Famous Indian Leaders

The land of Vedas, India has been the home to many great political minds. The likes of Chanakya, Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi have been born on this ancient land. The ideologies of these leaders have inspired millions across the globe. Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of non-violence and Satyagraha served as the two important pillars on which the country won its independence. The contribution of other famous freedom fighters like Subash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Sarojini Naidu, is engraved in golden letters in the Indian history. While Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who is referred to as the ‘Iron Man of India’ was involved in the formation of the states which constitute the present India, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the brains behind the mammoth constitution of the country. The legacy of Gandhi was carried forward by the leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jayprakash Narayan and Indira Gandhi, The leaders had a mammoth task of leading the country on the path of economic sustainability and it was only under their guidance that the country steered onto the path of advancement. Explore our collection of biographies of some of the famous Indian leaders and learn all about their lives, timeline and achievements. You will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
75
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 2 Shivaji

Shivaji
8
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

 3 Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda
14
Famous As: Indian Monk
Birthdate: January 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: July 4, 1902

The founder of the Ramakrishna Mission and Ramakrishna Math, Swami Vivekananda was an Indian Hindu monk, philosopher, and spiritual leader. He is credited with introducing the Indian philosophies of Yoga and Vedanta to the Western world. He is also credited with elevating the status of Hinduism as a major religion in the modern world by raising interfaith awareness.

 4 Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
6
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: December 25, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 16, 2018

Atal Bihari Vajpayee served as the 10th Prime Minister of India and was the first prime minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. The BJP politician had been a journalist and an RSS member. He was a noted poet, too. During his tenure as prime minister, he carried out Pokhran II nuclear tests in 1998 and declared India as a country with nuclear weapons capability.

 5 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
0
Famous As: Iron Man of India
Birthdate: October 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 15, 1950

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian politician who played an influential role in the Indian independence movement. Dubbed the Iron Man of India and Unifier of India, Sardar Patel played an important role in integrating various princely states into a united, independent nation. In 2018, the world's tallest statue called the Statue of Unity was dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

 6 Jayalalitha Jayaram

Jayalalitha Jayaram
6
Famous As: Indian Politician
Birthdate: February 24, 1948
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 5, 2016
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 7 Baji Rao I

Baji Rao I
0
Famous As: Peshwa of Maratha Empire
Birthdate: August 18, 1700
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 28, 1740
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 8 Chiranjeevi

Chiranjeevi
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: August 22, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
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 9 Nirmala Sitharaman

Nirmala Sitharaman
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 18, 1959
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian

 10 Yogi Adityanath

Yogi Adityanath
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 5, 1972
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 11 Arun Jaitley

Arun Jaitley
2
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Spokesperson, Strategist
Birthdate: December 28, 1952
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian

 12 Sushma Swaraj

Sushma Swaraj
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 14, 1952
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 6, 2019

 13 Guru Nanak

Guru Nanak
2
Famous As: Sikh Guru
Birthdate: April 15, 1469
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: September 22, 1539

Guru Nanak was the founder of one of the most popular monotheistic religions of the Indian subcontinent, Sikhism. Widely regarded as the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, Nanak contributed 974 hymns to the religion's sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Nanak is worshipped by Sikhs around the world and his birth is celebrated as Guru Nanak Gurpurab.

 14 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
0
Famous As: Independence Activist, Reformer
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 15 Bal Thackeray

Bal Thackeray
0
Famous As: Politician, Journalist, Painter
Birthdate: January 23, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 17, 2012

 16 Nandamuri Balakrishna

Nandamuri Balakrishna
0
Famous As: Actor, Politician
Birthdate: June 10, 1960
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 17 Subramanian Swamy

Subramanian Swamy
0
Famous As: Economist, Politician, Author
Birthdate: September 15, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian

 18 Paresh Rawal

Paresh Rawal
0
Famous As: Television producer, Actor, Politician
Birthdate: May 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 19 Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 23, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 27, 1931

 20 Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh
2
Famous As: Warrior
Birthdate: December 22, 1666
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 7, 1708
Guru Gobind Singh, the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, became the 10th guru, or spiritual leader, of the Sikhs after his father was killed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. He established the concept of the “Five Ks” of Sikhs and formed the Khalsa community. He also finalized the Guru Granth Sahib.

 21 Ramdev

Ramdev
5
Famous As: Yoga Guru
Birthdate: December 25, 1965
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian

 22 Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan
0
Famous As: Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1192 AD

A king from the Chahamana dynasty, Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Sapadalaksha in present-day north-western India. The son of king Someshvara and queen Karpuradevi, he ascended to the throne when he was just a child. As a young man, he became known as a brave warrior and an excellent military commander. Various sources differ on the exact circumstances of his death.

 23 Jiddu Krishnamurti

Jiddu Krishnamurti
0
Famous As: Public Speaker & Philosopher
Birthdate: May 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 17, 1986

Jiddu Krishnamurti was an Indian philosopher, speaker, and writer. Many years after his death, Krishnamurti's supporters oversee several schools based on his views and ideas. The Krishnamurti Foundation runs several schools in India and foreign countries. Among those who were influenced by his works were Toni Packer, Dada Dharmadhikari, and Achyut Patwardhan.

 24 Adi Shankara

Adi Shankara
0
Famous As: Advaita Philosopher
Birthdate: 0788 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0820 AD
Indian philosopher and theologian Adi Shankaracharya, or Adi Shankara, promoted the Hindu philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. His Sanskrit works talk about concepts such as the Ātman and Nirguna Brahman. He criticized the Mīmāṃsā school and explained the differences between Hinduism and Buddhism. He also established four "mathas," or monasteries.

 25 Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
0
Famous As: Founder of the Sikh Empire
Birthdate: November 13, 1780
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 27, 1839
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, also known as the "Lion of Punjab" and the “Napoleon of the East,” was a Sikh leader who reigned over the northwest Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. He fought valiantly against the Afghans and introduced many modern reforms. His Khalsa Army included people of all religions.

 26 Mahavira

Mahavira
0
Famous As: Last tirthankara of Jainism
Birthdate: 0599 BC
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0527 BC
Mahavira, or Vardhamana, was the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism. Ancient texts suggest that he was a contemporary of Buddha. Mahavira renounced all worldly possessions at age 30. Following a long life of austerity, he attained Kevala Gyan and Moksha. His teachings came to be known as the Jain Agamas.

 27 Phoolan Devi

Phoolan Devi
0
Famous As: Politician, Brigand
Birthdate: August 10, 1963
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: July 25, 2001

Phoolan Devi was an Indian bandit who later on became a politician. She was a victim of child marriage and later on gang raped by a group of upper caste men. To  avenge her humiliation she went on to become the leader of gang of bandits  Later on she became a politician and served as Member of Parliament. She was assassinated by an upper caste man. 

 28 Ramakrishna Paramhamsa

Ramakrishna Paramhamsa
0
Famous As: Spiritual & Religious Leader
Birthdate: February 18, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 16, 1886

The widely revered Hindu religious leader and saint who had a large following was known for promoting the ancient Indian philosophy of Advaita Vedanta and Bhakti. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was a devotee of Goddess Kali who he worshipped as the universal mother. His marriage to Sharada Devi was never consummated. Swami Vivekanada was the most famous disciple of the Bengal-born mystic.

 29 L. K. Advani

L.K. Advani
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian

L. K. Advani is a retired Indian politician who served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004. A co-founder of the Bharatiya Janata Party, he has also been the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha on two occasions. He is a recipient of the Padma Vibhushan, India's second-highest civilian honor.

 30 Rahul Gandhi

Rahul Gandhi
7
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 31 Morarji Desai

Morarji Desai
0
Famous As: Politician, Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: February 29, 1896
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 10, 1995
Bharat Ratna-recipient Morarji Desai was a freedom fighter and served as the prime minister of India from 1977 to 1979. He had also been the minister of home affairs and the minister of finance. He was initially part of the Indian National Congress and later joined the Janata Party

 32 Ram Jethmalani

Ram Jethmalani
0
Famous As: Lawyer, Politician
Birthdate: September 14, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian
Died: September 8, 2019

 33 Mohammad Azharuddin

Mohammad Azharuddin
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 8, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian

 34 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
0
Famous As: Founder of Transcendental Meditation Technique
Birthdate: January 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 5, 2008

Indian guru Maharishi Mahesh Yogi is best remembered for pioneering the concept of Transcendental Meditation. A disciple of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, he started the TM-Sidhi program, founded the Natural Law Party, and launched the non-profit Global Country of World Peace. He also set up TM teaching centers worldwide.

 35 Venkaiah Naidu

Venkaiah Naidu
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 1, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian

 36 Neem Karoli Baba

Neem Karoli Baba
0
Famous As: Guru
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: September 11, 1973

 37 Amit Shah

Amit Shah
4
Famous As: politician
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Nationality: Indian

 38 M. G. Ramachandran

M G Ramachandran
2
Famous As: Actor, Politician
Birthdate: January 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 24, 1987

M. G. Ramachandran was an Indian actor-turned-politician who served as the third chief minister of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He is credited with founding one of the most popular political parties of Tamil Nadu, The AIADMK. Widely regarded as a humanitarian and cultural icon, Ramachandran's portraits can still be seen all over Tamil Nadu.

 39 Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai
0
Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 40 Tulsidas

Tulsidas
0
Famous As: Poet & Saint
Birthdate: 1497 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1623 AD
Tulsidas was a 16th-century Vaishnava saint and poet, who was devoted to the Hindu deity Rama. His most popular works are the Ramcharitmanas, which retells the Sanskrit Ramayana in Awadhi, and the Hanuman Chalisa. He established the Sankatmochan Temple in Varanasi and also began the tradition of Ramlila plays. 

 41 Sam Manekshaw

Sam Manekshaw
0
Birthdate: April 3, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 27, 2008
Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw was the Indian Army’s Chief of the Army Staff during the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, in which India emerged victorious. He had started his military career with the British Indian Army during World War II. He had also been awarded the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan.

 42 Ravi Kishan

Ravi Kishan
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: July 17, 1969
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian

 43 Dara Singh

Dara Singh
0
Famous As: Indian professional wrestler
Birthdate: November 19, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: July 12, 2012

 44 Rajiv Dixit

Rajiv Dixit
0
Birthdate: November 30, 1967
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 30, 2010

 45 Kirron Kher

Kirron Kher
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: June 14, 1952
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 46 Piyush Goyal

Piyush Goyal
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 13, 1964
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian

 47 Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo
0
Famous As: Political and Spiritual Leader
Birthdate: August 15, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 5, 1950

Sri Aurobindo was an Indian philosopher, poet, yogi, teacher, and nationalist. He was one of the most influential leaders of the Indian independence movement before becoming a spiritual reformer, focusing on spiritual evolution and human progress. He is credited with founding the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry, which continues to serve spiritual aspirants from all over the world.

 48 Pratibha Patil

Pratibha Patil
0
Famous As: Former President of India
Birthdate: December 19, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian

Pratibha Patil served as the president of India from 2007 to 2012 and was the first and only woman to have held the position. The INC member had also been the governor of the Indian state of Rajasthan earlier. She had started her political career as an MLA from Jalgaon.

 49 C. Rajagopalachari

C. Rajagopalachari
0
Famous As: Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer & Statesman
Birthdate: December 10, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 25, 1972

Bharat Ratna-winner C. Rajagopalachari, nicknamed Rajaji or C.R., was the last Governor-General of India and the first Indian to hold the post. He had also served as an INC leader, the Governor of West Bengal, and the Premier of the Madras Presidency. He launched the Swatantra Party and propagated peace.

 50 Raj Thackeray

Raj Thackeray
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 14, 1968
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian