German Female Scientists

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Throughout history, there have been many German women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great German female scientists such as Juliane Koepcke, Emmy Noether, Caroline Herschel, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Johanna Budwig.
Vote for Your Favourite German Female Scientists
 1 
Emmy Noether
(German Mathematician Who Made Many Important Contributions to Abstract Algebra)
Emmy Noether
14
Birthdate: March 23, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

 2 
Juliane Koepcke
(Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash)
Juliane Koepcke
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Juliane Koepcke is a German Peruvian mammalogist. She is well-known for being the only survivor of the Líneas Aéreas Nacionales S.A. Flight 508 plane crash; she survived ten days in the Amazon rainforest after surviving a fall of 9843 feet while strapped to her airplane seat. Her story inspired films like Miracles Still Happen (1974) and Wings of Hope (1998).
 3 
Caroline Herschel
(Astronomer)
Caroline Herschel
6
Birthdate: March 16, 1750
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 9, 1848

Caroline Herschel was a German astronomer who is credited with the discovery of many comets, such as 35P/Herschel-Rigollet, which is named in her honor. In 1828, Herschel became the first woman to be honored with a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society. She was also the first female scientist to receive a salary.

 4 
Lise Meitner
(Austrian-Swedish Physicist Who Discovered the Element Protactinium)
Lise Meitner
4
Birthdate: November 7, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 27, 1968

Lise Meitner was an Austrian-Swedish physicist best remembered for her contributions that led to the discoveries of nuclear fission and the element protactinium. Nicknamed the German Marie Curie by Albert Einstein, Lise Meitner became the second woman in the world to receive a doctorate in physics in 1905. In 1997, chemical element 109 meitnerium was named in her honor.

 5 
Özlem Türeci
(Physician, Scientist)
Özlem Türeci
1
Birthdate: March 6, 1967
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lastrup, West Germany
 6 
Clara Immerwahr
(German Chemist)
Clara Immerwahr
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wojczyce, Poland
Died: May 2, 1915

Clara Immerwahr was a German chemist who became the first German woman to receive a doctorate in chemistry. Apart from being a chemist, Clara Immerwahr was also a pacifist and a women's rights activist. Her work, marriage with the popular chemist Fritz Haber, and her suicide at the age of 44 have inspired films, novels, and TV series.

 7 
Steve Shirley
(Computer scientist, Feminist)
Steve Shirley
4
Birthdate: September 16, 1933
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dortmund

Born Vera Buchthal, Steve Shirley moved from Germany to Britain as a child refugee during the Nazi regime. Later, going by the name Stephanie Brook, she began learning coding. Battling a male-dominated workplace environment, she changed her name to Steve. The celebrated scientist now runs a charitable foundation.

 8 
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(German Developmental Biologist and Winner of 1995 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
4
Birthdate: October 20, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German developmental biologist. She studied at the University of Tübingen where she earned a Ph.D. for her research on protein–DNA interactions. Together with biologist Eric Wieschaus and geneticist Edward B. Lewis, she received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995. She is also a recipient of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize. 

 9 
Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim
6
Birthdate: August 7, 1987
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Heppenheim, Germany

Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim is a German chemist, television presenter, science communicator, and YouTuber. A multi-talented personality, Nguyen-Kim has won many prestigious awards such as the Grimme Online Award, Georg von Holtzbrinck Prize for Science Journalism, Hanns Joachim Friedrichs Award, and Heinz Oberhummer Award for Science Communication.

 10 
Maria Reiche
(German-Born Peruvian Mathematician and Archaeologist Who Studied the Nazca Lines)
Maria Reiche
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: June 8, 1998

Celebrated German-born Peruvian mathematician, archaeologist, linguist, and astronomer Maria Reiche is remembered for her pioneering research on the Nazca lines. Nicknamed the Lady of the Lines, she was initially a governess and teacher in Peru. She later also became a founding-member of the non-profit organization South American Explorers.

 11 
Johanna Budwig
(German Biochemist Who Developed the Budwig Diet in the 1950s)
Johanna Budwig
3
Birthdate: September 30, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: May 19, 2003

German biochemist and pharmacist Johanna Budwig is best remembered for her anti-cancer diet known as the Budwig diet. Her extensive research on fatty acids helped her create the diet that consists of flaxseed oil, cottage cheese, and low-fat milk. However, there’s no scientific evidence that proves the effectiveness of the diet.

 12 
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
2
Birthdate: June 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Katowice, Poland
Died: February 20, 1972
 13 
Giulia Enders
3
Birthdate: 1990 AD
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
 14 
Christina Pagel
(Researcher)
Christina Pagel
3
Birthplace: London, England
 15 
Lisa Sauermann
(Mathematician)
Lisa Sauermann
2
Birthdate: September 25, 1992
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Saxony
 16 
Ursula Franklin
(German-Canadian Research Physicist, Metallurgist, Educator, and Author)
Ursula Franklin
0
Birthdate: September 16, 1921
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 22, 2016

Ursula Franklin was a German-Canadian research physicist, metallurgist, educator, and author. She is best remembered for her association with the University of Toronto, where she taught for more than 40 years. Ursula Franklin was also renowned for her work in promoting human rights, for which she received the prestigious Pearson Medal of Peace.

 17 
Ida Noddack
(Chemist)
Ida Noddack
2
Birthdate: February 25, 1896
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wesel, Germany
Died: September 24, 1978
 18 
Maria von Wedemeyer
(Computer scientist)
Maria von Wedemeyer
2
Birthdate: April 23, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Patzig, Germany
Died: November 16, 1977
 19 
Maria Margaretha Kirch
(German Astronomer Who was the First Woman to Discover a Comet)
Maria Margaretha Kirch
1
Birthdate: February 25, 1670
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: December 29, 1720

Born to a Lutheran minister, Maria Margaretha Kirch was educated at par with boys of her age, which wasn’t the norm back then. She later became the first woman astronomer to discover a comet. The German astronomer also received accolades such as the Gold Medal of the Royal Academy of Sciences.

 20 
Katherine Esau
(German-American Botanist Known for Her Work on Plant Anatomy)
Katherine Esau
1
Birthdate: April 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dnipro, Ukraine
Died: June 4, 1997

Katherine Esau was a German-American botanist best remembered for her work on plant anatomy, for which she was honored with the prestigious National Medal of Science by President George Bush in 1989. Katherine Esau also made significant contributions as an author, lecturer, and scientist. 

 21 
Tanja Stadler
(Mathematician)
Tanja Stadler
1
Birthdate: 1981 AD
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
 22 
Marguerite Vogt
(Virologist and Cancer Biologist Known for Her Research on Polio and Cancer)
Marguerite Vogt
0
Birthdate: February 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 6, 2007

Marguerite Vogt was a German-born American virologist and cancer biologist. She is best remembered for her research on cancer and polio at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in the USA. Apart from making immense contributions as a scientist in various fields, Marguerite Vogt also served as a mentor to many junior scientists, including several future Nobel laureates.