Famous German Mathematicians

The Germans have always been the great pioneers of technological and scientific advancements. The contribution of their mathematicians in this regard is highly significant. It was a German mathematician who had once laid the foundation for the law of gravitational pull; it was a German mathematician who proved that without proof mathematics remains but an assumption; it was a German mathematician who introduced us to Aerodynamics. The country has been the home to famous mathematicians like Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann, Johannes Kepler, or Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz who gave the world path-breaking theories of calculus, analysis and differential geometry, among others in an expansive list. The world would have been a different place without these theories which laid the foundation of many scientific developments. These mathematicians have gifted their legacy to mankind and paved the way for a better tomorrow and their biographies provide an insight into their lives which has propelled humanity in the right direction. We house for you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous German mathematicians whose contributions will be remembered by several generations to come. Explore to find out more about their life stories, timelines, along with some interesting trivia and facts related to them.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Carl F. Gauss

Carl F. Gauss
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: February 23, 1855

German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss is remembered for his work in math and science. Known as the Princeps mathematicorum, he laid down tenets such as the Gauss's Law. He had exhibited his talent since an early age and had completed writing Disquisitiones Arithmeticae by 21.

 2 Carl Friedrich Gauss

Carl Friedrich Gauss
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Famous As: Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science writer, Physicist, Geodesist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: February 23, 1855

 3 Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz
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Famous As: Philosopher, Mathematician
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: November 14, 1716
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was a significant logician, mathematician, and philosopher of the Enlightenment era. He laid down his own concepts of differential and integral calculus. He was behind the invention of the mass-produced mechanical calculator and modified the binary number system. He also laid down a separate library cataloging system.

 4 Max Born

Max Born
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 11, 1882
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 5, 1970
From being home-schooled for being too sickly to attend school, Max Born went on to win the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to quantum mechanics. Being a Jew, with the rise of the Nazi power, he lost his professorship at the University of Göttingen, and moved to Cambridge.

 5 Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler
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Famous As: Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: November 15, 1630

This 17th-century German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer is remembered for his pathbreaking work on optics. He invented a developed version of the refracting telescope. He also laid down Kepler's laws of planetary motion and wrote Astronomia Nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae.

 6 David Hilbert

David Hilbert
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 23, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 14, 1943

German mathematician David Hilbert was first drawn to math inspired by his mother, who was a budding math enthusiast. He contributed to a host of concepts, theories, and postulates, such as Hilbert space, Hilbert's program, and Hilbert's problems. He died in oblivion, with a handful of people at his funeral.

 7 Georg Cantor

Georg Cantor
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German, Russian
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.
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 8 Bernhard Riemann

Bernhard Riemann
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 17, 1826
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: July 20, 1866

Bernhard Riemann was a German mathematician best remembered for his contributions to number theory, analysis, and differential geometry. His paper on the prime-counting function, which was published in 1859, is considered one of the most influential papers in the history of analytic number theory. Riemann is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians ever.

 9 Georg Ohm

Georg Ohm
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Famous As: Physicist & Mathematician
Birthdate: March 16, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: July 6, 1854

 10 Gottlob Frege

Gottlob Frege
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Famous As: Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher, Philosopher of language, University teacher, Philosopher
Birthdate: November 8, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: July 26, 1925

 11 Peter Scholze

Peter Scholze
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Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 11, 1987
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German

 12 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 10, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 18, 1851

 13 Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski
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Birthdate: June 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: January 12, 1909

 14 Maria Reiche

Maria Reiche
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 15, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German, Peruvian
Died: June 8, 1998

 15 Karl Schwarzschild

Karl Schwarzschild
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University teacher, Mathematician
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: May 11, 1916

 16 Charles Proteus Steinmetz

Charles Proteus Steinmetz
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Famous As: Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer, Scientist, Inventor
Birthdate: April 9, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German, American
Died: October 26, 1923

 17 Karl Weierstrass

Karl Weierstrass
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 31, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: February 19, 1897

 18 Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
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Famous As: Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: November 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: December 8, 1955

 19 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 13, 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: May 5, 1859

 20 Nicholas of Cusa

Nicholas of Cusa
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Famous As: mathematician, astronomer, diplomat, philosopher
Birthdate: 1401 AD
Nationality: German
Died: August 11, 1464

 21 Richard Dedekind

Richard Dedekind
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 6, 1831
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: February 12, 1916

 22 Felix Christian Klein

Felix Christian Klein
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 25, 1849
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: June 22, 1925

 23 Rudolf Clausius

Rudolf Clausius
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Famous As: Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician, Theoretical physicist
Birthdate: January 2, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: August 24, 1888

 24 Leopold Kronecker

Leopold Kronecker
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Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 7, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: December 29, 1891

 25 August Ferdinand Möbius

August Ferdinand Möbius
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 26 Johann Heinrich Lambert

Johann Heinrich Lambert
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Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Birthdate: August 26, 1728
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swiss, German, French
Died: September 25, 1777

 27 Friedrich Bessel

Friedrich Bessel
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: July 22, 1784
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: March 17, 1846

 28 Richard Courant

Richard Courant
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Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: January 8, 1888
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: January 27, 1972

 29 Pascual Jordan

Pascual Jordan
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Famous As: Physicist, Politician, Academic, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Mathematician
Birthdate: October 18, 1902
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: July 31, 1980

 30 Edmund Landau

Edmund Landau
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Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: February 14, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 19, 1938

 31 Carl Gustav Hempel

Carl Gustav Hempel
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Famous As: Mathematician, Computer scientist, Philosopher, Essayist, University teacher
Birthdate: January 8, 1905
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German, American
Died: November 9, 1997

 32 Hermann Grassmann

Hermann Grassmann
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: September 26, 1877

 33 Ernst Zermelo

Ernst Zermelo
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Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: July 27, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: May 21, 1953

 34 Felix Hausdorff

Felix Hausdorff
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Famous As: Mathematician, Writer, Topologist, University teacher
Birthdate: November 8, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: January 26, 1942

 35 Gerd Faltings

Gerd Faltings
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Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: July 28, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German

 36 Regiomontanus

Regiomontanus
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Famous As: Astronomer, Mathematician, Historian of mathematics, Astrologer
Birthdate: June 6, 1436
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German
Died: July 6, 1476

 37 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 26, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: August 3, 1917

 38 Christopher Clavius

Christopher Clavius
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 25, 1538
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: February 6, 1612

 39 Ferdinand von Lindemann

Ferdinand von Lindemann
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 40 Ernst Kummer

Ernst Kummer
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 29, 1810
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German, Prussian
Died: May 14, 1893

 41 Gotthold Eisenstein

Gotthold Eisenstein
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 16, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: October 11, 1852

 42 Julius Plücker

Julius Plücker
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 43 Rudolf Lipschitz

Rudolf Lipschitz
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 44 Martin Kutta

Martin Wilhelm Kutta
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: November 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: December 25, 1944

 45 Johann Friedrich Pfaff

Johann Friedrich Pfaff
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 46 Hermann Schwarz

Hermann Schwarz
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 25, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: November 30, 1921

 47 Carl Neumann

Carl Neumann
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 48 Petrus Apianus

Petrus Apianus
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German

 49 Carl Ludwig Siegel

Carl Ludwig Siegel
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 31, 1896
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: April 4, 1981

 50 Franz Ernst Neumann

Franz Ernst Neumann
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German