Famous 19th Century American Artists & Painters

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 1 
Edward Hopper
(Realist painter)
Edward Hopper
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Birthdate: July 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Upper Nyack, New York, United States
Died: May 15, 1967
 2 
Alexander Calder
(Sculptor, Painter)
Alexander Calder
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Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lawnton
Died: November 11, 1976

Alexander Calder was an American sculptor best remembered for his innovative kinetic sculptures designed to use either motor, air currents, or other forces of nature. A multi-talented personality, Calder was also known for his paintings, miniatures, prints, jewelry design, theater set design, political posters, and tapestries and rugs. In 1977, he was honored with the prestigious Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 3 
Edmonia Lewis
(First African-American and Native American Sculptor to Achieve International Prominence)
Edmonia Lewis
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Birthdate: July 4, 1844
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rensselaer County, New York, United States
Died: September 17, 1907

Edmonia Lewis was an American sculptor who worked in Rome for most of her career. The first African-American sculptor to gain international prominence, Lewis was also the only Black female artist to have participated and recognized by the American artistic mainstream until the end of the 19th century. Molefi Kete Asante included Lewis in his 100 Greatest African Americans list.

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 4 
Winslow Homer
(Painter)
Winslow Homer
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Birthdate: February 24, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 29, 1910
 5 
Samuel Morse
(Inventor of Morse Code, Painter)
Samuel Morse
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Birthdate: April 27, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charlestown, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 2, 1872
 6 
John Singer Sargent
(American Expatriate Artist and One of the Leading Portrait Painters of His Generation)
John Singer Sargent
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Birthdate: January 12, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 14, 1925

John Singer Sargent, an artist active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation." Prolific in his output, he created more than 2,000 watercolors and around 900 oil paintings. He also made numerous sketches and charcoal drawings. He painted with remarkable technical acumen and was internationally known for his expertise.   

 7 
Mary Cassatt
(Painter)
Mary Cassatt
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Birthdate: May 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Allegheny
Died: June 14, 1926
 8 
Frederic Edwin Church
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Birthdate: May 4, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: April 7, 1900
 9 
Grandma Moses
(Painter, Illustrator)
Grandma Moses
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Birthdate: September 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

 10 
Stanford White
(Architect, Painter)
Stanford White
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Birthdate: November 9, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: June 25, 1906

Stanford White was an American architect who designed several important monuments including the Washington Square Arch. He also helped construct Nikola Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower, which happens to be his last design. Although White was an influential and prominent designer of his time, he is best remembered for his illicit relationship with Evelyn Nesbit which has inspired several works of art.

 11 
Henry Darger
(Novelist, Artist, and Writer)
Henry Darger
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Birthdate: April 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died: April 13, 1973
Henry Darger was an American novelist, artist, and writer. He achieved posthumous fame when a 15,145-page fantasy novel of his was discovered after his death. Along with the novel, watercolor illustrations and several hundred drawings for the story was discovered. Henry Darger's artwork is now considered a fine example of outsider art.
 12 
Thomas Cole
(Painter)
Thomas Cole
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Birthdate: February 1, 1801
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton, Lancashire, England
Died: February 11, 1848
 13 
Louis Comfort Tiffany
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Birthdate: February 18, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: January 17, 1933
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
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Birthdate: July 11, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lowell, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 17, 1903
 15 
Albert Bierstadt
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Birthdate: January 7, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: February 18, 1902

Landscape painter Albert Bierstadt immortalized the natural attractions of the American West, such as the Rocky Mountains, in his works. One of the finest painters of the Hudson River school, he specialized in paintings that showcased bright lighting, or luminism, and created over 500 paintings throughout his career.

 16 
Djuna Barnes
(Artist)
Djuna Barnes
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Birthdate: June 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Storm King Mountain, New York, United States
Died: June 18, 1982
 17 
Thomas Hart Benton
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Birthdate: April 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Missouri
Died: January 19, 1975
 18 
Oskar Fischinger
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Birthdate: June 22, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: elnhausen, Germany
Died: January 31, 1967

German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter Oskar Fischinger is most-noted for creating abstract musical animation decades before development of computer graphics. Among the 50 short films he made, the short animated film Motion Painting No. 1 is listed on the United States National Film Registry. He also created special effects for the German sci-fi silent film Woman in the Moon.

 19 
Frederic Remington
(Sculptor, Writer, Painter)
Frederic Remington
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Birthdate: October 4, 1861
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 26, 1909

Frederic Remington was an American sculptor, painter, illustrator, and writer. Best remembered for his depictions of the Western United States, Remington is a member of several cowboy halls of fame, including the Texas Trail Hall of Fame. Frederic Remington was regarded as one of the most successful and popular Western illustrators during the late 19th century and early 20th century.

 20 
Thomas Eakins
(Painter)
Thomas Eakins
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Birthdate: July 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 25, 1916
 21 
Maxfield Parrish
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Birthdate: July 25, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 30, 1966
 22 
J. C. Leyendecker
(Illustrator, Painter, Artist)
J. C. Leyendecker
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Birthdate: March 23, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Montabaur
Died: July 26, 1951
 23 
Charles Marion Russell
(Sculptor, Illustrator, Painter, Writer)
Charles Marion Russell
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Birthdate: March 19, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: October 24, 1926

Charles Marion Russell was an American artist best remembered for depicting the American Old West. Dubbed the cowboy artist, Russell produced over 2,000 paintings featuring Native Americans, landscapes of the western United States, and cowboys. In 1955, Charles Marion Russell was made a member of the Hall of Great Westerners.

Henry Ossawa Tanner
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Birthdate: June 21, 1859
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: May 25, 1937
 25 
N. C. Wyeth
(Painter)
N. C. Wyeth
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Birthdate: October 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Needham, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 19, 1945
 26 
Beatrice Wood
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Birthdate: March 3, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: March 12, 1998

Beatrice Wood was an American studio potter and artist best remembered for her association with the Avant-Garde movement. Wood is credited with founding Rongwrong and The Blind Man magazines along with Henri-Pierre Roché and Marcel Duchamp. Beatrice Wood's autobiography inspired the creation of Rose DeWitt Bukater's character in the 1997 epic romance and disaster film Titanic

 27 
Winsor McCay
(Cartoonist, Animator, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer)
Winsor McCay
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Birthdate: September 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Canada
Died: July 26, 1934

Winsor McCay was an American animator and cartoonist. McCay is best remembered for creating the popular fictional character Little Nemo, who originated in a comic strip titled Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. Winsor McCay is credited with pioneering several animation techniques, such as inbetweening and cycling. An early animation pioneer, Winsor McCay’s work has influenced generations of illustrators and cartoonists. 

 28 
George Catlin
(Painter)
George Catlin
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Birthdate: July 26, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 23, 1872
 29 
Gutzon Borglum
(American Sculptor Best Known for His Colossal Mount Rushmore Sculpture of the Faces of Four U.S. Presidents)
Gutzon Borglum
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Birthdate: March 25, 1867
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Charles, Idaho, United States
Died: March 6, 1941

Gutzon Borglum was an American sculptor remembered for his work on Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Borglum is also associated with other important public works of art like Georgia's Stone Mountain and a bust of Abraham Lincoln, which is currently preserved in the US Capitol crypt.

 30 
Ernest Thompson Seton
(American Author, Wildlife Artist, Founder of the 'Woodcraft Indians' and Founding Pioneer of the 'Boy Scouts of America')
Ernest Thompson Seton
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Birthdate: August 14, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: South Shields, County Durham, England
Died: October 23, 1946

Ernest Thompson Seton was a wildlife artist and author. He is credited with founding a youth program called the Woodcraft Indians in 1902. A pioneer of the Boy Scouts of America, Seton also had a huge influence on the founder of the Scout Movement, Lord Baden-Powell. His life and career inspired several works of art like TV series and literature.

 31 
George Bellows
(Painter, Artist, University teacher)
George Bellows
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Birthdate: August 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Columbus
Died: January 8, 1925
 32 
Louise Nevelson
(Sculptor, Painter)
Louise Nevelson
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Birthdate: September 23, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
Died: April 17, 1988

Louise Nevelson was an American sculptor best remembered for her monochromatic outdoor sculptures and wooden wall pieces. Although she was not a feminist, Nevelson's work played a major role in the development of the feminist art movement in the United States. Louise Nevelson is widely regarded as one of the 20th-century's most prominent American sculptors.

 33 
Adah Isaacs Menken
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Birthdate: June 15, 1835
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: August 10, 1868
 34 
Childe Hassam
(Painter)
Childe Hassam
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Birthdate: October 17, 1859
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dorchester
Died: August 27, 1935
 35 
Robert W. Chambers
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Birthdate: May 26, 1865
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 16, 1933
 36 
Anna Hyatt Huntington
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Birthdate: March 10, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 4, 1973
 37 
Robert Henri
(Painter)
Robert Henri
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Birthdate: June 24, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cincinnati
Died: July 12, 1929
 38 
Thomas Moran
(Explorer, Painter)
Thomas Moran
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Birthdate: February 12, 1837
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton
Died: August 25, 1926

Landscape painter Thomas Moran is best known for his paintings that depicted the Rocky Mountains. After being part of a government surveying expedition to the then-uncharted Yellowstone area, he documented the woods and thus motivated the authorities to establish the US’s first national park in the area.

 39 
Charles Dana Gibson
(Illustrator)
Charles Dana Gibson
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Birthdate: September 14, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 23, 1944
 40 
Hans Hofmann
(Painter, renowned as both an artist and teacher)
Hans Hofmann
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Birthdate: March 21, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Weissenburg in Bayern, Germany
Died: February 17, 1966

Mostly hailed as an influential art teacher, Hans Hofmann was also a great artist and a pioneer in the use of improvisatory techniques. Born in Germany, he migrated to USA after Nazis came to power. There he opened his own school and moving away from Expressionistic landscapes developed totally an abstract manner, paving the way for Abstract Expressionism.

 41 
Josef Albers
(Former Abstract artist known for his work as an abstract painter and a theorist)
Josef Albers
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Birthdate: March 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bottrop, Germany
Died: March 25, 1976
German-born painter, artist, and art teacher Josef Albers initially experimented with colored-glass art, furniture design, and metal art, and later pioneered innovative styles of art such as Color Field painting and Op art. His best-known work, Homage to the Square, consists of a series of superimposed squares.
 42 
Maria Martinez
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Birthdate: 1887 AD
Birthplace: San Ildefonso Pueblo
Died: July 20, 1980
 43 
Richard Neutra
(Architect)
Richard Neutra
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Birthdate: April 8, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 16, 1970

Born into an affluent Austro-Hungarian family, Richard Neutra later moved to the U.S. Best known for imparting the International Style in American architecture, he had previously worked on an award-winning project in Palestine. He created iconic buildings such as the Lovell House and also penned books such as Survival Through Design.

 44 
Andrew Loomis
(Illustrator)
Andrew Loomis
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Birthdate: June 15, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Syracuse, New York, United States
Died: May 25, 1959
 45 
Aaron Douglas
(Painter)
Aaron Douglas
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Birthdate: May 26, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Topeka, Kansas, United States
Died: February 2, 1979
 46 
William Merritt Chase
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Birthdate: November 1, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nineveh
Died: October 25, 1916
 47 
Romaine Brooks
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Birthdate: May 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 7, 1970
 48 
Rockwell Kent
(Painter)
Rockwell Kent
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Birthdate: June 21, 1882
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tarrytown, New York, United States
Died: March 13, 1971
 49 
Michael Whelan
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Birthdate: June 29, 0000
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Culver City, California, United States
 50 
George Inness
(Painter)
George Inness
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Birthdate: May 1, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newburgh, New York, United States
Died: August 3, 1894