German Female Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 
Hannah Arendt
(One of the Most Influential Political Theorists of the 20th Century)
Hannah Arendt
14
Birthdate: October 14, 1906
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Linden - Mitte, Hanover, Germany
Died: December 4, 1975

Hannah Arendt was a political theorist. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most prominent political thinkers, Hannah Arendt's articles and books have had a significant influence on philosophy and political theory. Her life and work inspired the 2012 biographical drama film, Hannah Arendt. Her work has also inspired several biographies written by popular authors.

 2 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
16
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
 3 
Karen Horney
(German Psychoanalyst Best Known for Founding Feminist Psychology in Response to Freud’s Theory of Penis Envy)
Karen Horney
7
Birthdate: September 16, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany
Died: December 4, 1952

Remembered for her pioneering work on feminist psychology, Karen Horney studied medicine at a time when women weren’t allowed in universities. Going against Sigmund Freud’s concept of penis envy, she suggested the idea of womb envy. She believed psychological differences weren’t rooted in gender but rather depended on the socio-cultural influences.

 4 
Edith Stein
(Philosopher, Christian Nun and One of the Six 'Patron Saints of Europe')
Edith Stein
4
Birthdate: October 12, 1891
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: August 9, 1942

Edith Stein was a German Jewish philosopher who studied at the University of Freiburg and completed her dissertation on empathy. Always interested in Catholicism, she read the autobiography of the mystic Teresa of Ávila and converted to Christianity, and became a Discalced Carmelite nun. She was killed in the Auschwitz concentration camp and is canonized as a martyr.

 5 
Maria Sibylla Merian
(German-Born Dutch Naturalist and Scientific Illustrator Known for Her Contribution to 'Entomology')
Maria Sibylla Merian
3
Birthdate: April 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Free City of Frankfurt, German
Died: January 13, 1717

German-born Dutch naturalist and artist Maria Sibylla Merian is remembered for her drawings of insects and plants. She also contributed to the development of entomology through her detailed work on insects and her documentation of a butterfly’s metamorphosis. Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium is her best-known work.

 6 
Hildegard of Bingen
(German Writer, Composer, Philosopher and Mystic Considered to be One of the Best-Known Composers of Sacred Monophony)
Hildegard of Bingen
2
Birthdate: 1098 AD
Birthplace: Bermersheim vor der Höhe, Germany
Died: September 17, 1179

Hildegard of Bingen was a German writer, composer, Christian mystic, visionary, philosopher, polymath, and Benedictine abbess of the High Middle Ages. Apart from being the most-recorded composers of sacred monophony in modern history, Hildegard of Bingen is also widely regarded as the founder of scientific natural history.

 7 
Friedrich Engels
(German Philosopher Who Developed 'Marxism' Together With Karl Max)
Friedrich Engels
24
Birthdate: November 28, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 5, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

 8 
Selma Ergeç
(Actress)
Selma Ergeç
3
Birthdate: November 1, 1978
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hamm, Germany
 9 
Sabine Hossenfelder
3
Birthdate: September 18, 1976
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
 10 
Maria Reiche
(German-Born Peruvian Mathematician and Archaeologist Who Studied the Nazca Lines)
Maria Reiche
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: June 8, 1998

Celebrated German-born Peruvian mathematician, archaeologist, linguist, and astronomer Maria Reiche is remembered for her pioneering research on the Nazca lines. Nicknamed the Lady of the Lines, she was initially a governess and teacher in Peru. She later also became a founding-member of the non-profit organization South American Explorers.

 11 
Eva Justin
(German Anthropologist Who Specialised in Scientific Racism)
Eva Justin
3
Birthdate: August 23, 1909
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: September 11, 1966

Eva Justin was a German anthropologist who specialised in scientific racism. Justin, who was active during the Nazi era, contributed to the crimes of the Nazis against the Roma and Sinti peoples. Eva Justin was tasked with studying children, who were then sent to concentration camps. At least 35 children studied by Eva Justin were killed in the gas chamber.

 12 
Marie d'Agoult
(French author)
Marie d'Agoult
3
Birthdate: December 31, 1805
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: March 5, 1876
 13 
Julia Shaw
(Psychologist)
Julia Shaw
3
Birthdate: January 20, 1987
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
 14 
Elisabeth of the Palatinate
3
Birthdate: December 26, 1618
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Electorate of the Palatinate
Died: February 11, 1680
 15 
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(German Developmental Biologist and Winner of 1995 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
3
Birthdate: October 20, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German developmental biologist. She studied at the University of Tübingen where she earned a Ph.D. for her research on protein–DNA interactions. Together with biologist Eric Wieschaus and geneticist Edward B. Lewis, she received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995. She is also a recipient of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize. 

 16 
Annemarie Schimmel
(Orientalist)
Annemarie Schimmel
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erfurt, Germany
Died: January 26, 2003
 17 
Christina Pagel
(Researcher)
Christina Pagel
3
Birthplace: London, England
 18 
Mildred Harnack
(Literary historian)
Mildred Harnack
3
Birthdate: September 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Died: February 16, 1943
 19 
Esther Vilar
(Writer)
Esther Vilar
2
Birthdate: September 16, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Born to German-Jewish immigrants in Argentina, Esther Vilar studied medicine before she moved to Germany to study psychology and sociology. After taking up scores of odd jobs, she soared to international fame with her bestselling book The Manipulated Man, which argues that women aren’t oppressed but control men in relationships.

 20 
Uta Frith
(Psychologist)
Uta Frith
2
Birthdate: May 25, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rockenhausen, Germany
 21 
Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann
(Political scientist)
Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann
2
Birthdate: December 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 25, 2010
 22 
Dorothee Sölle
(Theologian)
Dorothee Sölle
2
Birthdate: September 30, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: April 27, 2003
Anna Maria van Schurman
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1607
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: May 4, 1678
 24 
Marianne Weber
(Sociologist)
Marianne Weber
2
Birthdate: August 2, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oerlinghausen, Germany
Died: March 12, 1954
 25 
Lydia Benecke
(Psychologist)
Lydia Benecke
2
Birthdate: 1982
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bytom, Poland
 26 
Jutta Rudiger
(Psychologist)
Jutta Rudiger
2
Birthdate: June 14, 1910
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 13, 2001
 27 
Marion Dönhoff
(Journalist)
Marion Dönhoff
1
Birthdate: December 2, 1909
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Friedrichstein Castle
Died: March 11, 2002
 28 
Halet Cambel
(Archaeologist)
Halet Cambel
2
Birthdate: August 27, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: January 12, 2014
 29 
Fiona Kolbinger
2
Birthdate: May 24, 1995
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Germany

Fiona Kolbinger is a cyclist who created history by becoming the first woman to win the Transcontinental Race in 2019. She took a time of ten days, two hours, and 48 minutes to complete the race with an advance of around six hours over the second closest. She beat over 224 men and 40 women to achieve this feat.

 30 
Tanja Stadler
(Mathematician)
Tanja Stadler
1
Birthdate: 1981 AD
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
 31 
Aparna Rao
(German Anthropologist & Researcher)
Aparna Rao
1
Birthdate: February 3, 1950
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New Delhi, India
Died: June 28, 2005

Aparna Rao was a German anthropologist best remembered for conducting studies on social groups in France, Afghanistan, and some regions of India. While Rao's research focused on agrarian populations in Jammu, Kashmir, France, and Afghanistan, her doctorate studies focused on ethnology, anthropogeography, and Islamic studies. Aparna Rao also taught anthropology at Germany's University of Cologne.

 32 
Anneli Ute Gabanyi
(Political scientist, Philologist)
Anneli Ute Gabanyi
0
Birthdate: October 18, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
 33 
Felicitas Rombold
(German Model, Academic and Psychotherapist)
Felicitas Rombold
0
Birthdate: 1988 AD
Birthplace: Germany

Former model Felicitas Rombold is better known as the wife of Spanish-German actor Daniel Brühl of Good Bye, Lenin! fame. The two are parents to two sons and had tied the knot after the birth of their first child. Felicitas is a psychotherapist and boasts of a PhD in psychology.