The land of Vedas, India has been the home to many great political minds. The likes of Chanakya, Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi have been born on this ancient land. The ideologies of these leaders have inspired millions across the globe. Mahatma Gandhi’s principle of non-violence and Satyagraha served as the two important pillars on which the country won its independence. The contribution of other famous freedom fighters like Subash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Sarojini Naidu, is engraved in golden letters in the Indian history. While Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who is referred to as the ‘Iron Man of India’ was involved in the formation of the states which constitute the present India, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the brains behind the mammoth constitution of the country. The legacy of Gandhi was carried forward by the leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jayprakash Narayan and Indira Gandhi, The leaders had a mammoth task of leading the country on the path of economic sustainability and it was only under their guidance that the country steered onto the path of advancement. Explore our collection of biographies of some of the famous Indian leaders and learn all about their lives, timeline and achievements. You will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Narendra ModiNarendra Modi
17 September 1950
Prime Minister of India

Pranab MukherjeePranab Mukherjee
11 December 1935
13th President of India

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
19 November 1917
Former Prime Minister of India

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891
Indian Jurist

Mother TeresaMother Teresa
26 August 1910
Founder of Missionaries of Charity
Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957
Yoga Guru

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897
Political leader
Rajiv GandhiRajiv Gandhi
20 August 1944
Former Prime Minister of India

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863
Indian Monk
M G RamachandranM. G. Ramachandran
17 January 1917
Actor, Politician

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835
Spiritual Guru

Feroze GandhiFeroze Gandhi
12 September 1912
Political Leader

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
25 December 1924
Former Prime Minister of India
Ram Nath KovindRam Nath Kovind
01 October 1945
14th President of India

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh
27 September 1907
Revolutionary

P. V. Narasimha RaoP. V. Narasimha Rao
28 June 1921
Prime Minister of India

AshokaAshoka
0304 BC
Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932
Former Prime Minister of India

RamdevRamdev
25 December 1965
Yoga Guru
Sam ManekshawSam Manekshaw
03 April 1914
 

Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856
Indian teacher

BodhidharmaBodhidharma
0483 AD
Buddhist Monk
Prithviraj ChauhanPrithviraj Chauhan
1149 AD
Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty

L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani
08 November 1927
Politician
Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
02 October 1904
Former Prime Minister of India

Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal
16 August 1968
Anti Corruption Activist, Politician

Phoolan DeviPhoolan Devi
10 August 1963
Politician, Brigand
K. Kamaraj K. Kamaraj
15 July 1903
Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, India

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Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer
Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
0788 AD
Advaita Philosopher

Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi
26 August 1956
Politician, Animal Rights Activist

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Guru NanakGuru Nanak
15 April 1469
Sikh Guru
Chandra Shekhar AzadChandra Shekhar Azad
23 July 1906
Revolutionary
Priyanka GandhiPriyanka Gandhi
12 January 1972
Politician

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888
Confident, Ambitious

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884
Former President of India

Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896
Politician, Prime Minister of India
Sathya Sai BabaSathya Sai Baba
23 November 1926
Spiritual Guru

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
18 August 1700
Peshwa of Maratha Empire

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666
Warrior

Mirza Ghulam AhmadMirza Ghulam Ahmad
13 February 1835
Founder of Ahmadiyya Sect
Pratibha PatilPratibha Patil
19 December 1934
Former President of India

Bahadur Shah ZafarBahadur Shah Zafar
24 October 1775
Last Mughal Emperor
MahaviraMahavira
0599 BC
Last tirthankara of Jainism

Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
19 July 1827
Revolutionary

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
12 January 1918
Founder of Transcendental Meditation Technique
Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621
Ninth Sikh Guru

Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda
05 January 1893
 
TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaA. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
01 September 1896
Founder of ISKCON

Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872
Political and Spiritual Leader

Motilal NehruMotilal Nehru
06 May 1861
Political Leader

Gaur Gopal DasGaur Gopal Das
24 December 1973
Spiritual Leader, Motivational Speaker
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879
Philosopher

Birsa MundaBirsa Munda
15 November 1875
Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British

C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer

Jayaprakash NarayanJayaprakash Narayan
11 October 1902
Political Leaders
 Dadabhai NaorojiDadabhai Naoroji
04 September 1825
 

Chaitanya MahaprabhuChaitanya Mahaprabhu
18 February 1486
Founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
K. R. NarayananK. R. Narayanan
27 October 1920
President of India

Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai
28 January 1865
Freedom Fighter

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882
Political Leader, Physician
C. N. AnnaduraiC. N. Annadurai
15 September 1909
First Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

P. ChidambaramP. Chidambaram
16 September 1945
Political Leader
Gulzarilal NandaGulzarilal Nanda
04 July 1898
Former Prime Minister of India

V. K. Krishna MenonV. K. Krishna Menon
03 May 1896
Indian Politician

Aga Khan IIIAga Khan III
02 November 1877
Political Leader
Shankar Dayal SharmaShankar Dayal Sharma
19 August 1918
Former President of India

Arjan SinghArjan Singh
15 April 1919
Marshal of the Indian Air Force
Meher BabaMeher Baba
25 February 1894
Religious Leader

Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595
Sixth Sikh Guru

Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563
Fifth Sikh Guru

Nandan NilekaniNandan Nilekani
02 June 1955
Founder of Infosys
Gopal Krishna GokhaleGopal Krishna Gokhale
09 May 1866
Pioneer of Indian Independence Movement
V. V. GiriV. V. Giri
10 August 1894
Fourth President of India

Nizamuddin AuliyaNizamuddin Auliya
1238 AD
Sufi Saint

Maa Amritanandamayi Mata Amritanandamayi
27 September 1953
Spiritual Leader

Nana SahebNana Saheb
19 May 1824
Peshwa of the Maratha Empire
Zail SinghZail Singh
05 May 1916
President of India

Neelam Sanjiva ReddyNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
19 May 1913
Sixth President of India

Narayana GuruNarayana Guru
20 August 1856
Spiritual Leader, Social Reformer

Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656
Eighth Sikh Guru

Jaswant SinghJaswant Singh
03 January 1938
Politician
Fakhruddin Ali AhmedFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
13 May 1905
Former President of India

V P SinghV. P. Singh
25 June 1931
Eighth Prime Minister of India
Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya
25 December 1861
Politician & Educationist

Hari Singh NalwaHari Singh Nalwa
1791 AD
Military Commander
Aruna Asaf AliAruna Asaf Ali
16 July 1909
Indian Independence Activist
Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534
Fourth Sikh Guru