India has a large number of political parties; it is estimated that over 200 parties were formed after India became independent in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru, a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence became the first Prime Minister of India. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state. Rajendra Prasad, a freedom fighter during the Indian independence movement was the first President of independent India, and also the longest-serving president, for 12 years. Prominent philosopher and writer Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also a much acclaimed political leader who served as the president of India from 1962 to 1967. Lal Bahadur Shastri, of the Indian National Congress, was the prime minister during a part of Radhakrishnan’s tenure. Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi created history when she became the first female Prime Minister of India. As a political leader, she was known for her political ruthlessness and unprecedented centralization of power. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a veteran politician and poet, is also counted amongst the greatest prime ministers of the nation. One of the most respected presidents of the country, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's nuclear weapons programs. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian political leaders.
Narendra ModiNarendra Modi

17 September 1950

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi

02 October 1869

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi

19 November 1917

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar

14 April 1891

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru

14 November 1889

Priyanka GandhiPriyanka Gandhi

12 January 1972

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi

09 December 1946

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose

23 January 1897

Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri

02 October 1904

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee

25 December 1924

Ram Nath KovindRam Nath Kovind

01 October 1945

Maneka GandhiManeka Gandhi

26 August 1956

Continue Reading Below

L.K. AdvaniL. K. Advani

08 November 1927

Arvind KejriwalArvind Kejriwal

16 August 1968

Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai

29 February 1896

M G RamachandranM. G. Ramachandran

17 January 1917

Pranab MukherjeePranab Mukherjee

11 December 1935

Continue Reading Below

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad

03 December 1884

K. Kamaraj K. Kamaraj

15 July 1903

V P SinghV. P. Singh

25 June 1931

Jayaprakash NarayanJayaprakash Narayan

11 October 1902

Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai

28 January 1865

Continue Reading Below

C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari

10 December 1878

 Dadabhai NaorojiDadabhai Naoroji

04 September 1825

Gulzarilal NandaGulzarilal Nanda

04 July 1898

K. R. NarayananK. R. Narayanan

27 October 1920

I. K. GujralI. K. Gujral

04 December 1919

Continue Reading Below

Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya

25 December 1861

V. V. GiriV. V. Giri

10 August 1894

Jaswant SinghJaswant Singh

03 January 1938

Nandan NilekaniNandan Nilekani

02 June 1955

Zail SinghZail Singh

05 May 1916

Continue Reading Below

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy

01 July 1882

Govind Ballabh PantGovind Ballabh Pant

10 September 1887

Chittaranjan DasChittaranjan Das

05 November 1870

J. B. KirpalaniJ. B. Kripalani

11 November 1888

Gopinath BordoloiGopinath Bordoloi

06 June 1890

Continue Reading Below

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana Abul Kalam Azad

11 November 1888

Dr Zakir HussainDr Zakir Husain

08 February 1897

Rahul GandhiRahul Gandhi

19 June 1970

Feroze GandhiFeroze Gandhi

12 September 1912

Mamata BanerjeeMamata Banerjee

05 January 1955

Continue Reading Below

Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy

21 December 1972

N. Chandrababu NaiduN. Chandrababu Naidu

20 April 1950

Mithun ChakrabortyMithun Chakraborty

16 June 1950

Sanjay GandhiSanjay Gandhi

14 December 1948

Amit ShahAmit Shah

1964 AD

Arun JaitleyArun Jaitley

28 December 1952

Continue Reading Below
Vallabhbhai PatelVallabhbhai Patel

31 October 1875

Bal ThackerayBal Thackeray

23 January 1926

Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy

15 September 1939

MayawatiMayawati

15 January 1956

Yogi AdityanathYogi Adityanath

05 June 1972

Sharad PawarSharad Pawar

12 December 1940

Continue Reading Below
Nandamuri BalakrishnaNandamuri Balakrishna

10 June 1960

Varun GandhiVarun Gandhi

13 March 1980

H. D. Deve GowdaH. D. Deve Gowda

18 May 1933

Sushma SwarajSushma Swaraj

14 February 1952

Paresh RawalParesh Rawal

30 May 1950

Nitin GadkariNitin Gadkari

27 May 1957

Continue Reading Below

Asaduddin OwaisiAsaduddin Owaisi

13 May 1969

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar

28 May 1883

Mulayam Singh YadavMulayam Singh Yadav

22 November 1939

Lalu Prasad YadavLalu Prasad Yadav

11 June 1948

Shabana AzmiShabana Azmi

18 September 1951

Nandamuri HarikrishnaNandamuri Harikrishna

02 September 1956

Continue Reading Below

Akhilesh YadavAkhilesh Yadav

01 July 1973

Muhammad Zia-ul-HaqMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq

12 August 1924

Raj ThackerayRaj Thackeray

14 June 1968

Abul Kalam AzadAbul Kalam Azad

11 November 1888

Rakhi SawantRakhi Sawant

25 November 1978

Venkaiah NaiduVenkaiah Naidu

01 July 1949

Continue Reading Below

Pramila JayapalPramila Jayapal

1965 AD

George FernandesGeorge Fernandes

03 June 1930

Sumitra MahajanSumitra Mahajan

12 April 1943