Famous German Organic Chemists

Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline of chemistry that involves the scientific study of organic compounds and materials. Organic chemistry encompasses the study of structure, study of properties, and the study of organic reactions. While in the study of structure, they determine the chemical composition and chemical constitution or organic compounds, in the study of properties they study both physical and chemical properties of the substance. In the study of organic reactions, they probe about the chemical reactivity of the compounds and materials both theoretically and in the laboratory. Chemist use reactions to synthesize carbon based structures and later employ analytical methods to characterize them. Ever since organic chemistry has been an established branch of chemistry, chemists throughout the world have through their intensive research and applications made significant contribution in the field of basic or applied chemistry, German counterparts being no less. Hans Fischer was one of the best German organic chemists who is remembered for his Nobel prize winning research on the constitution or haemin and chlorophyll and the synthesis of haemin. August Kekule was a famous German chemist who founded the theory of chemical structure. Yet another important German organic chemist was Josef Houben who discovered the Houben-Hoesch reaction. To know more about German organic chemists, read on.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Adolf von Baeyer

Adolf von Baeyer.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 31, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: August 20, 1917

Adolf von Baeyer was a German chemist who is best known for synthesizing indigo. Interested in science from a young age,  he studied chemistry at the University of Heidelberg, where his mentor was the prominent organic chemist August Kekulé. He went on to have a successful career and received the 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

 2 Hans Fischer

Hans Fischer.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 27, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Höchst on Main, Germany
Died: March 31, 1945

Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist best known for his research into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll, for which he was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. During the early years of his career, he worked at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under Emil Fischer. He later pursued an academic career. 

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 3 Hermann Staudinger

Hermann Staudinger.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 23, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Worms, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Died: September 8, 1965

Hermann Staudinger was a German organic chemist whose demonstration of the existence of polymers earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1953. He also played a key role in the development of pyrethroid insecticides as he was able to explain clearly the molecular structures of pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II. Hermann Staudinger is also credited with discovering ketenes. 

 4 Hermann Emil Fischer

Hermann Emil Fischer.
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 9, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Euskirchen
Died: July 15, 1919

Hermann Emil Fischer was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902. He is credited with discovering the Fischer esterification, which is named in his honor. He is also credited with developing the Fischer projection, which was originally used for the depiction of carbohydrates. Several chemical reactions and concepts like Fischer glycosidation are named after him.

 5 Kurt Alder

Kurt Alder.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 10, 1902
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Königshütte (Chorzów), Silesia
Died: June 20, 1958

Kurt Alder was a German chemist whose work on the Diels-Alder reaction, which is named after him and his teacher Diels, earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1950. Alder is also remembered for working with Ferdinand Münz, the inventor of EDTA. Over the course of his career, Kurt Alder won many prestigious awards and honorary degrees.

 6 Georg Wittig

Georg Wittig.
1
Famous As: Organic Chemist
Birthdate: June 16, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 26, 1987

 7 Otto Diels

Otto Diels.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 23, 1876
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, German Empire
Died: March 7, 1954
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 8 Heinrich Otto Wieland

Heinrich Otto Wieland.
1
Famous As: Father of Biochemistry
Birthdate: June 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: August 5, 1957

Heinrich Otto Wieland was a German chemist known for his research into bile acids, for which he won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He studied under prominent chemist and professor Johannes Thiele at the University of Munich. He had a brilliant academic career and worked actively to protect Jewish students after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws.

 9 Otto Wallach

Otto Wallach.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 27, 1847
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Königsberg
Died: February 26, 1931

 10 Adolf Windaus

Adolf Windaus
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 25, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 9, 1959