Famous German Mathematicians

The Germans have always been the great pioneers of technological and scientific advancements. The contribution of their mathematicians in this regard is highly significant. It was a German mathematician who had once laid the foundation for the law of gravitational pull; it was a German mathematician who proved that without proof mathematics remains but an assumption; it was a German mathematician who introduced us to Aerodynamics. The country has been the home to famous mathematicians like Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann, Johannes Kepler, or Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz who gave the world path-breaking theories of calculus, analysis and differential geometry, among others in an expansive list. The world would have been a different place without these theories which laid the foundation of many scientific developments. These mathematicians have gifted their legacy to mankind and paved the way for a better tomorrow and their biographies provide an insight into their lives which has propelled humanity in the right direction. We house for you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous German mathematicians whose contributions will be remembered by several generations to come. Explore to find out more about their life stories, timelines, along with some interesting trivia and facts related to them.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Carl F. Gauss

Carl F. Gauss.
6
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: February 23, 1855

German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss is remembered for his work in math and science. Known as the Princeps mathematicorum, he laid down tenets such as the Gauss's Law. He had exhibited his talent since an early age and had completed writing Disquisitiones Arithmeticae by 21.

 2 Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler.
11
Famous As: Astronomer, Mathematician & Physicist
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Germany
Died: November 15, 1630

This 17th-century German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer is remembered for his pathbreaking work on optics. He invented a developed version of the refracting telescope. He also laid down Kepler's laws of planetary motion and wrote Astronomia Nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae.

 3 David Hilbert

David Hilbert.
13
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 23, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
Died: February 14, 1943

German mathematician David Hilbert was first drawn to math inspired by his mother, who was a budding math enthusiast. He contributed to a host of concepts, theories, and postulates, such as Hilbert space, Hilbert's program, and Hilbert's problems. He died in oblivion, with a handful of people at his funeral.

 4 Georg Cantor

Georg Cantor.
11
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.

 5 Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz.
6
Famous As: Philosopher, Mathematician
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
Died: November 14, 1716
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was a significant logician, mathematician, and philosopher of the Enlightenment era. He laid down his own concepts of differential and integral calculus. He was behind the invention of the mass-produced mechanical calculator and modified the binary number system. He also laid down a separate library cataloging system.

 6 Bernhard Riemann

Bernhard Riemann.
6
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 17, 1826
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Breselenz
Died: July 20, 1866

Bernhard Riemann was a German mathematician best remembered for his contributions to number theory, analysis, and differential geometry. His paper on the prime-counting function, which was published in 1859, is considered one of the most influential papers in the history of analytic number theory. Riemann is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians ever.

 7 Emmy Noether

Emmy Noether.
13
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 23, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

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 8 Max Born

Max Born.
8
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 11, 1882
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: January 5, 1970
From being home-schooled for being too sickly to attend school, Max Born went on to win the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to quantum mechanics. Being a Jew, with the rise of the Nazi power, he lost his professorship at the University of Göttingen, and moved to Cambridge.

 9 Gottlob Frege

Gottlob Frege
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 8, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wismar, Germany
Died: July 26, 1925

 10 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 10, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: February 18, 1851

Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi was a German mathematician best remembered for his contributions to differential equations, dynamics, number theory, determinants, and elliptic functions. He is the first Jewish mathematician to work as a professor at a German university. Jacobi has a crater on the Moon named after him in recognition of his contribution to science.

 11 Georg Ohm

Georg Ohm.
4
Famous As: Physicist & Mathematician
Birthdate: March 16, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Died: July 6, 1854

Georg Ohm was a German mathematician and physicist. He is credited with discovering the proportionality between the voltage applied through a conductor and the subsequent electric current, which came to be known as Ohm's law. His work earned him the prestigious Copley Medal in 1841. A prolific writer, Georg Ohm published several papers and pamphlets throughout his career.

 12 Karl Weierstrass

Karl Weierstrass.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 31, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ennigerloh
Died: February 19, 1897

Karl Weierstrass was a German mathematician best remembered for his significant contributions to mathematics. Often referred to as the father of modern analysis, Weierstrass proved the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem and the intermediate value theorem. He also authorized the definition of continuous function. The asteroid 14100 Weierstrass and the lunar crater Weierstrass are named after him.

 13 Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl.
3
Famous As: Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: November 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Elmshorn, Germany
Died: December 8, 1955

Hermann Klaus Hugo Wey is remembered for his contribution to both physics and math. He was one of the first scientists to think of merging the concepts of electromagnetism and relativity. He moved from the University of Göttingen to Princeton in the wake of the rise of the Nazi reign.

 14 Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker
9
Famous As: Chess player
Birthdate: December 24, 1868
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Barlinek, Poland
Died: January 11, 1941

 15 Peter Scholze

Peter Scholze
3
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 11, 1987
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dresden

 16 Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski.
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Aleksota, Kingdom of Poland
Died: January 12, 1909

Hermann Minkowski was a mathematician who served as a professor at the University of Göttingen, the University of Königsberg, and the University of Zurich. He is credited with creating and developing the geometry of numbers. He is also credited with using geometrical methods to resolve problems in the theory of relativity, mathematical physics, and number theory.

 17 Karl Schwarzschild

Karl Schwarzschild
3
Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University teacher, Mathematician
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Frankfurt
Died: May 11, 1916

Karl Schwarzschild was a German astronomer and physicist. He is remembered for his contributions to the general theory of relativity; Schwarzschild came up with the first exact solution to the Albert Einstein field equations. He also contributed immensely to the theory of black holes.

 18 Maria Reiche

Maria Reiche
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 15, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: June 8, 1998

 19 Charles Proteus Steinmetz

Charles Proteus Steinmetz
3
Famous As: Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer, Scientist, Inventor
Birthdate: April 9, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: October 26, 1923

 20 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 13, 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Düren
Died: May 5, 1859

German mathematician Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet is remembered for his invaluable contribution to number theory. He pioneered the concept of a function, expressed through the equation y = f (x). Though his parents wanted him to become a merchant, his mastery of math made them change their minds.

 21 Johann Heinrich Lambert

Johann Heinrich Lambert.
3
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Birthdate: August 26, 1728
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Republic of Mulhouse, Independent city-state
Died: September 25, 1777

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a Swiss polymath whose contributions to the fields of physics, mathematics, map projections, astronomy, and philosophy are considered important by many scholars. He is credited with introducing hyperbolic functions into trigonometry. He is also credited with inventing a hygrometer, which is used to measure the quantity of water vapor in soil and air.

 22 Richard Dedekind

Richard Dedekind.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 6, 1831
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Braunschweig, Germany
Died: February 12, 1916

German mathematician Richard Dedekind is best remembered for his ideas on the real number and infinity. Initially interested in subjects such as physics and chemistry, he later deviated to math. He taught at various institutes and was awarded honorary doctorates from universities of Zurich, Oslo, and Braunschweig.

 23 Felix Christian Klein

Felix Christian Klein.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 25, 1849
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Düsseldorf
Died: June 22, 1925

Felix Christian Klein was a German mathematician and educator remembered for his work on complex analysis, group theory, and non-Euclidean geometry. He is also popular for his work on the relationship between group theory and geometry. He is credited with teaching advanced courses to students like Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, who went on to become a renowned mathematician in his own right.

 24 Nicholas of Cusa

Nicholas of Cusa
3
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer, diplomat, philosopher
Birthdate: 1401 AD
Birthplace: Bernkastel-Kues
Died: August 11, 1464

Nicholas of Cusa was a German mathematician, astronomer, jurist, theologian, and philosopher. One of the first supporters of Renaissance humanism in Germany, Nicholas of Cusa made significant political and spiritual contributions in European history. He is remembered for his efforts to reform the universal and Roman Church.

 25 Rudolf Clausius

Rudolf Clausius
3
Famous As: Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician, Theoretical physicist
Birthdate: January 2, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Koszalin
Died: August 24, 1888

Rudolf Clausius was a German mathematician and physicist. He is credited with formulating the second law of thermodynamics; he is widely regarded as one of the principal founders of the science of thermodynamics. He taught physics at the Artillery and Engineering School in Berlin.

 26 Leopold Kronecker

Leopold Kronecker
3
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 7, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Legnica
Died: December 29, 1891

 27 August Ferdinand Möbius

August Ferdinand Möbius
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Pforta

August Ferdinand Möbius was a German theoretical astronomer and mathematician. He is best remembered for his discovery of the Möbius strip, the simplest non-orientable surface. He is also remembered for introducing the Barycentric coordinate system. Several mathematical concepts like the Möbius transformations and the Möbius plane are named in his honor.

 28 Gotthold Eisenstein

Gotthold Eisenstein
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 16, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 11, 1852

 29 Friedrich Bessel

Friedrich Bessel
2
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: July 22, 1784
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Minden, Germany
Died: March 17, 1846

Friedrich Bessel was a German mathematician, astronomer, geodesist, and physicist. He was the first astronomer to use the method of parallax in order to determine the distance of a star from the sun. Bessel was a much-respected figure during his time. He was honored with the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.

 30 Pascual Jordan

Pascual Jordan
2
Famous As: Physicist, Politician, Academic, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Mathematician
Birthdate: October 18, 1902
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: July 31, 1980

 31 Richard Courant

Richard Courant
2
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: January 8, 1888
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lubliniec
Died: January 27, 1972

 32 Carl Ludwig Siegel

Carl Ludwig Siegel.
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 31, 1896
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: April 4, 1981

 33 Edmund Landau

Edmund Landau
2
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: February 14, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: February 19, 1938

 34 Hermann Grassmann

Hermann Grassmann
2
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: September 26, 1877

 35 Ernst Zermelo

Ernst Zermelo
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: July 27, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: May 21, 1953

 36 Felix Hausdorff

Felix Hausdorff
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Writer, Topologist, University teacher
Birthdate: November 8, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: January 26, 1942

 37 Gerd Faltings

Gerd Faltings
2
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: July 28, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gelsenkirchen

 38 Lisa Sauermann

Lisa Sauermann
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 25, 1992
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Saxony

 39 Regiomontanus

Regiomontanus
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 6, 1436
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: July 6, 1476

Regiomontanus was an astrologer, astronomer, and mathematician of the German Renaissance. The development of Copernican heliocentrism was possible because of Regiomontanus' significant contributions to the field of astronomy. Regiomontanus is also credited with designing his own astrological house system which went on to become one of the most famous systems in Europe.

 40 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 26, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
Died: August 3, 1917

 41 Ferdinand von Lindemann

Ferdinand von Lindemann
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Hanover

 42 Christopher Clavius

Christopher Clavius
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 25, 1538
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bamberg, Germany
Died: February 6, 1612

Christopher Clavius was a Jesuit German astronomer and mathematician. Clavius was one of the members of the Vatican commission that gave a green signal to Aloysius Lilius' calendar which came to be known as the Gregorian calendar. He was one of Europe's most respected astronomers; his books were used for over 50 years for astronomical education in and around Europe.

 43 Ernst Kummer

Ernst Kummer
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 29, 1810
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Żary, Poland
Died: May 14, 1893

 44 Julius Plücker

Julius Plücker
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 45 Rudolf Lipschitz

Rudolf Lipschitz
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 46 Johann Friedrich Pfaff

Johann Friedrich Pfaff
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 47 Hermann Schwarz

Hermann Schwarz
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 25, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jerzmanowa, Poland
Died: November 30, 1921

 48 Carl Neumann

Carl Neumann
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 49 Petrus Apianus

Petrus Apianus
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

Petrus Apianus was a German humanist whose published works pertaining to geography and astronomy are considered one of the most important works of his time. His works, such as Cosmographicus liber (1524) and Astronomicum Caesareum (1540), which were translated into several languages were being published even after his death.

 50 Franz Ernst Neumann

Franz Ernst Neumann
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD