Famous Indian Revolutionaries

When pleas and petitions bring little results, revolutionaries emerge – they cannot be characterized into any particular sect, caste or religion. They are but united by a single motive – to bring about a change in the current system be it political, religious or economic. India, the land with the richness of culture, heritage and legacy, underwent a tumultuous period in history when countries like France, Portuguese and British (primarily) took over the reign to limit the country and its countrymen as a mere puppets. From being the Golden Bird to an exploited land, the country became vulnerable to the attacks by the British government who firmed their control strategically. Decades of being under the British rule finally gave way to Indian revolutionaries who through their movements and propaganda led to the complete collapse of the English empire. While the country has had numerous revolutionaries, world-renowned Mahatma Gandhi, was a trailblazer of the independence struggle. He spearheaded the country to independence through his non-violence and non-cooperative movement. Other prominent national revolutionaries include Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bhagat Singh, Kalpana Singh, Khudiram Bose, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Chadrashekhar Azad and so on. Discover through this segment the inspiring life of Indian revolutionaries and lap up yourself with some interesting facts about their activist works.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh
11
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 28, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Banga, Punjab, British India
Died: March 23, 1931

Bhagat Singh is one of the most revered freedom fighters of Indian Independence movement. His execution by the British rulers at a young age of 23 inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle. His life’s mission was to free India from colonial rule and his legacy as a symbol of bravery and patriotism continues to live on.

 2 Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Lakshmibai
4
Famous As: Queen of Jhansi State
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Varanasi
Died: June 18, 1858

Remembered for her heroics against the British, the Indian Joan of Arc Rani Lakshmibai remains an icon of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The wife of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, she is known for leading the fight against the British after her husband’s death. She also inspired the legendary lines Khoob Ladi Mardani.

 3 Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
7
Famous As: Indian teacher
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ratnagiri, British India (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Died: August 1, 1920
Indian nationalist and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known as Lokmanya Tilak, promoted the concept of Swaraj, or self-rule. He was part of the freedom-fighter trio know as Lal Bal Pal, along with fellow Indian National Congress members Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.
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 4 Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad
6
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 23, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bhavra
Died: February 27, 1931

Chandra Shekhar Azad joined India’s freedom struggle against the British after being deeply affected by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Born Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, he declared himself as Azad when arrested in connection with Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. He shot himself to death to escape being held captive by the British.

 5 Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey
5
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 19, 1827
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagwa, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: April 8, 1857
Indian soldier Mangal Pandey was a significant figure in the Indian rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, or First War of Independence. Pandey was a sepoy of the British East India Company’s 34th BNI Regiment. His life inspired the Bollywood movie Mangal Pandey: The Rising

 6 Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai
4
Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dhudike, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 7 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
13
Famous As: Indian scholar
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: February 22, 1958

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, and scholar. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, serving as a senior leader of the Congress. His contribution to the Indian education system is recognized across India by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day

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 8 Birsa Munda

Birsa Munda
3
Famous As: Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British Rule
Birthdate: November 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulihatu, Khunti, India
Died: June 9, 1900

In spite of his short life, which ended at age 24, Birsa Munda is remembered for spearheading the tribal movement against the British. He also made the British introduce new laws for the protection of the tribal land rights. He died in prison while undergoing trials.

 9 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
16
Famous As: Independence Activist, Reformer
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 10 Tantia Tope

Tantia Tope
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1814 AD
Birthplace: Yeola, Nashik District, India
Died: April 18, 1859

Best remembered for leading the Indian Rebellion of 1857, tribal leader Tantia Tope used guerilla tactics in his fights against the British. In spite of no formal military training, he also managed to seize Gwalior temporarily with Rani Lakshmibai. He was later hanged to death by the British.

 11 Surya Sen

Surya Sen
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: March 22, 1894
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Raozan Upazila, Bangladesh
Died: January 12, 1934

Surya Sen, popularly known as Master Da, was initially a school teacher in Chittagong and later an eminent freedom fighter. Best known for his association with the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid, he was later imprisoned by the British and tortured mercilessly, before being hanged to death.

 12 Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal
3
Famous As: Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Faizabad
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

 13 Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 24, 1806
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died: February 22, 1847

 14 Udham Singh

Udham Singh
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 26, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sunam, Punjab, India
Died: July 31, 1940

 15 Nana Saheb

Nana Saheb
2
Famous As: Peshwa of the Maratha Empire
Birthdate: May 19, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bithoor
Died: 1859 AD

Nana Saheb, also known as Dhondupant, was a major figure of the 1857 Sepoy Munity, or the first war of Indian independence. The adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, he was initially on friendly terms with the British but was later forced by circumstances to join the rebels against the British.

 16 M. N. Roy

M. N. Roy
3
Famous As: Indian Revolutionary
Birthdate: March 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Changripota, 24 Parganas, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India)
Died: January 25, 1954

Apart from being one of the co-founders of the Communist Party of India, M. N. Roy also established the Mexican Communist Party. Jailed for his political activities, he penned the nine-volume Prison Manuscripts in prison. He later joined the Indian National Congress but quit it soon after.

 17 Veerapandiya Kattabomman

Veerapandiya Kattabomman
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 31, 1760
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Panchalankurichi, Tamil nadu, India
Died: October 16, 1799

 18 Khudiram Bose

Khudiram Bose
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 3, 1889
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: West Bengal, India
Died: August 11, 1908

 19 Shivaram Rajguru

Shivaram Rajguru
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: August 24, 1908
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: March 23, 1931

 20 Pandurang Shastri Athavale

Pandurang Shastri Athavale
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 19, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: October 25, 2003

Born to a Sanskrit teacher, Pandurang Shastri Athavale was taught as part of a separate school system set up by his father. The Padma Vibhushan-winning activist and spiritual leader later started his own Vedic movement known as the Swadhyaya Parivar. Shyam Benegal’s Antarnaad was based on his movement.

 21 Ashfaqulla Khan

Ashfaqulla Khan
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 22, 1900
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: December 19, 1927

 22 Sukhdev Thapar

Sukhdev Thapar
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: May 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ludhiana, Punjab, India
Died: March 23, 1931

 23 Kunwar Singh

Kunwar Singh
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 13, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jagdishpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: April 26, 1858

 24 Potti Sreeramulu

Potti Sreeramulu
1
Famous As: Revolutionaty, Social activist
Birthdate: March 16, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Padamatipalli, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died: December 15, 1952

 25 Kartar Singh Sarabha

Kartar Singh Sarabha
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: May 24, 1896
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Punjab, India
Died: November 16, 1915

 26 Jatindra Nath Das

Jatindra Nath Das
1
Famous As: Revolutionary, Activist
Birthdate: October 27, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, West bengal, India
Died: September 13, 1929

 27 Vasudev Balwant Phadke

Vasudev Balwant Phadke
1
Famous As: Revolutionary, Activist
Birthdate: November 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shirdhon, Maharashtra, India
Died: February 17, 1883

 28 Madan Lal Dhingra

Madan Lal Dhingra
1
Famous As: Revolutionary, Criminal
Birthdate: February 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amritsar, Punjab, India
Died: August 17, 1909

 29 Dheeran Chinnamalai

Dheeran Chinnamalai
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: April 17, 1756
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kangeyam, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: July 31, 1805

 30 Tiruppur Kumaran

Tiruppur Kumaran
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 4, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chennimalai, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: January 11, 1932

 31 Bakht Khan

Bakht Khan
2
Famous As: Rebel
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Bijnor, India
Died: May 13, 1859

Bakht Khan is best remembered for his service as the commander-in-chief of the 1857 Indian Rebellion against the British. Initially part of the East India Company army, he served the Bengal horse artillery and gained 40 years of military experience. He eventually died fighting at the age of around 61.

 32 Shyamji Krishna Varma

Shyamji Krishna Varma
1
Famous As: Founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London
Birthdate: October 4, 1857
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kutch, Gujarat, India
Died: March 30, 1930

 33 Har Dayal

Har Dayal
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 14, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Delhi, India
Died: March 4, 1939

The son of a government reader, Har Dayal rejected a career in the Indian civil services and became involved in industrial unionism in the US. He had also been a lecturer of philosophy and Sanskrit, and co-founded the Hindustan Ghadr Party. His notable works include Our Educational Problem.

 34 Purushottam Das Tandon

Purushottam Das Tandon
4
Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: August 1, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Allahabad, India
Died: July 1, 1962

Popularly referred as Rajarshi, Purushottam Das Tandon was an Indian lawyer, political leader and scholar. A member of the Indian National Congress, he actively participated in its various movements and vehemently opposed the partition of India. As a member of the Constituent Assembly, he not only promoted Hindi as the official language, but also the usage of Devanagari script.  .

 35 Ali Musliyar

Ali Musliyar
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1861 AD
Birthplace: Eranād taluk, Malabar district, India
Died: February 17, 1922

 36 Roshan Singh

Roshan Singh
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: December 19, 1927

 37 Nahar Singh

Nahar Singh
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1823 AD
Birthplace: Faridabad, Haryana, India
Died: January 9, 1858

 38 Dinesh Gupta

Dinesh Gupta
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 6, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bikrampur, Bangladesh
Died: July 7, 1931

 39 Jagjit Singh Chauhan

Jagjit Singh Chauhan
3
Famous As: Leader
Birthdate: 1929 AD
Birthplace: Urmar Tanda, Punjab, India
Died: April 4, 2007

Known as the founder of the Khalistan movement that sought to create an independent homeland for the Sikhs, Jagjit Singh Chauhan entered politics as a short-lived MLA from Punjab. On losing election, he traveled abroad to start his campaign for creation of an independent Khalistan, continuing with his mission in exile until he was allowed to return home in 2001.

 40 Kushal Konwar

Kushal Konwar
0
Famous As: Rebel, Activist
Birthdate: March 21, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sarupathar, Golaghat, Assam, India
Died: June 15, 1943

 41 Tikendrajit Singh

Tikendrajit Singh
0
Famous As: Revolutionary, Military commander
Birthdate: December 29, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Manipur, India
Died: August 13, 1891

 42 Rajendra Lahiri

Rajendra Lahiri
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: June 29, 1901
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pabna District, Bangladesh
Died: December 17, 1927

 43 Hemu Kalani

Hemu Kalani
0
Famous As: Revolutionary, Activist
Birthdate: March 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sukkur, Pakistan
Died: January 21, 1943

 44 Peer Ali Khan

Peer Ali Khan
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1812 AD
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: July 7, 1857

 45 Bhima Nayak

Bhima Nayak
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Barwani, Madhya Pradesh, India
Died: December 29, 1876

 46 Anant Laxman Kanhere

Anant Laxman Kanhere
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 7, 1892
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra, India
Died: April 19, 1910