Famous German Botanists

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 1 
Matthias Jakob Schleiden
(German Botanist & Co-founder of 'Cell Theory')
Matthias Jakob Schleiden
8
Birthdate: April 5, 1804
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: June 23, 1881

Matthias Jakob Schleiden was a German botanist who is credited with co-founding cell theory along with Rudolf Virchow and Theodor Schwann. He is also remembered for his service as a professor at the University of Dorpat from the mid 1860s.

 2 
Philipp Franz von Siebold
(German Physician and Botanist Known for Pioneering Western Medicine in Japan)
Philipp Franz von Siebold
5
Birthdate: February 17, 1796
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: October 18, 1866

German physician and botanist Philipp Franz von Siebold was considered a pioneer of Western medicine in Japan. His works include the iconic book Flora Japonica. He fathered a daughter with a Japanese courtesan, who grew up to be Kusumoto Ine, Japan’s first female doctor with knowledge in Western medicine.

 3 
Peter Simon Pallas
(German Naturalist Who Explored the Geology of Russia)
Peter Simon Pallas
7
Birthdate: September 22, 1741
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 8, 1811

German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas was born to a professor of surgery and had, by age 15, formulated classifications of several animal groups. He chiefly worked in and around Russia, and is remembered for his 3-volume geological study, Journey Through Various Provinces of the Russian Empire.

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 4 
Georg Wilhelm Steller
5
Birthdate: March 10, 1709
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bad Windsheim, Germany
Died: November 14, 1746

German-born zoologist and botanist Georg Wilhelm Steller traveled to Russia on a troop ship. He was later part of the Great Northern Expedition, aboard the St. Peter, aimed at locating a sea route from Russia to North America. The Steller’s sea cow, discovered by him, went extinct later.

 5 
Leonhart Fuchs
(German Physician and Botanist)
Leonhart Fuchs
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1501
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wemding, Germany
Died: May 10, 1566

Sixteenth-century German physician and botanist Leonhart Fuchs is best known for his extensive research on the medicinal properties of plants and herbs. His work Historia Stirpium is an invaluable treatise on the history of plants. The plant Fuchsia found in the Caribbean was named in his honor.

 6 
Adelbert von Chamisso
(German Poet Who Was Also a Noted Botanist and Philologist)
Adelbert von Chamisso
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1781
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sivry-Ante, France
Died: August 21, 1838

German poet and lyricist Adelbert von Chamisso, who lived in the 19th century, is chiefly remembered for his legendary fairy tale, Peter Schlemihl’s Remarkable Story. He also established the Berlin romanticist society Nordsternbund and was a noted botanist, too. He was also interested in philology and Australasian languages.

 7 
Heinrich Anton de Bary
(German Surgeon, Botanist, Microbiologist, and Mycologist Known for Demonstrating Sexual Life Cycle of Fungi)
Heinrich Anton de Bary
5
Birthdate: January 26, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: January 19, 1888

German surgeon and botanist Heinrich Anton de Bary is regarded as the pioneer of plant pathology and mycology. Apart from teaching botany, he chalked the life cycles of many fungi and also coined the term symbiosis to explain the mutually beneficial co-existence of many orgnanisms, such as fungi and algae.

 8 
Ferdinand von Mueller
(German-Australian Botanist Who Founded the National Herbarium of Victoria and Named Many Australian Plants)
Ferdinand von Mueller
3
Birthdate: June 30, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany
Died: October 10, 1896

Ferdinand von Mueller was a German-Australian geographer, physician, and botanist. He is credited with founding the National Herbarium of Victoria, the oldest scientific institution in Victoria. He is also credited with naming several Australian plants. Such is his popularity that many plants, animals, journals, and places in Australia are named after him. 

 9 
Lorenz Oken
(One of the Most Prominent German Natural Philosophers of the 19th Century)
Lorenz Oken
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bohlsbach, Germany
Died: August 11, 1851

German naturalist and botanist Lorenz Oken is remembered as one of the most significant German natural philosophers of the 19th century and a leader of the Naturphilosophie movement. His studies on Wolfgang von Goethe’s theory on the vertebrate skull helped prepare ground for Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

 10 
Carl Correns
(German Botanist and Geneticist Remembered for His Work on the Principles of Heredity)
Carl Correns
5
Birthdate: September 19, 1864
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: February 14, 1933

German botanist and geneticist Carl Correns is remembered for re-working on rediscovered Gregor Mendel’s paper on the principles of heredity. He was a student of renowned Swedish botanist Karl Nägeli. Initially a botany instructor at the University of Tübingen, he later became the first director at the Berlin-based Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology.

 11 
Julius von Sachs
(German Botanist Remembered for Developing Experimental Plant Physiology)
Julius von Sachs
2
Birthdate: October 2, 1832
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: May 29, 1897

German botanist Julius von Sachs is remembered for his contribution to the development of experimental plant physiology. He also conducted significant studies on areas such as transpiration of water. He was the chair of botany at the University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau and a professor of botany at the University of Würzburg.

 12 
Katherine Esau
(German-American Botanist Known for Her Work on Plant Anatomy)
Katherine Esau
4
Birthdate: April 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dnipro, Ukraine
Died: June 4, 1997

Katherine Esau was a German-American botanist best remembered for her work on plant anatomy, for which she was honored with the prestigious National Medal of Science by President George Bush in 1989. Katherine Esau also made significant contributions as an author, lecturer, and scientist. 

 13 
Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius
(German Botanist Who Is Known for His Research on Brazilian Flora)
Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Germany
Died: December 13, 1868

German botanist and explorer Karl Friedrich Philipp von Martius is remembered for his Austrian expedition to Brazil. He went on to conduct extensive research on Brazilian flora. His best-known work remains the 3-volume Historia naturalis palmarum. He also taught and maintained a botanic garden in Munich.

 14 
Eduard Strasburger
(Polish-German Botanist Who Discovered ‘Mitosis’ in Plants)
Eduard Strasburger
2
Birthdate: February 1, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 18, 1912

Best remembered for discovering mitosis, or cell division, in plants, Polish-German botanist Eduard Adolf Strasburger also worked on the research already begun by German botanist Wilhelm Hofmeister. He taught at the universities of Warsaw and Jena and also won the Linnean Medal and the Darwin-Wallace Medal.

 15 
Adolf Engler
(German Botanist Who Is Remembered for His Work on Plant Classification and Phytogeography)
Adolf Engler
2
Birthdate: March 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zagan, Poland
Died: October 10, 1930

German botanist Adolf Engler is remembered for his plant classification system. One of his best-known works include the 23-volume The Natural Plant Families. He was also a pioneer in the study of phytogeography, or botanical geography. He won the prestigious Linnean Medal for his achievements.

 16 
Hieronymus Bock
(German Priest, Physician, and Botanist Who Helped the Transition From Medieval Botany to the Modern Science)
Hieronymus Bock
2
Birthdate: 1498 AD
Birthplace: Heidersbach, Germany
Died: February 21, 1554

Hieronymus Bock was a Lutheran minister, credited with helping the philological scholasticism of medieval botany to evolve into modern science by categorizing plants according to their structural similarities. His major work, New Kreuterbuch, not only includes detailed description, but also careful illustrations of around 700 plants. For a time he also served as the physician to the prince of Zweibrücken.

 17 
Georg Eberhard Rumphius
(German Botanist Best Known for His Work 'Herbarium Amboinense' Produced in the Face of Severe Personal Tragedies)
Georg Eberhard Rumphius
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1627
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wölfersheim, Germany
Died: June 15, 1702

Best known for his 6-volume plant catalog Herbarium Amboinense, Georg Eberhard Rumpf came to be known as the Pliny of the Indies. His work primarily focused on the flora he found in Amboina, where he was sent by the Dutch East India Company. It was, unfortunately, published 39 years after his death.

 18 
Otto Brunfels
(Theologian)
Otto Brunfels
2
Birthdate: 1488 AD
Birthplace: Mainz, Germany
Died: November 23, 1534
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper
1
Birthdate: May 12, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: September 9, 1901
 20 
Hugo von Mohl
(Botanist)
Hugo von Mohl
2
Birthdate: April 8, 1805
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Stuttgart
Died: April 1, 1872
 21 
Wilhelm Hofmeister
2
Birthdate: May 18, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: January 12, 1877
Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter
1
Birthdate: April 27, 1733
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sulz, Germany
Died: November 11, 1806
 23 
Alexander Braun
(Botanist)
Alexander Braun
1
Birthdate: May 10, 1805
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Regensburg, Germany
Died: March 29, 1877
 24 
Rudolph Jacob Camerarius
1
Birthdate: February 12, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tübingen, Germany
Died: September 11, 1721
 25 
August W. Eichler
1
Birthdate: April 22, 1839
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Neukirchen, Germany
Died: March 2, 1887
Georg August Schweinfurth
1
Birthdate: December 29, 1836
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riga, Latvia
Died: September 19, 1925
 27 
Wilhelm Pfeffer
(Noted for His Work on Osmotic Pressure and Inventing ‘Pfeffer Zelle’)
Wilhelm Pfeffer
1
Birthdate: March 9, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Grebenstein, Germany
Died: January 31, 1920

German botanist and plant-physiologist Wilhelm Pfeffer, considered a pioneer of modern plant-physiology, is noted for his work on osmotic pressure. He developed a semi-porous membrane to study osmosis phenomena while researching on plant-metabolism and invented Pfeffer Zelle (Pfeffer Cell Apparatus) to determine osmotic pressure of a solution. He held teaching positions at the Universities of Basel, Bonn, Tübingen and Leipzig.

 28 
Gerhard Rohlfs
(Explorer)
Gerhard Rohlfs
1
Birthdate: April 14, 1831
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vegesack, Germany
Died: June 2, 1896

Being the son of a physician, geographer Gerhard Rohlfs was expected to take up medicine but was more interested in exploring uncharted territories and thus joined the French Foreign Legion. Best known for his journeys across North Africa, he had initially learned Arabic to travel to Morocco disguised as an Arab.

 29 
Johann Jacob Dillenius
1
Birthdate: 1684 AD
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: April 2, 1747
 30 
Johann Hedwig
(German Botanist Who is Known as the Father of Bryology)
Johann Hedwig
1
Birthdate: December 8, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brașov, Romania
Died: February 18, 1799

Johann Hedwig was a German botanist best remembered for his studies of mosses. Referred to as the father of bryology, Hedwig is known in particular for his study of sexual reproduction in the cryptogams. Johann Hedwig is also known as the father of another famous botanist Romanus Adolf Hedwig.

 31 
Christian Konrad Sprengel
(German Botanist and Philologist Known for His Research on Plant Sexuality)
Christian Konrad Sprengel
1
Birthdate: September 22, 1750
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brandenburg, Germany
Died: April 7, 1816

Initially a schoolmaster, Christian Konrad Sprengel rose to be a prominent botanist in Germany and is now remembered for his contribution to the study of plant fertilization. However, the initial failure of his published work made him decide not to publish any further work. In his later years, he turned to philology.

 32 
Nathanael Pringsheim
1
Birthdate: November 30, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gorzów Śląski, Poland
Died: October 6, 1894
 33 
Karl Ritter von Goebel
0
Birthdate: March 8, 1855
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Billigheim, Germany
Died: October 9, 1932