Famous Indian Political Leaders

India has a large number of political parties; it is estimated that over 200 parties were formed after India became independent in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru, a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence became the first Prime Minister of India. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state. Rajendra Prasad, a freedom fighter during the Indian independence movement was the first President of independent India, and also the longest-serving president, for 12 years. Prominent philosopher and writer Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also a much acclaimed political leader who served as the president of India from 1962 to 1967. Lal Bahadur Shastri, of the Indian National Congress, was the prime minister during a part of Radhakrishnan’s tenure. Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi created history when she became the first female Prime Minister of India. As a political leader, she was known for her political ruthlessness and unprecedented centralization of power. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a veteran politician and poet, is also counted amongst the greatest prime ministers of the nation. One of the most respected presidents of the country, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's nuclear weapons programs. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian political leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
42
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 2 Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai
0
Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dhudike, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 3 Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: December 25, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gwalior
Died: August 16, 2018

Atal Bihari Vajpayee served as the 10th Prime Minister of India and was the first prime minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. The BJP politician had been a journalist and an RSS member. He was a noted poet, too. During his tenure as prime minister, he carried out Pokhran II nuclear tests in 1998 and declared India as a country with nuclear weapons capability.

 4 Rahul Gandhi

Rahul Gandhi
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New Delhi

Part of the influential Nehru-Gandhi political family of India and the son of former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi is the president of the Indian National Congress and an MP from Wayanad. A Cambridge alumnus, Rahul has briefly worked as a management consultant in London.

 5 Chiranjeevi

Chiranjeevi
2
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: August 22, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mogalthur, Andhra State, India

Chiranjeevi is an Indian actor best known for his work in the Telugu film industry. In an illustrious career spanning more than four decades, Chiranjeevi has received many prestigious awards for his contribution to Indian cinema. In 2006, he was honored with India's third-highest civilian award, the Padma Bhushan. He is often considered one of the biggest stars in India.

 6 Amit Shah

Amit Shah
2
Famous As: politician
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Birthplace: Mumbai

Indian home minister and former BJP president Amit Shah was born into a family of Gujarati Baniyas in Mumbai. Initially a businessman and a stockbroker, he was also an RSS volunteer and met current Indian prime minister Narendra Modi through the organization. He is known for his far-right Hindutva agenda.

 7 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
2
Famous As: Iron Man of India
Birthdate: October 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nadiad
Died: December 15, 1950

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian politician who played an influential role in the Indian independence movement. Dubbed the Iron Man of India and Unifier of India, Sardar Patel played an important role in integrating various princely states into a united, independent nation. In 2018, the world's tallest statue called the Statue of Unity was dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

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 8 Yogi Adityanath

Yogi Adityanath
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 5, 1972
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Garhwal division

Yogi Adityanath renounced his family at age 21 and became the high priest of Gorakhnath Math. The Indian monk-turned-BJP-politician has been a five-time MP from Gorakhpur and is now the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in India. Critics have accused him of polarizing the public with his radical Hindutva agenda.

 9 B. R. Ambedkar

B. R. Ambedkar
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Famous As: Indian Jurist
Birthdate: April 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dr. Ambedkar Nagar
Died: December 6, 1956

India's first Minister of Law and Justice, B. R. Ambedkar inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement. He also fought against social discrimination prevalent in India at that time. Widely regarded as the chief architect of the Constitution of India, Ambedkar was posthumously honored with India's highest civilian award - The Bharat Ratna.

 10 Ram Nath Kovind

Ram Nath Kovind
2
Famous As: 14th President of India
Birthdate: October 1, 1945
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Derapur, Kanpur Dehat District, Uttar Pradesh, India
Ram Nath Kovind, the 14th President of India, was the first RSS leader to become a president. He has earlier been the Governor of Bihar and a Rajya Sabha MP. He also had a 16-year career as a lawyer and worked at the Delhi High Court and the Supreme Court.

 11 Mohammad Azharuddin

Mohammad Azharuddin
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 8, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Mohammad Azharuddin, also known as Azhar, was the captain of the Indian cricket team for much of the 1990s. He made headlines for his affair with actor-model Sangeeta Bijlani, which later culminated in marriage. He was later banned from cricket for match-fixing. He also became an Indian National Congress MP.

 12 Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: November 19, 1917
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: October 31, 1984

The third Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi served as PM from 1966 till 1977 and then again from 1980 till her assassination in October 1984. She is considered one of India’s strongest PM and is hailed for leading India to victory over Pakistan in 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. However, she is also categorised as authoritarian and is criticised for imposing Emergency in 1975.

 13 Feroze Gandhi

Feroze Gandhi
2
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: September 12, 1912
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mumbai
Died: September 8, 1960
Indian politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi was a major figure in the Indian independence Movement. Feroze also became an MP from the constituency of Rae Bareli. He married Indira Nehru, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. Indira later became the Indian PM, as Indira Gandhi. 

 14 Vinod Khanna

Vinod Khanna
2
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: October 6, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, British India
Died: April 27, 2017

Vinod Khanna was an Indian actor, film producer, and politician active in the Hindi film industry. One of the most popular male leads in the 1970s and 1980s, he was the recipient of two Filmfare awards. In his later career, he ventured into politics and served one stint as the minister of state for external affairs from 2003 to 2004. 

 15 M. G. Ramachandran

M G Ramachandran
2
Famous As: Actor, Politician
Birthdate: January 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kandy, British Ceylon (Now Sri Lanka)
Died: December 24, 1987

M. G. Ramachandran was an Indian actor-turned-politician who served as the third chief minister of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He is credited with founding one of the most popular political parties of Tamil Nadu, The AIADMK. Widely regarded as a humanitarian and cultural icon, Ramachandran's portraits can still be seen all over Tamil Nadu.

 16 Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru
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Famous As: First PM of India & Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: November 14, 1889
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Allahabad
Died: May 27, 1964

Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the central figures of the Indian independence movement along with personalities like Mahatma Gandhi. He became the first prime minister of India and left behind such a legacy that his direct descendants continue to play an important role in Indian politics.

 17 Arun Jaitley

Arun Jaitley
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Spokesperson, Strategist
Birthdate: December 28, 1952
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New Delhi

BJP member Arun Jaitley had led ministries such as finance, defense, and law and justice. The Indian politician was a skilled lawyer and had been part of cases such as the 2002 Pepsi vs. Coca-Cola case in the Supreme Court. He was awarded a Padma Vibhushan posthumously.

 18 Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose
7
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: January 23, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cuttack, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Odisha, India)
Died: August 18, 1945

An Indian nationalist known for his role in the country’s struggle for freedom from the British, Subhas Chandra Bose was a politician with radical views. He was part of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s. However, his association with Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan made him a controversial figure.

 19 Mithun Chakraborty

Mithun Chakraborty
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Famous As: actor, politician
Birthdate: June 16, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kolkata

 20 Nirmala Sitharaman

Nirmala Sitharaman
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 18, 1959
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Madurai, Madras State, India (present-day Tamil Nadu)
One of the world’s 100 most powerful women in 2020 according to Forbes, BJP member Nirmala Sitharaman is the first woman to be a full-time finance minister of India. The Madurai-born JNU alumna had earlier quit her PhD program in economics midway to move to London with her husband.

 21 N. T. Rama Rao

N. T. Rama Rao
7
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: May 28, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nimmakuru, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died: January 18, 1996

 22 Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel
7
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Economist
Birthdate: October 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gujarat
Died: December 15, 1950

 23 Sonia Gandhi

Sonia Gandhi
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Famous As: Former President of Indian National Congress
Birthdate: December 9, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lusiana, Lusiana Conco, Italy

Sonia Gandhi is an Indian politician and president of one of the most prominent Indian political parties, The Indian National Congress. As the president of Indian National Congress, which has been one of India's most successful political parties in the country's post-independence history, Sonia Gandhi remains one of the most powerful women in India.

 24 Sushma Swaraj

Sushma Swaraj
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 14, 1952
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New Delhi, india
Died: August 6, 2019

Supreme Court lawyer and BJP leader Sushma Swaraj had held several ministries, such as external affairs and information and broadcasting. Named India’s “best loved politician” by Wall Street Journal, Swaraj was known for her prompt assistance to Indians in emergency situations abroad and was awarded the Padma Vibhushan posthumously.

 25 Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri
7
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: October 2, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mughalsarai, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
Died: January 11, 1966

The second prime minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, was known for his environmental campaigns and his support for the White Revolution. His slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan,” during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, became immensely popular. He ended the war by signing the Tashkent Agreement, but died a day later.

 26 Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee
11
Famous As: 13th President of India
Birthdate: December 11, 1935
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mirati, Birbhum, Bengal Presidency, British India (now West Bengal, India)
Died: August 31, 2020

An Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India, Pranab Mukherjee was a veteran with a political career spanning over five decades. He occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India, such as Defence, Finance and External Affairs. He was honored with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 2019.

 27 Mamata Banerjee

Mamata Banerjee
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 5, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Calcutta, West Bengal, India

 28 P. V. Narasimha Rao

P. V. Narasimha Rao
5
Famous As: Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: June 28, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Karimnagar
Died: December 23, 2004

The ninth Prime Minister of India, P. V. Narasimha Rao, is often called the Father of Indian Economic Reforms due to a major economic transformation in India during his prime ministership. He dismantled the Licence Raj and his economic policies rescued India from an impending economic collapse. 

 29 Lalu Prasad Yadav

Lalu Prasad Yadav
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 11, 1948
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gopalganj, Bihar, India

 30 Bal Thackeray

Bal Thackeray
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Famous As: Politician, Journalist, Painter
Birthdate: January 23, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mumbai
Died: November 17, 2012

Legendary Indian politician Bal Thackeray, or Balasaheb Thackeray, was the patriarch of one of the most influential political families of India and the founder of the Shiv Sena. He went from being a cartoonist to the godfather of Maharashtra, though his overtly regional and Hindu nationalist ideals were often criticized.

 31 Arvind Kejriwal

Arvind Kejriwal
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Famous As: Anti Corruption Activist, Politician
Birthdate: August 16, 1968
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Siwani, Haryana
Indian politician Arvind Kejriwal is the incumbent chief minister of Delhi and the founder of the Aam Aadmi Party. The Ramon Magsaysay Award-winning leader is an IIT-KGP alumnus and was initially a joint commissioner of income tax with the IRS. His book Swaraj highlights burning issues such as corruption.

 32 Nandamuri Balakrishna

Nandamuri Balakrishna
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Famous As: Actor, Politician
Birthdate: June 10, 1960
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chennai

 33 Subramanian Swamy

Subramanian Swamy
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Author
Birthdate: September 15, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mylapore

Indian politician Subramanian Swamy, who is a BJP MP, has also been the president of the Janata Party earlier. Known for his far-right views, he was previously a professor economics at IIT, Delhi. He boasts of a PhD from Harvard and has penned several books, such as Terrorism in India.

 34 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy

Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
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Famous As: Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Birthdate: December 21, 1972
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jammalamadugu, Andhra Pradesh, India
Indian politician Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy is currently serving as the chief minister of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Son of former Andhra Pradesh chief minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, he has also been the leader of the opposition in the state Legislative Assembly earlier.

 35 Rakhi Sawant

Rakhi Sawant
0
Famous As: Model, Actor
Birthdate: November 25, 1978
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Worli

 36 Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
0
Famous As: Indian teacher
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ratnagiri, British India (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Died: August 1, 1920
Indian nationalist and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known as Lokmanya Tilak, promoted the concept of Swaraj, or self-rule. He was part of the freedom-fighter trio know as Lal Bal Pal, along with fellow Indian National Congress members Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.

 37 Paresh Rawal

Paresh Rawal
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Famous As: Television producer, Actor, Politician
Birthdate: May 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mumbai

Paresh Rawal is a renowned National Film Award- and Padma Shri-winning Indian actor who has entertained audiences in Hindi films such as Hera Pheri and Sir. He is also a well-known villain in Telugu films. Married to former Miss India Swaroop Sampat, Rawal has also previously been a BJP MP.

 38 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
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Famous As: Independence Activist, Reformer
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 39 M. Karunanidhi

M. Karunanidhi
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Famous As: Politician, Screenwriter, Author, Journalist, Writer
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: August 7, 2018

The patriarch of the Karunanidhi political family of India, M. Karunanidhi had been the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for almost 20 years. The DMK leader was also a noted scriptwriter and author, having written films such as Parasakthi. His son, M. K. Stalin is the current Tamil Nadu chief minister.

 40 Sanjay Gandhi

Sanjay Gandhi
0
Famous As: politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New Delhi
Died: June 23, 1980

 41 Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad
0
Famous As: Former President of India
Birthdate: December 3, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ziradei, Siwan, Bihar
Died: February 28, 1963
Rajendra Prasad was India’s first and longest-tenured president, from 1950 to 1962. He was re-elected in 1957, thus becoming the only Indian president to serve two terms. He had previously been a freedom fighter and later also served as the president of the Constituent Assembly, which drafted India’s constitution.

 42 Asaduddin Owaisi

Asaduddin Owaisi
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 13, 1969
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hyderabad

 43 Sharad Pawar

Sharad Pawar
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 12, 1940
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pune

 44 N. Chandrababu Naidu

N. Chandrababu Naidu
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 20, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

 45 Nitish Kumar

Nitish Kumar
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 1, 1951
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bakhtiarpur

 46 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
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Famous As: Indian scholar
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: February 22, 1958

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, and scholar. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, serving as a senior leader of the Congress. His contribution to the Indian education system is recognized across India by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day

 47 Raj Babbar

Raj Babbar
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: June 23, 1952
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tundla, Uttar Pradesh, India

 48 Jayalalitha Jayaram

Jayalalitha Jayaram
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Famous As: Indian Politician
Birthdate: February 24, 1948
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Melukote, India
Died: December 5, 2016

 49 L. K. Advani

L.K. Advani
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Karachi

L. K. Advani is a retired Indian politician who served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004. A co-founder of the Bharatiya Janata Party, he has also been the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha on two occasions. He is a recipient of the Padma Vibhushan, India's second-highest civilian honor.

 50 Arun Gawli

Arun Gawli
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Kopargaon