Famous German Political Scientists

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 1 Karl Marx

Karl Marx
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 5, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
Died: March 14, 1883

Karl Marx, the philosopher, economist, political theorist and socialist revolutionary, is best-known for the 1848 pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital. His theories, called Marxism, maintained that class conflict leads to the development of human societies and that internal tension were inherent in capitalism, which would ultimately be replaced by the socialist mode of production.

 2 Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 28, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 4, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

 3 Herbert Marcuse

Herbert Marcuse
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 19, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 29, 1979

The proponent of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, Herbert Marcuse largely influenced the leftist student revolts of the 1960s. Equipped with a PhD in German literature, he wrote Hegel’s Ontology and the Theory of Historicity, with Martin Heidegger. His Eros and Civilization spoke at length about capitalism.

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 4 Hans Morgenthau

Hans Morgenthau
Famous As: Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: February 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Coburg
Died: July 19, 1980

German-born American political scientist and historian Hans Morgenthau, a leading twentieth-century figure in the study of international relations, is noted for his contributions in international relations theory and the study of international law. His book Politics Among Nations introduced the concept of political realism that played an instrumental role in the foreign policy of the US.

 5 Carl Schmitt

Carl Schmitt
Famous As: Jurist, Political theorist
Birthdate: July 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plettenberg, Germany
Died: April 7, 1985
Known for works such as Constitutional Theory and Political Theology, Nazi political theorist and academic Carl Schmitt explored liberalism and the Weimar Republic. He was banned from teaching by the Allied powers after World War II but continued producing works such as Ex Captivitate Salus.

 6 Hans-Hermann Hoppe

Hans-Hermann Hoppe
Famous As: Editor
Birthdate: September 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Peine, Germany

Austrian paleolibertarian and anarcho-capitalist political theorist Hans-Hermann Hoppe is Professor Emeritus of Economics at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He is identified as a culturally conservative libertarian and his criticism of democracy in his book Democracy: The God That Failed. He founded and serves as president of the right-wing, anarcho-capitalist political organization called Property and Freedom Society.

 7 Karl Haushofer

Karl Haushofer
Famous As: Geopolitician, Political scientist, Educationist, Officer, University teacher, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: August 27, 1869
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich
Died: March 10, 1946
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 8 Friedrich Ratzel

Friedrich Ratzel
Famous As: Biologist, Geopolitician, Geographer, Zoologist, Political scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 30, 1844
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Karlsruhe
Died: August 9, 1904

Friedrich Ratzel was a German ethnographer and geographer. He was the first person to use the term Lebensraum, which would later become an important and popular word among the National Socialists. Also an influential writer, Friedrich Ratzel's works served as a justification for imperial expansion. 

 9 Udo Ulfkotte

Udo Ulfkotte
Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: January 20, 1960
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lippstadt, Germany
Died: January 13, 2017

 10 Ralf Dahrendorf

Ralf Dahrendorf
Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: May 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: June 17, 2009

Ralf Dahrendorf was a German-British sociologist, philosopher, and political scientist. As a class conflict theorist, he was a leading expert on analyzing class divisions in modern society. He was the author of multiple articles and books, including Class Conflict in Industrial Society (1959). He served as a professor of sociology in several universities in Germany and the UK.  

 11 Hamed Abdel-Samad

Hamed Abdel-Samad
Famous As: Political scientist
Birthdate: February 1, 1972
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Giza, Egypt

 12 Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann

Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann
Famous As: Political scientist
Birthdate: December 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 25, 2010

 13 Francis Lieber

Francis Lieber
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: March 18, 1800
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 2, 1872

German-American jurist Francis Lieber is best remembered for establishing the laws of war. His Lieber Code, penned during the American Civil War, later served as the basis for the Geneva Conventions. He also penned Encyclopedia Americana and worked as a professor of history and economics in the US.

 14 Karl Dietrich Bracher

Karl Dietrich Bracher
Famous As: Political Scientist
Birthdate: March 13, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Weimar Republic, Germany
Died: September 19, 2016

 15 Juan Jose Linz

Juan Jose Linz
Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: December 24, 1926
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: October 1, 2013

Born to Spanish parents in Germany, Juan Jose Linz studied law in Madrid and later moved to Columbia University to study sociology. He taught at various universities, such as Yale, where he was a Sterling Professor Emeritus. The Johan Skytte Prize winner had written books such as Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes.

 16 Johannes Althusius

Johannes Althusius
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: 1557 AD
Birthplace: Diedenshausen, Bad Berleburg, Germany
Died: August 12, 1638

 17 Hermann Heller

Hermann Heller
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 17, 1891
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cieszyn, Poland
Died: November 5, 1933

 18 Anneli Ute Gabanyi

Anneli Ute Gabanyi
Famous As: Political scientist, Philologist
Birthdate: October 18, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania

 19 Rudolf von Gneist

Rudolf von Gneist
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: August 13, 1816
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 22, 1895