Nana Saheb Biography
(Peshwa of the Maratha Empire)
Birthday: May 19, 1824 (Taurus)
Born In: Bithoor
Nana Saheb (also Nana Sahib) was a ''Peshwa'' of the Maratha Empire and a prominent freedom fighter during the 1857 Indian Mutiny. He was the adopted son of the Maratha ''Peshwa'' Baji Rao II. Baji Rao II was entitled to a pension from the British 'East India Company.' However, after Nana became a ''Peshwa,'' the British denied his position and thus terminated the pension. As a result, Nana revolted against the British and started gathering soldiers for his forces. He was the leader of the ''sepoys'' (British-employed Indian soldiers) in the Cawnpore (Kanpur) revolt during the 1857 uprising and successfully forced the British entrenchment to surrender. Nana subsequently gained control of the city. However, a subsequent massacre at the Satichaura Ghat turned the table. The British attacked Nana's forces. His army was defeated, and Nana, along with his family, fled to Nepal for shelter. There are many theories related to his death and his life after his disappearance.