Born In: Paris, France
Eugene Henri Paul Gauguin, better known as Paul Gauguin, was a leading French artist of the Symbolist art movement of the early 20th century. As a Post Impressionist artist who was also a sculptor, print-maker, and writer, he gained significance only after his death. His works were largely unrecognized during his lifetime. He was known to experiment with bold colours and exaggerated body proportions which in a way led to the Synthetist style of modern art. He also played an important role in the cloisonnist style of art which paved the way for Primitivism. He once had a large family and worked as a stockbroker to support them. However, such great was his passion for painting that he abandoned both his family and profession to focus on his artistic longings. He traveled and lived in many countries over his lifetime - during his later years he went to Tahiti where he experimented with his painting and also indulged in several sexual exploits with the local girls. He was a colourful character known for his love of an unconventional life. He drank to the excess and was a compulsive womanizer. His weaknesses ultimately caused his downfall and he died of syphilis when he was just 54 years of age.
Also Known As: Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin
Died At Age: 54
Spouse/Ex-: Mette Sophie Gad
father: Clovis Gauguin
mother: Aline Marie Chazal
children: Aline, Clovis, Emile, Germaine Chardon, Jean René, Pola
Born Country: France
place of death: Atuona, Hiva Oa, French Polynesia
Cause of Death: Syphilis
He left his wife and children and returned to France and began painting full-time. He moved to Martinique in 1887 with his friend artist Charles Laval. There he produced numerous works, often estimated to be between 10 and 20.
His art evolved towards Cloisonnism after being influenced by folk and Japanese art, and he produced his most famous work ‘The Yellow Christ’ in 1889.
He married a Danish woman named Mette Sophie Gad in 1873. The couple had five children over the next ten years. However, the marriage did not work for long as he was neither able to provide financial support nor care for the family.
He died of a morphine overdose and heart attack in 1903. He was 54 at the time of his death.
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