Famous 19th Century American Artists & Painters

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper
5
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nyack
Died: May 15, 1967

 2 James Abbott McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill Whistler
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 11, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lowell
Died: July 17, 1903
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 3 Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 24, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 29, 1910

 4 Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder
6
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lawnton
Died: November 11, 1976

 5 Norman Rockwell

Norman Rockwell
8
Famous As: Painter & Illustrator
Birthdate: February 3, 1894
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 8, 1978

Painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell became famous for the cover illustrations of everyday life he created for The Saturday Evening Post. He was associated with the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) for over six decades and produced covers for their publications and calendars. A prolific artist, he made more than 4,000 original works in his lifetime.

 6 Frederic Edwin Church

Frederic Edwin Church
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 4, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: April 7, 1900

 7 Mary Cassatt

Mary Cassatt
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Allegheny
Died: June 14, 1926
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 8 Gutzon Borglum

Gutzon Borglum
4
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 25, 1867
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Charles, Idaho, United States
Died: March 6, 1941

 9 John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 12, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Italy
Died: April 14, 1925

John Singer Sargent, an artist active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation." Prolific in his output, he created more than 2,000 watercolors and around 900 oil paintings. He also made numerous sketches and charcoal drawings. He painted with remarkable technical acumen and was internationally known for his expertise.   

 10 Henry Darger

Henry Darger
9
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: April 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died: April 13, 1973

 11 Grandma Moses

Grandma Moses
4
Famous As: Painter, Illustrator
Birthdate: September 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

 12 Stanford White

Stanford White
4
Famous As: Architect, Painter
Birthdate: November 9, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: June 25, 1906

Stanford White was an American architect who designed several important monuments including the Washington Square Arch. He also helped construct Nikola Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower, which happens to be his last design. Although White was an influential and prominent designer of his time, he is best remembered for his illicit relationship with Evelyn Nesbit which has inspired several works of art.

 13 Louis Comfort Tiffany

Louis Comfort Tiffany
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 18, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: January 17, 1933

 14 Thomas Cole

Thomas Cole
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 1, 1801
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton, Lancashire, England
Died: February 11, 1848

 15 Thomas Hart Benton

Thomas Hart Benton
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Missouri
Died: January 19, 1975

 16 Maxfield Parrish

Maxfield Parrish
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 25, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 30, 1966

 17 Oskar Fischinger

Oskar Fischinger
4
Famous As: Animator
Birthdate: June 22, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: elnhausen, Germany
Died: January 31, 1967

German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter Oskar Fischinger is most-noted for creating abstract musical animation decades before development of computer graphics. Among the 50 short films he made, the short animated film Motion Painting No. 1 is listed on the United States National Film Registry. He also created special effects for the German sci-fi silent film Woman in the Moon.

 18 Djuna Barnes

Djuna Barnes
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Storm King Mountain, New York, United States
Died: June 18, 1982

 19 Albert Bierstadt

Albert Bierstadt
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 7, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: February 18, 1902

Landscape painter Albert Bierstadt immortalized the natural attractions of the American West, such as the Rocky Mountains, in his works. One of the finest painters of the Hudson River school, he specialized in paintings that showcased bright lighting, or luminism, and created over 500 paintings throughout his career.

 20 Lewis Hine

Lewis Hine
3
Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: September 26, 1874
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oshkosh, Wisconsin, United States
Died: November 3, 1940

 21 Thomas Eakins

Thomas Eakins
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 25, 1916

 22 Frederic Remington

Frederic Remington
4
Famous As: Sculptor, Writer, Painter
Birthdate: October 4, 1861
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 26, 1909

 23 Charles Marion Russell

Charles Marion Russell
3
Famous As: Sculptor, Illustrator, Painter, Writer
Birthdate: March 19, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: October 24, 1926

 24 Henry Ossawa Tanner

Henry Ossawa Tanner
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1859
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: May 25, 1937

 25 N. C. Wyeth

N. C. Wyeth
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Needham, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 19, 1945

 26 J. C. Leyendecker

J. C. Leyendecker
3
Famous As: Illustrator, Painter, Artist
Birthdate: March 23, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Montabaur
Died: July 26, 1951

 27 Winsor McCay

Winsor McCay
3
Famous As: Cartoonist, Animator, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: September 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Canada
Died: July 26, 1934

Winsor McCay was an American animator and cartoonist. McCay is best remembered for creating the popular fictional character Little Nemo, who originated in a comic strip titled Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. Winsor McCay is credited with pioneering several animation techniques, such as inbetweening and cycling. An early animation pioneer, Winsor McCay’s work has influenced generations of illustrators and cartoonists. 

 28 George Catlin

George Catlin
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 26, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 23, 1872

 29 Ernest Thompson Seton

Ernest Thompson Seton
5
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 14, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: South Shields, United Kingdom
Died: October 23, 1946

 30 Beatrice Wood

Beatrice Wood
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 3, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: March 12, 1998

 31 Louise Nevelson

Louise Nevelson
3
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: September 23, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
Died: April 17, 1988

 32 Alexander Archipenko

Alexander Archipenko
3
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist
Birthdate: May 30, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kyiv
Died: February 25, 1964

 33 Adah Isaacs Menken

Adah Isaacs Menken
3
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: June 15, 1835
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: August 10, 1868

 34 Jacob Epstein

Jacob Epstein
3
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 10, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: August 19, 1959

Jacob Epstein was an American-British sculptor who produced revolutionary works that challenged the already established ideas that dictated the kind of artworks shown to the public. Epstein helped pioneer modern sculpture. In addition to being a sculptor, Epstein was also a painter and artist; he exhibited many of his paintings and drawings. His works have influenced artists like Barbara Hepworth.

 35 Anna Hyatt Huntington

Anna Hyatt Huntington
2
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 10, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 4, 1973

 36 Childe Hassam

Childe Hassam
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 17, 1859
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dorchester
Died: August 27, 1935

 37 George Bellows

George Bellows
3
Famous As: Painter, Artist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Columbus
Died: January 8, 1925

 38 Thomas Moran

Thomas Moran
3
Famous As: Explorer, Painter
Birthdate: February 12, 1837
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton
Died: August 25, 1926

 39 Maria Martinez

Maria Martinez
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1887 AD
Birthplace: San Ildefonso Pueblo
Died: July 20, 1980

 40 Charles Dana Gibson

Charles Dana Gibson
3
Famous As: Illustrator
Birthdate: September 14, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 23, 1944

 41 Robert Henri

Robert Henri
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 24, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cincinnati
Died: July 12, 1929

 42 Aaron Douglas

Aaron Douglas
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 26, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Topeka, Kansas, United States
Died: February 2, 1979

 43 Josef Albers

Josef Albers
5
Famous As: Painter, Artist, University teacher
Birthdate: March 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bottrop
Died: March 25, 1976
German-born painter, artist, and art teacher Josef Albers initially experimented with colored-glass art, furniture design, and metal art, and later pioneered innovative styles of art such as Color Field painting and Op art. His best-known work, Homage to the Square, consists of a series of superimposed squares.

 44 Andrew Loomis

Andrew Loomis
4
Famous As: Illustrator
Birthdate: June 15, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Syracuse, New York, United States
Died: May 25, 1959

 45 Richard Neutra

Richard Neutra
3
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: April 8, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 16, 1970

Born into an affluent Austro-Hungarian family, Richard Neutra later moved to the U.S. Best known for imparting the International Style in American architecture, he had previously worked on an award-winning project in Palestine. He created iconic buildings such as the Lovell House and also penned books such as Survival Through Design.

 46 Rockwell Kent

Rockwell Kent
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 21, 1882
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tarrytown, New York, United States
Died: March 13, 1971

 47 Anni Albers

Anni Albers
3
Famous As: Textile Artist
Birthdate: June 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 9, 1994

German-born American textile designer Anni Albers redefined textile arts in the 20th century. While studying painting initially, she had reluctantly joined a weaving workshop, considered a woman’s art back then, and ended up being inspired by it. She and her husband later fled to the U.S. to escape the Nazi regime.

 48 William Merritt Chase

William Merritt Chase
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 1, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nineveh
Died: October 25, 1916

 49 Marsden Hartley

Marsden Hartley
3
Famous As: Painter, Poet, Journalist
Birthdate: January 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lewiston
Died: September 2, 1943

 50 Ben Shahn

Ben Shahn
3
Famous As: Photographer, Painter
Birthdate: September 12, 1898
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kaunas
Died: March 14, 1969