Famous German Chemists

The fact that Germany alone has so many Nobel Laureates in chemistry aptly describes the country’s grand contribution in the subject. Their research and investigation in the field of chemistry has been exemplary for mankind as it has led to many discoveries and inventions. Germans scientists have contributed in varied sub-fields of chemistry, such as plant pigmentation, thermochemistry, carotenoids, vitamins, discovery in the field of macromolecular chemistry, and so on that have greatly impacted the life of people. Robert Bunsen was amongst the earliest known German chemists of the world. A pioneer in photochemistry, he developed several gas-analytical methods and was also the man behind the Bunsen burner, named after him, which was used in laboratories then. Some other greatest German chemists of all time include Hermann Emil Fischer, Fritz Haber, Richard Kuhn, Otto Hahn, Kurt Alder, Gerhard Ertl and Stefan W Hell. All of them and many more have left an indelible mark on the field of chemistry and impacted our lives with their outstanding work and contribution. Right from Haber’s development and weaponizing of chlorine and other poisonous gases during World War I to Baeyer’s synthesis of indigo that coloured our jeans blue, German chemists need to be credited time and again. With this segment, find out more about famous German chemists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 9, 1868
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 29, 1934

Fritz Haber was a German chemist who was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry for inventing the Haber-Bosch process. The process is used widely to synthesize ammonia from hydrogen gas and nitrogen gas. For his pioneering work in weaponizing poisonous gases like chlorine during World War I, Haber is referred to as the father of chemical warfare.

 2 Joachim Sauer

Joachim Sauer
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 19, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
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 3 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge

Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 8, 1794
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: March 25, 1867

 4 Otto Hahn

Otto Hahn
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 8, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: July 28, 1968
Nobel Prize-winning German chemist Otto Hahn is remembered for revolutionary discovery of nuclear fission, along with Fritz Strassmann. Born to a glazier, he was pushed to study architecture but chose chemistry instead. He spent his final years grieving the death of his only son in a car accident.

 5 Charles Pfizer

Charles Pfizer
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Famous As: Chemist, Entrepreneur
Birthdate: March 22, 1824
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: October 19, 1906

 6 Robert Bunsen

Robert Bunsen
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 30, 1811
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: August 16, 1899

 7 Justus von Liebig

Justus von Liebig
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: May 12, 1803
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: April 18, 1873
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 8 August Kekulé

August Kekulé
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 7, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: July 13, 1896

 9 Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner

Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 13, 1780
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: March 24, 1849

 10 Carl Wilhelm Scheele

Carl Wilhelm Scheele
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Famous As: chemist, pharmacist
Birthdate: December 9, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German, Swedish
Died: May 21, 1786

 11 George de Hevesy

George de Hevesy
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 1, 1885
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German, Hungarian
Died: July 5, 1966

 12 Friedrich Wöhler

Friedrich Wöhler
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Famous As: German chemist
Birthdate: July 31, 1800
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: September 23, 1882

 13 Joseph von Fraunhofer

Joseph von Fraunhofer
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist
Birthdate: March 6, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: June 7, 1826

 14 Carl Bosch

Carl Bosch
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Famous As: Chemist & Engineer
Birthdate: August 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: April 26, 1940

 15 Johanna Budwig

Johanna Budwig
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Famous As: Chemist, Biochemist, Inventor, Physician
Birthdate: September 30, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: May 19, 2003

 16 Wilhelm Ostwald

Wilhelm Ostwald
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 2, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: April 4, 1932

 17 Hans Fischer

Hans Fischer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 27, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: March 31, 1945

 18 Adolf von Baeyer

Adolf von Baeyer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 31, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: August 20, 1917

 19 Walther Nernst

Walther Nernst
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Famous As: Physicist and Chemist
Birthdate: June 25, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: November 18, 1941

 20 Hennig Brand

Hennig Brand
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Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: 1630 AD
Nationality: German
Died: 1710 AD

 21 Felix Hoffmann

Felix Hoffmann
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Famous As: Chemist, Inventor, Pharmacist, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: January 21, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 8, 1946

 22 Hermann Staudinger

Hermann Staudinger
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 23, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: September 8, 1965

 23 August Wilhelm von Hofmann

August Wilhelm von Hofmann
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 8, 1818
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: May 5, 1892

 24 Fritz Strassmann

Fritz Strassmann
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: February 22, 1902
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: April 22, 1980

 25 Martin Heinrich Klaproth

Martin Heinrich Klaproth
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Famous As: Chemist, Pharmacist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 1, 1743
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 1, 1817

 26 Eduard Buchner

Eduard Buchner
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Famous As: Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Birthdate: May 20, 1860
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: August 13, 1917

 27 Richard Kuhn

Richard Kuhn
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: December 3, 1900
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: August 1, 1967

 28 Gerhard Ertl

Gerhard Ertl
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Famous As: Physicist, Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 10, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German

 29 Manfred Eigen

Manfred Eigen
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Famous As: Biophysical Chemist
Birthdate: May 9, 1927
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German

 30 Adolf Butenandt

Adolf Butenandt
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Famous As: Biochemist, Chemist, Politician, University teacher
Birthdate: March 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: January 18, 1995

 31 Karl Ziegler

Karl Ziegler
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 26, 1898
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: August 12, 1973

 32 Georg Ernst Stahl

Georg Ernst Stahl
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 22, 1659
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: May 14, 1734

 33 Rudolf Erich Raspe

Rudolf Erich Raspe
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Famous As: Librarian
Birthdate: February 29, 1736
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: November 1, 1794

 34 Ida Noddack

Ida Noddack
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 25, 1896
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: September 24, 1978

 35 Hermann Emil Fischer

Hermann Emil Fischer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 9, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: July 15, 1919

 36 Richard Willstätter

Richard Willstätter
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 13, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss, German
Died: August 3, 1942

 37 Christian Friedrich Schönbein

Christian Friedrich Schönbein
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 18, 1799
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swiss, German
Died: August 29, 1868

 38 Kurt Alder

Kurt Alder
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 10, 1902
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: June 20, 1958

 39 Georg Wittig

Georg Wittig
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Famous As: Organic Chemist
Birthdate: June 16, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German
Died: August 26, 1987

 40 Hermann Kolbe

Hermann Kolbe
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 27, 1818
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: November 25, 1884

 41 Otto Diels

Otto Diels
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 23, 1876
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: March 7, 1954

 42 Viktor Meyer

Viktor Meyer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 8, 1848
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: August 8, 1897

 43 Julius Lothar Meyer

Julius Lothar Meyer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 19, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: April 11, 1895

 44 Ernst Otto Fischer

Ernst Otto Fischer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 10, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: July 23, 2007

 45 Ludwig Mond

Ludwig Mond
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 7, 1839
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: December 11, 1909

 46 Andreas Sigismund Marggraf

Andreas Sigismund Marggraf
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 3, 1709
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: August 7, 1782

 47 Konrad Emil Bloch

Konrad Bloch
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 21, 1912
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German, Polish, American
Died: October 15, 2000

 48 Heinrich Otto Wieland

Heinrich Otto Wieland
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Famous As: Father of Biochemistry
Birthdate: June 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German
Died: August 5, 1957

 49 Friedrich Bergius

Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 11, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: March 30, 1949

 50 Otto Wallach

Otto Wallach
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 27, 1847
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: February 26, 1931