Famous People Born In 1860

Discover the most famous people born in 1860. The list includes people like M. Visvesvaraya, Lizzie Borden, Anton Chekhov, Jane Addams, Gustav Mahler and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, artists, lawyers and journalists born in 1860. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Anton Chekhov
(One of the Greatest Writers of All Time)
Anton Chekhov
20
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Taganrog, Russia
Died: July 15, 1904

Anton Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer and playwright. Widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of short fiction, Chekhov's works have influenced the progression of the modern short story. As a playwright, Anton Chekhov is credited with influencing the rise of modernism in theatre, along with August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.

 2 
John J. Pershing
(Former Military Officer Who Served as the Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces During World War I)
John J. Pershing
10
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 13th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Laclede, Missouri, United States
Died: July 15, 1948

John J. Pershing was a senior United States Army officer who served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I. In his later years, he mentored generals who led the United States Army during World War II.  He was promoted to General of the Armies rank, the highest possible rank in the United States Army. 

 3 
Gustav Mahler
(One of the Most Frequently Performed and Recorded of All Composers)
Gustav Mahler
13
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Czeh Republic
Died: May 18, 1911

Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer and conductor Gustav Mahler symbolized the transition of 19th-century Austro-German music to early-20th-century modernism. His music was banned during the Nazi era but was rediscovered later. Famous for his Eighth Symphony, he had also been the director of the Hofoper (Vienna Court Opera).

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Sir James Matthew Barrie
12
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland
Died: June 19, 1937

Sir James Matthew Barrie was a Scottish playwright and novelist. He is credited and remembered for creating the famous fictional character, Peter Pan. In the 1922 New Year Honours, Barrie was made a member of the Order of Merit. Before his death, he gifted the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children with the rights of his Peter Pan works.

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 5 
Jane Addams
(Reformer and Social Activist Who Became the First American Woman to be Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize)
Jane Addams
8
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cedarville, Illinois, U.S.
Died: May 21, 1935

Jane Addams was an American social worker, reformer, settlement activist, public administrator, sociologist, and author. Addams was a prominent leader in the history of women's suffrage and social work in the USA. She is credited with co-founding one of America's most popular settlement houses, the Hull House in Chicago. Addams is also credited with co-founding the American Civil Liberties Union.

 6 
William Jennings Bryan
(41st United States Secretary of State (1913 - 1915))
William Jennings Bryan
7
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Salem, Illinois, United States
Died: July 26, 1925
William Jennings Bryan had served as the U.S. secretary of state under President Woodrow Wilson and had also been the U.S. representative from Nebraska's 1st district. He ran for president thrice, though unsuccessfully. He also banned the teaching of evolution in schools, leading to the Scopes Monkey Trial.
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 7 
Will Keith Kellogg
(Founder of the Kellogg Company)
Will Keith Kellogg
6
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Battle Creek
Died: October 6, 1951
 8 
Charles Curtis
(Former Vice President of the United States)
Charles Curtis
10
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Topeka
Died: February 8, 1936
Charles Curtis served as the U.S. vice president from 1929 to 1933, becoming the first Native American person and the first person of color to hold the post. A qualified attorney, he served as the senate majority leader from 1924 to 1929. He also helped pass the 1898 Curtis Act.
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 9 
Alphonse Mucha
(Painter)
Alphonse Mucha
2
Birthdate: 24th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ivancice, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1939
 10 
M. Visvesvaraya
(Civil Engineer)
M. Visvesvaraya
43
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 15th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Muddenahalli, Chikballapur, Kingdom of Mysore (now in Karnataka)
Died: April 14, 1962
Sir M. Visvesvaraya is remembered for his role in revolutionizing the flood-protection system in Hyderabad and worked as the chief engineer of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam near Mysore. He received the knighthood and the Bharat Ratna. His birthday is celebrated as Engineers' Day in India, Tanzania, and Sri Lanka.
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Charlotte Perkins Gilman
5
Listed In: Sociologists
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut
Died: August 17, 1935

Charlotte Perkins Gilman was an American novelist, humanist, poet, and short-story writer. Best remembered as a utopian feminist, Gilman served as an inspiration for several generations of feminists. A National Women's Hall of Fame inductee, Charlotte Perkins Gilman is also remembered for her semi-autobiographical work, The Yellow Wallpaper.

 12 
Grandma Moses
(Painter, Illustrator)
Grandma Moses
3
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 7th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

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 13 
Lizzie Borden
(American Woman Tried and Acquitted of the August 4, 1892 Axe Murders of Her Father and Stepmother)
Lizzie Borden
23
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fall River, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 1, 1927

Lizzie Borden was an American woman who gained national recognition after being tried and acquitted of the 1892 axe murders, which took place on August 4, victimizing Borden's father and stepmother. The murders and trial remain a topic in popular culture and have been the subject of several literary works, theatrical productions, folk rhymes, and films.

 14 
Klara Hitler
(Mother of Adolf Hitler)
Klara Hitler
21
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Spital, Austria
Died: December 21, 1907

Klara Hitler was the mother of Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany. Born into a modest family in Austria, she was a hardworking and energetic woman with a pleasant demeanor. She married Alois Hitler and had six children, of whom only two—Adolf and Paula—survived to adulthood. She died of breast cancer when she was 47.

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 15 
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
(Princess)
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
2
Birthdate: 24th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Palace, Potsdam, Germany
Died: October 1, 1919
 16 
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
(3rd Prime Minister of Poland)
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kurylivka, Ukraine
Died: June 29, 1941

Ignacy Jan Paderewski was a Polish musician who went on to become the third Prime Minister of Poland after being a spokesman for Polish independence for a long time. He also played a significant role as the nation's foreign minister in 1919 when he signed the Treaty of Versailles, an important event that marked the end of World War I.

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 17 
Herman Hollerith
(Father of modern automatic computation)
Herman Hollerith
5
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 29th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buffalo
Died: November 17, 1929
 18 
Ellen Wilson
(First Lady of the United States from 1913 to 1914)
Ellen Wilson
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Savannah, Georgia, United States
Died: August 6, 1914
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 19 
Hugo Wolf
(Austrian Composer Known for His Art Songs)
Hugo Wolf
6
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 13th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
Died: February 22, 1903

Hugo Wolf was an Austrian composer best remembered for his art songs. Although he produced extraordinary musical pieces, his work was constantly affected by depression before he suffered a mental collapse in the late-1890s. Hugo Wolf is credited with producing some of the best-known lieders, a type of German song.

 20 
Willem Einthoven
(Inventor of the first practical ECG)
Willem Einthoven
0
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Semarang
Died: September 29, 1927

Willem Einthoven was a Dutch physiologist and physician whose invention of the electrocardiogram in 1895 earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1924. He is also credited with theorizing the existence of Einthoven's triangle, which is named in his honor.

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 21 
Annie Oakley
(Sharpshooter)
Annie Oakley
16
Birthdate: 13th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Darke County, Ohio, United States
Died: November 3, 1926
A legendary figure of the American west, Annie Oakley was a sharpshooter, who shot to fame when she starred in the Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. She performed for royalty and bagged in various awards and accolades for her marksmanship. Often referred to as Little Sure Shot, she became a star in a male-dominated sport. 
 22 
Soapy Smith
Soapy Smith
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Georgia
Died: July 8, 1898
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 23 
James Ensor
(Belgian Expressionist Painter)
James Ensor
0
Birthdate: 13th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ostend, Belgium
Died: November 19, 1949

Painter and printmaker James Ensor spent most of his life in the North Sea fishing port of Ostend, away from hustle-bustle of big cities. Yet, he left a significant influence on every aspect of the modernist movement; from symbolism and expressionism to dada and surrealism; also a signature style that involved radical distortion of form, muddled surface and riotous color.  

 24 
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
(Aristocrat)
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
3
Birthdate: 25th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Marmorpalais, Potsdam, Germany
Died: March 14, 1917
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 25 
Lillian Russell
(Former Actress, Singer known for her beauty and style, as well as for her voice and stage presence)
Lillian Russell
2
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 4th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Clinton, Iowa, United States
Died: June 6, 1922
 26 
Walter Sickert
(Painter)
Walter Sickert
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 31st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Munich
Died: January 22, 1942

Part of the Camden Town Group of painters, who showcased both Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, German-born British painter Walter Sickert liked painting both people and scenes. His work Jack the Ripper's Bedroom gave rise to speculations that he could have been either the killer or his accomplice.

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 27 
Isaac Levitan
(One of the Best Classical Russian Landscape Painters of the 19th Century )
Isaac Levitan
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kibartay, Lithuania
Died: August 4, 1900

Isaac Levitan was a Russian landscape painter remembered for his work that popularized the mood landscape genre. One of the most important landscape painters of his generation, Levitan was elected to the Russian Academy of Arts in 1897. The following year, Levitan was chosen as the head of the Landscape Studio at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

 28 
Anders Zorn
(One of the Best Portrait Painters in Europe at the End of the 19th Century)
Anders Zorn
2
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 18th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mora, Sweden
Died: August 22, 1920

Anders Zorn was a Swedish artist who achieved international success as an etcher, sculptor, and painter. One of Sweden's most important artists, Zorn's paintings currently adorn the National Museum of Fine Arts which is located in Stockholm. Apart from creating brilliant works of art, Zorn is also credited with establishing the Bellman Prize, which is a literature prize awarded yearly.

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 29 
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
(Queen)
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
2
Birthdate: 28th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Peterhof, Saint Petersburg, Empire of Russia
Died: March 11, 1922

Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, largely remembered as one of the granddaughters of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, and as the wife of Friedrich Franz III, the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. A talented tennis player, she had several tennis courts built. She also had an illegitimate child with her secretary.

 30 
Leonard Wood
(Politician, Military personnel)
Leonard Wood
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 9th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Winchester, New Hampshire, United States
Died: August 7, 1927
 31 
Jigoro Kano
(Japanese Educator, Athlete, and the Founder of Judo)
Jigoro Kano
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 10th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hyogo, Japan
Died: May 4, 1938

Legendary Japanese athlete Jigoro Kano is remembered as the founder of judo. A fine educator, he had also had a 23-year stint as the principal of 2 schools, which later became the University of Tsukuba. He was also the first Asian to be part of the International Olympic Committee.

 32 
René Lalique
(Designer)
René Lalique
2
Listed In: Designers
Birthdate: 6th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ay, Marne, France
Died: May 1, 1945
 33 
Mary J Rathbun
(Zoologist)
Mary J Rathbun
0
Listed In: Zoologists
Birthdate: 11th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buffalo, New York, United States
Died: April 4, 1943
 34 
Edward MacDowell
(Composer and Pianist)
Edward MacDowell
0
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: January 23, 1908
 35 
William Kennedy Dickson
(British Inventor, Director, Producer and Cinematographer)
William Kennedy Dickson
0
Birthdate: 3rd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Le Minihic-sur-Rance, Brittany, France
Died: September 28, 1935

William Kennedy Dickson was a Scottish inventor best remembered for his association with Thomas Alva Edison. Dickson invented a motion picture camera when he was working under Thomas Edison. William Kennedy Dickson is also credited with directing The Dickson Experimental Sound Film which was the first film to use the Kinetophone.

 36 
Charles Studd
(British Cricketer)
Charles Studd
1
Listed In: Cricketers
Birthdate: 2nd December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Spratton, England
Died: July 16, 1931

Charles Studd was a British missionary and professional cricket player. He is credited with establishing the Heart of Africa Mission, which is now referred to as WEC International. As a cricketer, Charles Studd is remembered for playing in the 1882 match against Australia, which paved the way for the famous Ashes Test cricket series.

 37 
Raymond Poincaré
(President of France from 1913 to 1920)
Raymond Poincaré
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 20th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bar-le-Duc, France
Died: October 15, 1934

Former French president and three-time prime minister Raymond Poincaré was a qualified lawyer and the co-founder of the Democratic Republican Alliance. He suggested a retrial in the Dreyfus Affair and was also largely responsible for France’s entry into World War II. He also introduced a highly debated denaturalization law.

 38 
Eduard Buchner
(Nobel Laureate in Chemistry)
Eduard Buchner
1
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Munich
Died: August 13, 1917

Nobel Prize-winning German biochemist Eduard Buchner was the first to demonstrate how the enzymes in yeast cause the fermentation of carbohydrates. He also taught at various universities, such as Berlin and Breslau. He died in the Battle of Mărășești, while serving as a major, during World War I.

 39 
Douglas Hyde
(Former President of Ireland)
Douglas Hyde
1
Listed In: Presidents
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Castlerea
Died: July 12, 1949
 40 
Emily Hobhouse
(British Social Worker)
Emily Hobhouse
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 9th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St Ive, Cornwall, England
Died: June 8, 1926
 41 
Jens Jensen
(Landscape Architect)
Jens Jensen
0
Birthdate: 13th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dybbl, Denmark
Died: October 1, 1951

Born in Denmark, Jens Jensen witnessed his family farm being burned by the Prussians during the Second War of Schleswig.  He then moved to Chicago, where he initially worked a laborer and then as a foreman, before designing gardens. He designs include the Humboldt Park and the Columbus Park.

 42 
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
(Grand Duke of Russia)
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 3rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 28, 1919
 43 
Hjalmar Branting
(Former Prime Minister of Sweden Who Served for Three Terms Between 1920 and 1924)
Hjalmar Branting
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 24, 1925

One of the prominent names in the formation of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden and also its leader from 1907 to 1925, Karl Hjalmar Branting served thrice as the Prime Minister of Sweden between 1920 and 1925. In 1921, the father of socialism in Sweden was awarded Nobel Peace Prize together with Norwegian diplomat Christian Lous Lange.

 44 
Niels Ryberg Finsen
2
Birthdate: 15th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
Died: September 24, 1904

Niels Ryberg Finsen was a Danish-Faroese scientist and physician. Finsen's method to treat diseases, such as lupus vulgaris, using concentrated light radiation, earned him the 1903 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology. Copenhagen University Hospital houses the famous Finsen Laboratory, which is named in his honor.

 45 
Elmer Ambrose Sperry
(American Inventor and Entrepreneur Who Invented 'Gyrocompass')
Elmer Ambrose Sperry
1
Birthdate: 12th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cincinnatus, New York, United States
Died: June 16, 1930

Elmer Ambrose Sperry is best remembered for inventing gyroscopic compasses and stabilizers, which revolutionized navigation technology back in his time. His products had been of great use to the U.S. Navy. His illustrious career had witnessed him gain over 400 patents through his eight manufacturing companies.

 46 
Victor L. Berger
(Politician)
Victor L. Berger
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Austria-Hungary
Died: August 7, 1929
 47 
Vito Volterra
(Italian Mathematician and Physicist)
Vito Volterra
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 3rd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ancona, Italy
Died: October 11, 1940

Vito Volterra is remembered for his work on calculus and functional analysis. Born into a poor family in Ancona, he used his math skills to join the University of Pisa. He later taught as mechanics professor. He was also the first to suggest the use of helium in airships.

 48 
Simon Dubnow
(Russian Historian Who Introduced a Sociological Emphasis Into the Study of Jewish History)
Simon Dubnow
0
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 10th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mstislavl, Belarus
Died: December 8, 1941

Russian historian Simon Dubnow is best remembered for instilling a sociological element in the study of Jewish history. A well-known teacher and author, he was also involved with the Jewish magazine Voskhod. He escaped to Germany to avoid Bolshevism but was eventually killed by the Nazis.

 49 
Waldemar Haffkine
(Bacteriologists)
Waldemar Haffkine
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 15th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: October 26, 1930
 50 
D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson
(Zoologist)
D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 2nd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: June 21, 1948

D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson was a Scottish mathematician, biologist, and classics scholar. A pioneer of mathematical biology, Thompson is best remembered for writing a book titled On Growth and Form, which is widely admired by architects, anthropologists, and biologists among others. Over the course of his illustrious career, D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson received several prestigious awards like the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal.