Mountaineers

Throughout history mountaineers from all over the world have attempted to scale the lofty peaks of formidable mountains like Mount Everest, K2, Kangchenjunga, and many others. While some like New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Indian Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were successful in creating history by becoming the first ever human beings to reach the summit of Mount Everest—the Earth's highest mountain—many others like Rob Hall and Sherpa mountaineer Babu Chiri Sherpa died on the very mountain they set out to conquer. Mountaineering is a risky profession, even though it is highly adventurous and exciting. In attempting to scale mighty mountain peaks, the mountaineers take a huge risk—they might even lose their lives in their ambitious endeavors! But then, it is the very risk it carries that makes mountaineering such a thrilling adventure. Though it is difficult to imagine mountaineering without the aid of modern equipment and communication facilities, daredevils like the prominent 19th century physicist, John Tyndall, ventured into the Alps in the 1850s and became associated with the golden age of alpinism. This section provides you information about the life and works of various famous mountaineers from all over the world.
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 1 Rob Hall

Rob Hall.
4
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: January 14, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Christchurch, New Zealand
Died: May 11, 1996

Rob Hall was a New Zealand mountaineer and the head guide of a Mount Everest expedition in 1996, during which he died along with two clients and a fellow guide. The ill-fated expedition was dramatized in the film Everest where Rob Hall was played by actor Jason Clarke.

 2 Edmund Hillary

Edmund Hillary.
4
Famous As: First person to climb Mt. Everest
Birthdate: July 20, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Auckland, New Zealand
Died: January 11, 2008
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the top of Mount Everest, as part of the British expedition led by John Hunt. Hillary also reached both the poles. He later served as an ambassador to Nepal and founded the Himalayan Trust to help the people of Nepal.
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 3 George Mallory

George Mallory.
4
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: June 18, 1886
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mobberley, Cheshire, England
Died: June 9, 1924
A leading member of early expeditions to Mount Everest, George Mallory disappeared on the mountain while trying to reach the summit, along with Sandy Irvine. Mallory succeeded or not, it still remains a subject of research and speculation, yet he left footprints on the sands of time. 

 4 Scott Fischer

Scott Fischer.
4
Famous As: Explorer, Rock climber
Birthdate: December 24, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Michigan
Died: May 11, 1996
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 5 Tenzing Norgay

Tenzing Norgay.
4
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: May 29, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Khumbu
Died: May 9, 1986

Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer, Tenzing Norgay, was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, the other being Edmund Hillary. He was named one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century by Time magazine. In his later years, he became the first Director of Field Training of the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute.

 6 Jon Krakauer

Jon Krakauer
4
Famous As: Journalist, Explorer, Writer
Birthdate: April 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, United States
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 7 Jim Bridger

Jim Bridger
4
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: March 17, 1804
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, US
Died: July 17, 1881
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 8 Arne Naess, Jr.

Arne Naess, Jr.
4
Birthdate: December 8, 1937
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Germany
Died: January 13, 2004
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 9 Yasuko Namba

Yasuko Namba
4
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: February 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tokyo
Died: May 11, 1996

 10 Reinhold Messner

Reinhold Messner
4
Famous As: Explorer, Politician, Writer, Mountaineer
Birthdate: September 17, 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brixen
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 11 Heinrich Harrer

Heinrich Harrer.
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: July 6, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hüttenberg, Austria
Died: January 7, 2006

Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author Heinrich Harrer was part of the climbing team that made the first ascent of the North Face of the Eiger. He took part in expeditions to Alaska, the Andes, and the Mountains of the Moon in central Africa in his later years. As a writer, he published Seven Years in Tibet. 

 12 Francys Arsentiev

Francys Arsentiev
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: January 18, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: May 24, 1998
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 13 Jimmy Chin

Jimmy Chin
6
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: October 12, 1973
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mankato, Minnesota

 14 Dean Potter

Dean Potter
3
Famous As: Mountaineer, Rock climber
Birthdate: April 14, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New Hampshire
Died: May 16, 2015

 15 Junko Tabei

Junko Tabei
3
Famous As: Explorer, Mountaineer
Birthdate: September 22, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Miharu
Died: October 20, 2016

 16 Aleister Crowley

Aleister Crowley.
4
Famous As: Occultist
Birthdate: October 12, 1875
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: December 1, 1947

Aleister Crowley was an occultist, writer, and ceremonial magician. He is credited with founding a religion called Thelema and promised his followers with guiding them into the Aeon of Horus, a time of self-realization. More than seven decades after his death, Crowley remains influential among those who revere counterculture and Western esotericism and is considered a prophet in Thelema.

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 17 Conrad Anker

Conrad Anker
5
Famous As: Explorer, Writer
Birthdate: November 27, 1962
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: California

 18 Green Boots

Green Boots
4
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Died: May 11, 1996
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 19 Yvon Chouinard

Yvon Chouinard
5
Famous As: Mountaineer, Rock climber
Birthdate: November 9, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lewiston

 20 Jordan Romero

Jordan Romero
5
Famous As: Explorer, Writer, Mountaineer
Birthdate: July 12, 1996
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Redlands
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 21 Ed Viesturs

Ed Viesturs
3
Famous As: mountaineer
Birthdate: June 22, 1959
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rockford

 22 Alex Lowe

Alex Lowe
5
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: December 24, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frederick, Maryland, United States
Died: October 5, 1999
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 23 Apa Sherpa

Apa Sherpa
3
Famous As: mountaineer
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Thame

 24 Dan Osman

Dan Osman
3
Famous As: Rock climber
Birthdate: February 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: November 23, 1998
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 25 Chris Sharma

Chris Sharma
3
Famous As: Rock climber
Birthdate: April 23, 1981
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz

 26 Wanda Rutkiewicz

Wanda Rutkiewicz
3
Famous As: Explorer, Sportsperson, Q20683322, Mountaineer
Birthdate: February 4, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plungė
Died: May 12, 1992

 27 Hannelore Schmatz

Hannelore Schmatz
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: February 16, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Regensburg
Died: October 2, 1979

 28 John Colter

John Colter
3
Famous As: Military Person
Birthdate: 1774 AD
Birthplace: Stuarts Draft, Virginia, United States
Died: November 22, 1813
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 29 Peter Hillary

Peter Hillary
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: December 26, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Auckland

 30 Lincoln Hall

Lincoln Hall
3
Famous As: Mountain climber
Birthdate: December 19, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Canberra, Australia
Died: March 20, 2012
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 31 Mark Inglis

Mark Inglis
3
Famous As: Winegrower, Sport cyclist
Birthdate: September 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Zealand

 32 Peter Aufschnaiter

Peter Aufschnaiter
3
Famous As: Explorer, Cartographer, Geographer, Rock climber
Birthdate: November 2, 1899
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kitzbühel
Died: October 12, 1973
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 33 Jerzy Kukuczka

Jerzy Kukuczka
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: March 24, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Katowice
Died: October 24, 1989

 34 Jim Beckwourth

Jim Beckwourth
3
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: April 6, 1798
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Frederick County, Virginia, United States
Died: October 29, 1866

 35 Bachendri Pal

Bachendri Pal.
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: May 24, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nakuri, Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand, India

 36 Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner

Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner
3
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: December 13, 1970
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kirchdorf an der Krems

 37 Ang Rita

Ang Rita
3
Famous As: mountaineer
Birthdate: 1948 AD
Birthplace: Nepal

 38 Richard Bass

Richard Bass
3
Famous As: entrepreneur, mountaineer
Birthdate: December 21, 1929
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tulsa

 39 Maurice Wilson

Maurice Wilson
2
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: April 21, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bradford
Died: June 1, 1934

 40 Simone Moro

Simone Moro
2
Famous As: Mountaineer, Helicopter pilot
Birthdate: October 27, 1967
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bergamo

 41 David Breashears

David Breashears
2
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: December 20, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius

 42 Babu Chiri Sherpa

Babu Chiri Sherpa
2
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: June 22, 1965
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Solukhumbu, Nepal
Died: April 29, 2001

 43 Peter Wessel Zapffe

Peter Wessel Zapffe
2
Famous As: Metaphysician, Mountaineer
Birthdate: December 18, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tromsø, Norway
Died: October 12, 1990

 44 Sir Leslie Stephen

Sir Leslie Stephen
2
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: November 28, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kensington Gore, London, United Kingdom
Died: February 22, 1904

Sir Leslie Stephen was an English historian, biographer, author, critic, and mountaineer. Leslie Stephen also took an active part in the organized humanist movement, serving as the president of the West London Ethical Society on multiple occasions. He was the father of famous author, Virginia Woolf, and painter, Vanessa Bell.

 45 Warren Harding

Warren Harding
3
Famous As: Rock climber
Birthdate: June 18, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: United States
Died: February 27, 2002

 46 Walter Bonatti

Walter Bonatti
2
Famous As: Mountaineer, Explorer, Photographer, Mountain guide, Writer, Journalist
Birthdate: June 22, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bergamo
Died: September 13, 2011

Walter Bonatti was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, and journalist. He made a solo climb of a new route on the southwest pillar of the Aiguille du Dru in August 1955, among other achievements. He retired from mountaineering at the age of 35 and pursued a career as a reporter. He also wrote several books on mountaineering.    

 47 Galen Rowell

Galen Rowell
2
Famous As: Photographer, Mountaineer, Rock climber
Birthdate: August 23, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oakland
Died: August 11, 2002

 48 Fredrik Ericsson

Fredrik Ericsson
2
Famous As: Ski mountaineer
Birthdate: March 14, 1975
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sundsvall, Sweden
Died: August 6, 2010

 49 Edward Whymper

Edward Whymper
2
Famous As: Mountaineer
Birthdate: April 27, 1840
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: September 16, 1911

 50 Hermann Buhl

Hermann Buhl
2
Famous As: Mountaineer, Mountain guide
Birthdate: September 21, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Innsbruck
Died: June 27, 1957
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