2 J. M. W. Turner(Romantic painter)
J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.
3 Dante Gabriel Rossetti(Poet)
Known for founding the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Dante Gabriel Rossetti was a legendary poet and painter of the 19th century. His illustrations also adorned the books of his poet sister Christina Rossetti. Known for volumes such as The House of Life, he also influenced the Aesthetic movement.
4 John Ruskin(Art Critic and Painter)
The leading English art critic of the Victorian era, John Ruskin was a hugely influential figure in the latter half of the 19th century. Also a philosopher and prominent social thinker, he wrote on varied subjects like geology, architecture, education, botany, myth, ornithology, literature, and political economy. He founded the charitable trust Guild of St George.
5 William Turner of Oxford(Painter who specialised in watercolour landscapes)
British landscape painter William Turner of Oxford is often mistaken for the famous painter J. M. W. Turner, who was also from England. Turner was a lifelong member of the Watercolor Society, founded by his mentor John Varley. Oxford from Hinksey Hill remains one of his best-known works.
6 Alice Liddell(Artist)
One of the 10 children of the dean of Christ Church, Henry Liddell, Alice Liddell was about 5 when she met mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known as author Lewis Carroll. It is believed she was the inspiration behind Carroll’s iconic creation Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
7 Charles Rennie Mackintosh(Architect)
Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, and artist. He was married to fellow artist Margaret Macdonald, and they both were influential on the European design movements Art Nouveau and Secessionism. Mackintosh is considered one of the most important figures of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In his later years, he worked largely as a watercolorist.
8 John Everett Millais(Painter)
9 Aubrey Beardsley(Illustrator)
Aubrey Beardsley was an English illustrator and author, whose works emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, and the erotic. A leading figure in the aesthetic movement, he was deeply influenced by black ink drawings. He attended classes at the Westminster School of Art before beginning his career as an artist. He was considered an eccentric person.
10 Vanessa Bell(Painter)
11 Thomas Cole(Painter)
12 Branwell Brontë(Painter, Poet, Writer)
13 John Tenniel(Illustrator)
14 Gertrude Jekyll(Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction writer, Botanist, Architect)
Landscape architect Gertrude Jekyll was born into an affluent family and grew up in a refined environment, learning music and traveling. Initially interested in painting, she gave it up to focus on gardening when she developed eyesight problems. She built around 400 gardens and also collaborated with Sir Edwin Lutyens.
15 W. S. Gilbert(Dramatist)
16 Edward Burne-Jones(Artist)
17 Alfred Sisley(Impressionist Landscape Painter)
18 Augustus Pugin(Architect)
Augustus Pugin was an English designer, architect, artist, and critic. He is best remembered for his contribution to the Gothic Revival style of architecture. He is credited with designing the interior of the popular Palace of Westminster in London as well as the palace's iconic clock tower. Augustus Pugin also designed the Alton Castle in Staffordshire.
19 Arthur Rackham(Former Illustrator best-known works include the illustrations for Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, and Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm)
20 Louis Wain(Artist, Painter)
21 Arthur Ransome(Author)
22 William Holman Hunt(Painter, Artist)
23 E. H. Shepard(Artist, Illustrator, Painter)
24 John William Waterhouse(Painter)
25 Stanley Spencer(Painter)
27 Augustus John(Painter, Etcher)
28 Wyndham Lewis(Painter, Writer, Journalist, Editor, Novelist)
Known as one of the co-founders of Vorticism, a London-based art movement, author-painter Wyndham Lewis is best remembered for his books such as Tarr and The Apes of God. His paintings mingled features of Cubism and Futurism. In his later life, a pituitary tumor made him blind and practically ended his career.
29 Ernest Thompson Seton(Author)
Ernest Thompson Seton was a wildlife artist and author. He is credited with founding a youth program called the Woodcraft Indians in 1902. A pioneer of the Boy Scouts of America, Seton also had a huge influence on the founder of the Scout Movement, Lord Baden-Powell. His life and career inspired several works of art like TV series and literature.
30 Dora Carrington(Painter)
31 Richard Dadd(Painter, Illustrator)
32 Kate Perugini(Painter)
33 Paul Nash(painter, illustrator, printmaker)
34 Alfred Munnings(painter)
35 John Atkinson Grimshaw(Painter)
36 Jacob Epstein(Sculptor)
Jacob Epstein was an American-British sculptor who produced revolutionary works that challenged the already established ideas that dictated the kind of artworks shown to the public. Epstein helped pioneer modern sculpture. In addition to being a sculptor, Epstein was also a painter and artist; he exhibited many of his paintings and drawings. His works have influenced artists like Barbara Hepworth.
37 Philip de László(Painter)
38 Edmund Leighton(Painter)
39 Duncan Grant(Painter)
40 Elizabeth Siddal(Painter, Poet, Art model, Visual artist, Model)
41 Elizabeth Thompson(Painter)
42 George Frederic Watts(Painter)
George Frederic Watts was a British painter best remembered for his association with the Symbolist movement. Watts achieved fame for his allegorical works like Love and Life and Hope. In addition to being a painter, George Frederic Watts was also a sculptor. He is credited with sculpting the famous Physical Energy statue at Rhodes Memorial in South Africa.