(Queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt)
Born: 1370 BC
Born In: Thebes, Egypt
Neferneferuaten Nefertiti is one of the most famous women is history. She was an Egyptian queen and chief consort of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh. Nefertiti along with her husband brought a number of revolutionary changes to the kingdom. The reforms implemented during her reign made Egypt one of the richest kingdoms in the world. Nefertiti also took an active role in bringing religious reforms in Egypt. She and her husband established the Aten Cult centered on the Sun god. The objective of setting up a new religion was to unite the country across religious lines. In the sculptures and paintings that were later discovered, Nefertiti was depicted as an equal to her husband. Despite her fame, mystery surrounds around the death of Nefertiti. While some historians opine that she was murdered, others believe that she died in a plague that swept Egypt after her death. Nefertiti could not maintain her control over the kingdom as she did not have a male heir. The Aten Cult was destroyed after her death by Tutankhamun. Nefertiti remains one of the most famous queens in the history of Egypt after Cleopatra.