John Franklin Biography
(Explorer, Royal Navy officer)
Birthday: April 16, 1786 (Aries)
Born In: Spilsby, England
Sir John Franklin was an English ‘Royal Navy’ officer and an explorer of the Arctic. He conducted several expeditions, which led to the discovery of many unseen areas on the Canadian coast. Franklin is best remembered for his heroic expedition in search of the ‘Northwest Passage,’ connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. This was his last expedition, and he never returned from the trip. From a very young age, Franklin was fascinated by the sea. Sensing his interest, his father sent him on a trial voyage in a merchant ship. Franklin thoroughly enjoyed sailing, and his career as a voyager began. He was also part of several battles at sea. Franklin’s earliest expedition involved mapping of the coast of Australia, under the leadership of Captain Matthew Flinders. An expedition to chart the north coast of Canada was the first expedition in which Franklin played a lead role. After a few successful expeditions, Franklin became very popular. He was knighted by King George IV and King William IV. Franklin served as the lieutenant governor of Tasmania for a brief period. After his tenure in Tasmania ended, Franklin was again called for expeditions. Armed with the latest technologies of the time, Franklin and his crew set out on two ships to discover the ‘Northwest Passage.’ After a year of sailing, the ships got trapped in ice. The crew members tried to get back to safety, but all of them, including Franklin, perished on the way. Franklin is remembered as a hero who gave up his life for a historic discovery.