Famous German Naturalists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Alexander von Humboldt

Alexander von Humboldt
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 14, 1769
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: May 6, 1859

As a child, Alexander von Humboldt was sickly and a bad student. After failing to shine in economics and engineering, he grew up to revolutionize the domain of geography. He is remembered for his research on magnetic storms and his treatise on nature, Kosmos. He also spoke about climate change.

 2 Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Haeckel
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: February 6, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: July 31, 1919

Ernst Haeckel had initially practiced medicine before he gained an interest in Charles Darwin’s theory and began exploring zoology and related fields. He not only coined terms such as ecology, but also named numerous species and created a genealogical tree. He drew numerous figures of animals and sea creatures, too.

 3 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 11, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gotha, Germany
Died: January 22, 1840

A pioneer of physical anthropology, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach laid down one of the first racial classification systems for humans after studying human skulls, dividing mankind into five racial groups. Born into a family of academics, he was a prodigy. He was against scientific racism, though his theory promoted the degenerative hypothesis.

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 4 Maria Sibylla Merian

Maria Sibylla Merian
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Free City of Frankfurt, German
Died: January 13, 1717

 5 Emin Pasha

Emin Pasha
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 28, 1840
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Opole, Poland
Died: October 23, 1892

Eduard Schnitzer, or Emin Pasha, was born into a German Jewish family in modern-day Poland. A qualified physician, he moved to Constantinople after being disqualified in Germany. He not only served the Ottoman rulers but also surveyed and explored Africa extensively. He was eventually killed by Arab slave raiders.

 6 Georg Forster

Georg Forster
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 27, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mokry Dwór, Poland
Died: January 10, 1794

 7 Engelbert Kaempfer

Engelbert Kaempfer
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 16, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lemgo, Germany
Died: November 2, 1716

Seventeenth-century German physician and traveler Engelbert Kaempfer had been on trade missions across the world, including places such as Russia, Iran, Java, and Japan. His written experiences about his stay in Japan became a valuable source of information on the flora and fauna of the country.

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 8 Jan Swammerdam

Jan Swammerdam
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1637
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: February 17, 1680

Dutch naturalist Jan Swammerdam was the first to detect red blood cells. Though a qualified doctor, he never practiced medicine, and took to research instead. Known for his research on anatomy, he also revolutionized the study of insects, proving that the egg, larva, pupa, and adult are all the same organism.

 9 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Delitzsch, Germany
Died: June 27, 1876

 10 Lorenz Oken

Lorenz Oken
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bohlsbach, Germany
Died: August 11, 1851

 11 Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied

Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: September 23, 1782
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Neuwied, Germany
Died: February 3, 1867

 12 Georg Eberhard Rumpf

Georg Eberhard Rumpf
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 1, 1627
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wölfersheim, Germany
Died: June 15, 1702

Best known for his 6-volume plant catalog Herbarium Amboinense, Georg Eberhard Rumpf came to be known as the Pliny of the Indies. His work primarily focused on the flora he found in Amboina, where he was sent by the Dutch East India Company. It was, unfortunately, published 39 years after his death.

 13 Eduard Rüppell

Eduard Rüppell
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 20, 1794
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: December 10, 1884

 14 Johann Lukas Schönlein

Johann Lukas Schönlein
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 30, 1793
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bamberg, Germany
Died: January 23, 1864

 15 Christian Konrad Sprengel

Christian Konrad Sprengel
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 22, 1750
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brandenburg, Germany
Died: April 7, 1816