Famous German Sociologists

Find out more about the greatest German Sociologists, including Karl Marx, Hannah Arendt, Friedrich Engels, Jürgen Habermas and Theodor W. Adorno.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite German Sociologists

 1 Karl Marx

Karl Marx
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 5, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: March 14, 1883

Karl Marx, the philosopher, economist, political theorist and socialist revolutionary, is best-known for the 1848 pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital. His theories, called Marxism, maintained that class conflict leads to the development of human societies and that internal tension were inherent in capitalism, which would ultimately be replaced by the socialist mode of production.

 2 Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1900
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: March 18, 1980

Erich Fromm was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, and socialist. A German Jew, he fled the Nazi regime and settled in the United States. He was a co-founder of  The William Alanson White Institute and was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. He is best remembered for authoring the book Escape from Freedom.

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 3 Max Weber

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: April 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: June 14, 1920

Max Weber was a German historian, political economist, jurist, and sociologist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important theorists, Weber's ideas had a profound influence on social research and social theory. Although he did not see himself as a sociologist, Weber is often counted among the fathers of sociology alongside Émile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Karl Marx.

 4 Jürgen Habermas

Jürgen Habermas
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 18, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German

 5 Theodor W. Adorno

Theodor W. Adorno
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 11, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: August 6, 1969

One of the most prominent intellectuals of the 20th century, Theodor Adorno was a pioneer of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory and despised the culture industry. Born to a singer mother, the German sociologist grew up amid music and could even play Beethoven on the piano by 12.

 6 Herbert Marcuse

Herbert Marcuse
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 18, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German, American
Died: July 29, 1979

The proponent of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, Herbert Marcuse largely influenced the leftist student revolts of the 1960s. Equipped with a PhD in German literature, he wrote Hegel’s Ontology and the Theory of Historicity, with Martin Heidegger. His Eros and Civilization spoke at length about capitalism.

 7 Ulrike Meinhof

Ulrike Meinhof
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Famous As: Journalist, Writer, Sociologist
Birthdate: October 7, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: May 9, 1976
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 8 Georg Simmel

Georg Simmel
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Famous As: Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: March 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: September 26, 1918

 9 Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer
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Famous As: Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University teacher, Literary critic
Birthdate: February 14, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German, American
Died: July 7, 1973

 10 Niklas Luhmann

Niklas Luhmann
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Famous As: Philosopher, Scientist, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: November 6, 1998

 11 Rudi Dutschke

Rudi Dutschke
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Famous As: Sociologist, Politician
Birthdate: March 7, 1940
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: December 24, 1979

 12 Alfred Weber

Alfred Weber
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Famous As: Economist, Educationist, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: July 30, 1868
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: May 2, 1958

 13 Wilhelm Dilthey

Wilhelm Dilthey
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Famous As: Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian, Educationist, Sociologist, University teacher, Literary critic
Birthdate: November 19, 1833
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: October 1, 1911

 14 Ferdinand Tönnies

Ferdinand Tönnies
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1855
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: April 9, 1936

 15 Ulrich Beck

Ulrich Beck
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Famous As: sociologist, professor, non-fiction writer, university teacher
Birthdate: May 15, 1944
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: January 1, 2015

 16 Max Scheler

Max Scheler
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Famous As: Philosopher, Anthropologist, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: August 22, 1874
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: May 19, 1928

 17 Ernst Bloch

Ernst Bloch
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Famous As: Writer, Philosopher, Journalist, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: July 8, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: August 4, 1977

 18 Andre Gunder Frank

Andre Gunder Frank
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Famous As: Economist, Writer, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: April 23, 2005

 19 Werner Sombart

Werner Sombart
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Famous As: Economist, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: January 19, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: May 18, 1941

 20 Robert Michels

Robert Michels
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Famous As: Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: January 9, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: May 2, 1936

 21 Louis Wirth

Louis Wirth
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: August 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German, American
Died: May 3, 1952

 22 Ernst Troeltsch

Ernst Troeltsch
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Famous As: Politician, Theologian, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: February 17, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 1, 1923

 23 Arnold Gehlen

Arnold Gehlen
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher
Birthdate: January 29, 1904
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 30, 1976

 24 Hans-Ulrich Wehler

Hans-Ulrich Wehler
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: September 11, 1931
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: July 5, 2014

 25 Helmuth Plessner

Helmuth Plessner
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: June 12, 1985

 26 Friedrich Albert Lange

Friedrich Albert Lange
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 28, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: November 23, 1875

 27 Theodor Geiger

Theodor Geiger
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: November 9, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: June 16, 1952

 28 Albert Schäffle

Albert Schäffle
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: February 24, 1831
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: December 25, 1903

 29 Paul Barth

Paul Barth
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: August 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: September 30, 1922

 30 Siegfried Kracauer

Siegfried Kracauer
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 8, 1889
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German, American
Died: November 26, 1966

 31 Marianne Weber

Marianne Weber
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: March 12, 1954

 32 Franz Oppenheimer

Franz Oppenheimer
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: March 30, 1864
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: September 30, 1943