Famous German Naturalists

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 1 
Ernst Haeckel
(Zoologist & Evolutionist Who Was a Strong Proponent of 'Darwinism')
Ernst Haeckel
4
Birthdate: February 16, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: August 9, 1919

Ernst Haeckel had initially practiced medicine before he gained an interest in Charles Darwin’s theory and began exploring zoology and related fields. He not only coined terms such as ecology, but also named numerous species and created a genealogical tree. He drew numerous figures of animals and sea creatures, too.

 2 
Alexander von Humboldt
11
Birthdate: September 14, 1769
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: May 6, 1859

As a child, Alexander von Humboldt was sickly and a bad student. After failing to shine in economics and engineering, he grew up to revolutionize the domain of geography. He is remembered for his research on magnetic storms and his treatise on nature, Kosmos. He also spoke about climate change.

 3 
Maria Sibylla Merian
(German-Born Dutch Naturalist and Scientific Illustrator Remembered for Her Contribution to Entomology)
Maria Sibylla Merian
4
Birthdate: April 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Free City of Frankfurt, German
Died: January 13, 1717
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 4 
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
(German Physician & Naturalist Considered to be a Main Founder of 'Zoology' and 'Anthropology' as Comparative, Scientific Disciplines)
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
4
Birthdate: May 11, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gotha, Germany
Died: January 22, 1840

A pioneer of physical anthropology, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach laid down one of the first racial classification systems for humans after studying human skulls, dividing mankind into five racial groups. Born into a family of academics, he was a prodigy. He was against scientific racism, though his theory promoted the degenerative hypothesis.

 5 
Emin Pasha
(Physician)
Emin Pasha
3
Birthdate: March 28, 1840
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Opole, Poland
Died: October 23, 1892

Eduard Schnitzer, or Emin Pasha, was born into a German Jewish family in modern-day Poland. A qualified physician, he moved to Constantinople after being disqualified in Germany. He not only served the Ottoman rulers but also surveyed and explored Africa extensively. He was eventually killed by Arab slave raiders.

 6 
Georg Forster
(German Explorer Who Established Travel Literature as a Genre in Germany)
Georg Forster
3
Birthdate: November 27, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mokry Dwór, Poland
Died: January 10, 1794
 7 
Peter Simon Pallas
(German Naturalist Who Explored the Geology of Russia)
Peter Simon Pallas
3
Birthdate: September 22, 1741
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 8, 1811

German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas was born to a professor of surgery and had, by age 15, formulated classifications of several animal groups. He chiefly worked in and around Russia, and is remembered for his 3-volume geological study, Journey Through Various Provinces of the Russian Empire.

 8 
Engelbert Kaempfer
(Naturalist)
Engelbert Kaempfer
3
Birthdate: September 16, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lemgo, Germany
Died: November 2, 1716

Seventeenth-century German physician and traveler Engelbert Kaempfer had been on trade missions across the world, including places such as Russia, Iran, Java, and Japan. His written experiences about his stay in Japan became a valuable source of information on the flora and fauna of the country.

 9 
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
(German Scientist & Comparative Anatomist)
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
3
Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Delitzsch, Germany
Died: June 27, 1876

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg was a German zoologist, naturalist, geologist, microscopist, and comparative anatomist. Regarded as one of the most popular and productive scientists of his generation, Ehrenberg was honored with several prestigious awards including the first Leeuwenhoek Medal in 1877.

 10 
Lorenz Oken
(One of the Most Prominent German Natural Philosophers of the 19th Century)
Lorenz Oken
3
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bohlsbach, Germany
Died: August 11, 1851

German naturalist and botanist Lorenz Oken is remembered as one of the most significant German natural philosophers of the 19th century and a leader of the Naturphilosophie movement. His studies on Wolfgang von Goethe’s theory on the vertebrate skull helped prepare ground for Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

 11 
Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
(German Naturalist, Explorer, and Ethnologist, Known for His Expeditions to Brazil and North America )
Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
2
Birthdate: September 23, 1782
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Neuwied, Germany
Died: February 3, 1867
 12 
Georg Eberhard Rumphius
(German Botanist Best Known for His Work 'Herbarium Amboinense' Produced in the Face of Severe Personal Tragedies)
Georg Eberhard Rumphius
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1627
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wölfersheim, Germany
Died: June 15, 1702

Best known for his 6-volume plant catalog Herbarium Amboinense, Georg Eberhard Rumpf came to be known as the Pliny of the Indies. His work primarily focused on the flora he found in Amboina, where he was sent by the Dutch East India Company. It was, unfortunately, published 39 years after his death.

 13 
Eduard Rüppell
(German Naturalist and Explorer Known for His Pioneering Expeditions to Africa)
Eduard Rüppell
2
Birthdate: November 20, 1794
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: December 10, 1884
 14 
Johann Lukas Schönlein
(German Physician Known for His Pioneering Contribution to the Diagnoses of Several Diseases )
Johann Lukas Schönlein
1
Birthdate: November 30, 1793
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bamberg, Germany
Died: January 23, 1864
 15 
Christian Konrad Sprengel
(German Botanist and Philologist Who Is Remembered for His Pioneering Research on Plant Sexuality)
Christian Konrad Sprengel
1
Birthdate: September 22, 1750
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brandenburg, Germany
Died: April 7, 1816