The land of Vedas, India has been the home to many great political minds. The likes of Chanakya, Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi have been born on this ancient land. The ideologies of these leaders have inspired millions across the globe. Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of non-violence and Satyagraha served as the two important pillars on which the country won its independence. The contribution of other famous freedom fighters like Subash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Sarojini Naidu, is engraved in golden letters in the Indian history. While Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who is referred to as the ‘Iron Man of India’ was involved in the formation of the states which constitute the present India, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the brains behind the mammoth constitution of the country. The legacy of Gandhi was carried forward by the leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jayprakash Narayan and Indira Gandhi, The leaders had a mammoth task of leading the country on the path of economic sustainability and it was only under their guidance that the country steered onto the path of advancement. Explore our collection of biographies of some of the famous Indian leaders and learn all about their lives, timeline and achievements. You will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Narendra ModiNarendra Modi
17 September 1950
Prime Minister of India

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

Mother TeresaMother Teresa
26 August 1910
Founder of Missionaries of Charity

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891
Indian jurist

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
19 November 1917
Former Prime Minister of India
Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957
Yoga Guru

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897
 

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863
Leader

Priyanka GandhiPriyanka Gandhi
12 January 1972
Politician, Daughter of Rajiv Gandhi
Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
27 September 1907
Revolutionary

Rajiv GandhiRajiv Gandhi
20 August 1944
Former Prime Minister of India
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932
Former Prime Minister of India

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
25 December 1924
Former Prime Minister of India

Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi
26 August 1956
Politician, Animal Rights Activist
Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856
Indian teacher

Ram Nath KovindRam Nath Kovind
01 October 1945
14th President of India
Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835
Spiritual Guru

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
President of Congress Party

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888
Confident, Ambitious
Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
02 October 1904
Former Prime Minister of India

K. Kamaraj K. Kamaraj
15 July 1903
Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, India
AshokaAshoka
0304 BC
Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty

Guru NanakGuru Nanak
15 April 1469
Sikh Guru

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884
Former President of India

Pranab MukherjeePranab Mukherjee
11 December 1935
13th President of India
P. V. Narasimha RaoP. V. Narasimha Rao
28 June 1921
Prime Minister of India
L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani
08 November 1927
Politician

Chandra Shekhar AzadChandra Shekhar Azad
23 July 1906
Revolutionary

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Sam ManekshawSam Manekshaw
03 April 1914
 
A.P.J. Abdul KalamA.P.J. Abdul Kalam
15 October 1931
Former President of India

Continue Reading Below
Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal
16 August 1968
Anti Corruption Activist, Politician

BodhidharmaBodhidharma
0483 AD
Buddhist Monk

Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896
Politician, Prime Minister of India

Prithviraj ChauhanPrithviraj Chauhan
1149 AD
Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty
Gaur Gopal DasGaur Gopal Das
24 December 1973
Spiritual Leader, Motivational Speaker

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895
Public Speaker & Philosopher
Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
0788 AD
Advaita Philosopher

M G RamachandranM. G. Ramachandran
17 January 1917
Actor, Politician

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666
Warrior
MahaviraMahavira
0599 BC
Last tirthankara of Jainism

Pratibha PatilPratibha Patil
19 December 1934
Former President of India
Bahadur Shah ZafarBahadur Shah Zafar
24 October 1775
Last Mughal Emperor

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
18 August 1700
Peshwa of Maratha Empire

Phoolan DeviPhoolan Devi
10 August 1963
Politician, Brigand

Birsa MundaBirsa Munda
15 November 1875
Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British

Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
19 July 1827
Revolutionary
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
12 January 1918
Founder of Transcendental Meditation Technique

Sathya Sai BabaSathya Sai Baba
23 November 1926
Spiritual Guru

Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872
Political and Spiritual Leader

RamdevRamdev
25 December 1965
Yoga Guru
C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint
Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai
28 January 1865
Freedom Fighter

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaA. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
01 September 1896
Founder of ISKCON

Jayaprakash NarayanJayaprakash Narayan
11 October 1902
Political Leaders
 Dadabhai NaorojiDadabhai Naoroji
04 September 1825
 

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882
Political Leader, Physician
Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda
05 January 1893
 

K. R. NarayananK. R. Narayanan
27 October 1920
President of India

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563
Fifth Sikh Guru
V P SinghV. P. Singh
25 June 1931
Eighth Prime Minister of India

Chaitanya MahaprabhuChaitanya Mahaprabhu
18 February 1486
Founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
I. K. GujralI. K. Gujral
04 December 1919
Former Prime Minister of India

Gulzarilal NandaGulzarilal Nanda
04 July 1898
Former Prime Minister of India

Nizamuddin AuliyaNizamuddin Auliya
1238 AD
Sufi Saint

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621
Ninth Sikh Guru
V. V. GiriV. V. Giri
10 August 1894
Fourth President of India
Gopal Krishna GokhaleGopal Krishna Gokhale
09 May 1866
Pioneer of Indian Independence Movement

Maa Amritanandamayi Mata Amritanandamayi
27 September 1953
Spiritual Leader

Nandan NilekaniNandan Nilekani
02 June 1955
Founder of Infosys

Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya
25 December 1861
Politician & Educationist
Jaswant SinghJaswant Singh
03 January 1938
Politician

Zail SinghZail Singh
05 May 1916
President of India

Aruna Asaf AliAruna Asaf Ali
16 July 1909
Indian Independence Activist

V. K. Krishna MenonV. K. Krishna Menon
03 May 1896
Indian Politician

Begum Hazrat MahalBegum Hazrat Mahal
1820 AD
Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah
Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595
Sixth Sikh Guru

Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656
Eighth Sikh Guru
Sri ChinmoySri Chinmoy
27 August 1931
Indian spiritual leader

Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534
Fourth Sikh Guru

Rani LakshmibaiRani Lakshmibai
19 November 1828
Queen of Jhansi State
Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504
Second Sikh Guru

Guru Amar DasGuru Amar Das
05 May 1479
Third Sikh Guru
Surya SenSurya Sen
22 March 1894
Revolutionary

Govind Ballabh PantGovind Ballabh Pant
10 September 1887
Freedom Fighter

Chittaranjan DasChittaranjan Das
05 November 1870
Indian politician

Guru Har RaiGuru Har Rai
16 January 1630
Seventh Sikh Guru
J. B. KirpalaniJ. B. Kripalani
11 November 1888
Politician

Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Iron Man of India
Gopinath BordoloiGopinath Bordoloi
06 June 1890
First Chief Minister of Assam, India

Chidambaram SubramaniamChidambaram Subramaniam
30 January 1910
Former Indian Politician & Freedom Activist
Syama Prasad MookerjeeSyama Prasad Mookerjee
06 July 1901
Indian Politician

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
11 November 1888
Indian scholar
Maharaja Ranjit SinghMaharaja Ranjit Singh
13 November 1780
Founder of the Sikh Empire