Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. While the world has had some of the most knowledgeable philosophers and thinkers from various parts of the world, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that Germany holds the bulk of them all. And if you don’t believe us, then check this list. Starting from Immanuel Kant to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibiz, Max Weber, Hannah Arendt, Gunther Anders, Hans Georg Gadamer to the very recent Gottlob Frege and Ludwig Wittgenstein, the list goes far and wide. Each of them and many others made significant contribution to the aesthetics of philosophy and gave a world a new aspect to look from. Through their work in their chosen field of philosophy, German philosophers made revolutionary contribution to the world society. Till date, their beliefs play a central role on contemporary philosophy and are highly influential in setting up their fundamental concepts. Browse through this section to find a list of famous German philosophers, their life, their philosophies and their thinking. Their impressionable work is sure to leave a lasting imprint on your mind as well!
Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844
Philosopher and Philologist
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788
Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889
German Philosopher

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871
Marxist Theorist

Hildegard of BingenHildegard of Bingen
16 September 1098
Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892

Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891
Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748

Meister EckhartMeister Eckhart
1260 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Mystic
Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886

02 May 1772
Philosopher & Poet
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jürgen HabermasJürgen Habermas
18 June 1929
Sociologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 July 1780
Military person
Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903
Philosopher, Composer, Musicologist, Sociologist,

Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900
Psychologist, Philosopher, University teacher,
Herbert MarcuseHerbert Marcuse
18 July 1898
American-German philosopher

Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806
Philosopher, Journalist, Writer, Anarchist

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
William of OckhamWilliam of Ockham
1285 AD
English philosopher
Leo StraussLeo Strauss
20 September 1899
Politician, Political scientist, Philosopher,

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762
Philosopher, University teacher
Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher

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Hans-Hermann HoppeHans-Hermann Hoppe
02 September 1949
Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744
philosopher, theologian, poet, translator

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Peter SloterdijkPeter Sloterdijk
26 June 1947
Philosopher, Television presenter, Writer,
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
05 April 1804
Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775
Philosopher, University teacher

Hans MorgenthauHans Morgenthau
17 February 1904
Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher,
Hans-Georg GadamerHans-Georg Gadamer
11 February 1900
Philosopher, University teacher

Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer
14 February 1895
Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University

Eduard BernsteinEduard Bernstein
06 January 1850
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Economist

Niklas LuhmannNiklas Luhmann
08 December 1927
Philosopher, Scientist, Sociologist, University

Ferdinand LassalleFerdinand Lassalle
11 April 1825
Writer, Politician, Economist, Lawyer, Philosopher
Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

Hermann WeylHermann Weyl
09 November 1885
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, University

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Thomas à KempisThomas à Kempis
1380 AD
theologian, Writer, philosopher

Jakob BöhmeJakob Böhme
24 April 1575
philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran
Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, Political

Rudolf CarnapRudolf Carnap
18 May 1891
Analytic philosopher, Esperantist, Philosopher of

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician
Rudolf BultmannRudolf Bultmann
20 August 1884
Theologian, University teacher

Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,
Rudolf OttoRudolf Otto
25 September 1869
Theologian, Politician, Philosopher, Non-fiction

Ernst BlochErnst Bloch
08 July 1885
Writer, Philosopher, Journalist, University

Ferdinand TönniesFerdinand Tönnies
26 July 1855
Max SchelerMax Scheler
22 August 1874
Philosopher, Anthropologist, University teacher,

Franz BrentanoFranz Brentano
16 January 1838
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher
Gustav FechnerGustav Fechner
19 April 1801
Physicist, Psychologist, Statistician, University

Carl Friedrich von WeizsäckerCarl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
28 June 1912
Physicist, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher

Moritz SchlickMoritz Schlick
14 April 1882
Physicist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian
Hugo MünsterbergHugo Münsterberg
01 June 1863
Psychologist, University teacher, Philosopher
Moses HessMoses Hess
21 January 1812
philosopher, politician, journalist

Axel HonnethAxel Honneth
18 July 1949
philosopher, sociologist,university teacher

David StraussDavid Strauss
27 January 1808
Theologian, Philosopher, Biographer, Writer

Hans JonasHans Jonas
10 May 1903
Philosopher, University teacher
Alexander Gottlieb BaumgartenAlexander Gottlieb Baumgarten
17 July 1714
philosopher, professor

Ernst NolteErnst Nolte
11 January 1923
Philosopher, Historian of the modern age,

Dietrich von HildebrandDietrich von Hildebrand
12 October 1889
Writer, Theologian, University teacher,

Hans ReichenbachHans Reichenbach
26 September 1891
Philosopher, Physicist, University teacher

Carl Gustav HempelCarl Gustav Hempel
08 January 1905
Mathematician, Computer scientist, Philosopher,
Johann Friedrich HerbartJohann Friedrich Herbart
04 April 1776
philosopher, psychologist, educationist,

Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University
Ernst ZermeloErnst Zermelo
27 July 1871
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Hugh of Saint VictorHugh of Saint Victor
1096 AD
theologian, philosopher, writer

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
08 September 1767
Linguist, Translator, Sanskrit scholar,
Franz RosenzweigFranz Rosenzweig
25 December 1886
Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible

Albrecht RitschlAlbrecht Ritschl
25 March 1822
Theologian, Philosopher, University teacher
Rudolf Christoph EuckenRudolf Christoph Eucken
05 January 1846
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher

Arnold GehlenArnold Gehlen
29 January 1904
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Karl Christian Friedrich KrauseKarl Christian Friedrich Krause
06 May 1781
Philosopher, University teacher

Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university
Gottfried Wilhelm von LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
01 July 1646

Max MuellerMax Mueller
06 December 1823