Famous Indian Revolutionaries

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When pleas and petitions bring little results, revolutionaries emerge – they cannot be characterized into any particular sect, caste or religion. They are but united by a single motive – to bring about a change in the current system be it political, religious or economic. India, the land with the richness of culture, heritage and legacy, underwent a tumultuous period in history when countries like France, Portuguese and British (primarily) took over the reign to limit the country and its countrymen as a mere puppets. From being the Golden Bird to an exploited land, the country became vulnerable to the attacks by the British government who firmed their control strategically. Decades of being under the British rule finally gave way to Indian revolutionaries who through their movements and propaganda led to the complete collapse of the English empire. While the country has had numerous revolutionaries, world-renowned Mahatma Gandhi, was a trailblazer of the independence struggle. He spearheaded the country to independence through his non-violence and non-cooperative movement. Other prominent national revolutionaries include Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bhagat Singh, Kalpana Singh, Khudiram Bose, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Chadrashekhar Azad and so on. Discover through this segment the inspiring life of Indian revolutionaries and lap up yourself with some interesting facts about their activist works.
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 1 
Mahatma Gandhi
(Indian Freedom Fighter who Employed Non-violent Resistance & Known as 'Father of the Nation')
Mahatma Gandhi
12
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Porbandar, India
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 2 
Rani Lakshmibai
(Queen of Jhansi State)
Rani Lakshmibai
4
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Varanasi, India
Died: June 18, 1858

Remembered for her heroics against the British, the Indian Joan of Arc Rani Lakshmibai remains an icon of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The wife of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, she is known for leading the fight against the British after her husband’s death. She also inspired the legendary lines Khoob Ladi Mardani.

 3 
Bhagat Singh
(Revolutionary Hero of the Indian Independence Movement)
Bhagat Singh
15
Birthdate: September 28, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Banga, Punjab, British India
Died: March 23, 1931

Bhagat Singh is one of the most revered freedom fighters of Indian Independence movement. His execution by the British rulers at a young age of 23 inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle. His life’s mission was to free India from colonial rule and his legacy as a symbol of bravery and patriotism continues to live on.

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 4 
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(Revolutionary & Part of the Lal Bal Pal Triumvirate)
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
7
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
Died: September 1, 1920
Indian nationalist and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known as Lokmanya Tilak, promoted the concept of Swaraj, or self-rule. He was part of the freedom-fighter trio know as Lal Bal Pal, along with fellow Indian National Congress members Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.
 5 
Chandra Shekhar Azad
(Revolutionary)
Chandra Shekhar Azad
6
Birthdate: July 23, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Badarka, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: February 27, 1931

Chandra Shekhar Azad joined India’s freedom struggle against the British after being deeply affected by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Born Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, he declared himself as Azad when arrested in connection with Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. He shot himself to death to escape being held captive by the British.

 6 
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
(Independence Activist, Reformer)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
18
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 7 
Lala Lajpat Rai
(Freedom Fighter & Part of Lal Bal Pal Triumvirate)
Lala Lajpat Rai
4
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dhudike, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 8 
Mangal Pandey
(Indian Soldier Who Played an Important Role During the Time of the Indian Rebellion of 1857)
Mangal Pandey
5
Birthdate: July 19, 1827
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagwa, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: April 8, 1857
Indian soldier Mangal Pandey was a significant figure in the Indian rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, or First War of Independence. Pandey was a sepoy of the British East India Company’s 34th BNI Regiment. His life inspired the Bollywood movie Mangal Pandey: The Rising
 9 
Birsa Munda
(Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British Rule)
Birsa Munda
4
Birthdate: November 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulihatu, Khunti, India
Died: June 9, 1900

In spite of his short life, which ended at age 24, Birsa Munda is remembered for spearheading the tribal movement against the British. He also made the British introduce new laws for the protection of the tribal land rights. He died in prison while undergoing trials.

 10 
Udham Singh
(Indian Revolutionary Known for Assassinating ‘Michael O’Dwyer’, the Former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in India)
Udham Singh
0
Birthdate: December 26, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sunam, Punjab, India
Died: July 31, 1940
 11 
Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy
1
Birthdate: November 24, 1806
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died: February 22, 1847
 12 
Begum Hazrat Mahal
(Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah)
Begum Hazrat Mahal
3
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Faizabad
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

 13 
Tantia Tope
(Revolutionary)
Tantia Tope
3
Birthdate: 1814 AD
Birthplace: Yeola, Nashik District, India
Died: April 18, 1859

Best remembered for leading the Indian Rebellion of 1857, tribal leader Tantia Tope used guerilla tactics in his fights against the British. In spite of no formal military training, he also managed to seize Gwalior temporarily with Rani Lakshmibai. He was later hanged to death by the British.

 14 
Ram Prasad Bismil
(Indian Revolutionary Who Fought Against British Rule and Was Hanged For His Involvement in Kakori Conspiracy of 1925.)
Ram Prasad Bismil
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Died: December 19, 1927
 15 
M. N. Roy
(Indian Marxist Revolutionary, Political Theorist and a Noted Philosopher of the 20th Century)
M. N. Roy
4
Birthdate: March 21, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: West Bengal, India
Died: January 25, 1954

Apart from being one of the co-founders of the Communist Party of India, M. N. Roy also established the Mexican Communist Party. Jailed for his political activities, he penned the nine-volume Prison Manuscripts in prison. He later joined the Indian National Congress but quit it soon after.

 16 
Surya Sen
(Bengali Revolutionary Who Took Part in Indian Independence Movement and Led the 1930 Chittagong Armoury Raid)
Surya Sen
3
Birthdate: March 22, 1894
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Raozan Upazila, Bangladesh
Died: January 12, 1934

Surya Sen, popularly known as Master Da, was initially a school teacher in Chittagong and later an eminent freedom fighter. Best known for his association with the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid, he was later imprisoned by the British and tortured mercilessly, before being hanged to death.

 17 
Chittaranjan Das
(Leader of the Swaraj Party in Bengal Under British Rule)
Chittaranjan Das
3
Birthdate: November 5, 1870
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, India
Died: June 16, 1925
 18 
Khudiram Bose
(One of the Youngest Martyrs of the Indian Independence Movement)
Khudiram Bose
1
Birthdate: December 3, 1889
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: West Bengal, India
Died: August 11, 1908
 19 
Veerapandiya Kattabomman
1
Birthdate: 1760
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Panchalankurichi, Tamil nadu, India
Died: October 16, 1799
 20 
Shivaram Rajguru
(Indian Revolutionary Known Mainly for His Involvement in the Assassination of a British Police Officer ‘John Saunders')
Shivaram Rajguru
0
Birthdate: August 24, 1908
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: March 23, 1931
 21 
Sukhdev Thapar
(Indian Revolutionary Who Was Involved in the Assassination of Assistant Superintendent of Police, J. P. Saunders)
Sukhdev Thapar
0
Birthdate: May 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Punjab, India
Died: March 23, 1931
 22 
Ashfaqulla Khan
(Indian Independence Activist & Mastermind Behind the Kakori Train Robbery)
Ashfaqulla Khan
0
Birthdate: October 22, 1900
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: December 19, 1927
 23 
Kunwar Singh
(Revolutionary)
Kunwar Singh
0
Birthdate: November 13, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jagdishpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: April 26, 1858
 24 
Nana Saheb
(Peshwa of the Maratha Empire)
Nana Saheb
2
Birthdate: May 19, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bithoor
Died: 1859 AD

Nana Saheb, also known as Dhondupant, was a major figure of the 1857 Sepoy Munity, or the first war of Indian independence. The adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, he was initially on friendly terms with the British but was later forced by circumstances to join the rebels against the British.

 25 
Kartar Singh Sarabha
(Revolutionary)
Kartar Singh Sarabha
0
Birthdate: May 24, 1896
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Punjab, India
Died: November 16, 1915
 26 
Pandurang Shastri Athavale
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: October 25, 2003

Born to a Sanskrit teacher, Pandurang Shastri Athavale was taught as part of a separate school system set up by his father. The Padma Vibhushan-winning activist and spiritual leader later started his own Vedic movement known as the Swadhyaya Parivar. Shyam Benegal’s Antarnaad was based on his movement.

 27 
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
1
Birthdate: November 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shirdhon, Maharashtra, India
Died: February 17, 1883
 28 
Potti Sreeramulu
(Revolutionaty, Social activist)
Potti Sreeramulu
1
Birthdate: March 16, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Padamatipalli, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died: December 15, 1952
 29 
Madan Lal Dhingra
(Revolutionary, Criminal)
Madan Lal Dhingra
1
Birthdate: February 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amritsar, Punjab, India
Died: August 17, 1909
 30 
Dheeran Chinnamalai
(Revolutionary)
Dheeran Chinnamalai
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1756
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kangeyam, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: July 31, 1805
 31 
Jatindra Nath Das
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Jatindra Nath Das
1
Birthdate: October 27, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, West bengal, India
Died: September 13, 1929
 32 
Tiruppur Kumaran
(Revolutionary)
Tiruppur Kumaran
1
Birthdate: October 4, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chennimalai, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: January 11, 1932
 33 
Bakht Khan
(Rebel)
Bakht Khan
2
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Bijnor, India
Died: May 13, 1859

Bakht Khan is best remembered for his service as the commander-in-chief of the 1857 Indian Rebellion against the British. Initially part of the East India Company army, he served the Bengal horse artillery and gained 40 years of military experience. He eventually died fighting at the age of around 61.

 34 
Shyamji Krishna Varma
(Founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London)
Shyamji Krishna Varma
1
Birthdate: October 4, 1857
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kutch, Gujarat, India
Died: March 30, 1930
 35 
Har Dayal
(Revolutionary)
Har Dayal
2
Birthdate: October 14, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Delhi, India
Died: March 4, 1939

The son of a government reader, Har Dayal rejected a career in the Indian civil services and became involved in industrial unionism in the US. He had also been a lecturer of philosophy and Sanskrit, and co-founded the Hindustan Ghadr Party. His notable works include Our Educational Problem.

 36 
Purushottam Das Tandon
(Indian Freedom Fighter Best Known for His Opposition to the Partition of India)
Purushottam Das Tandon
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Allahabad, India
Died: July 1, 1962

Popularly referred as Rajarshi, Purushottam Das Tandon was an Indian lawyer, political leader and scholar. A member of the Indian National Congress, he actively participated in its various movements and vehemently opposed the partition of India. As a member of the Constituent Assembly, he not only promoted Hindi as the official language, but also the usage of Devanagari script.  .

 37 
Jagjit Singh Chauhan
3
Birthdate: 1929 AD
Birthplace: Urmar Tanda, Punjab, India
Died: April 4, 2007

Known as the founder of the Khalistan movement that sought to create an independent homeland for the Sikhs, Jagjit Singh Chauhan entered politics as a short-lived MLA from Punjab. On losing election, he traveled abroad to start his campaign for creation of an independent Khalistan, continuing with his mission in exile until he was allowed to return home in 2001.

 38 
Roshan Singh
(Revolutionary)
Roshan Singh
0
Birthdate: January 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: December 19, 1927
 39 
Ali Musliyar
(Revolutionary)
Ali Musliyar
1
Birthdate: 1861 AD
Birthplace: Eranād taluk, Malabar district, India
Died: February 17, 1922
 40 
Bhima Nayak
(Revolutionary)
Bhima Nayak
1
Birthplace: Barwani, Madhya Pradesh, India
Died: December 29, 1876
 41 
Dinesh Gupta
(Revolutionary)
Dinesh Gupta
0
Birthdate: December 6, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bikrampur, Bangladesh
Died: July 7, 1931
 42 
Nahar Singh
(Revolutionary)
Nahar Singh
0
Birthdate: 1823 AD
Birthplace: Faridabad, Haryana, India
Died: January 9, 1858
 43 
Tikendrajit Singh
(Rajput Prince Who Fought Against The British Forces in 'The Anglo-Manipur War of 1891')
Tikendrajit Singh
0
Birthdate: December 29, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Manipur, India
Died: August 13, 1891

Tikendrajit Singh was an Indian revolutionary and military commander who played a major role in the events leading up to the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891. A Rajput prince, Tikendrajit Singh fought the British forces which had formed an alliance with Surachandra Singh, the king of Manipur who had been dethroned by Tikendrajit and his brother Kulachandra Singh.  

 44 
Hemu Kalani
(Revolutionary, Activist)
Hemu Kalani
0
Birthdate: March 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sukkur, Pakistan
Died: January 21, 1943
 45 
Peer Ali Khan
(Indian Revolutionary Known for His Leading Role in the Organization of the Great Revolt of 1857)
Peer Ali Khan
0
Birthdate: 1812 AD
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: July 7, 1857
 46 
Rajendra Lahiri
(Revolutionary)
Rajendra Lahiri
0
Birthdate: June 29, 1901
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pabna District, Bangladesh
Died: December 17, 1927
 47 
Kushal Konwar
(Rebel, Activist)
Kushal Konwar
0
Birthdate: March 21, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sarupathar, Golaghat, Assam, India
Died: June 15, 1943
 48 
Anant Laxman Kanhere
(Revolutionary)
Anant Laxman Kanhere
0
Birthdate: January 7, 1892
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra, India
Died: April 19, 1910