Egyptian

Did you know Egyptians were one of the firsts in the world to play board games? They were also the first to forge peace treaties on record, use calendars, toothpaste, door locks and plow, invent eye-makeup, design world's first writing language (hieroglyphics), pop breath mints and shave and cut hair. That is right! Such was the ingenuity of the Egyptians. No wonder, in a land where greatness and accomplishment is measured by dynasties and deeds, its civilization stands revered as one of the most advanced civilizations of its times, and its countrymen, some of the most dexterous and avant-garde. From pharaohs and philosophers to singers and scientists and from architects and dentists to sculptors and physicians, Egypt has given the world some of the best exemplary men and women it has ever known. Let us explore the feats and deeds of some of world's most famous Egyptians through their timeline, trivia, and facts covered in the biographies here.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Moses

Moses.
7
Famous As: Hebrew Religious Leader, Lawgiver, Prophet
Birthdate: 1391 BC
Birthplace: Land of Goshen
Died: 1272 BC

A prominent prophet in Islam, Christianity, and the Baháʼí Faith among other Abrahamic religions, Moses is also the most important prophet in Judaism. One of the most important biblical characters, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are fundamental to both Christianity and Judaism. The authorship of the Torah is also attributed to Moses.

 2 Nefertiti

Nefertiti.
4
Famous As: Ancient Egyptian Queen
Birthdate: 1370 BC
Died: 1330 BC

A queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, Nefertiti was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten. She and her husband reigned during a period marked by great prosperity in Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars even claim that she reigned independently for some time following her husband’s death though this claim is a matter of debate.

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 3 Mohamed Salah

Mohamed Salah.
18
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Footballer
Birthdate: June 15, 1992
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gharbia Governorate

Egyptian professional footballer Mohamed Salah is considered one of the best players in the world. Known for his finishing, dribbling, and speed, he plays for the Premier League club Liverpool and the Egyptian national team. He has been named the CAF African Footballer of the Year twice. His fans and the press have nicknamed him "The Pharaoh."

 4 Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut.
5
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1508 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1458 BC

Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmose I, ruled as the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt and was the second female pharaoh, according to records. She was the chief wife of Thutmose II, and ruled jointly with Thutmose III, Thutmose II’s son. She also named herself God's Wife of Amun.

 5 Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun.
2
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1342 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1325 BC

Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled between 1334 and 1325 BC. He is one of the most studied ancient Egyptian pharaohs, thanks to his well-preserved tomb. Although he was not a popular ruler, the global exhibitions of artifacts associated with him have made Tutankhamun the most renowned pharaoh in the modern world.

 6 Ramesses II

Ramesses II.
3
Famous As: Greatest Pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire
Birthdate: 1303 BC
Died: 1213 BC

Ramesses II, son of Seti I, was the third Egyptian pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. Also known as the “Great Ancestor,” he is remembered for his aggressive military expeditions to Nubia and Canaan. The second longest-reigning ruler of Egypt, he is credited for building monuments and cities such as the Pi-Ramesses.

 7 Saladin

Saladin.
3
Famous As: Sultan of Egypt
Birthdate: 1137 AD
Birthplace: Tikrit, Iraq
Died: March 4, 1193
Named the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Saladin founded the Ayyubid Dynasty. He abolished the Fatimid Caliphate and later defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, thus taking control of Palestine. As the de facto Caliph of Islam, he controlled a vast area, including Egypt, Syria, and Yemen.
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 8 Hoda Kotb

Hoda Kotb.
5
Famous As: Journalist, Author, TV Anchor
Birthdate: August 9, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norman, Oklahoma
Egyptian-American TV journalist Hoda Kotb is best known as the co-host of the shows NBC Morning Show, Dateline NBC, Today. Named to Time 100, she has also authored several books, including a bestselling autobiography. A breast cancer survivor, she now also works to raise awareness about the disease.

 9 Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldun.
3
Famous As: Historiographer
Birthdate: May 27, 1332
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tunis
Died: March 19, 1406

Ibn Khaldun was an Arab scholar, philosopher, social scientist, and historian. He is often credited with founding the modern disciplines of sociology, historiography, economics, and demography. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of the medieval period.

 10 Mena Massoud

Mena Massoud
4
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: September 17, 1991
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt

 11 Omar Sharif

Omar Sharif.
4
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: April 10, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 10, 2015
Egyptian actor Omar Sharif shot to fame with the iconic film Lawrence of Arabia, which won him two Golden Globes and an Academy Award nomination. He is also remembered for his role in Doctor Zhivago. He was one of the world’s top 50 contract bridge players and spoke six languages.

 12 Akhenaten

Akhenaten.
1
Famous As: Pharoah of Egypt
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Akhenaten ruled Egypt in 14th century B.C. He is believed to be Tutankhamun’s father. Akhenaten’s monuments and statues were destroyed following his death, as his deviation from the traditional polytheistic Egyptian culture, to worshipping Aten, was rejected by people. His capital city and his mummy were later unearthed by researchers.

 13 Eli Cohen

Eli Cohen.
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Spy
Birthdate: December 6, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: May 18, 1965
Israeli spy Eli Cohen is remembered for his espionage activities from 1961 to 1965 in Syria, where he served as the chief advisor to the defense minister. He was eventually convicted and publicly hanged. His story later inspired the Netflix miniseries The Spy and the TV film The Impossible Spy.

 14 Mohamed Al-Fayed

Mohamed Al-Fayed.
2
Listed In: Business People
Famous As: Owner of Hôtel Ritz Paris
Birthdate: January 27, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: El-Gomorok

Mohamed Al-Fayed is a businessman whose son Dodi Fayed's death in a car crash alongside Diana, Princess of Wales became international news. Apart from being one of the richest businessmen in the world, Al-Fayed is also a humanitarian. In 1987, he established the Al Fayed Charitable Foundation, which aims at helping children living in poverty and children with life-limiting conditions.

 15 Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Egypt
Birthdate: December 25, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mit Abu al-Kum
Died: October 6, 1981
Anwar Sadat served as the president and prime minister of Egypt till his assassination in 1981. He was part of the Free Officers, a group that overthrew King Farouk. He became the first Muslim Nobel laureate, after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

 16 Thutmose III

Thutmose III.
2
Famous As: King of Egypt
Birthdate: 1481 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1425 BC
The Napoleon of Egypt, Thutmose III is remembered for his ruthless expansion strategies. After co-ruling the kingdom with his regent stepmother, Hatshepsut, he enriched Egypt’s treasuries with the plunders from his raids as a pharaoh. He would often enter the battlefield on a chariot of gold, to intimidate his enemies.

 17 Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Egypt
Birthdate: May 4, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monufia Governorate
Died: February 25, 2025

Egyptian military and political leader Hosni Mubarak served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. An Egyptian Air Force officer prior to entering politics, he assumed office as the president after the incumbent Anwar Sadat's assassination in 1981. After 30 years, he had to step down from the presidency during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. 

 18 Mohamed Morsi

Mohamed Morsi.
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: 5th President of Egypt
Birthdate: August 8, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: El-Adwah

Mohamed Morsi served as the Egyptian president from 2012 to 2013 and was ousted from office by a coup. He led the Freedom and Justice Party briefly and was part of the Muslim Brotherhood. Following his ouster, he was charged with various crimes, but he died during a re-trial.

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 19 Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former UN Secretary General
Birthdate: November 14, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: February 16, 2016

Grandson of former Egyptian prime minister Boutros Ghali Bey, politician Boutros Boutros-Ghali is remembered for his tenure as the secretary-general of the UN, which witnessed peacekeeping activities in war-torn areas such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. His illustrious career boasted of various prestigious academic positions and a Fulbright scholarship.

 20 Sam Esmail

Sam Esmail
2
Famous As: Screenwriter
Birthdate: September 17, 1977
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, USA

 21 Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria.
3
Famous As: Inventor, Mathematician
Birthdate: 0010 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria
Died: 0070 AD

Greek inventor and mathematician Hero of Alexandria is remembered for his iconic work on geometry, Metrica, which was lost for many years but was then discovered after 1896. His most significant contributions include the Heron’s formula to find the area of a triangle, the Hero engine, and a wind-harnessing machine.

 22 Caesarion

Caesarion
3
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: June 23, 0047
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: August 23, 0030

 23 Joshua

Joshua
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1356 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1245 BC

 24 Narmer

Narmer.
1
Famous As: Egyptian King
Birthdate: 3150 BC
Birthplace: Thinis

While many historians believe Narmer of the First Dynastic Period was the first Egyptian king who brought about peace in the region, some scholars later claimed Narmer was the same as Menes. The Narmer Palette is one of the most significant relics that describe Narmer’s heroics through hieroglyphics.

 25 Catherine of Alexandria

Catherine of Alexandria.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0287 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0305 AD

Catherine of Alexandria is a Christian saint who was martyred at the hands of the Roman Emperor Maxentius in the early 4th century. Catherine is generally credited with converting hundreds of people to Christianity. Over 1,100 years after her martyrdom, French warrior Joan of Arc claimed that Catherine was one of the saints to counsel her in her visions.

 26 Ankhesenamun

Ankhesenamun.
1
Famous As: Ancient Egyptian Queen
Birthdate: 1348 BC
Birthplace: Thebes (Luxor, Luxor Governorate, Egypt)
Died: 1322 BC

Ankhesenamun was an Egyptian queen and wife of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Unlike other ancient Egyptian queens, Ankhesenamun's life, especially her youth, is well-documented in the ancient paintings and reliefs of the reign of her parents. As the Great Royal Wife of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenamun may have played an important role in his administration.

 27 Aaron

Aaron
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Prophet
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1408 BC

 28 Mohamed El Nenny

Mohamed El Nenny
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: July 11, 1992
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: El-Mahalla El-Kubra

 29 Umm Kulthum

Umm Kulthum
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: December 18, 1898
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Al Senbellawein
Died: February 3, 1975

 30 Sayyid Qutb

Sayyid Qutb.
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Religious Leader
Birthdate: October 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mūshā, Asyut Governorate, Khedivate of Egypt
Died: August 29, 1966

Sayyid Qutb was an Egyptian educator, author, Islamic theorist, revolutionary, and poet. During the 1950s and 1960s, Qutb was an important member of the Society of the Muslim Brothers. Sayyid Qutb is regarded as the Father of Salafi-Jihadism, a transnational religious-political ideology that forms the basis of several Jihadist organizations, such as Daesh and Al Qaeda.

 31 Eric Hobsbawm

Eric Hobsbawm
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: June 9, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: October 1, 2012

 32 Raffi

Raffi
0
Listed In: Musicians
Famous As: Singer, Songwriter
Birthdate: July 8, 1948
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cairo

 33 Athanasius of Alexandria

Athanasius of Alexandria.
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Patriarch of Alexandria
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: May 2, 0373

Athanasius of Alexandria was the 20th bishop of Alexandria. A well-known Egyptian leader of the 4th century, Athanasius' career was shaped by his conflicts with Arius and successive Roman emperors. He is venerated as a saint and his feast day is observed on different days depending upon the various churches.

 34 Faten Hamama

Faten Hamama.
1
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mansoura, Egypt
Died: January 17, 2015

Faten Hamama was an Egyptian actress and film producer. Regarded as an icon in Middle Eastern and Egyptian cinema, Hamama played an important role in popularizing the film industry in Egypt. She is also remembered for stressing the importance of women in the film industry and Egyptian society at large. In 1965, she was awarded the Decoration of the Republic.

 35 Andre Aciman

Andre Aciman
0
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 2, 1951
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt

 36 Amr Diab

Amr Diab
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: October 11, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Port Said

 37 Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III.
0
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 1411 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: 1353 BC

Amenhotep III reigned as the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt during the early and mid-14th century BC. Nicknamed Amenhotep the Magnificent, Amenhotep III's reign witnessed Egypt reach the height of its international and artistic power. Under his reign, Egypt also enjoyed unprecedented splendor and prosperity.

 38 Ahmed Hossam

Ahmed Hossam
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Egyptian football manager
Birthdate: February 23, 1983
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cairo

 39 Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz.
1
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: December 11, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: August 30, 2006

Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz had previously worked in the Egyptian civil service. Initially a short story writer, he later wrote novels such as Al-Thulāthiyyah, or The Cairo Trilogy. His novel Children of the Alley was banned for its religious references and led him to be stabbed by Islamists.

 40 Zahi Hawass

Zahi Hawass
0
Famous As: Egyptian archaeologist
Birthdate: May 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Damietta

 41 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah

Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah.
0
Famous As: King of Bahrain
Birthdate: January 28, 1950
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Riffa, Bahrain

Former emir and the current king of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah, had an elite education in the U.K. He reframed the constitution of Bahrain, making it a constitutional monarchy. His cordial relations with Israel helped Bahrain become the second nation after the U.A.E. to normalize ties with Israel.

 42 Ay

Ay
0
Famous As: Pharaoh
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Akhmim, Egypt
Died: 1319 AD

 43 Anthony the Great

Anthony the Great.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0251 AD
Birthplace: Heracleopolis Magna
Died: January 17, 0356

Anthony the Great is revered as the patron saint of diseases for miraculously healing people of ailments such as ergot poisoning, which came to be known as St. Anthony's Fire. Known widely as the Father of Monasticism, he had spent 20 years in isolation in the Thebaid desert.

 44 Abu Hamza al-Masri

Abu Hamza al-Masri
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Civil engineer, Engineer, Preacher
Birthdate: April 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Alexandria

 45 Ramesses I

Ramesses I
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Pharaoh, Sovereign
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Avaris

 46 Magdi Yacoub

Magdi Yacoub.
1
Listed In: Physicians
Famous As: Heart Surgeon
Birthdate: November 16, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belbin, Ashraqya, Egypt

Magdi Yacoub is a retired professor who worked at Imperial College London. He is best known for his work in repairing heart valves, a procedure which came to be known as the Ross-Yacoub procedure. In 1983, he performed the United Kingdom's first combined lung and heart transplant. Also a humanitarian, Yacoub co-founded the Magdi Yacoub Global Heart Foundation in 2008.

 47 Mohamed A. El-Erian

Mohamed A. El-Erian
0
Listed In: Business People
Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: August 19, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

Born to Egyptian parents in New York, Mohamed A. El-Erian grew up in the U.S., Egypt, and France, with his diplomat father. Educated at Cambridge and Oxford, he later served as the CEO of PIMCO. Apart from being a Bloomberg columnist, he has also written bestsellers such as When Markets Collide.

 48 Cleopatra Selene II

Cleopatra Selene II
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0005 AD

 49 Atom Egoyan

Atom Egoyan
0
Famous As: Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer, Actor, University teacher
Birthdate: July 19, 1960
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cairo

 50 Nassef Sawiris

Nassef Sawiris
0
Listed In: Business People
Famous As: entrepreneur, businessperson
Birthdate: 1961 AD
Birthplace: Egypt