Find out more about the greatest 18th Century German Writers, including Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Adam Weishaupt, Heinrich Heine and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.
Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749
Poet
Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772
Philosopher & Poet

Jean PaulJean Paul
21 March 1763
Writer

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Heinrich von KleistHeinrich von Kleist
18 October 1777
Playwright, Poet, Short story writer, Novelist,

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer

Friedrich SchlegelFriedrich Schlegel
10 March 1772
Poet
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
24 February 1786
Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer,

Nicolaus ZinzendorfNicolaus Zinzendorf
26 May 1700
Priest, Translator, Theologian, Poet, Hymnwriter
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
08 September 1767
Linguist, Translator, Sanskrit scholar,

Clemens BrentanoClemens Brentano
09 September 1778
Poet

Bettina von ArnimBettina von Arnim
04 April 1785
Writer, Salon-holder, Composer, Novelist

Emanuel SchikanederEmanuel Schikaneder
01 September 1751
Librettist, Singer, Opera singer, Actor,

Friedrich Heinrich JacobiFriedrich Heinrich Jacobi
25 January 1743
Philosopher
Ludwig TieckLudwig Tieck
31 May 1773
Poet

Ludwig UhlandLudwig Uhland
26 April 1787
Poet

Friedrich de la Motte FouquéFriedrich de la Motte Fouqué
12 February 1777
Writer

Franz Xaver MesserschmidtFranz Xaver Messerschmidt
06 February 1736
Sculptor
Friedrich RückertFriedrich Rückert
16 May 1788
Poet

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
30 January 1781
Botanist, Poet, Pteridologist, Bryologist, Writer
August Heinrich Hoffmann von FallerslebenAugust Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben
02 April 1798
Poet

Engelbert KaempferEngelbert Kaempfer
16 September 1651
Naturalist

Anacharsis ClootsAnacharsis Cloots
24 June 1755
Politician
August von KotzebueAugust von Kotzebue
03 May 1761
Playwright

Anton SchindlerAnton Schindler
13 June 1795
Conductor, Writer, Musicologist, Music historian,
Johann KuhnauJohann Kuhnau
06 April 1660
Polymath

Ernst Moritz ArndtErnst Moritz Arndt
26 December 1769
Poet, Writer, University teacher

Rudolf Erich RaspeRudolf Erich Raspe
29 February 1736
Librarian
Barthold Georg NiebuhrBarthold Georg Niebuhr
27 August 1776
Statesman

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Leo von KlenzeLeo von Klenze
29 February 1784
Architect
Wilhelm MüllerWilhelm Müller
07 October 1794
Poet

Ferdinand Christian BaurFerdinand Christian Baur
21 June 1792
Theologian

August Hermann FranckeAugust Hermann Francke
22 March 1663
Theologian

Gottfried August BürgerGottfried August Bürger
31 December 1747
Poet
Ignaz von DöllingerIgnaz von Döllinger
28 February 1799
Theologian
Wilhelm GeseniusWilhelm Gesenius
03 February 1786
Biblical critic

Rahel VarnhagenRahel Varnhagen
19 May 1771
Writer

Francis Daniel PastoriusFrancis Daniel Pastorius
26 September 1651
Educator

Justus MöserJustus Möser
14 December 1720
Writer
Johann Albrecht BengelJohann Albrecht Bengel
24 June 1687
Clergyman

Wilhelm Heinrich WackenroderWilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder
13 July 1773
Author

Justinus KernerJustinus Kerner
18 September 1786
Poet

Johann Peter EckermannJohann Peter Eckermann
21 September 1792
Poet

Matthias ClaudiusMatthias Claudius
15 August 1740
Poet
Christian Friedrich Daniel SchubartChristian Friedrich Daniel Schubart
24 March 1739
Poet

Johann Adam HillerJohann Adam Hiller
25 December 1728
Composer
Charlotte von SteinCharlotte von Stein
25 December 1742
Writer

Christian Fürchtegott GellertChristian Fürchtegott Gellert
04 July 1715
Poet

Johann Christoph GottschedJohann Christoph Gottsched
02 February 1700
Philosopher
Barbara von KrüdenerBarbara von Krüdener
22 November 1764
Mystic

Franz Xaver von BaaderFranz Xaver von Baader
27 March 1765
Philosopher
Karl Philipp MoritzKarl Philipp Moritz
15 September 1757
Novelist

Sophie von La RocheSophie von La Roche
06 December 1730
Writer

Christian August VulpiusChristian August Vulpius
23 January 1762
Novelist

Johann Heinrich VossJohann Heinrich Voss
20 February 1751
Poet

Friedrich Arnold BrockhausFriedrich Arnold Brockhaus
04 May 1772
Publisher
Johann Karl August MusäusJohann Karl August Musäus
29 March 1735
Author

Henrik SteffensHenrik Steffens
02 May 1773
Philosopher

Barthold Heinrich BrockesBarthold Heinrich Brockes
22 September 1680
Poet

Christoph Friedrich NicolaiChristoph Friedrich Nicolai
18 March 1733
German writer
Julius KlaprothJulius Klaproth
11 October 1783
Linguist

Friedrich Wilhelm MarpurgFriedrich Wilhelm Marpurg
21 November 1718
Music critic
Johann Salomo SemlerJohann Salomo Semler
18 December 1725
Historian

Johann Adam MöhlerJohann Adam Möhler
06 May 1796
Theologian

Johann Christian GüntherJohann Christian Günther
08 April 1695
Poet
Johann Albert FabriciusJohann Albert Fabricius
11 November 1668
Scholar

Ludwig Christoph Heinrich HöltyLudwig Christoph Heinrich Hölty
21 December 1748
Poet
Ewald Christian von KleistEwald Christian von Kleist
07 March 1715
Poet

Karl August Varnhagen von EnseKarl August Varnhagen von Ense
21 February 1785
Biographer

Johann Heinrich JungJohann Heinrich Jung
12 September 1740
Author
August Wilhelm IfflandAugust Wilhelm Iffland
19 April 1759
Actor

Johann Nikolaus von HontheimJohann Nikolaus von Hontheim
27 January 1701
Historian
Johann Jakob Wilhelm HeinseJohann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse
16 February 1746
Poet

Willibald AlexisWillibald Alexis
29 June 1798
Novelist

Friedrich von HagedornFriedrich von Hagedorn
23 April 1708
German poet

Johann Anton LeisewitzJohann Anton Leisewitz
09 May 1752
Lawyer
Johann Wilhelm Ludwig GleimJohann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim
02 April 1719
Poet
Friedrich von MatthissonFriedrich von Matthisson
13 January 1761
Poet

Friedrich Ludwig SchröderFriedrich Ludwig Schröder
03 November 1744
Actor

Johann Heinrich MerckJohann Heinrich Merck
11 April 1741
Author

Johann Martin MillerJohann Martin Miller
03 December 1750
Theologian
Johann Elias SchlegelJohann Elias Schlegel
17 January 1719
Critic

Heinrich Wilhelm von GerstenbergHeinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg
03 January 1737
Poet

Wolf Heinrich Graf von BaudissinWolf Heinrich Graf von Baudissin
30 January 1789
Diplomat

Hans Christoph Ernst von GagernHans Christoph Ernst von Gagern
25 January 1766
Freiherr

Karl Ludwig von KnebelKarl Ludwig von Knebel
30 November 1744
Poet
Heinrich Christian BoieHeinrich Christian Boie
19 July 1744
Author

Adolf MüllnerAdolf Müllner
18 October 1774
Critic
Karl FollenKarl Follen
06 September 1796
Poet

Friedrich Maximilian von KlingerFriedrich Maximilian von Klinger
17 February 1752
Writer
Joseph von GörresJoseph von Görres
25 January 1776
Writer
Adolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr von KniggeAdolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr von Knigge
16 October 1752
Writer