Empresses & Queens

An empress is commonly defined as the female equivalent of an emperor, an emperor's wife (empress consort). The tile of being an empress could also be referred to the emperor’s mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant). An empress consort usually shares her husband’s rank and holds the feminine equivalent of the king’s monarchical titles while an empress regnant is a queen in her own right with all the powers of a monarch, usually becoming empress by inheriting the throne on the death of the previous monarch. Quite similar to the description of an empress, queens are the female equivalent of kings. Both are considered to be monarchs, the only difference being is that the emperor and empress are considered to be the higher monarchical titles than king and queen. A monarch is the sovereign head of state, officially outranking all other individuals in the realm. An empress or queen may exercise the most and highest authority in the state independently or along with their husbands.. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous empresses and queens from all over the world.

 1 Cleopatra

Cleopatra
0
Famous As: Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom
Birthdate: 0069 BC
Nationality: Egyptian, Greek
Died: August 12, 0030

The last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the last true pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra is described as an extremely beautiful woman who was also intelligent and educated with command over numerous languages. Her romance and military alliances with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony have inspired numerous art works.

 2 Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria
0
Famous As: Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Birthdate: May 24, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: January 22, 1901

The Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for over six decades, Queen Victoria reigned for longer than any of her predecessors. Her rule witnessed the vast expansion of the British Empire and ushered in a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military changes. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were celebrated with great pomp and show.

Recommended Lists:

 3 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
0
Famous As: British Queen
Birthdate: August 4, 1900
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: March 30, 2002
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, better known as The Queen Mother, was King George VI’s wife and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret. She ruled England as the Queen from 1936 to 1952, after which her daughter Elizabeth II took over. She was also the last empress of India.

 4 Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon
0
Famous As: Ambassador
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 7, 1536

Catherine of Aragon was one of the most popular English royal consorts of all time. A patron of Renaissance humanism, she gained widespread admiration for starting a program for the relief of the poor. A woman who was ahead of her time, Catherine commissioned The Education of a Christian Woman, a controversial book promoting women's right to education.

 5 Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots
0
Famous As: Queen of Scotland
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Scottish
Died: February 8, 1587

Mary, Queen of Scots was the ruler of Scotland till 24 July 1567. After an uprising against her, Mary sought protection from her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England. However, the Queen perceived her as a threat and kept Mary in confinement for eighteen and a half years. Ultimately Mary was beheaded for plotting to assassinate the Queen.

 6 Princess Alice of Battenberg

Princess Alice of Battenberg
0
Famous As: Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Birthdate: February 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: December 5, 1969

Princess Alice of Battenberg, the great-granddaughter of Britain’s Queen Victoria, became Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark in 1903 after her marriage. During the Second World War, she sheltered Jewish refugees and worked for the Red Cross. She was posthumously named a ‘Hero of the Holocaust’ by the British government in 2010. She was the mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II.

 7 Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II
0
Famous As: Queen of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: April 21, 1926
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

The Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms, Queen Elizabeth II is the world's oldest living monarch and longest-reigning current monarch. The first child of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother , she ascended to the throne in 1952. Despite the press criticism of the royal family, she continues to be a popular figure in UK.

You May Like

 8 Mary of Teck

Mary of Teck
1
Famous As: Queen consort of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 26, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: March 24, 1953

The queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1910 to 1936, Mary of Teck was the wife of King George V. She supported her husband through the First World War and in the aftermath of the war. She became the queen mother after her son ascended to the throne. She died in 1953.

 

 9 Mary I of England

Mary I of England
0
Famous As: Queen of England and Ireland
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 17, 1558

Mary I, the queen of England from 1553-1558, is remembered as the ruler who sought to return England to the Catholic Church. She persecuted many Protestants and got nearly 300 of them burned at the stake. Most of them were common citizens. Many also died in prison and hundreds fled the country. This earned her the ignominious nickname ‘Bloody Mary’.

 10 Mary Tudor

Mary Tudor
0
Famous As: princess
Birthdate: March 18, 1496
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: June 25, 1533

 11 Queen Mary

Queen Mary
0
Famous As: Politician, Queen
Birthdate: February 18, 1516
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 17, 1558

 12 Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn
0
Famous As: Marquess of Pembroke
Birthdate: 1501 AD
Nationality: British
Died: May 19, 1536

The queen of England from 1533 to 1536, Anne Boleyn played an important role in the political and religious upheaval that led to the beginning of the English Reformation. She is widely regarded as the most important and influential queen consort of England. She was charged with adultery, incest, and treason and was executed by beheading in 1536.

 13 Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
0
Famous As: The Duchess of Cambridge
Birthdate: January 9, 1982
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

Catherine “Kate” Middleton became the Duchess of Cambridge after her marriage to Prince William in 2011. Associated with countless charities, Kate and William started a mental-health campaign named Heads Together. Kate also gave rise to the “Kate Middleton effect" in the fashion world and was named to Time 100.

 14 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette
0
Famous As: Queen of France
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian, French
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 15 Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
0
Famous As: Queen of Britan
Birthdate: February 6, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: August 1, 1714

Many biographers consider Anne, the Queen of Great Britain, a weak and irresolute woman. It is said that she lacked political astuteness and was easily influenced by others. Though she was troubled by poor health throughout her life, she became increasingly obese and ill during her 30s and eventually died at the age of 49.

 16 Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great
0
Famous As: Empress of Russia
Birthdate: May 2, 1729
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 17, 1796

The Empress of Russia for almost 35 years, Catherine the Great was the country's longest-ruling female leader. An ambitious ruler, she rapidly expanded the Russian Empire and is credited with modernizing the country along Western European lines. She supported the ideals of the Enlightenment and the period of her rule—the Catherinian Era—is considered the Golden Age of Russia.

 17 Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor
0
Famous As: Queen Consort of Scotland
Birthdate: November 28, 1489
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Scottish
Died: October 18, 1541
Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, served as the Queen consort of Scotland, as wife of James IV, from 1503 to 1513. Following her husband’s death, she served as the regent till 1515. She was the great-grandmother of Scottish king James VI, or James I of England.

 18 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
0
Famous As: Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland
Birthdate: May 19, 1744
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: November 17, 1818

 19 Elizabeth of York

Elizabeth of York
1
Famous As: Queen Consort of England
Birthdate: February 11, 1466
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: February 11, 1503
Elizabeth of York, daughter of King Edward IV and wife of Henry VII of the Tudor Dynasty, was the queen consort of England from 1486 until 1503. She and Henry got married after Henry won at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1486, thus ending the Wars of the Roses

 20 Lady Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey
0
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 1537 AD
Nationality: British
Died: February 12, 1554
Lady Jane Grey, the Nine Days' Queen, was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 10 to 19, 1553. Jane, a Protestant, was nominated to the Crown, owing to Roman Catholic Mary’s opposition to the Reformed Church of England. However, Jane was deposed, convicted of high treason, and executed.

 21 Maathorneferure

Maathorneferure
0
Famous As: Gueen
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Egyptian

 22 Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I of England
0
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: March 24, 1603
Elizabeth I, daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, ruled as the Queen of England and Ireland from 1558 to 1603. She had been declared illegitimate after her mother’s execution. Nicknamed The Virgin Queen for her unmarried status, she established an English Protestant church and served as its governor.

 23 Catherine Howard

Catherine Howard
0
Famous As: Queen of England from (1540-1541)
Birthdate: 1523 AD
Nationality: British
Died: February 13, 1542
Catherine Howard, England’s queen consort from 1540 until 1541, was Henry VIII’s fifth wife. She was a cousin of Henry VIII’s second wife, Anne Boleyn. In November 1541, Catherine was stripped of the queen’s title and imprisoned. She was later beheaded on charges of adultery with her cousin Thomas Culpeper.

 24 Anne of Cleves

Anne of Cleves
0
Famous As: Former Queen of England
Birthdate: September 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German, British
Died: July 16, 1557

Anne of Cleves was the Queen of England for 6 months in 1540, as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. Their unconsummated marriage deprived led to the annulment of the marriage, following which she received a settlement and came to be known as the King's Beloved Sister.

 25 Elizabeth Woodville

Elizabeth Woodville
0
Famous As: British Queen (1464-1483)
Birthdate: 1437 AD
Nationality: British
Died: June 8, 1492

Elizabeth Woodville was the queen of England from 1464 until her husband King Edward IV's death in 1483. Elizabeth Woodville remained politically influential even after the demise of her husband. She also played a major role in Henry VII's accession to the throne in 1485. Her life and work have inspired several books, films, and TV series.

 26 Catherine Parr

Catherine Parr
0
Famous As: Queen of England & Ireland
Birthdate: July 31, 1512
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: September 7, 1548
Catherine Parr, the most-married English queen, was the queen of England and Ireland from 1543 to 1547, as the last wife of King Henry VIII. She influenced the passing of the 1543 Third Succession Act. She was also the first English queen to publish a book using her own name.

 27 Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I of Castile
0
Famous As: Queen of Castile
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 26, 1504
Isabella I, the 15th-century queen of Castile and Leon and the wife of Ferdinand II, was the first Queen of Spain de facto. She was named a Servant of God by the Catholic Church and reformed the government, thus reducing crimes. She also funded Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas.

 28 Isabella of Castile

Isabella of Castile
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 26, 1504

 29 Boudica

Boudica
0
Famous As: Queen of the Iceni Tribe
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Nationality: British
Died: 0061 AD

Boudica served as a queen of the Iceni tribe. She is regarded as a British folk hero for leading an uprising against the Roman Empire, which wanted to conquer her land. She has remained a prominent cultural symbol in the UK. A bronze statue named Boadicea and Her Daughters is located in London, facing the Palace of Westminster.

 30 Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici
0
Famous As: Queen of France
Birthdate: April 13, 1519
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Italian
Died: January 5, 1589

Catherine de' Medici was an Italian noblewoman who played a key role in the political affairs of France during the rule of her sons, a period which came to be known as the age of Catherine de' Medici. Catherine is credited with saving the monarchy from deposition during the French Wars of Religion

 31 Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy

Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
0
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 25, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 32 Alexandra Feodorovna

Alexandra Feodorovna
0
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German
Died: July 17, 1918

 33 Alexandra of Denmark

Alexandra of Denmark
0
Famous As: Queen of Great Britain (1901-1910)
Birthdate: December 1, 1844
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 20, 1925
Alexandra of Denmark was the queen of the U.K. and the empress of India from 1901 to 1910, as the wife of King Edward VII. Her style of dressing inspired English fashion back then. She supported her son George V’s campaign against Germany, with the Allies, during World War I.

 34 Joanna of Castile

Joanna of Castile
0
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.

 35 Victoria, Princess Royal

Victoria, Princess Royal
0
Famous As: Empress of Germany
Birthdate: November 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: August 5, 1901

Victoria, Princess Royal was the Queen of Prussia and German Empress from 9 March 1888 to 15 June 1888. Victoria, Princess Royal had an opportunity to influence the German Empire's policy, but the death of her husband German Emperor Frederick III, just 99 days after his accession, ruined her opportunity. Victoria has been portrayed in several movies and TV series.

 36 Nefertiti

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti
0
Famous As: Ancient Egyptian Queen
Birthdate: 1370 BC
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: 1330 BC

A queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, Nefertiti was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten. She and her husband reigned during a period marked by great prosperity in Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars even claim that she reigned independently for some time following her husband’s death though this claim is a matter of debate.

 37 Mariam-uz-Zamani

Mariam-uz-Zamani
0
Famous As: Akbar's Third Wife
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: May 19, 1623

Mariam-uz-Zamani, or Jodha Bai, was the wife of Mughal emperor Akbar. She was a Hindu Rajput princess and the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber. Mariam’s marriage to Akbar signified her father’s submission to the Mughal emperor. She was symbolic of the gradual rise of multiculturalism in the Mughal era.

 38 Margrethe II of Denmark

Margrethe II of Denmark
0
Famous As: Queen of Denmark
Birthdate: April 16, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality:
Margrethe II, the reigning queen of Denmark, ascended to the throne after the death of her father, King Frederick IX, becoming the first female monarch of her country since Margrethe I. At 13, she was named her father’s heir through a constitutional amendment allowing daughters to inherit the Danish throne.

 39 Eleanor of Aquitaine

Eleanor of Aquitaine
0
Famous As: Queen of France & England
Birthdate: 1122 AD
Nationality: Dutch
Died: March 31, 1204
Eleanor, the duchess of Aquitaine, became the queen of France after marrying King Louis VII. Their marriage was annulled later. She then married the Duke of Normandy, who became King Henry II of England. Eleanor was imprisoned for supporting a revolt against Henry, and was freed after his death.

 40 Catherine of Valois

Catherine of Valois
0
Famous As: Queen Consort of England
Birthdate: October 27, 1401
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: January 3, 1437

 41 Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Empress Elisabeth of Austria
0
Famous As: Empress of Austria
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, German
Died: September 10, 1898

 42 Mary of Guise

Mary of Guise
0
Famous As: Regent of Scotland
Birthdate: November 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: June 11, 1560

 43 Mary II of England

Mary II of England
0
Famous As: Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
Birthdate: April 30, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: December 28, 1694

 44 Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut
0
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1508 BC
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: 1458 BC

 45 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
0
Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 2, 1651

 46 Infanta Leonor of Spain

Infanta Leonor of Spain
0
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: October 31, 2005
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish

 47 Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa
0
Famous As: Queen regnant
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 29, 1780

 48 Jezebel

Jezebel
0
Famous As: Queen of Israel
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Israeli
Died: November 30, 0842

 49 Maria Feodorovna

Maria Feodorovna
0
Famous As: Dagmar of Denmark
Birthdate: November 26, 1847
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Danish
Died: October 13, 1928

 50 Anne Neville

Anne Neville
0
Famous As: Queen of England
Birthdate: June 11, 1456
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: March 16, 1485
See Also