India has a large number of political parties; it is estimated that over 200 parties were formed after India became independent in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru, a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence became the first Prime Minister of India. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state. Rajendra Prasad, a freedom fighter during the Indian independence movement was the first President of independent India, and also the longest-serving president, for 12 years. Prominent philosopher and writer Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also a much acclaimed political leader who served as the president of India from 1962 to 1967. Lal Bahadur Shastri, of the Indian National Congress, was the prime minister during a part of Radhakrishnan’s tenure. Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi created history when she became the first female Prime Minister of India. As a political leader, she was known for her political ruthlessness and unprecedented centralization of power. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a veteran politician and poet, is also counted amongst the greatest prime ministers of the nation. One of the most respected presidents of the country, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's nuclear weapons programs. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian political leaders.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Narendra ModiNarendra Modi
17 September 1950
Prime Minister of India

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891
Indian Jurist

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
19 November 1917
Former Prime Minister of India
Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
02 October 1904
Former Prime Minister of India

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897
 

Priyanka GandhiPriyanka Gandhi
12 January 1972
Politician, Daughter of Rajiv Gandhi

M G RamachandranM. G. Ramachandran
17 January 1917
Actor, Politician
Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi
26 August 1956
Politician, Animal Rights Activist

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
25 December 1924
Former Prime Minister of India
Ram Nath KovindRam Nath Kovind
01 October 1945
14th President of India

Feroze GandhiFeroze Gandhi
12 September 1912
Political Leader

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress
Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal
16 August 1968
Anti Corruption Activist, Politician

Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856
Indian teacher
Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884
Former President of India

P. V. Narasimha RaoP. V. Narasimha Rao
28 June 1921
Prime Minister of India

L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani
08 November 1927
Politician
Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896
Politician, Prime Minister of India

Motilal NehruMotilal Nehru
06 May 1861
Political Leader
Pranab MukherjeePranab Mukherjee
11 December 1935
13th President of India

Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai
28 January 1865
Freedom Fighter

K. Kamaraj K. Kamaraj
15 July 1903
Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, India

C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer
Jayaprakash NarayanJayaprakash Narayan
11 October 1902
Political Leaders
 Dadabhai NaorojiDadabhai Naoroji
04 September 1825
 

I. K. GujralI. K. Gujral
04 December 1919
Former Prime Minister of India

K. R. NarayananK. R. Narayanan
27 October 1920
President of India

Gopal Krishna GokhaleGopal Krishna Gokhale
09 May 1866
Pioneer of Indian Independence Movement
Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya
25 December 1861
Politician & Educationist

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Gulzarilal NandaGulzarilal Nanda
04 July 1898
Former Prime Minister of India

C. N. AnnaduraiC. N. Annadurai
15 September 1909
First Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Nandan NilekaniNandan Nilekani
02 June 1955
Founder of Infosys

Aga Khan IIIAga Khan III
02 November 1877
Political Leader
V. V. GiriV. V. Giri
10 August 1894
Fourth President of India

Neelam Sanjiva ReddyNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
19 May 1913
Sixth President of India
Shankar Dayal SharmaShankar Dayal Sharma
19 August 1918
Former President of India

V P SinghV. P. Singh
25 June 1931
Eighth Prime Minister of India

V. K. Krishna MenonV. K. Krishna Menon
03 May 1896
Indian Politician
Zail SinghZail Singh
05 May 1916
President of India

Fakhruddin Ali AhmedFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
13 May 1905
Former President of India
Chittaranjan DasChittaranjan Das
05 November 1870
Indian politician

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882
Political Leader, Physician

Jaswant SinghJaswant Singh
03 January 1938
Politician

Govind Ballabh PantGovind Ballabh Pant
10 September 1887
Freedom Fighter

Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Iron Man of India
J. B. KirpalaniJ. B. Kripalani
11 November 1888
Politician

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
11 November 1888
Indian scholar

Nana SahebNana Saheb
19 May 1824
Peshwa of the Maratha Empire

Gopinath BordoloiGopinath Bordoloi
06 June 1890
First Chief Minister of Assam, India
Syama Prasad MookerjeeSyama Prasad Mookerjee
06 July 1901
Indian Politician

Dr Zakir HussainDr Zakir Husain
08 February 1897
Former President of India
Sharad PawarSharad Pawar
12 December 1940
Politician

Bal ThackerayBal Thackeray
23 January 1926
Politician, Journalist, Painter

Uddhav ThackerayUddhav Thackeray
27 July 1960
Politician
Amit ShahAmit Shah
1964 AD
politician

Vallabhbhai PatelVallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Politician, Lawyer, Economist
Mithun ChakrabortyMithun Chakraborty
16 June 1950
actor, politician

Raj ThackerayRaj Thackeray
14 June 1968
Politician

Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
21 December 1972
politician
Asaduddin OwaisiAsaduddin Owaisi
13 May 1969
Politician

Rahul GandhiRahul Gandhi
19 June 1970
Politician
Paresh RawalParesh Rawal
30 May 1950
Television producer, Actor, Politician

Farooq AbdullahFarooq Abdullah
21 October 1937
Politician

Nandamuri BalakrishnaNandamuri Balakrishna
10 June 1960
Actor, Politician

Omar AbdullahOmar Abdullah
10 March 1970
Politician
Rakhi SawantRakhi Sawant
25 November 1978
Model, Actor
Shabana AzmiShabana Azmi
18 September 1951
actor

Nusrat JahanNusrat Jahan
08 January 1990
Actress

Sunil DuttSunil Dutt
06 June 1930
Actor

Yogi AdityanathYogi Adityanath
05 June 1972
Politician
Mamata BanerjeeMamata Banerjee
05 January 1955
Politician, Painter

Om Prakash ChautalaOm Prakash Chautala
01 January 1935
Politician

Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939
Economist, Politician, Author

Vinod KhannaVinod Khanna
06 October 1946
Actor

Piyush GoyalPiyush Goyal
13 June 1964
Politician
Sanjay GandhiSanjay Gandhi
14 December 1948
politician

Ravi KishanRavi Kishan
17 July 1969
Actor
Sushma SwarajSushma Swaraj
14 February 1952
Politician

Arun JaitleyArun Jaitley
28 December 1952
Politician, Lawyer, Spokesperson, Strategist

P. ChidambaramP. Chidambaram
16 September 1945
Politician, Lawyer
Shatrughan SinhaShatrughan Sinha
09 December 1945
Political Leaders

Venkaiah NaiduVenkaiah Naidu
01 July 1949
Politician
Muhammad Zia-ul-HaqMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
12 August 1924
Politician, Officer

N. Chandrababu NaiduN. Chandrababu Naidu
20 April 1950
Politician

Ram JethmalaniRam Jethmalani
14 September 1923
Lawyer, Politician

Lalu Prasad YadavLalu Prasad Yadav
11 June 1948
Politician
Raj BabbarRaj Babbar
23 June 1952
Actor

Rajiv DixitRajiv Dixit
30 November 1967
 
Dara SinghDara Singh
19 November 1928
Indian professional wrestler

Nitish KumarNitish Kumar
01 March 1951
Politician
Ram Vilas PaswanRam Vilas Paswan
05 July 1946
Politician

H. D. Deve GowdaH. D. Deve Gowda
18 May 1933
Politician
Kapil SibalKapil Sibal
08 August 1948
Politician