Famous German Geologists

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 1 
Alfred Wegener
(German Climatologist and Geophysicist Known for His 'Continental Drift Theory')
Alfred Wegener
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Birthdate: November 1, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: November 1, 1930

In the early 1900s, meteorologist Alfred Wegener did not find too many takers for his theory that all the continents of the world had initially been a single mass named Pangaea and that continental drift had caused them to split apart. Wegener died on his fourth expedition in Greenland.

 2 
Conrad Schlumberger
(Geophysicist)
Conrad Schlumberger
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Birthdate: October 2, 1878
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guebwiller, France
Died: May 9, 1936

Along with his brother, Marcel Schlumberger, Conrad Schlumberger formed one of the most well-known geophysicist duos of Germany. A pioneer in petroleum production, he co-established Schlumberger Ltd., one of the world’s largest oil-field service companies, with Marcel. Their technique of oil exploration offered a cheap alternative than the existing coring methods.

 3 
Friedrich Mohs
(German geologist)
Friedrich Mohs
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Birthdate: January 29, 1773
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Gernrode
Died: September 29, 1839

German mineralogist Friedrich Mohs is remembered for inventing a decimal scale used to measure the hardness of minerals, known as the Mohs scale. A professor at the University of Vienna, he later also became the curator of the Imperial Mineralogical Collection. He also laid down a system of classifying crystals.

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 4 
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
(German Scientist & Comparative Anatomist)
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
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Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Delitzsch, Germany
Died: June 27, 1876

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg was a German zoologist, naturalist, geologist, microscopist, and comparative anatomist. Regarded as one of the most popular and productive scientists of his generation, Ehrenberg was honored with several prestigious awards including the first Leeuwenhoek Medal in 1877.

 5 
Abraham Gottlob Werner
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Birthdate: September 25, 1749
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prussia
Died: June 30, 1817
 6 
Walther Penck
(Geologist)
Walther Penck
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Birthdate: August 30, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 29, 1923
 7 
Karl Mauch
(Explorer)
Karl Mauch
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Birthdate: May 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kernen, Germany
Died: April 4, 1875
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 8 
Albrecht Penck
(Geographer)
Albrecht Penck
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Birthdate: September 25, 1858
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: March 7, 1945

German geographer and geologist Albrecht Penck is noted for exercising a major influence on the development of modern German geography and also for his research that confirmed the four ice ages of the European Pleistocene (Gunz, Mindel, Riss, Würm). He co-authored Die Alpen im Eiszeitalter with Eduard Bruckner, which served as a standard reference on the ice ages for many decades.

Christian Leopold von Buch
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Birthdate: April 26, 1774
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Germany
Died: March 4, 1853
 10 
Karl Alfred, knight von Zittel
(German paleontologist)
Karl Alfred, knight von Zittel
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Birthdate: September 25, 1839
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahlingen, Germany
Died: January 5, 1904
 11 
Henno Martin
(Geologist, University teacher)
Henno Martin
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Birthdate: March 15, 1910
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Freiburg, Germany
Died: January 7, 1998
 12 
Jean de Charpentier
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Birthdate: December 8, 1786
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Freiberg, Germany
Died: December 12, 1855
 13 
Johann Gottlob Lehmann
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Birthdate: August 4, 1719
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Germany
Died: January 22, 1767
 14 
Hans Cloos
(Geologist)
Hans Cloos
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Birthdate: November 8, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany
Died: September 26, 1951
Friedrich August von Quenstedt
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Birthdate: July 10, 1809
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Eisleben, Germany
Died: December 21, 1889
 16 
Ferdinand Zirkel
(Geologist)
Ferdinand Zirkel
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Birthdate: May 20, 1838
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: June 11, 1912
 17 
Walter Herman Bucher
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Birthdate: March 12, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Akron, Ohio, United States
Died: February 17, 1965

Best remembered for his research on the structures of the Earth’s crust, German-American geologist Walter Herman Bucher also taught at reputed institutes such as the University of Cincinnati and Columbia University. The Penrose Medal winner also penned works such as The Deformation of the Earth’s Crust.

 18 
Adolf Overweg
(Geologist)
Adolf Overweg
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Birthdate: July 24, 1822
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: September 27, 1852

Adolf Overweg went down in history as the first person from Europe to circumnavigate Lake Chad. The German astronomer and geologist was part of a team that was sent to improve trade relations with Central Africa. Unfortunately, he died of a mysterious illness, which he contracted after swimming.

 19 
Harry Rosenbusch
(Petrographer)
Harry Rosenbusch
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Birthdate: June 24, 1836
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Einbeck, Germany
Died: January 20, 1914
 20 
Georg Christian Füchsel
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Birthdate: February 14, 1722
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ilmenau, Germany
Died: June 20, 1773