Did you know Egyptians were one of the firsts in the world to play board games? They were also the first to forge peace treaties on record, use calendars, toothpaste, door locks and plow, invent eye-makeup, design world's first writing language (hieroglyphics), pop breath mints and shave and cut hair. That is right! Such was the ingenuity of the Egyptians. No wonder, in a land where greatness and accomplishment is measured by dynasties and deeds, its civilization stands revered as one of the most advanced civilizations of its times, and its countrymen, some of the most dexterous and avant-garde. From pharaohs and philosophers to singers and scientists and from architects and dentists to sculptors and physicians, Egypt has given the world some of the best exemplary men and women it has ever known. Let us explore the feats and deeds of some of world's most famous Egyptians through their timeline, trivia, and facts covered in the biographies here.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Nefertiti

Famous As: Queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Birthdate: 1370 BC
Birthplace: Thebes, Egypt
Died: 1330 BC

A queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, Nefertiti was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten. She and her husband reigned during a period marked by great prosperity in Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars even claim that she reigned independently for some time following her husband’s death though this claim is a matter of debate.

 2 Hatshepsut

Famous As: Pharaoh (1479 -1458 BC)
Birthdate: 1507 AD
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: January 16, 1458

Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmose I, ruled as the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt and was the second female pharaoh, according to records. She was the chief wife of Thutmose II, and ruled jointly with Thutmose III, Thutmose II’s son. She also named herself God's Wife of Amun.

 3 Mohamed Salah

Mohamed Salah
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Football player
Birthdate: June 15, 1992
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nagrig, Egypt

Egyptian professional footballer Mohamed Salah is considered one of the best players in the world. Known for his finishing, dribbling, and speed, he plays for the Premier League club Liverpool and the Egyptian national team. He has been named the CAF African Footballer of the Year twice. His fans and the press have nicknamed him "The Pharaoh."

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 4 Tutankhamun

Famous As: Pharaoh (1332-1323 BC)
Birthdate: 1341 BC
Birthplace: Amarna
Died: 1323 BC

Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled between 1334 and 1325 BC. He is one of the most studied ancient Egyptian pharaohs, thanks to his well-preserved tomb. Although he was not a popular ruler, the global exhibitions of artifacts associated with him have made Tutankhamun the most renowned pharaoh in the modern world.

 5 Moses

Famous As: Hebrew Religious Leader, Prophet
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Land of Goshen, Ancient Egypt

A prominent prophet in Islam, Christianity, and the Baháʼí Faith among other Abrahamic religions, Moses is also the most important prophet in Judaism. One of the most important biblical characters, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are fundamental to both Christianity and Judaism. The authorship of the Torah is also attributed to Moses.

 6 Ramesses II

Ramesses II
Famous As: Pharaoh (1279-1213 BC)
Birthdate: 1303 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1213 BC

Ramesses II, son of Seti I, was the third Egyptian pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. Also known as the “Great Ancestor,” he is remembered for his aggressive military expeditions to Nubia and Canaan. The second longest-reigning ruler of Egypt, he is credited for building monuments and cities such as the Pi-Ramesses.

 7 Mena Massoud

Mena Massoud
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: September 17, 1991
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
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 8 Saladin

Famous As: Sultan of Egypt (1174-1193)
Birthdate: May 27, 1138
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tikrit, Iraq
Died: March 4, 1193
Named the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Saladin founded the Ayyubid Dynasty. He abolished the Fatimid Caliphate and later defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, thus taking control of Palestine. As the de facto Caliph of Islam, he controlled a vast area, including Egypt, Syria, and Yemen.

 9 Omar Sharif

Omar Sharif
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: April 10, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 10, 2015
Egyptian actor Omar Sharif shot to fame with the iconic film Lawrence of Arabia, which won him two Golden Globes and an Academy Award nomination. He is also remembered for his role in Doctor Zhivago. He was one of the world’s top 50 contract bridge players and spoke six languages.

 10 Akhenaten

Famous As: Pharoah of Egypt (1353-1336, 1351-1334 BC)
Birthdate: 1372 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1335 BC
Akhenaten ruled Egypt in 14th century B.C. He is believed to be Tutankhamun’s father. Akhenaten’s monuments and statues were destroyed following his death, as his deviation from the traditional polytheistic Egyptian culture, to worshipping Aten, was rejected by people. His capital city and his mummy were later unearthed by researchers.

 11 Dodi Fayed

Dodi Fayed
Famous As: Film producer, Romantic Partner of Princess Diana
Birthdate: April 17, 1955
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: August 31, 1997

Dodi Fayed was an Egyptian movie producer who died in a car crash in 1997 alongside his romantic partner Diana, Princess of Wales. The car crash became international news and Fayed is often referred to as Diana's eternal love. Fayed's billionaire father, Mohamed Al-Fayed, erected two memorials, including a 3-metre high bronze statue, to Diana and his son at Harrods.

 12 Mohamed Al-Fayed

Mohamed Al-Fayed
Listed In: Business People
Famous As: Owner of Hôtel Ritz Paris
Birthdate: January 27, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: El-Gomorok, Alexandria

Mohamed Al-Fayed is a businessman whose son Dodi Fayed's death in a car crash alongside Diana, Princess of Wales became international news. Apart from being one of the richest businessmen in the world, Al-Fayed is also a humanitarian. In 1987, he established the Al Fayed Charitable Foundation, which aims at helping children living in poverty and children with life-limiting conditions.

 13 Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Egypt
Birthdate: December 25, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mit Abu al-Kum
Died: October 6, 1981
Anwar Sadat served as the president and prime minister of Egypt till his assassination in 1981. He was part of the Free Officers, a group that overthrew King Farouk. He became the first Muslim Nobel laureate, after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

 14 Thutmose III

Thutmose III
Famous As: Pharaoh (1479-1429 BC)
Birthdate: 1481 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1425 BC
The Napoleon of Egypt, Thutmose III is remembered for his ruthless expansion strategies. After co-ruling the kingdom with his regent stepmother, Hatshepsut, he enriched Egypt’s treasuries with the plunders from his raids as a pharaoh. He would often enter the battlefield on a chariot of gold, to intimidate his enemies.

 15 Origen

Famous As: Theologian, Cleric, Writer, Translator, Philosopher
Birthdate: 0185 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0253 AD

Origen was an early Christian ascetic, scholar, and theologian. Also a prolific writer, Origen wrote as many as 2,000 treatises, including biblical exegesis, textual criticism, biblical hermeneutics, spirituality, and homiletics. Origen is widely considered one of the most prominent Christian theologians, although his teachings on the existence of souls were vehemently rejected by the Church.

 16 Caesarion

Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: June 23, 0047
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: August 23, 0030

Caesarion reigned as the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt from September 44 BC to August 30 BC. He was Julius Caesar's only known biological son and his mother Cleopatra ruled over ancient Egypt along with him. Caesarion's death at the age of 17 marked the beginning of the famous Roman Empire and the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.

 17 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: President of Egypt
Birthdate: November 19, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is the incumbent president of Egypt. He has also served as the director of military Intelligence and the minister of defense. He has had a long stint with the Egyptian Army and led the coup that ousted President Mohamed Morsi. He has established a dictatorial regime.

 18 Maathorneferure

Famous As: Gueen
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Hattusa, Egypt

Maathorneferure reigned as the queen of ancient Egypt during Ramesses II's rule. As the Great Royal Wife of the pharaoh, Maathorneferure enjoyed a luxurious life and demanded respect from her subjects. However, she was not influential in the court and had very little to contribute to state affairs.

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 19 Narmer

Famous As: Egyptian King
Birthdate: 3150 BC
Birthplace: Thinis

While many historians believe Narmer of the First Dynastic Period was the first Egyptian king who brought about peace in the region, some scholars later claimed Narmer was the same as Menes. The Narmer Palette is one of the most significant relics that describe Narmer’s heroics through hieroglyphics.

 20 Imhotep

Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Memphis

 21 Sam Esmail

Sam Esmail
Famous As: Screenwriter
Birthdate: September 17, 1977
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, USA

 22 Ankhesenamun

Famous As: Ancient Egyptian Queen, Akhenaten's daughter
Birthdate: 1348 BC
Birthplace: TThebes, Egypt
Died: 1322 BC

Ankhesenamun was an Egyptian queen and wife of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Unlike other ancient Egyptian queens, Ankhesenamun's life, especially her youth, is well-documented in the ancient paintings and reliefs of the reign of her parents. As the Great Royal Wife of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenamun may have played an important role in his administration.

 23 Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Egypt
Birthdate: May 4, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monufia Governorate
Died: February 25, 2025

Egyptian military and political leader Hosni Mubarak served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. An Egyptian Air Force officer prior to entering politics, he assumed office as the president after the incumbent Anwar Sadat's assassination in 1981. After 30 years, he had to step down from the presidency during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. 

 24 Umm Kulthum

Umm Kulthum
Famous As: The Voice of Egypt
Birthdate: December 31, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: El-Senbellawein, Egypt
Died: February 3, 1975

 25 Faten Hamama

Faten Hamama
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mansoura, Egypt
Died: January 17, 2015

Faten Hamama was an Egyptian actress and film producer. Regarded as an icon in Middle Eastern and Egyptian cinema, Hamama played an important role in popularizing the film industry in Egypt. She is also remembered for stressing the importance of women in the film industry and Egyptian society at large. In 1965, she was awarded the Decoration of the Republic.

 26 Joshua

Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1245 AD

Hebrew leader Joshua led the Israelite tribes after Moses’s death. He finds mention in the Book of Joshua in the Old Testament. He played a major role in conquering Canaan after the Exodus. Apart from Christianity, Joshua is also significant in Islam and Islamic literature.

 27 Mohamed Morsi

Mohamed Morsi
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: 5th President of Egypt
Birthdate: August 8, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: El Adwah, Kingdom of Egypt
Died: June 17, 2019

Mohamed Morsi served as the Egyptian president from 2012 to 2013 and was ousted from office by a coup. He led the Freedom and Justice Party briefly and was part of the Muslim Brotherhood. Following his ouster, he was charged with various crimes, but he died during a re-trial.

 28 Ahmed Zewail

Ahmed Zewail
Listed In: Scientists
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 26, 1946
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Damanhour, Egypt
Died: August 2, 2016

 29 Fawzia Fuad of Egypt

Fawzia Fuad of Egypt
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 2, 2013

Often compared to actor Hedy Lamarr, for her beauty, Fawzia Fuad, the daughter of Fuad I, was an Egyptian princess who later became the empress of Iran, as Mohammad Reza Shah’s first wife. An unhappy marriage led to her divorce, following which she married diplomat Ismail Chirine.

 30 Andre Aciman

Andre Aciman
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 2, 1951
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt

 31 Zahi Hawass

Zahi Hawass
Famous As: Egyptian archaeologist
Birthdate: May 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Damietta

 32 Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 11, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: August 30, 2006

Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz had previously worked in the Egyptian civil service. Initially a short story writer, he later wrote novels such as Al-Thulāthiyyah, or The Cairo Trilogy. His novel Children of the Alley was banned for its religious references and led him to be stabbed by Islamists.

 33 Ramesses I

Ramesses I
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Pharaoh, Sovereign
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Avaris

Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th dynasty but had a brief reign. His mummy was stolen from Egypt by looters and transported through Turkish agents to the US and eventually ended up in a Canadian museum. Years later, it was returned to Egypt and displayed at Luxor Museum.

 34 Seti I

Seti I
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1323 BC
Birthplace: Avaris
Died: 1279 BC

The son of Ramesses I, Seti I was an Egyptian king of the 19th dynasty. Known for his glorious reign, as opposed to his father’s short 2-year rule, he fought wars in Palestine and Syria. He also built temples, mines, and wells, and completed the hypostyle hall at Karnak.

 35 Hagar

Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Abraham’s concubine and the mother of his son Ishmael
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
A prominent Biblical figure, Hagar, also known as Agar, finds mention in the Old Testament. Known as the concubine of Abraham and the mother of his child, Ishmael, Hagar was an Egyptian slave bought to serve Abraham’s wife, Sarah. Sarah, being childless, allowed Hagar to conceive Abraham’s child.

 36 Ramesses III

Ramesses III
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1217 BC
Birthplace: Thebes, Egypt
Died: 1155 BC

The son of Setnakhte, the founder of the 20th dynasty in Egypt, Ramesses III, or the warrior Pharaoh, had a long reign that was marked by peace and his successful defense against foreign invasions. Studies suggest he was assassinated in a coup led by one of his wives.

 37 Magdi Yacoub

Magdi Yacoub
Listed In: Physicians
Famous As: Heart Surgeon
Birthdate: November 16, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belbin, Ashraqya, Egypt

Magdi Yacoub is a retired professor who worked at Imperial College London. He is best known for his work in repairing heart valves, a procedure which came to be known as the Ross-Yacoub procedure. In 1983, he performed the United Kingdom's first combined lung and heart transplant. Also a humanitarian, Yacoub co-founded the Magdi Yacoub Global Heart Foundation in 2008.

 38 Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1411 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1353 BC

Amenhotep III reigned as the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt during the early and mid-14th century BC. Nicknamed Amenhotep the Magnificent, Amenhotep III's reign witnessed Egypt reach the height of its international and artistic power. Under his reign, Egypt also enjoyed unprecedented splendor and prosperity.

 39 Ay

Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Akhmim, Egypt
Died: 1319 AD

Ay was the son of an Egyptian military officer and grew up to follow in his father’s footsteps. Following the death of Tutankhamen, Ay became the penultimate king of Egypt’s 18th dynasty. The Amarna Tomb, which was built to house his grave but didn’t, provides a lot of information on him.

 40 Abdul Basit 'Abd us-Samad

Abdul Basit 'Abd us-Samad
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Qāriʾ
Birthdate: 1927 AD
Birthplace: Armant, Egypt
Died: 1988 AD

 41 Amr Diab

Amr Diab
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: October 11, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Port Said

 42 Ahmose I

Ahmose I
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Thebes

Ahmose I was an Egyptian pharaoh credited with founding the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Identified as the New Kingdom of Egypt's first dynasty, Ahmose's Eighteenth Dynasty marked the beginning of an era, during which ancient Egypt achieved the height of its power. Ahmose started construction projects which culminated in the erection of the last pyramid constructed by native Egyptian rulers.

 43 Sneferu

Famous As: Founding Pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 2589 BC

Sneferu reigned as a pharaoh during the Old Kingdom. The founding pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, Sneferu is credited with introducing important innovations in the construction and design of the Egyptian pyramids. At least three pyramids, which were built during his time, have survived to this day.

 44 Mohamed A. El-Erian

Mohamed A. El-Erian
Listed In: Business People
Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: August 19, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

Born to Egyptian parents in New York, Mohamed A. El-Erian grew up in the U.S., Egypt, and France, with his diplomat father. Educated at Cambridge and Oxford, he later served as the CEO of PIMCO. Apart from being a Bloomberg columnist, he has also written bestsellers such as When Markets Collide.

 45 Cleopatra Selene II

Cleopatra Selene II
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0005 AD

Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene II, the only daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, was the Queen of Numidia and Mauretania through her marriage with King Juba II. Considered a leading royal lady of the early Augustan age, Selene had great influence in decisions made by the Mauretania government, particularly those related to trade and construction projects. 

 46 Mohamed Aboutrika

Mohamed Aboutrika
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Association football player
Birthdate: November 7, 1978
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Giza

Mohamed Aboutrika is an Egyptian former footballer who helped his national team win the 2006 African Cup of Nations. In the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations, he played a key role in Egypt's success by scoring the winning goal in the finals. A controversial figure, Aboutrika's association with the Muslim Brotherhood has earned him a place in a terror list.

 47 Fuad II of Egypt

Fuad II of Egypt
Famous As: King of Egypt and the Sudan
Birthdate: January 16, 1952
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt

The son of king Farouk I of Egypt, Fuad II became a king at age 6 months, following his father’s abdication. He ruled for less than a year and was exiled soon after. He grew up in Switzerland and France and was given back his Egyptian citizenship years later.

 48 Ahmed Elmohamady

Ahmed Elmohamady
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Association football player
Birthdate: September 9, 1987
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: El-Mahalla El-Kubra

Ahmed Elmohamady is an Egyptian football player who has played for popular clubs like Hull City and Aston Villa. An important player for the national team, Ahmed Elmohamady was part of the squads that emerged victorious at the Africa Cup of Nations in 2008 and 2010.

 49 Ptolemy XII Auletes

Ptolemy XII Auletes
Famous As: Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt
Birthdate: 0117 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0051 AD

Being an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy XII Auletes apparently bribed Julius Caesar, in exchange for a law acknowledging his kingship in Egypt. He was later exiled, but came back to Egypt and killed his daughter, Berenice IV, who ruled in his absence and with the support of the opposition.

 50 Djoser

Famous As: Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd Dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoch
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Egypt