Famous Egyptian Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 
Hypatia
(Mathematician, Astronomer and Philosopher)
Hypatia
9
Birthdate: 0350 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: February 29, 0415
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.
 2 
Origen
(Christian Scholar, Ascetic and Theologian)
Origen
4
Birthdate: 0185 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0253 AD

Origen was an early Christian ascetic, scholar, and theologian. Also a prolific writer, Origen wrote as many as 2,000 treatises, including biblical exegesis, textual criticism, biblical hermeneutics, spirituality, and homiletics. Origen is widely considered one of the most prominent Christian theologians, although his teachings on the existence of souls were vehemently rejected by the Church.

 3 
Eric Hobsbawm
(Historian)
Eric Hobsbawm
6
Birthdate: June 9, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: October 1, 2012
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 4 
Athanasius of Alexandria
(Egyptian Theologian, Statesman and National Leader)
Athanasius of Alexandria
4
Birthdate: 0296 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: May 2, 0373

Athanasius of Alexandria was the 20th bishop of Alexandria. A well-known Egyptian leader of the 4th century, Athanasius' career was shaped by his conflicts with Arius and successive Roman emperors. He is venerated as a saint and his feast day is observed on different days depending upon the various churches.

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 5 
Zahi Hawass
(Egyptian archaeologist)
Zahi Hawass
4
Birthdate: May 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Damietta
 6 
Philo
(Jewish Philosopher Who Lived in Alexandria)
Philo
4
Birthdate: 0020 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0050 BC

Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria was perhaps the first to use allegory to fuse Jewish scriptures with Greek philosophy. Though not much is known about his life, it is believed Philo was a lover of theater, boxing contests, and lavish dinners. His written works showcase the development of Hellenistic Judaism.

 7 
Mohamed A. El-Erian
(Egyptian-American Economist and Former CEO of 'PIMCO')
Mohamed A. El-Erian
4
Birthdate: August 19, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

Born to Egyptian parents in New York, Mohamed A. El-Erian grew up in the U.S., Egypt, and France, with his diplomat father. Educated at Cambridge and Oxford, he later served as the CEO of PIMCO. Apart from being a Bloomberg columnist, he has also written bestsellers such as When Markets Collide.

 8 
Maimonides
(Philosopher)
Maimonides
4
Birthdate: April 6, 1135
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: December 12, 1204

Maimonides was a Sephardic Jewish philosopher. He went on to become one of the most important Torah scholars of the Middle Ages. He was also a respected physician and served as the personal physician of the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, Saladin. His work The Mishneh Torah is considered one of the main authoritative codifications of Jewish ethics and law.

 9 
Manetho
(priest)
Manetho
3
 10 
Cyril of Alexandria
3
Birthdate: 0376 AD
Birthplace: El Mahalla El Kubra, Egypt
Died: 0444 AD
 11 
Appian
(Historian)
Appian
3
Birthdate: 0095 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0165 AD

Appian was a Greek historian who flourished during the monarchy of Antoninus Pius, Trajan, and Hadrian. Appian, who held Roman citizenship, is best remembered for his principal surviving work Roman History. The work is considered important and valuable for its description of the Roman Empire, especially during the civil wars.

Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i
4
Birthdate: 0767
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gaza
Died: January 20, 0820
 13 
Taha Hussein
(One of the Most Influential 20th-century Egyptian Writers and Intellectuals, and a Figurehead for the Egyptian Renaissance)
Taha Hussein
3
Birthdate: November 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Maghaghah, Egypt
Died: October 28, 1973

Taha Hussein was an Egyptian writer, intellectual, and one of the most influential personalities in 20th-century Egypt. Best remembered for his literary work, Hussein received 21 nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature during his lifetime. Taha Hussein is also remembered for his political career; he served as the Minister of Education in Egypt.

 14 
Muhammad Abduh
(Egyptian Islamic Scholar, Freemason, Judge and Philosopher)
Muhammad Abduh
3
Birthdate: 1849 AD
Birthplace: Lower Egypt, Egypt
Died: July 11, 1905

A prominent Islamic religious scholar from Egypt, Muhammad Abduh became the Grand Mufti, or an Islamic legal counselor, of his country. Known for his writings such as Risālat al-tawḥīd, he aimed at reforming Islam and ridding it of dogma and rigidity. He also avoided the literalization of the Quran.

 15 
Yusuf al-Qaradawi
(Egyptian Islamic Scholar)
Yusuf al-Qaradawi
2
Birthdate: September 9, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saft Turab, Egypt

Yusuf al-Qaradawi was an Egyptian scholar based in Qatar. An important influencer in the Muslim world, Al-Qaradawi is best remembered for his program, Sharia and Life. In addition to authoring over 120 books, Yusuf al-Qaradawi also helped found a website known as IslamOnline. Al-Qaradawi is often counted among the most influential Islamic scholars of his generation.

 16 
Al-Suyūṭī
(Scholar)
Al-Suyūṭī
3
Birthdate: October 3, 1445
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: October 18, 1505
 17 
Ipuwer
(Sage)
Ipuwer
3
Birthdate: 2300 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 2201 AD
 18 
Ahmed el-Tayeb
(Egyptian Islamic Scholar and Grand Imam of al-Azhar)
Ahmed el-Tayeb
4
Birthdate: January 6, 1946
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Luxor

Ahmed el-Tayeb is an Egyptian scholar who is currently serving as the Grand Imam of al-Azhar. Al-Tayeb served as the Grand Mufti of Egypt from 2002 to 2003 and then served as the President of Al-Azhar University from 2003 to 2010. Widely regarded as an important and influential leader of the Sunni Muslim community, Ahmed el-Tayeb has received several awards.

 19 
John Philoponus
2
Birthdate: 0490 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0570 AD
Pope Theophilus of Alexandria
2
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: October 15, 0412
 21 
Hamed Abdel-Samad
(German-Egyptian Author and Political Scientist)
Hamed Abdel-Samad
3
Birthdate: February 1, 1972
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Giza, Egypt

Hamed Abdel-Samad is a German-Egyptian author and political scientist. A member of the Society of the Muslim Brothers during his university days, Hamed Abdel-Samad later questioned his own beliefs and published a controversial book titled My Farewell from Heaven, which he said was neither a call to renounce the Muslim faith nor an attack on his culture.

 22 
Nasr Abu Zayd
(Egyptian Quranic Author, Thinker, Academic and One of the Most Important Liberal Theologians in Islam)
Nasr Abu Zayd
2
Birthdate: July 10, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ṭanṭā, Egypt
Died: July 5, 2010

Nasr Abu Zayd was an Egyptian Quranic author, thinker, and academic. One of the most important liberal theologians in Islam, Abu Zayd wrote several important books in Arabic and English. Interestingly, Nasr Abu Zayd’s views sparked controversy within the Muslim world and he was declared an apostate by an Egyptian Sharia court in 1995. 

 23 
Cosmas Indicopleustes
2
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0550 AD
 24 
Severus of Antioch
2
Birthdate: 0465 AD
Birthplace: Sozopolis, Turkey
Died: February 8, 0538

Severus of Antioch was a miaphysite leader and the Patriarch of Antioch. Initially a monk in Palestine, Severus was later made a priest and propagated the view that Christ’s human and divine natures were, in fact, one and the same. He also led the Coptic churches in Egypt and Syria.

 25 
Didymus the Blind
(Theologian)
Didymus the Blind
2
Birthdate: 0313 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0398 AD
 26 
Tamim al-Barghouti
(Palestinian-Egyptian Columnist, Poet, and Political Scientist)
Tamim al-Barghouti
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1977
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt

Tamim al-Barghouti is a Palestinian-Egyptian columnist, poet, and political scientist. Dubbed the poet of Jerusalem, Tamim is best known for his critically acclaimed poem In Jerusalem, which he presented in a television competition show called Prince of Poets in 2007. Tamim al-Barghouti has also worked as a professor at Georgetown University and the Free University of Berlin. 

 27 
Ibn al-Farid
(Arab Mystical Poet Who Composed the Longest Mystical Poem in Arabic)
Ibn al-Farid
2
Birthdate: March 22, 1181
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: 1234 AD

Ibn al-Farid was an Arab poet whose poetry is regarded as the peak of Arabic mystical verse. He is also credited with composing the longest mystical poem in Arabic. Some of Ibn al-Farid's poems are still revered by Sufis and other dutiful Muslims around the world.

Pope Dionysius of Alexandria
2
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: March 22, 0264
 29 
Theophylactus Simocattes
1
Birthdate: 0580 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0630 AD
 30 
Isaac Israeli ben Solomon
1
Birthdate: 0832 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0932 AD
 31 
Olympiodorus The Younger
1
Birthdate: 0495 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0570 AD
 32 
Abdel Rahman Badawi
(Egyptian Philosopher, Poet, and Professor Of Philosophy)
Abdel Rahman Badawi
1
Birthdate: February 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sharabass, Egypt
Died: July 25, 2002

Abdel Rahman Badawi was an Egyptian philosopher, poet, and professor of philosophy. An exponent of existentialism, Badawi has been regarded as the most important master of Arab existentialism. He wrote over 150 books, including 75 encyclopaedic works. In addition to writing in several languages, Abdel Rahman Badawi also taught at institutions like Ain Shams University and Kuwait University.

 33 
Saad Eddin Ibrahim
(Sociologist)
Saad Eddin Ibrahim
1
Birthdate: December 31, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mansoura, Egypt
 34 
Gamal Hamdan
(Scholar)
Gamal Hamdan
0
Birthdate: February 2, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Al Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt
Died: April 17, 1993
 35 
Apollonius Dyscolus
1
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0140 AD
 36 
Ad-Damīrī
(Egyptian Author and Theologian Who Wrote the First Arabic Zoological Encyclopedia)
Ad-Damīrī
1
Birthdate: 1344 AD
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: October 27, 1405

A 14th-century Arab Muslim author and theologian from Egypt, Ad-Damīrī was an expert on cannon law and natural history. He is remembered for authoring the first Arabic zoological encyclopedia, Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān. He lectured at various institutes of Cairo and was also a well-known mystic, renowned for his religious activities.

 37 
Mostafa El-Abbadi
1
Birthdate: October 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: February 13, 2017
 38 
Ahmad Zaki Pasha
(Philologist, Educator)
Ahmad Zaki Pasha
0
Birthdate: May 26, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 5, 1934
 39 
Al-Bahūtī
(Theologian)
Al-Bahūtī
1
Birthdate: 1592 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1641 AD

Egyptian jurist Al-Bahūtī was one of the most significant figures of the Hanbali school of Islamic law. His legal written works are apparently still followed. not just in Egypt but also in countries such as Saudi Arabia and Syria. His best-known work on jurisprudence remains al-Rawd Al Murbi’ Sharh Zād Al Mustaqni.

 40 
Fathi Osman
(Author)
Fathi Osman
0
Birthdate: March 17, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Minya, Egypt
Died: September 11, 2010

Egyptian author and scholar Fathi Osman, who promoted cooperation between Islam and other religions, aimed at making Islamic civilization and culture more understandable to non-Muslims through his writings. His writings include 40 books written in English and Arabic. His monumental work Concepts of the Quran gives an overview of the Quran for the general public.

Patriarch John I of Alexandria
0
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: April 29, 0505

John Talaia was the patriarch of Alexandria from 481 to 482. Due to his refusal to sign Emperor Zeno's Henoticon, he was expelled from the Council of Chalcedon. He fled to Rome, where he received supported. However, he could never return to Alexandria and became the bishop of Nola instead.

 42 
Theognostus Of Alexandria
0
Birthdate: 0210 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0270 AD
 43 
Theodore Of Rhaithu
0
Died: 0630 AD