anker led The North Face for 26 years. He almost died of a heart attack while climbing the Lunag Ri on the borders of the Nepalese Himalayas. He is now also associated with various charitable trusts, such as the Rowell Fund for Tibet.

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 13 
Arne Naess, Jr.
(Businessman, Mountaineer)
Arne Naess, Jr.
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Birthdate: December 8, 1937
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Germany
Died: January 13, 2004
 14 
Yvon Chouinard
(Mountaineer, Rock climber Founder of Chouinard Equipment Ltd. and Patagonia (clothing))
Yvon Chouinard
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Birthdate: November 9, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lewiston, Maine, United States
 15 
Tom Ballard
(Mountaineer)
Tom Ballard
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Birthdate: October 16, 1988
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Belper, Derbyshire, England
Died: March 9, 2019
 16 
Francys Arsentiev
(Mountaineer)
Francys Arsentiev
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Birthdate: January 18, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: May 24, 1998
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Green Boots
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Died: May 11, 1996
 18 
Jimmy Chin
(Mountaineer)
Jimmy Chin
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Birthdate: October 12, 1973
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mankato, Minnesota
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 19 
Jordan Romero
(Mountain Climber Who Reached Summit of Mount Everest at the Age of 13)
Jordan Romero
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Birthdate: July 12, 1996
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Redlands, California, United States

At 13, Jordan Romero became the youngest person to scale the Mt. Everest and had to opt for the Tibetan side, as he wasn’t old enough to get a permit in Nepal. At 15, he became the youngest to scale the Seven Summits. He has also penned a book on his experiences.

 20 
Junko Tabei
(Explorer, Mountaineer)
Junko Tabei
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Birthdate: September 22, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Miharu
Died: October 20, 2016
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 21 
Alex Lowe
(Mountaineer)
Alex Lowe
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Birthdate: December 24, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frederick, Maryland, United States
Died: October 5, 1999
 22 
Lincoln Hall
(Mountain climber)
Lincoln Hall
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Birthdate: December 19, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Canberra, Australia
Died: March 20, 2012
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 23 
Ed Viesturs
(mountaineer)
Ed Viesturs
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Birthdate: June 22, 1959
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rockford
 24 
Wanda Rutkiewicz
(The First Woman to Reach the Summit of K2 and the Third Woman To Climb Mount Everest)
Wanda Rutkiewicz
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Birthdate: February 4, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plungė, Lithuania
Died: May 13, 1992
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 25 
Ang Dorje Sherpa
(Mountaineering guide, Climber and Porter from Pangboche, Nepal, who has climbed to the summit of Mount Everest 20 times)
Ang Dorje Sherpa
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Birthdate: 1970 AD
Birthplace: Pangboche, Nepal
 26 
Dan Osman
(Rock climber)
Dan Osman
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Birthdate: February 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: November 23, 1998
 27 
Hannelore Schmatz
(Mountaineer)
Hannelore Schmatz
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Birthdate: February 16, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Regensburg
Died: October 2, 1979
 28 
Apa Sherpa
(mountaineer)
Apa Sherpa
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Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Thame
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 29 
Peter Hillary
(Mountaineer, Philanthropist and Writer)
Peter Hillary
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Birthdate: December 26, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Auckland

The son of legendary New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary, Peter Hillary followed in his father’s footsteps and became a successful mountaineer. He and his father were the first father-son duo to scale Mt. Everest. An author and philanthropist, too, he has helped people in the Mt. Everest region in Nepal.

 30 
James Beckwourth
(American Mountain Man, Fur Trader, and Explorer)
James Beckwourth
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Birthdate: April 26, 1798
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Frederick County, Virginia, United States
Died: October 29, 1867

Born to a white man and a mulatto slave woman, Jim Beckwourth was practically born into slavery. While he looked like an American Indian, he was known as a “free Negro” after being released. Known as Bloody Arm, he is credited with exploring the Beckwourth Pass.

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 31 
Jerzy Kukuczka
(Mountaineer)
Jerzy Kukuczka
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Birthdate: March 24, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Katowice
Died: October 24, 1989
 32 
Mark Inglis
(The First Double Leg Amputee to Scale Mount Everest)
Mark Inglis
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Birthdate: September 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Zealand

Mark Inglis is a New Zealand mountaineer, winemaker, researcher, and motivational speaker. Also an accomplished cyclist, Inglis won a silver medal at the 2000 Paralympics. In 2006, he became the first double leg amputee to scale Mount Everest. Inglis is also credited with founding a charitable trust called Limbs4All and a sports drink range called PeakFuel.

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 33 
Bachendri Pal
(Mountaineer)
Bachendri Pal
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Birthdate: May 24, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nakuri, Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand, India
 34 
Chris Sharma
(Rock climber)
Chris Sharma
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Birthdate: April 23, 1981
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz
 35 
Maurice Wilson
(Mountaineer)
Maurice Wilson
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Birthdate: April 21, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bradford
Died: June 1, 1934
 36 
John Colter
(Military Person)
John Colter
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Birthdate: 1774 AD
Birthplace: Stuarts Draft, Virginia, United States
Died: November 22, 1813

Trapper-explorer John Colter, who was part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is remembered as the first white man to visit and describe the Yellowstone National Park. He had a brush with death on three occasions, when he came face-to-face with Indian tribes. He later settled in a Missouri farm.

 37 
Peter Aufschnaiter
(Explorer, Cartographer, Geographer, Rock climber)
Peter Aufschnaiter
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Birthdate: November 2, 1899
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kitzbühel
Died: October 12, 1973
 38 
Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner
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Birthdate: December 13, 1970
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kirchdorf an der Krems
 39 
Richard Bass
(entrepreneur, mountaineer)
Richard Bass
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Birthdate: December 21, 1929
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tulsa
 40 
Nick Piantanida
(Basketball player, Skydiver)
Nick Piantanida
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Birthdate: August 15, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Union City, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 29, 1966
 41 
Simone Moro
(Mountaineer, Helicopter pilot)
Simone Moro
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Birthdate: October 27, 1967
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bergamo
 42 
David Breashears
(Mountaineer)
David Breashears
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Birthdate: December 20, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
 43 
Babu Chiri Sherpa
(Mountaineer)
Babu Chiri Sherpa
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Birthdate: June 22, 1965
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Solukhumbu, Nepal
Died: April 29, 2001
 44 
Peter Wessel Zapffe
(Metaphysician, Mountaineer)
Peter Wessel Zapffe
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Birthdate: December 18, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tromsø, Norway
Died: October 12, 1990

Peter Wessel Zapffe was a Norwegian metaphysician, mountaineer, artist, author, and lawyer. He is best remembered for his 1933 essay The Last Messiah which was later included in his 1941 treatise On the Tragic. The essay reflects Peter Wessel Zapffe's philosophically pessimistic view of human existence.

 45 
Warren Harding
(Rock climber)
Warren Harding
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Birthdate: June 18, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: United States
Died: February 27, 2002
 46 
Aleksander Doba
(Canoeist)
Aleksander Doba
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Birthdate: September 9, 1946
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Swarzędz, Poland
Died: February 22, 2021
 47 
Fredrik Ericsson
(Ski mountaineer)
Fredrik Ericsson
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Birthdate: March 14, 1975
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sundsvall, Sweden
Died: August 6, 2010
 48 
Walter Bonatti
(Mountaineer Known for Solo Climb of 'Aiguille du Dru')
Walter Bonatti
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Birthdate: June 22, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bergamo, Italy
Died: September 13, 2011

Walter Bonatti was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, and journalist. He made a solo climb of a new route on the southwest pillar of the Aiguille du Dru in August 1955, among other achievements. He retired from mountaineering at the age of 35 and pursued a career as a reporter. He also wrote several books on mountaineering.    

 49 
Leslie Stephen
(British Author, Critic, Historian, Biographer, and Mountaineer)
Leslie Stephen
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Birthdate: November 28, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kensington Gore, London, England
Died: February 22, 1904

Sir Leslie Stephen was an English historian, biographer, author, critic, and mountaineer. Leslie Stephen also took an active part in the organized humanist movement, serving as the president of the West London Ethical Society on multiple occasions. He was the father of famous author, Virginia Woolf, and painter, Vanessa Bell.

 50 
Pasang Lhamu Sherpa
(Mountaineer)
Pasang Lhamu Sherpa
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Birthdate: December 10, 1961
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Solukhumbu District
Died: April 22, 1993
Throughout history mountaineers from all over the world have attempted to scale the lofty peaks of formidable mountains like Mount Everest, K2, Kangchenjunga, and many others. While some like New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Indian Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were successful in creating history by becoming the first ever human beings to reach the summit of Mount Everest—the Earth's highest mountain—many others like Rob Hall and Sherpa mountaineer Babu Chiri Sherpa died on the very mountain they set out to conquer. Mountaineering is a risky profession, even though it is highly adventurous and exciting. In attempting to scale mighty mountain peaks, the mountaineers take a huge risk—they might even lose their lives in their ambitious endeavors! But then, it is the very risk it carries that makes mountaineering such a thrilling adventure. Though it is difficult to imagine mountaineering without the aid of modern equipment and communication facilities, daredevils like the prominent 19th century physicist, John Tyndall, ventured into the Alps in the 1850s and became associated with the golden age of alpinism. This section provides you information about the life and works of various famous mountaineers from all over the world.