Famous 19th Century Sculptors

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Sculptors, including Marcel Duchamp, Amedeo Modigliani, Edgar Degas, Auguste Rodin and Max Ernst.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Blainville-Crevon
Died: October 2, 1968
French-American painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp is remembered for his association with movements such as Cubism and Dadaism. A significant figure in conceptual art, he was against art that was meant to just cater to the eyes. He was also a skilled chess player and carved his own chess set.

 2 Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas.
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Famous As: Impressionist Painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 27, 1917

French Impressionist artist Edgar Degas is best remembered for his oil paintings and pastel drawings and for his signature use of dancers and bathing women as themes in his works such as Fin d'Arabesque and Woman in a Tub. He had also experimented with bronze sculptures and called himself a realist.

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 3 Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder.
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lawnton
Died: November 11, 1976

 4 Henry Moore

Henry Moore.
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Birthdate: July 30, 1898
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Castleford
Died: August 31, 1986

 5 Edmonia Lewis

Edmonia Lewis.
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: July 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rensselaer County
Died: September 17, 1907

 6 Constantin Brâncuși

Constantin Brâncuși.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Peștișani
Died: March 16, 1957

Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter, and photographer. A pioneer of modernism, he is considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century. The son of poor parents, he worked hard to fund his training at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts and became a skilled sculptor. He left behind 1200 photographs and 215 sculptures at his death. 

 7 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 2, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Colmar, France
Died: October 4, 1904

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was a French painter and sculptor remembered for designing the Statue of Liberty. He is also credited with designing other iconic statues like The Lion of Belfort and Marquis de Lafayette. In addition to being a sculptor, Bartholdi also played an important role in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, serving as a liaison officer to Giuseppe Garibaldi.

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 8 Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 1, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Possagno, Italy
Died: October 13, 1822

Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor widely regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. He was famous for his marble sculptures. His work was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival. His most notable works include Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss and Perseus Triumphant. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he refused to take in pupils. 

 9 Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Modigliani.
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Famous As: Painter & Sculptor
Birthdate: July 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Livorno
Died: January 24, 1920

Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor. He is remembered for his surrealist and modern-style depiction of nudes in his portraits. Even though he spent his youth in Italy, he worked mainly in France. He enjoyed little success while he was alive. He died young at the age of 35 and received massive posthumous appreciation for his works.

 10 Auguste Rodin

Auguste Rodin.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 12, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 17, 1917
Initially aspiring to be a monk, Auguste Rodin found his true calling when he visited Italy and was awestruck by Michelangelo’s creations. His iconic sculptures such as The Thinker and The Age of Bronze are astoundingly life-like. He breathed magic into nudes and ballerinas made of stone and bronze.

 11 Umberto Boccioni

Umberto Boccioni
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Artist
Birthdate: October 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reggio Calabria
Died: August 17, 1916

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian painter and sculptor credited to have shaped the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement. Even though he died at the young age of 33, he left behind a rich legacy as an artist. He was of a rebellious nature and played a key role in the development of the Futurism movement. 

 12 Max Ernst

Max Ernst.
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 13 Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 8, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fère-en-Tardenois
Died: October 19, 1943

French sculptor Camille Claudel is also popularly known as legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin’s student, mistress, and muse. Claudel also contributed to many of Rodin’s masterpieces but never got any credit for it. After her relationship with Rodin soured, she became alienated and eventually died in an asylum.

 14 Gustave Doré

Gustave Doré
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: January 23, 1883

Best known for his wood-engraving, Gustave Doré was a child prodigy who began his artwork at the tender age of 5. A master lithographer and caricaturist, he began his career with Journal pour Rire. He also worked on commissions from authors such as Cervantes, Milton, and Dante.

 15 Daniel Chester French

Daniel Chester French
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 20, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Exeter
Died: October 7, 1931

 16 Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kuortane
Died: May 11, 1976

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto initially had his studies interrupted by the Finnish Civil War, which saw him fighting for the White Army. His first architectural design was for his parents’ house. He had experimented with furniture and glassware, too. His works showcase a move from classicism to functionalism.

 17 Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

 18 Käthe Kollwitz

Käthe Kollwitz
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Königsberg
Died: April 22, 1945

Noted for series like Weavers’ Revolt and Peasants’ War, sculptor and graphic artist, Käthe Kollwitz, came in contact with the urban poor when she moved into Berlin's working class area. Touched by their plight, she soon started portraying them through her etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, and drawings, quickly becoming a powerful advocate for those suffering from social injustice, war, and inhumanity.

 19 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 6, 1880
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Aschaffenburg
Died: June 15, 1938

One of the pioneers of Expressionism, German painter Ernst Ludwig Kirchner co-established the artists’ group Die Brücke, or The Bridge. His iconic works such as Girl under Japanese Umbrella and Street, Berlin displayed psychological and erotic themes. Declared a "degenerate" by the Nazis, he later committed suicide.

 20 Frederic Remington

Frederic Remington
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Famous As: Sculptor, Writer, Painter
Birthdate: October 4, 1861
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 26, 1909

 21 Sophie Taeuber-Arp

Sophie Taeuber-Arp
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: January 19, 1889
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Davos
Died: January 13, 1943

 22 Kurt Schwitters

Kurt Schwitters
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Famous As: Painter, Artist, Sculptor, Graphic designer, Writer
Birthdate: June 20, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: January 8, 1948

German artist and poet Kurt Schwitters, known for collage, artist's book, installation, sculpture and poetry, is noted for his collages and relief-constructions. Schwitters planned a Dada section in Hanover and the Merz art-style traces back to him, which he found by chance while forming a collage with the German word Kommerz. One of his notable works is Das Undbild, 1919.

 23 Rosa Bonheur

Rosa Bonheur
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: March 16, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bordeaux
Died: May 25, 1899

Rosa Bonheur was a French artist and sculptor whose paintings have been preserved in popular museums like the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Musée d'Orsay. An influential personality, Bonheur was widely regarded as the 19th century's most popular female painter. An open lesbian, Rosa Bonheur stood out as a groundbreaking individual both in her personal life and her career.

 24 Charles Marion Russell

Charles Marion Russell
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Famous As: Sculptor, Illustrator, Painter, Writer
Birthdate: March 19, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: October 24, 1926

 25 Alexander Archipenko

Alexander Archipenko
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist
Birthdate: May 30, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kyiv
Died: February 25, 1964

 26 Honoré Daumier

Honoré Daumier
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Famous As: Painter, Draftsperson, Caricaturist, Sculptor, Lithographer, Engraver
Birthdate: February 26, 1808
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Marseille
Died: February 10, 1879

Honoré Daumier is best remembered for his satirical cartoons on the French society and politics. Born to a glazier father in Marseille, he later began studying art under Alexandre Lenoir and developed a love for sculptures, too. He later made a fortune, working on commissions of lithographs.

 27 Max Beckmann

Max Beckmann
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Draftsperson, Printmaker, Writer, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: February 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig
Died: December 27, 1950

Max Beckmann was a German painter, sculptor, draftsman, printmaker, and writer. Even though scholars classify him as an Expressionist artist, he personally never identified as one. He became involved with the New Objectivity movement in the 1920s. He taught at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts at Washington University in his last years.

 28 Augusta Savage

Augusta Savage
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 29, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Green Cove Springs
Died: March 26, 1962

 29 Augustus Saint-Gaudens

Augustus Saint-Gaudens
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 1, 1848
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dublin
Died: August 3, 1907

 30 Anders Zorn

Anders Zorn.
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: February 18, 1860
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mora, Sweden
Died: August 22, 1920

Anders Zorn was a Swedish artist who achieved international success as an etcher, sculptor, and painter. One of Sweden's most important artists, Zorn's paintings currently adorn the National Museum of Fine Arts which is located in Stockholm. Apart from creating brilliant works of art, Zorn is also credited with establishing the Bellman Prize, which is a literature prize awarded yearly.

 31 Louise Nevelson

Louise Nevelson
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: September 23, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
Died: April 17, 1988

 32 Arnold Böcklin

Arnold Böcklin
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: October 16, 1827
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Basel
Died: January 16, 1901

 33 Jacob Epstein

Jacob Epstein
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 10, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: August 19, 1959

 34 George Frederic Watts

George Frederic Watts
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 23, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Marylebone, Middlesex, England
Died: July 1, 1904

 35 Félix Vallotton

Félix Vallotton
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Famous As: Painter, Artist, Sculptor, Engraver, Art critic
Birthdate: December 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lausanne
Died: December 29, 1925

 36 Ivan Meštrović

Ivan Meštrović.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 15, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vrpolje
Died: January 15, 1962

Ivan Meštrović was a Croatian architect, sculptor, and writer. Counted among the most important Croatian sculptors of the modern era, Ivan Meštrović is sometimes credited with taking Croatian arts to the world stage. He also had a strong artistic influence on Serbia where many streets are named in his honor.

 37 Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau
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Famous As: Illustrator
Birthdate: April 6, 1826
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 18, 1898

French Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau is best remembered for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious figures. His works were deeply influenced by Théodore Chassériau, his teacher, and later by the Italian Renaissance. The Apparition and Jupiter and Sémélé remain two of his best-known works.

 38 Gustav Vigeland

Gustav Vigeland
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 11, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mandal
Died: March 12, 1943

 39 Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven
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Famous As: Sculptor, Writer, Painter, Model, Poet, Artist
Birthdate: July 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Świnoujście
Died: December 15, 1927

Part of the German avant-garde movement and a prominent Dadaist, poet and artist Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven is best remembered for her sound poetry and her posthumously published book Body Sweats. It is believed the famous urinal Fountain sculpture thought to be a work of Marcel Duchamp was actually created by Elsa.

 40 Théophile Steinlen

Théophile Steinlen
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Famous As: Painter, Illustrator, Poster artist, Sculptor, Graphic artist
Birthdate: November 10, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lausanne
Died: December 14, 1923

French-Swiss artist Théophile Steinlen is best remembered for his Art Nouveau paintings. He was also known for his signature, and mostly symbolic, use of cats in most of his works. He got acquainted with several artists at the Le Chat Noir club, leading to commissions for artwork.

 41 Edwin Landseer

Edwin Landseer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 7, 1802
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 1, 1873

 42 Georg Jensen

Georg Jensen
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

 43 James Earle Fraser

James Earle Fraser
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: November 4, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Winona
Died: October 11, 1953

 44 Antoine-Louis Barye

Antoine-Louis Barye
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 24, 1795
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 25, 1875

Antoine-Louis Barye was a French sculptor best remembered for his work as a sculptor of animals. He also served as a professor at the Museum of Natural History and was inducted into the Académie des beaux-arts in 1868. Antoine-Louis Barye is credited with mentoring his son Alfred Barye, who went on to become a respected sculptor in his own right.

 45 Franz Stuck

Franz Stuck
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, University teacher, Architect
Birthdate: February 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tettenweis
Died: August 30, 1928

 46 Lovis Corinth

Lovis Corinth
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gvardeysk
Died: July 17, 1925

 47 Jacques Lipchitz

Jacques Lipchitz
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Famous As: Sculptor, Artist, Painter
Birthdate: August 22, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Druskininkai
Died: May 26, 1973

 48 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: December 1, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chemnitz
Died: August 10, 1976

 49 Marie Bashkirtseff

Marie Bashkirtseff
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 24, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Russian Empire
Died: October 31, 1884

 50 Fortunato Depero

Fortunato Depero
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Graphic designer, Writer
Birthdate: March 30, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fondo
Died: November 29, 1960

Italian painter, sculptor, and graphic designer Fortunato Depero was one of the main figures of the Second Futurism movement. He later launched Italy’s first museum on the Futurist movement, the Casa d’Arte Futurista Depero. He also established himself as a successful interior designer, costume designer, and advertiser in New York.