Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. While the world has had some of the most knowledgeable philosophers and thinkers from various parts of the world, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that Germany holds the bulk of them all. And if you don’t believe us, then check this list. Starting from Immanuel Kant to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibiz, Max Weber, Hannah Arendt, Gunther Anders, Hans Georg Gadamer to the very recent Gottlob Frege and Ludwig Wittgenstein, the list goes far and wide. Each of them and many others made significant contribution to the aesthetics of philosophy and gave a world a new aspect to look from. Through their work in their chosen field of philosophy, German philosophers made revolutionary contribution to the world society. Till date, their beliefs play a central role on contemporary philosophy and are highly influential in setting up their fundamental concepts. Browse through this section to find a list of famous German philosophers, their life, their philosophies and their thinking. Their impressionable work is sure to leave a lasting imprint on your mind as well!
Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844
Philosopher
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724
Philosopher

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906
Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864
Sociologist

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820
Philosopher
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788
Philosopher

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889
German Philosopher

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871
Marxist Theorist
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher, Mathematician

Hildegard of BingenHildegard of Bingen
16 September 1098
Philosopher
Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892
 

Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806
Philosopher

Herbert MarcuseHerbert Marcuse
18 July 1898
Philosopher

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888
Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903
Philosopher
Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900
Psychologist

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748
Philosopher

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880
Philosopher
Leo StraussLeo Strauss
20 September 1899
Philosopher

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859
Philosopher
Meister EckhartMeister Eckhart
1260 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Mystic

Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891
Philosopher

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886
 
NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772
Philosopher & Poet

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher
Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 June 1780
Military person

Jürgen HabermasJürgen Habermas
18 June 1929
Philosopher

Hans-Hermann HoppeHans-Hermann Hoppe
02 September 1949
Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University
Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486
Physician

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Max MuellerMax Mueller
06 December 1823
 
Hans MorgenthauHans Morgenthau
17 February 1904
Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher,

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher
Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,
Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762
Philosopher, University teacher

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744
Philosopher

Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer
14 February 1895
Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University
Karl KautskyKarl Kautsky
16 October 1854
Philosopher

Niklas LuhmannNiklas Luhmann
08 December 1927
Philosopher, Scientist, Sociologist, University

Eduard BernsteinEduard Bernstein
06 January 1850
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Economist

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
05 April 1804
Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775
Philosopher, University teacher

Hans-Georg GadamerHans-Georg Gadamer
11 February 1900
Philosopher, University teacher
Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

Jakob BöhmeJakob Böhme
24 April 1575
philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator
Rudolf CarnapRudolf Carnap
18 May 1891
Analytic philosopher, Esperantist, Philosopher of

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Peter SloterdijkPeter Sloterdijk
26 June 1947
Philosopher, Television presenter, Writer,

Ferdinand LassalleFerdinand Lassalle
11 April 1825
Writer, Politician, Economist, Lawyer, Philosopher

Franz BrentanoFranz Brentano
16 January 1838
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher

Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician
Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929
Sociologist

Moritz SchlickMoritz Schlick
14 April 1882
Physicist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Ernst BlochErnst Bloch
08 July 1885
Writer, Philosopher, Journalist, University

Max SchelerMax Scheler
22 August 1874
Philosopher, Anthropologist, University teacher,
Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,

Gustav FechnerGustav Fechner
19 April 1801
Physicist, Psychologist, Statistician, University
Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian

Rudolf BultmannRudolf Bultmann
20 August 1884
Theologian, University teacher

Ferdinand TönniesFerdinand Tönnies
26 July 1855
Sociologist
Hans JonasHans Jonas
10 May 1903
Philosopher, University teacher

Baron d'HolbachBaron d'Holbach
08 December 1723
Author
Rudolf OttoRudolf Otto
25 September 1869
Theologian, Politician, Philosopher, Non-fiction

Dietrich von HildebrandDietrich von Hildebrand
12 October 1889
Writer, Theologian, University teacher,

Friedrich SchlegelFriedrich Schlegel
10 March 1772
Poet
Moses HessMoses Hess
21 January 1812
philosopher, politician, journalist

Hugo MünsterbergHugo Münsterberg
01 June 1863
Psychologist, University teacher, Philosopher
Johann Georg HamannJohann Georg Hamann
27 August 1730
Philosopher

Axel HonnethAxel Honneth
18 July 1949
philosopher, sociologist,university teacher

Ernst NolteErnst Nolte
11 January 1923
Philosopher, Historian of the modern age,

Carl Friedrich von WeizsäckerCarl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
28 June 1912
Physicist, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher
Johann Friedrich HerbartJohann Friedrich Herbart
04 April 1776
philosopher, psychologist, educationist,
Karl Robert Eduard von HartmannKarl Robert Eduard von Hartmann
23 February 1842
Philosopher

William SternWilliam Stern
29 April 1871
Psychologist

Alexander Gottlieb BaumgartenAlexander Gottlieb Baumgarten
17 July 1714
philosopher, professor

Ernst ZermeloErnst Zermelo
27 July 1871
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Ludwig KlagesLudwig Klages
10 December 1872
Philosopher

Carl Gustav HempelCarl Gustav Hempel
08 January 1905
Mathematician, Computer scientist, Philosopher,

Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

Franz RosenzweigFranz Rosenzweig
25 December 1886
Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible

Friedrich Heinrich JacobiFriedrich Heinrich Jacobi
25 January 1743
Philosopher
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
08 September 1767
Linguist, Translator, Sanskrit scholar,

Hans ReichenbachHans Reichenbach
26 September 1891
Philosopher, Physicist, University teacher
Eugen DühringEugen Dühring
12 January 1833
Philosopher

Hugh of Saint VictorHugh of Saint Victor
1096 AD
Writer
Nicolai HartmannNicolai Hartmann
20 February 1882
Philosopher
Hermann CohenHermann Cohen
04 July 1842
Philosopher