India has a large number of political parties; it is estimated that over 200 parties were formed after India became independent in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru, a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence became the first Prime Minister of India. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state. Rajendra Prasad, a freedom fighter during the Indian independence movement was the first President of independent India, and also the longest-serving president, for 12 years. Prominent philosopher and writer Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also a much acclaimed political leader who served as the president of India from 1962 to 1967. Lal Bahadur Shastri, of the Indian National Congress, was the prime minister during a part of Radhakrishnan’s tenure. Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi created history when she became the first female Prime Minister of India. As a political leader, she was known for her political ruthlessness and unprecedented centralization of power. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a veteran politician and poet, is also counted amongst the greatest prime ministers of the nation. One of the most respected presidents of the country, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's nuclear weapons programs. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian political leaders.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Narendra ModiNarendra Modi
17 September 1950
Prime Minister of India

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891
Indian Jurist

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
19 November 1917
Former Prime Minister of India

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897
Political leader
P. V. Narasimha RaoP. V. Narasimha Rao
28 June 1921
Prime Minister of India

Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Iron Man of India

Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
02 October 1904
Former Prime Minister of India
C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
25 December 1924
Former Prime Minister of India
Ram Nath KovindRam Nath Kovind
01 October 1945
14th President of India

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

Pranab MukherjeePranab Mukherjee
11 December 1935
13th President of India

M G RamachandranM. G. Ramachandran
17 January 1917
Actor, Politician

Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
21 December 1972
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Feroze GandhiFeroze Gandhi
12 September 1912
Political Leader

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884
Former President of India

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
11 November 1888
Indian scholar

L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani
08 November 1927
Politician
Jayaprakash NarayanJayaprakash Narayan
11 October 1902
Political Leaders

Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal
16 August 1968
Anti Corruption Activist, Politician
Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856
Indian teacher

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896
Politician, Prime Minister of India
Priyanka GandhiPriyanka Gandhi
12 January 1972
Politician

Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai
28 January 1865
Freedom Fighter
Neelam Sanjiva ReddyNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
19 May 1913
Sixth President of India

 Dadabhai NaorojiDadabhai Naoroji
04 September 1825
 

K. Kamaraj K. Kamaraj
15 July 1903
Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, India
Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi
26 August 1956
Politician, Animal Rights Activist

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K. R. NarayananK. R. Narayanan
27 October 1920
President of India
Motilal NehruMotilal Nehru
06 May 1861
Political Leader

Aga Khan IIIAga Khan III
02 November 1877
Political Leader

P. ChidambaramP. Chidambaram
16 September 1945
Political Leader

Shankar Dayal SharmaShankar Dayal Sharma
19 August 1918
Former President of India
C. N. AnnaduraiC. N. Annadurai
15 September 1909
First Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya
25 December 1861
Politician & Educationist

Gulzarilal NandaGulzarilal Nanda
04 July 1898
Former Prime Minister of India

Nana SahebNana Saheb
19 May 1824
Peshwa of the Maratha Empire

Gopal Krishna GokhaleGopal Krishna Gokhale
09 May 1866
Pioneer of Indian Independence Movement
Zail SinghZail Singh
05 May 1916
President of India

V. V. GiriV. V. Giri
10 August 1894
Fourth President of India

Jaswant SinghJaswant Singh
03 January 1938
Politician

V P SinghV. P. Singh
25 June 1931
Eighth Prime Minister of India

Nandan NilekaniNandan Nilekani
02 June 1955
Founder of Infosys
Fakhruddin Ali AhmedFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
13 May 1905
Former President of India

V. K. Krishna MenonV. K. Krishna Menon
03 May 1896
Indian Politician
Chittaranjan DasChittaranjan Das
05 November 1870
Indian politician

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882
Political Leader, Physician

Najma HeptullaNajma Heptulla
13 April 1940
Politician
J. B. KirpalaniJ. B. Kripalani
11 November 1888
Politician

Govind Ballabh PantGovind Ballabh Pant
10 September 1887
Freedom Fighter
Dr Zakir HussainDr Zakir Husain
08 February 1897
Former President of India

Gopinath BordoloiGopinath Bordoloi
06 June 1890
First Chief Minister of Assam, India

Syama Prasad MookerjeeSyama Prasad Mookerjee
06 July 1901
Indian Politician

I. K. GujralI. K. Gujral
04 December 1919
Former Prime Minister of India

Ram Vilas PaswanRam Vilas Paswan
05 July 1946
Politician
Nitish KumarNitish Kumar
01 March 1951
Politician

Vallabhbhai PatelVallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Politician, Lawyer, Economist

Lalu Prasad YadavLalu Prasad Yadav
11 June 1948
Politician

Rakhi SawantRakhi Sawant
25 November 1978
Model, Actor
ChiranjeeviChiranjeevi
22 August 1955
Actor

Mithun ChakrabortyMithun Chakraborty
16 June 1950
actor, politician
Ram JethmalaniRam Jethmalani
14 September 1923
Lawyer, Politician

Amit ShahAmit Shah
1964 AD
politician

Rahul GandhiRahul Gandhi
19 June 1970
Politician
Yogi AdityanathYogi Adityanath
05 June 1972
Politician

Rahul MahajanRahul Mahajan
25 July 1975
Entertainer
Paresh RawalParesh Rawal
30 May 1950
Television producer, Actor, Politician

KhushbooKhushboo
29 September 1970
actor

Mamata BanerjeeMamata Banerjee
05 January 1955
Politician
N. T. Rama RaoN. T. Rama Rao
28 May 1923
Actor

Mulayam Singh YadavMulayam Singh Yadav
22 November 1939
Politician
Asaduddin OwaisiAsaduddin Owaisi
13 May 1969
Politician

Ahmed PatelAhmed Patel
21 August 1949
Politician

Roopa GangulyRoopa Ganguly
25 November 1966
Actress

Nandamuri BalakrishnaNandamuri Balakrishna
10 June 1960
Actor, Politician
Sharad PawarSharad Pawar
12 December 1940
Politician
Vilasrao DeshmukhVilasrao Deshmukh
26 May 1945
Politician

Bal ThackerayBal Thackeray
23 January 1926
Politician, Journalist, Painter

Nirmala SitharamanNirmala Sitharaman
18 August 1959
Politician

Sunil DuttSunil Dutt
06 June 1930
Actor
Mohammad AzharuddinMohammad Azharuddin
08 February 1963
Politician

Vinod KhannaVinod Khanna
06 October 1946
Actor

Tarun GogoiTarun Gogoi
01 April 1936
Politician

Poonam DhillonPoonam Dhillon
18 April 1962
Actress

Uddhav ThackerayUddhav Thackeray
27 July 1960
Politician
Raj BabbarRaj Babbar
23 June 1952
Actor

Sanjay GandhiSanjay Gandhi
14 December 1948
politician
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar RaoKalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
17 February 1954
 

Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939
Economist, Politician, Author
Shatrughan SinhaShatrughan Sinha
09 December 1945
Political Leaders
Shilpa ShindeShilpa Shinde
28 August 1977
Actress